Skip to main content

Full text of "King's handbook of Newton, Massachusetts"

See other formats









KING'S Handbook 

















King's Handbook of Newton. 

Copyright, 1889, by Moses King Corporation. 

DRAWINGS HY Frank H. Taylor, William P. Bodwell, Frank Myrick, 

Sears Ciallagher, J. H. Hatkield, A. Leighton Donnell, George H. 

PLATES KY Matthews, Northrup & Co., of Buffalo; Photo-Engraving 

Co., of New York; Tjoston Photo(;ravure Co., ]!oston Engravinc; 

Co., and Lewis 1'^ngraving Co., of Boston. 
"WOOD ENGRAVINGS i;v George H. Johnson, F. E. Fillep.rown, 

S. S. KiLIlURN. 

THE COVER was designed and engraved r.v John Becker, of Boston, 
a resident of Mt. Ida, Xewton. 

Electrotyted, Printed, and Bound nv 

GEORGE H. ELLIS, Franklin and Federal Streets, 



This book has been prepared as a popular household companion for all the 
families who make their homes in any of the fifteen villages which together form 
"The Newtons," the garden city of Massachusetts. 

Although it abounds with historical and statistical matter, it does not claim to 
be a history, nor a book of statistics, nor a directory; but it is merely one of 
"King's Handbooks," and as such it will be found to contain the most notable 
and interesting facts pertaining to Newton, told in a simple, entertaining, and trust- 
worthy manner, and at the same time illustrated so profusely and appropriately 
as to become at once attractive and enjoyable. 

The text has been enriched with a great number of memorable historical 
facts, anecdotes of noted residents, fragments of poetry, and other piquant and 
interesting features. The form of treatment is in simple geographical order. The 
book opens with two or three preliminary chapters of a general nature about the 
town and the city, and then continues with sixteen chapters, each describing one 
of the villages or well-marked neighborhoods. Thus in each chapter a village is 
discussed, with its chief streets and parks, public and private buildings, famous 
natives and residents, bits of legend and poetry, stories of the colonial. Revolu- 
tionary, and modern days, and some local history. In this compact form a 
conception of each locality is presented, bringing into view all its phases, and 
yet without confusing references to other places. A clear, vivid, and individual 
idea is thus gained of each of the component parts of the whole city. 

The author wishes to acknowledge his obligations to many people who have 

|j»^been moved — partly by local pride and partly by the prevailing courteousness — 
I to read over and add to and correct the material here used, both in the manuscript 
land in the proof-sheets. It is not possible to enumerate all, but among them were 
ex-Governor Alex. H. Rice, ex-Governor William Claflin, the late Rev. Dr. Increase 

^N. Tarbox, the Rev. Dr. Samuel F. Smith, the Rev. Dr. D. L. Furber, Colonel 


Edwin B. Haskell, Dr. Charles F. Crehore, Dr. J. F. Frisbie, Dr. E. A. Whiston, 
Otis Pettee, William E. Sheldon, William C. Bates, and many other well-known 

The publishers, too, have their acknowledgments to make to those well-to-do 
and generous citizens by means of whose pecuniary aid it is possible to offer this 
large and costly volume, with its one hundred and fifty illustrations, at a price so 
low that each and every resident can easily afford to own one copy at home and 
perhaps to send one or many copies to distant friends, or to present to guests, as 
a memento of their visits, or to place in the hands of acquaintances who are 
seeking suburban homes. It is hoped that the elaborate text, the great number of 
pictures, and the attractive mechanical make-up produce a volume useful and 
ornamental enough to be acceptable to all interested in Newton. 

This volume is one of the now well-known series of "King's Handbooks," 
some of which have been in popular use for many years, while others are now in 
preparation. The crown and culmination of the series is " King's Handbook of 
the United States," covering between 500 and 600 pages, embellished with fifty 
full-page maps in colors, and illustrated with upwards of 1,200 original engravings. 

Publisher's " A'ing's Handbooks" Guides, and Maps, 




Newton of the Past. — A Glimpse at the Old Days; the Refractory 

Colony of New Cambridge ; Newtown at Last ; Wars and Rumors of 

Wars; the Rise of the City, 15 

Newton of the Present. — Its Gifts from Nature; Streams and Hills; 
a Land of Good Health; the Villages; Municipal Expenses; Police and 
Fire Department, 29 

Newton. — Boston and Worcester Railroad in 1834; an Old-Time Inn; the 
Morse Field ; Revolutionary Memories ; the Jackson Clan ; the Free 
Library; Farlow Park and its Churches; the Cradle of Newton; the 
Eliot Church; Mount Ida; the Old Cemetery, 39 

NoNANTU.M Hill. — Kenrick Park; the Apostle Eliot; the First Protestant 
Mission in the World; a Revolutionary Hero ; One of Cromwell's Riders; 
the First Unitarian of New England loi 

Newtonville. — Hull's Crossing ; Old-Time Scholars; the Village Square; 
the Newton Club; Washington Park; the High School; the Claflin 
Estate; General William Hull; Slavery in Newton; Bullough's Pond; 
the Newton Cemetery; Heroes of the Last American War, 131 

NoNANTUiM. — The Old North Village, or Tin Horn; Fuller's Corner; the 

Bemis Factories ; the First Gas-Lighting in America 157 

West Newton. — A Famous Old School; Bell-Hack and Squash-End ; the 
Second Church; the Centenarian Dominie; the Blithedale Romance; 
the Pine-Farm School, 161 

Auburndale. — The Pretty Railway Station ; Pioneer Farms ; Pigeon's Bat- 
tery; Saints' Rest; Sweet Auburn; a Noted Artist; Village Notables; 
Famous Schools ; a Trio of Churches ; a Provincial Inn ; Islington ; the 
Winslow Affair, 189 

Woodland. — The Woodland-Park Hotel; William Dean Howells; the 
Short Hills; Burgoyne's Route; Vista Hill; Edwin B. Haskell; Newton 
Cottage Hospital, 205 

Riverside. — The Newton Navy; the Placid River Charles; a Few Bits of 
Poetry; the Boat-Clubs ; County Rock; the Carnival in September: an 
Old-Fashioned Apostrophe 211 


Newton Lower Falls. — A Paper-Making Glen; Newton's First Post- 
Office; Famous Paper-Mills ; a Massachusetts Magnate ; Old St. Mary's ; 
a Fine Old Country-Seat ; Outer Beacon Street, 217 

Waban. — The Red Chieftain's Hunting-Park; the Intruding Anglo-Saxon 
Deacon ; a Merchant-Prince ; Strong's Nurseries ; Beacon Hill ; the 
Collins Estate; a Landscape- Park 231 

Eliot. — The Clark, Ellis, and Cheney Places; Hickory Cliff and its Poet; 

the Place of a Vanished Lake ; Famous Trees ; an Arcadia of the Future, 245 

Newton* Upper F.\lls. — An Indian Fisherman; Ancient Manufactures; 
Churches and Shrines; the Water-Works; Echo Bridge; the Sudbury 
Aqueduct; Turtle Island; Canoe Voyages, 249 

Newton Highlands. — A Group of Modern Homes; the Sanitarium; An- 
cient Taverns; the Two Churches; a Colonial Family; Well-known 
Citizens 267 

Newton Centre. — Charles Dickens ; the Ancient Common and its Churches ; 
Noon-Houses; the National Song; Beacon Street; the Mother Church 
of Newton; an Old-Time Dominie; Master Rice; the Baptist Society; 
" Baptist Pond," Crystal Lake ; Newton Theological Institution ; Thomp- 
sonville; Johnsonville 271 

Chestnut Hill. — The Essex Colony; a Group of Villas; the Chapel; 

Waban Hill; Hammond's Pond; Ancient Worthies, 311 

O.A.K Hill. — A Land of Highlands and Forests; the Old-Time Farmers; 
Modern Country-Seats; Oak Hill and Bald Pate; Holbrook Hall; Ken- 
rick's Bridge, 




IList of illustrations. 

Allen, Bethuel, House, 267. 
Allen, N. T., School of, 163. 
Allen, The Misses, School of, 73. 
Associates' Hall, Newton Centre, 279. 
Auburndale Congregational Church, 199. 
Auburndale Station, B. & A. R. R., 190. 

Baptist Church, Newton, 77. 

Baptist Church, Newton Centre, 273. 

Bartlett, Dr. James W., Residence of, 51. 

Barton, Charles C, Residence of, 291. 

Becker, John, Residence of, 83. 

Bell, Albert D. S., Residence of, 317. 

Boat Club House, Riverside, 213. 

Brackett House, The, loi. 

Bray, Mellen, Residence of, 293. 

Bridge connecting Weston and Auburndale, 202. 

Bridge, The, Farlow Park, 65. 

Brooks, Francis A., Residence of, 95. 

Brown, Samuel J., Residence of, 147. 

Burial Ground, The Old Centre-Street, 21. 

Burr, Isaac T., Residence of, 113. 

Buswell, Charles H., Residence of, 119. 

Cemetery Gateway, 153. 

Chaffin, John C, Residence of, 63. 

Channing Church, Newton, 69. 

Chapel and Conservatory, The Cemetery, 155. 

Chestnut-Hill Station, B. & A. R. R., 311. 

Church of the Messiah, Auburndale, 201. 

City Hall, West Newton, 33 and 169. 

City Seal, 38 and on front cover. 

Claflin, Ex-Gov. William, Residence of, 133. 

Cobb, Henry E., Residence of, 79. 

Coburn, Nathan P., Residence of, in. 

Collins, Edward Jackson, Estate, 237. 

Congregational Church, Auburndale. 199. 

Congregational Church, First, Newton Centre, 

Converse, Edmund W., Residence of, 85. 
Converse, Edmund W., Jun., Residence of, 80. 
Cook, George, Residence of, 177. 
Cottage Hospital, Newton, 210. 
Cotton, John, Facsimile of Receipt, 16. 
Crehore, Dr. Charles Frederic, Residence of, 223. 
" Crow's Nest," Lasell Seminary, 189. 
Curtis, Charles, Residence of, 141. 
Cutter, Frederic R., Residence of, 185. 

Davidson, Alexander, Residence of, 238. 
Dresser House, The New, Waban, 240. 
Dresser, William R., Residence of, 239. 

Echo Bridge, Newton Upper Falls, 255 and on 
front cover, and also on title page. 

Edmands, A. Lawrence, Residence of, 97. 

Edmands, J. Wiley, Estate, 97. 

Eliot Church, The Old, 25. 

Eliot Church, The New, 75. 

Eliot Memorial, Kenrick Street, 15, 39, no, and 
on front cover. 

Eliot Station, B. & A. R. R., 245. 

Ellis, George H., Residence of, 265. 

Elms, James C, Residence of, 105. 

Emerson, Darius R., Residence of, 57. 

Facsimile of John Cotton's Receipt, 16. 

Facsimiles of Town Records, 18, 19. 

Farlow, Hon. John S., Residence of, 10::. 

Farlow Park, 65. 

Farquhar, David W., Residence of, 107. 

Field, Dr. Henry M., Residence of, 121. 

First Congregational Church, Newton Centre, 

First Locomotive, the " Meteor," 24. 
First Settlers' Monument, 21; Tablet on, 100. 
First (Unitarian) Church, West Newton, 164. 
Fitch, Ezra C, Residence of, 93. 
Fitz, Thomas B., Residence of, 171. 
Free Public Library, 35. 

Gate of Waban-Hill Reservoir, 313. 
Gateway, E. B. Haskell's Residence, 209. 
Gateway to Cemeterj-, 153. 
Gay, Charles ^L, Residence of, 117. 
Gay, Edwin W., Residence of, 102. 
Gould, William H., Residence of, 241. 
Grace Church, Newton, 65, 67. 

Harwood, George S., Residence of, 127. 
Harwood, Seth K., Hotel of, 47. 
Haskell, Edwin B., Residence of, 209. 
Hayward, Albert F., Residence of, 269. 
Heath, Daniel C, Residence of, 139. 
" Heathcote, The," 139. 
Henshaw, Frederic H., Residence of, 235. 
" Hickory Cliff" (William Peirce's Residence), 


High School, Newtonville, 145. 

Hose and Hook-and-Ladder House, Newton- 
ville, 37. 

Hotel Hunnewell, 47. 

Houdiette, Fred A., Residence of, 49. 

Hull, General, House of, 131. 

Hunter, Stephen V. A., Residence of, 305. 

Interior of Grace Church, 67. 

Jackson Estate, 61. 

Johnson, Charles E., Residence of, 129. 

Kenrick House, 108. 

King, Moses, Residence of, 106. 

Kingsbury House, Chestnut Hill, 315. 

Lake, The, Farlow Park, 65. 

Langford, John T., Residence of, 59. 

Lasell Seminary, Auburndale, 189, 197. 

Lasell Seminary Boat-House, Riverside, 215. 

Lasell Seminary Grounds, 195. 

Lasell Seminary, View from, 29. 

Lee's Woodland Park Hotel, 207. 

Library, Free Public, 35. 

Lovell, Wallace D., Residence of, 125. 

Lower Falls, Bird's-eye View, opp. p. 217. 

Map of Newton, 1831, 23. 

Map of Newton, 1889, 31. 

Mason School, Newton Centre, 285. 

McGee, Chauncey B., Residence of, 243. 

" Meteor," The, Locomotive, 24. 

Methodist Church, Newtonville, 149. 

Methodist Episcopal Church, Newton, 99. 

Methodist Episcopal Church, Newton Centre, 

Mitchell, Austin R., Residence of, opp. p. 144. 

Monument, The Soldiers', 27. 

Monument to First Settlers, 21; Tablet on, loo. 

Names on First Settlers' Monument, 100. 

Newton Club-House, 131. 

Newton Theological Institution, 281. 

Nichols, J, Howard, Residence of, 89. 

Nickerson's Block, West Newton, 166. 

Nonantum Congregational Church, 157. 

Nonantum House, 41. 

North Evangelical (Nonantum Cong.) Church, 

Oak-Hill School, 325. 

Old P.urial Ground, Centre Street, 21. 

Old Wales Bridge, 225. 

Page, Charles J., Residence of, 235. 
Parker, Joseph W., Residence of, 287. 
Partelow's Boat-Houses, 216. 
Peirce, William, Residence of, 247. 
Petersilea, Prof. Carlyle, Residence of, 103. 
Pine Farm School, 188. 

Pony-Track, E. B. Haskell's Residence, 209 

Pope, Col. Albert A., Residence of, 51. 

Potter, John C, Residence of, 55. 

Powers, Samuel Lee, Residence of, 105. 

Prescott, John R., Residence of, 332. 

Prescott, Mrs. Charles B., Residence of, 91. 

Public Library, 35. 

Pumping-Station, Newton Water- Works, 259. 

Rice, Hon. Thomas, Residence of, 227. 

Rice, J. Willard, Residence of, 193. 

Rice, Marshall O., Residence of, 301. 

Riley, Charles E., Residence of, 81. 

" Rosedale " (John C. Chaffin's Residence), 63. 

Schoolhouse, A, in Newton in 1800, 17. 

Seal, The City, 38. 

Seaver, Edwin P., Residence of, 234. 

Second Baptist Church, Upper Falls, 251. 

Second (Cong.) Church, West Newton, The Old, 

Second (Cong.) Church, West Newton, The New, 

Shannon, IMary, Estate, 87. 
Sheldon, William E., Residence of, 173. 
Snow, Daniel E., Residence of, 105. 
Soldiers' Monument, 27. 

Spaulding, Rev. Henry G., Residence of, 99. 
Springer, Elestus M., Residence of, 115. 
Square, The, Newtonville, 149. 
St. Mary's Church, Lower Falls, 219. 
Strong, George, Residence of, 72. 
Swedenborgian Church, 135. 
Tablet in Eliot Memorial, 15, no. 
Taylor, Bertrand E., Residence of, 289. 
Theological Institution, The Newton, 281. 
Tomb, The Soldiers', in Newton Cemetery, 27. 
Town Records, Facsimiles of, 18, 19. 
Underwood Primary School, 71. 
Universalist Church, Newtonville, 143. 
View from Lasell Seminary, 29. 
Waban-Hill Reservoir, Gate at, 313. 
Waban Station, B. & A. R. R., 233. 
Wade, Levi C, Residence of, 323. 
Wales Bridge, The Old, 225. 
Walworth, Arthur C, Residence of, 295. 
Warren, H. Langford, Residence of, 232. 
Washington Street, Newton Lower Falls, 221. 
Webster, William E., Residence of, 307. 
Wesleyan Home, Newtonville, 5. 
Weston, Bridge between Auburndale and, 202. 
Wetherell Estate, The, 265. 
White, T. Edgar, Residence of, 123. 
Wilbur, George B., Residence of, 181. 
Woodland Park Hotel, Woodland, 207. 
Woodward Street, Waban, 231. 

Entifx to €txt 

Abbott, Holker W., 228. 

Acacia-Tree, A Large, 60. 

Adams Family, 182. 

Adams, Phineas, 179. 

Adams, Rev. J. Coleman, 138. 

Adams, Seth, 59. 

Alcott, Dr. William A., 193. 

Allen, Bethuel, House, 267. 

Allen, George, 53. 

Allen, James T., 186. 

Allen, ^liss Hannah, 72. 

Allen, Miss Julia G., 72. 

Allen, Nathaniel T., 167, 170, 172, 179. 

Allen, Phineas, 179. 

Allen, Rev. J. A., 173. 

Allen, Rev. N. G., 198. 

Allen, Rev. Ralph W., 257. 

Allen, The Misses, School for Girls and Young 

Ladies, 72, 73. 
Allen, Walter, 268. 
" America," 276, 278. 
American Magnesium Company, 58. 
American Watch Company, 182. 
Ames, Usher, 186. 
Amory, Hon. Thomas C, 252. 
Amos-Lawrence Farm, The, 318. 
Anderson, Cyrus J., 80. 
Anderson, Rev. Galusha, 308. 
Anderson, Rev. Martin B., D.D., 309. 
Andrews, Rev. Elisha B., D.D., 308. 
Angier, Ensign Oakes, 40. 
" Angier's Corner," 40. 
Appleton, William S., 325. 
Arch, A Great, 262. 
Arnold, Rev. Albert N., D.D., 308. 
Athenaeum, The West-Newton, 174, 178. 
Atkinson Place, The, 206. 
Auburn, Mount, History of the Name, 147. 

AUBURNDALE, 189-204. 

Auburndale Congregational Church, 199. 
Auburndale, History of the Name, 32, 34, 36, 38, 

191, 192. 
Auburndale Home School, 194. 
Avann, Rev. J. M., 198. 
Axtell, Seth J., 308. 
Ayres, Helen, 172. 
Ayres, Rev. William M., 136. 
" Baby Ghost," The, 252. 
Bacon, Daniel, 40, 45. 
Bacon Family, 40, 74. 
Bacon, George W., 41, 64, 66. 
Bacon, Joseph N., 42, 45. 
Bacon, Rev. Joel S., D.D., 308. 
" Bacon's Corner," 40. 
Bacon's Tavern, 268. 
Badger Will Case, The, 176. 
Bailey, Charles J., 53. 
Bailey, Rev. Augustus F., 257. 
Bailey, Rev. Jonas, 257. 
Baker, Rev. Henry, 136. 
Baldwin, Aaron, 82. 
Baldwin, Enoch, 82. 

Banks, Savings and National, 45. 

Bannister, Rev. D. K., 257. 

Banvard, Rev. Joseph, D.D., 308. 

Baptist Churches, 76, 77, 183, 251, 257, 273, 275, 

" Baptist Pond," 147, 299-303. 
Barber, John, 166, 182. 
Barden, Frederic, 256. 
Barnard, Rev. Charles F., 132, 168. 
Barnes Estate, The, 206. 
Barnes, Fred P., 58. 
Barnes, Rev. Lemuel C, 297. 
Barstow, Rev. E. H., 292. 
Bartlett, Dr. James W., 53. 
Bartlett, General William Francis, 303. 
Bartlett, Joseph, 304. 
Barton, Charles C, 291, 303. 
Bashford, Rev. J. W., 198. 
Bates, William Carver, 2, 44, 104. 
Baury, Miss Elizabeth P., 224. 
Baury, Rev. Alfred L., D.D., 224, 226, 229. 
Baylies, Rev. A., 229. 
Beacon Hill, Waban, 240, 242. 
Becker, John, 80, 83. 
Beecher, Catherine, 168. 
Belgravia of Boston, The, 32. 
Bell, Albert D. S., 316, 317. 
" Bell-Hack," 175. 
Bellows, Albert F., 192, 193. 
Bellows, Dr. H. P., 193. 
Bemis Family, 158. 
Bemis, Seth, 158, 159, 179. 
Benyon, Abner L, 64, 203. 
Bigelow, Dr. Henry F., 151, 152. 
Bigelow, Dr. Henry J., 324. 
Bigelow Mortuary Chapel, 151, 152. 
Billings, Charles E., 106. 
Billings, Dr. Frank S., 172. 
Binney, Rev. Joseph G., D.D., 308. 
Bird, James, A.M., 194. 
Bishop, Hon. Robert R., 172, 260, 280. 
Bishop, Rev. T. W., 136. 
Bixby Family, 270. 
Black-Bass Club, The Newton, 299. 
Blake, Mrs. Mary, Quotation from Essay, 262- 

Blanden, Francis, 302. 
Blood, Rev. Caleb, 296. 
Boat-houses, 213, 215, 216. 
Bourne Family, 192. 
Bowditch, Ernest W., 244. 
Bowles, Rev. R. H., 183. 
Bowman, Dexter D., 104. 
Brackett, Captain George F., 136. 
Brackett Family, 285. 
Brackett, Hon. J. Q. A., 324. 
Bragdon, Prof. Charles C, 196. 
Braislin, Rev. Edward, 297. 
Bray, Mellen, 293, 309. 
Bray ton. Rev. Durlin L., 308. 
Bremer, Fredrika, at Newton, 188. 
Bridges, 65, 202, 225, 234, 262. 


Bridgman, Raymond L., 203. 

Brooks, Francis A., 90, 95. 

Brooks, Rev. Phillips, D.D., 76. 

Brown, Rev. Charles Riifus, 303. 

Brown, Rev. Nathan, D.D., 308. 

Brown, Samuel J., T37, 147, 151. 

Buckingham, Rev. John A., 315. 

Bullens, George S., 64, 66, 102, 208. 

Bullough's Pond, 148, 150. 

BuUough, Tom, 150. 

Bunker, Major David T., 194. 

Burbank, Moses, 303. 

Burgoyne's Army, Prisoners from, 164, 165. 

Burnham, Clara Louise, 59. 

Burr, Deacon C. C, 193. 

Burr, Heman M., 315. 

Burr, Isaac T., 64, 66, 106, 113. 

Burrage, Charles H., 315. 

Burrell, Rev. Jacob, 183. 

Burroughs, Rev. Henry, 228. 

Burton, Rev. Ernest DeWitt, 303. 

Bushnell, Rev. William, 272, 286. 

Buswell, Charles H., 106, 119. 

Burial Ground, 21, 153, 155. 

Butler, Charles S., 298. 

Butler Estate, The, 206. 

Butler, Rev. Dr. William, 298. 

Cabot Family, The, 86, 88, 147, 285. 

Cabot, John, 86. 

Caldwell, Rev. A., 229. 

Caldwell, Rev. .Samuel L., D.D., 309. 

Calkins, Rev. Wolcott, 74, 80. 

Campbell, F. J., 132. 

Carpenter, Rev. C. H., 292. 

Carpenter, Vernon E., 183. 

Carrier, Rev. Augustus H., ig8. 

Carruth, Captain W. W., 136. 

Carter, Henry H., 137. 

Cate, Edward W., 175. 

Cemetery, The Old, 96; the Present, 151-156. 

Centenary (M. E.) Church, Auburndale, 198. 

Central Congregational Church, 134. 

Chaffin, John C, 63, 64, 66. 

Chandler, Hon. Parker C, 172. 

Channing Church, 58, 69, 70-72. 

Channing, Rev. William Ellery, D.D., 70. 

Chapin, Rev. Solomon, 198. 

Chaplin, Rev. Jeremiah, 76. 

Charles River, 29, 54, 56, 204, 211-216, 252, 253, 

Chase, Chief-Justice S. P., 141. 
Chase, Rev. Irah, 304, 306. 
Cheesecake Brook, 161, 162. 
Cheney House, The, 245, 256. 
Cheney, John, 304. 
Cheney, Mrs. Ednah D. , 84. 
Cheseborough, E. S., 167. 
Chestnut Hill, 311-320. 
Chestnut Hill, 96. 
Chestnut Hill Station, 3ir. 
Chestnut-Tree, A Famous, 292. 
Child, David Lee, 168; Epitaph composed by, 98. 
Child, Lydia Maria, 168, 187, 188. 
Chism, Samuel, 42. 
Church of the Messiah, 201. 
City Hall, West Newton, 33, 173-175. 
City Seal, 29. 

Claflin Estate, 84, 141-148. 
Claflin, Ex-Gov. William, 133, 141. 
Claflin Guard, 28, 58. 
Claflin, Henry, 53. 
Clark, Charles P., 278. 
Clark, John, 250. 

Clark, Rev. Edward W., 198. 

Clark, Rev. F. E., 194. 

Clark, Rev. Joseph B., 134. 

Clark, Rev. Joseph S., D.D., 167, 168. 

Clarke, Hon. Julius L., 168. 

Clarke, Joseph T., 172. 

Clarke, Rev. James Freeman, 122, 141, 146, 147, 

187, 191, 278. 
Clarke, Rev. W. N., 297. 
Clarke, Rev. William R., D.D., 274. 
Clement, Charles F., 242. 
Clements, William, Jr., 45. 
Clinton, De Witt, 180. 
Cobb, Darius, 268. 
Cobb Family, 74. 
Cobb, Henry E., 80. 
Coburn, Nathan P., 104, 106, in. 
Cochituate Aqueduct Tunnel, 130. 
Coffin House, The 54. 
Coffin, Langdon, 78. 

Colby, Gardner, 90, 92, 94, 294, 297, 298. 
Cole's Block, 45, 67. 
Collins, Edward Jackson, 237, 244. 
Collins, Edward L., 240. 
Collins Family, 243, 244. 
Conant, D. A., 136. 
Conant, Marshall, 167. 
Congregational Churches, 25, 74, 75, 134, 157, 

161, 169, 175, 196, 199, 268, 277, 282. 
Converse, Edmund W., 82, 85. 
Converse, Edmund W., Jr., 80. 
Cook, George 177, 182. 
Cooke, Rev. Dr. Edward, 298. 
Cooke, Robert, 250/ 
Coolidge, Charles, 126. 
Coolidge, Joseph, 126. 
Coolidge, Nathaniel, 56. 
Coolidge, Rev. John Wesley, 229. 
Coolidge Tavern, 56. 
Copeland, Charles, 280. 
Cordingley, W. S. and F., 220. 
Cottage Hospital, The Newton, 208, 210. 
Cotton, Dr. John, 16, 86, 98, 302. 
Cotton, Rev. John, 84, 86, 88, 98, 290. 
Cotton, Rev. Nathaniel, 86. 
Crafts House, The, 320. 
Cramer, Rev. 1\L J., 193. 
Crane, Rev. Origen, 257. 
Crane, William H., 194. 
Crawley, Rev. Arthur R. R., 308. 
'Creasy, Professor, 164. 
Crehore, Dr. C. F., 2, 220, 223. 
Crehore Family, 224, 230. 
Crocker, Rev. William, 308. 
Cromack, Rev. J. C, 78. 
Croswell, Rev. Andrew, 228. 
Crystal Lake (" Baptist Pond"), 299-303. 
Cunningham, Rev. L. T., 258. 
Curry, Samuel S., 303. 
Curtis, Alice, 172. 
Curtis, Charles, 137, 141. 
Curtis, Daniel Sargent, 314. 
Curtis Family, 122, 128, 220, 222, 224. 
Curtis, Gbadiah, 122, 128, 130. 
Gushing, Professor C. W., 196. 
Gushing, Rev. C. W., 198. 
Cutler, Nathan P., 122. 
Cutler, Rev. Calvin, 198. 
Cutler, Rev. Lyman, 74, 98. 
Cutler, Frederic R., 185. 
Cutshamekin, 15. 
Dall, Rev. William, 183. 
Dall, William H., 172, 183. 


Dana, Henshaw, i68. 

Dana, Rev. S. H., 268. 

Danforth, Rev. James R., 134. 

Davidson, Alexander, 238, 242. 

Davis, Charles S., 278. 

Davis, Goody, 321, 322. 

Davis, Harriet, 168. 

Davis, Hon. John, 78, 172. 

Davis, John, 48, 173. 

Davis, Joseph P., 172. 

Davis, Seth, 165, 170, 173, 179-182. 

Dearborn, Dr. A. D., 256. 

De Costa, Rev. B. F., 228. 

Dedham, Controversy with, 253. 

Deer-Reeves, 151. 

Degen, Rev. Henry V., 198. 

De Gruchy, Rev. Thomas, 257. 

Dennison, Rev. Charles W., 257. 

Dennison, Rev. Joseph, 257. 

Derby, Elias Hasket, 104. 

" Devil's Den," 266. 

Dewson, Francis A., 137. 

Dickens, Charles, 271, 272. 

Dickinson, Hon. John W., 140. 

Dike, Rev. S. W., 194. 

Division of Newton, 166, 167. 

Dix, Jonathan, 165. 

Dodge, Rev. Ebenezer, D.D., 309. 

Dolan, Father Michael, 183, 258. 

Dolby, George, 271, 272. 

Dom Pedro II. entertained in Newton, 316. 

Dorchester, Rev. Daniel, Jr., 136. 

Downs, Lieutenant H. W., 136. 

Dresser, William R., 239, 240, 242, 243. 

Druce, Vincent, 320. 

Drummond, Rev. Joseph Payson, 178. 

Dummer, Richard, 45. 

Dudley Hosiery Company, 220, 224. 

Dupee Family, 280. 

Durant Family, 108, 225, 282. 

Fames, Charles, 41. 

Earle, Rev. Dr. Absalom B., 54. 

Earle, James H., 54. 

Eastman, Rev. C. L., 136. 

Eaton, Henry P., 222. 

Eaton, Rev. Arthur Wentworth, 315. 

Echo Bridge, i, 234, 255, 262. 

Edes, Benjamin, 56. 

Edmands Estate, 84, go, 97. 

Edmands, A. Lawrence, 97. 

Edmands, General J. Gushing, 135, 153. 

Edmands, J. Wiley, 64, 90, 97. 

Education, Expenditures on, 36. 

Edwards, Rev. B. A., 183. 

Eel-Weirs, 249. 

Eldredge, Mrs. Elizabeth Trull, 70, 208. 

Eliot, 245-248. 

Eliot Church, 25, 74, 75. 

Eliot, John, the Apostle, 16, 39, 60, 96, 98, 

Eliot, President Charles W., 112. 
Elliot, Gen. Simon, 250, 253. 
Ellis, Charles, 246. 
Ellis, Dr. Rufus, 187. 
Ellis, George H., 2, 265. 
Ellis, Rufus and David, 256, 266. 
Ellison, Ex-Mayor William P., 72. 
Elm, A Venerable, 166. 
Elms, James C, 102, 105. 
Emerson, Darius R., 57, 58. 
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 228, 261, 262, 267. 
Emerson, William C, 136. 
Emerson, William Ralph, 314. 

Emery, William H., 122. 

English, Rev. John M., 303. 

Episcopal Churches, 67, 198, 217, 226, 270. 

" Essex Colony, The," 311. 

Esty, A. R., 70. 

Evarts, Hon. William M., 124. 

Fales, Rev. T. F., 68. 

Farley, Alderman, 32. 

Farlovv, Hon. John S., 64, 56, 104, 109, 148, 151, 

Farlow Park, 65, 66, 70. 
" Farm of the Governors," 142. 
Farquhar, David W., 104, 107, 148. 
Faxon, John Lyman, 297. 
Fay, Rev. Eli, D.D., 71. 
Fay, Rev. H. W., 198. 
Female Academy, The Newton, 292. 
Field, Dr. Henry M., 106, 121. 
Field, George A., 180. 
Field, Rev. Chester, 257. 
Fields, James T., 271, 272. 
Fire Department, 36. 
Fireworks Company, The U. S., 256. 
First Baptist Church, West Newton, 183. 
First Congregational Church, Newton Centre, 

277, 282, 287. 
First Kindergarten in Massachusetts, 170. 
First Normal School, 170. 
First Permanent Settler, 17, 21, 100. 
First Sermon to Indians, 112, 114. 
First Settlers, Monument to, 21, 100. 
First Unitarian Church, 164. 
Fish-Culture in Crystal Lake, 299. 
Fish- Reeves, 56. 
Fisher, Theodore W., 195. 
Fisheries, 56, 249. 
Fiske, John, 78. 
Fitch. Ezra C, 88, 93. 
Fitz, Thomas B., 171. 
Flagg, Sol, 166. 

Flood, Father Bernard, 183, 258. 
Fowle, Hon. W. B., 203. 
Fowle, William. B., Sen.. 167. 
Francis, Mrs. Julia F., 88. 
Freeland, Rev. Samuel ^L, 74. 
Freeman, Dr. James, 122, 124. 
French, James W., 53. 
Frisbie, Dr. J. F., 2, 76, 80. 
Fuller Academy, 167, 170. 
Fuller, Colonel Nathan, 182. 
Fuller, Deacon Joel, 44, 182. 
Fuller Family, 142, 144, 162, 188. 
Fuller, John, 142, 162, 
Fuller, Judge Abraham, 98, r44. 
Furber, Rev. Dr. D. L., 44, 286, 292. 
Gamewell Fire-Alarm Telegraph Co., 270. 
" Garden City, The," 232. 
Gardner, Elizabeth ^L, 194. 
Gardner, Hon. William S., 102. 
Garfield, Lieutenant Walter H., 230. 
Garrison-House, Waban Hill, 317. 
Gay, Charles M., 106, 117. 
Gay, Edwin W., 102. 
Gay, Levi B., 106. 
Gibbs, Henry, 290. 
Gilbert, Rev. Lyman, D.D., 167, 178. 
Gilbert, Rev. Washington, 173. 
Gill, Rev. J., 229. 
Oilman, Gorham D., 66. 
Gilman, Rev. N. P., 188. 
Glover, General John, 165. 
Goddard, Mrs. Mary T., 126. 
Goddard, Rev. Joseph, 308. 



Goddard, Rev. Josiah R., 308. 

(Jould, Rev. J. H., 78, 229. 

Gould, William H., 241, 244. 

Grace Church, 65, 67-70. 

Grafton, Rev. Joseph, 98, 132, 288-290, 296-298. 

" Grandmother Rose," The, 5o. 

Graves, Major F. D., 136. 

(Jraves, Rev. Joseph M., 183. 

Gray, Morris, 315. 

Greene, Rev. J. S. C., 68. 

Greenough Family, 175-178, 182. 

Greenough, Mrs., Anecdote of, 176. 

Greenwood, Thomas, 320. 

Guiney, Louise Imogen, 203, 208. 

Gunsaulus, Rev. F. W., 134. 

Hackett Estate, The, 206. 

Hnckett, Rev. H. B., 304, 306. 

Hagar House, The, 224. 

Hagar, Professor D. B., 179, 230. 

Hague, Rev. John B., 292. 

Hague, Rev. William, D.D., 308. 

Haley, John J., 104. 

Hall, Charles W., 53. 

Hall Family, 270. 

Hall, George W., 73. 

Hall, Rev. C. M., 229. 

Hamblen, Ephraim S., 53. 

Hammond Family, 92, 316. 

Hammond, I'homas, 320. 

Hammond's Pond and Woods, 309, 318-320. 

Harbach Family, 126, 128, 130, 147. 

Harding, Rev. Sevvall, 198, 200. 

Hardon, Henry C, 53. 

Hardy, Edward E., 203. 

Harlow, Louis K., 242. 

Harrington, Abel, 48. 

Harwood, George S., 64, 66, 122, 127. 

Harwood, Seth K., 47, 53. 

Haskell, Edwin B., 2, 200, 205, 208, 299, 242. 

Haskell, William E., 172. 

Hatch, George E., 122. 

Haven, Rev. William Ingraham, 274. 

Hawthorne, Julian, 184. 

Hawthorne, RIajor Nathaniel, of Salem, 20. 

Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 168, 184, 186. 

Hayden, Henry C, 148. 

Hayes, Ex-President R. B., 141. 

Haynes, Gideon, 179. 

Haynes, Gov. John, 300. 

Hayward, Albert Y ., 269, 270. 

Healthfulness of Newton, 32. 

Heath, Daniel C, 137, 139. 

Henshaw, Frederic H., 235, 242. 

Hepworth, Rev. George H., 326. 

Herrick, Rev. A. F., 257. 

" Hickory Clifi','' 246, 247. 

High School, Newton, 140, 145. 

Hills, Joel H., 64. 

Hills, The Seven, 30. 

History of Newton, A Singular, 182. 

Hitchcock, Dr. (Harvard Dental School), 152. 

Hoar, Hon. George F., 124. 

Hobart, Rev. Nehemiah, 84, 94, 98. 

Hobbs, Prentiss, 48. 

Hodge, Rev. Elias, 136. 

Hodges, Rev. C. F2., 173. 

Holbrook Hall. 325. 

Holland, Rev. T. B., 183. 

HoUis, ."Mdcrman J. Edward, 58. 

Holman, Edwin S., 42. 

Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 60, 215, 228, 272, 276- 

Holmes, Rev. Theodore J., 286. 

Holway, Rev. Raymond F., 136. 

Homer, Rev. Dr. Jonathan, 60, 98, 146, 284-286, 

28S, 292-294. 
Homes for Missionaries' Children, 200, 280. 
" Horn-Breaker," A, 250. 
Hornbrooke, Rev. Francis B., 72, 73. 
Hosford, Professor E. N., 215. 
Hosmer, Elbridge, 292. 
Hosmer, Harriet G., 53, 54. 
Hosmer, Rev. George W., D D., 71, 72. 
Hotels." Hunnewell,47, 53; Woodland Park, 205, 

206, 207. 
Houdlette, Fred A., 49, 50. 
Houghton, Benjamin F., 165, 166, 179. 
Houghton Family, 182. 
Hovey, Rev. Dr. Alvah, 303-306. 
Howard, Rev. E. A., 229. 
Howe, Rev. E. Frank, 134, 152. 
Howells, William Dean, 207, 249. 
Howland, Otis Norcross, 122. 
Hull, General William, 45, 98, 104, 131, 132, 136, 

Hunnewell, Jonathan, 52. 
" Hunnewell Hotel," 47, 53. 
Hunt, J. W., 302. 
Hunter, Rev. Pleasant, Jr., 134. 
Hunter, Stephen V. A., 303, 305. 
Huntington, Bishop F. D., 151. 
Huntington, Rev. W. E., 44, 78, 292. 
Hutchins, Rev. Ben T., 228. 
Hyde, Deacon Samuel, 17, 82. 
Hyde Family, 17, 82, 92, 100, 146, 268, 270, 273. 
Hyde, George, 45. 
Hyde, Hon. J. F. C, 28, 44, 270. 
Hyde, Jonathan, 273, 282, 288. 
Hyde, Lieutenant Hosea, 136. 
Hyde, Samuel the younger, 302. 
Ihrie. General George P., 32. 
Illuminating Gas first used, 159. 
Illumination on Charles River, 213, 214. 
Independence, Resolution of, 24; Centennial 

Celebration of, 44. 
Indian Cemetery, An ."Xncient, 58. 
Institution Hill, 303-310. 
Inter-municipal War, An, 167. 
Iron-Works Company, The Newton, 266. 
Jackson, Deacon John. 17, 50, 67. 
Jackson, Edward, 28, 84. 
Jackson Family, The, 50-52, 60-62, 67, 74, 92, 

96, 98, 285._ 
Jackson, Francis, historian of Newton, 62, 98. 
Jackson, Hon. William, 42, 45, 59. 
Jackson, Rev. S., 78. 
Jackson, Samuel, 40. 
James, Miss Hannah P., 66. 
James, Rev. R. S., D.D., 183. 
Jaynes, Rev. J. C, 173. 
Jenckes, Rev. Joseph S., D.D., 68. 
Jenison Family, 182. 
Jenks, Joseph William, 132. 
Jersey Stock Club, 326. 
Jewett, David B., 66. 
Jewett, Rev. Lyman, D.D., 308. 
Johnson, Charles E., 122, 129. 
Johnson Estate, The, 206. 
Johnson, Rev. Charles T., 257. 
Johnson, Rev. John W., 308. 
Johnsonville, 309. 
Jones, George H., 64-66. 
Jones, Rev. E. H., 257. 
Jones, Rev. John Taylor, D.D., 306. 
Jones, Rev. S. F., 78. 
Kapiolani, Queen, entertained in Newton, 66. 



Kelley, Rev. Edmund, 183. 

Kenrick Family, 92, 100, io6-iio, 285. 

Kenrick, John, Epitaph of, 98. 

Kenrick, William, 104. 

Kenrick's Bridge, 326. 

Kidder, Rev. Joseph, 228. 

Kimball, Hon. J. Wesley, 138. 

Kimball, Rev. O. D., 183. 

King, Dr. John, 98, 302. 

King, Henry F., 186. 

King, Hon. Horatio, 186. 

King, Moses, 102, 104, 106. 

King, Rev. John D., 136. 

Kingsbury, Colonel Isaac F., 28, 58, 315, 316. 

Kingsbury House, The Old, 315, 316. 

Kinmonth, David, 236. 

Knapp, Francis, 56. 

Knapp, Rev. W. H., 173. 

Knowles, Rev. J. D., 304, 306. 

Kno.x, General Henry, 56, 62. 

Lafayette in Newton, 180. 

Lake, A Former, 248. 

Lamb, Rev. William A., 158. 

Lancaster, Charles B., no. 

Lancey, Dustin, 138. 

Lane, Rev. Dr. S. Eliot, 194. 

Langford, John T., 59. 

Lasell, Edward and Josiah, 195, 196. 

Lasell Seminary, 29, 189, 195, 196, 197, 215. 

Lawrence, Amos, Farm, 318. 

Leach, Miss (teacher Female Academy), 292. 

Leavitt, Rev. William S., 74. 

Lee, Francis L., 313, 314. 

Lee, George C, 315. 

Lee, Henry, 314. 

Lee, Joseph, 205, 206, 207. 

Lee, Thomas, 314. 

Leeson, Joseph R., 208. 

Leighton, Rev. Samuel S., 257. 

Leland, Luther E., 222. 

Lemon, Henry, 48. 

" Lenticular Hill," A, 80, 82. 

Leonard, Rev. J. 1\L, 78. 

Lester, Rev. C. S., 198. 

Lewis, Edwin J., Jr., 194. 

Lewis, Rev. Joseph W., 257. 

Library, Newton Free, 35, 62, 64-66, 69, 76, 104. 

Lincoln, John L., LL.D., 308. 

Lincoln, Rev. Heman, D.L)., 308. 

Linder Estate, 296. 

Linwood Park, 136. 

Lisle, Rev. William M., 175, 183. 

" Listener, The," Boston Transcript, 211, 212. 

Little, Rev. George Barker, 178. 

Lockwood, Rev. William L., 136. 

Lord, Hon. George C, 104. 

Lord's Prayer in Indian Tongue, 118. 

Loring Estate, 296. 

Loring, Joshua, 274, 298. 

Lothrop, Rev. Dr. John, 175. 

Lovell, Wallace D., 106, 125. 

Lowell, Judge John, 318. 

Lowry, Rev. Samuel E., 157. 

Lucas, Rodney M., 136. 

Luquiens, Professor Julius, 194. 

Lyon, Dr. Henry, 230. 

Machine Company, The Newton, 58. 

Mackay, Rev. Henrj', 44, 228. 

Macreading, Rev. Charles S., 257. 

Maginnis, Rev. John S., D.D., 308. 

Magnesium Company, The American, 58. 

Magoon, Rev. Elias L., D.D., 308. 

Manly, Rev. Basil, D.D., 308. 

Mann, Daniel P., 42. 

Mann, Horace, 160, 170, 184. 

Manning, Rev. E. A., 54. 

Mansfield, Rev.G. W., 136. 

Manufacturers' Hotel, 265, 266. 

Manufacturers, 158, i5o, 217, 250-256, 266, 270. 

Maps, 23, 31. 

March, Andrew S., 106. 

Marshall, General J. F. B., 193. 

Martin, Mike, Highwayman, 165. 

Mason, Hon. David Haven, 275, 278. 

Mason, Rev. Francis, D.D., 306. 

Mason Schoolhouse, 285. 

Massachusetts Baptist Education Society, 304. 

Maugus, John, 249. 

Mayer, Rev. Henry Christian, 68. 

Mayhew Family, 52, 60, 84, 88, 142. 

McCarthy, Father John, 258. 

McCullough, Rev. J. P., 76. 

McDonald, Rev. William, 198. 

McGee, Channcey B., 242, 243. 

McKeown, Rev. Andrew, ig8, 229. 

McManus, Rev. M. T., 183. 

Meacham, George F., 71, 74. 

Means, Rev. Dr. James, 198. 

Merriam, Rev. Jonas, 98, 283, 284, 293. 

Merrill, Fannie Buss, 194. 

Merrill, Rev. Joseph A., 257. 

Messiah, Church of the, 198. 

Metcalf, Rev. Henry A., 198. 

" Meteor," The, Locomotive, 24, 42. 

Methodist Churches, 78, 99, 136, 149, 229, 256, 

274, 283. 
Mills, Miss Frances Maria, 48. 
Mills, Rev. Carlton P., 270. 
Mineral Region, A, 309. 
Mitchell, Austin R., 137, 148. 
Mitchell's Tavern, 268, 302. 
Monument to Soldiers, 27; to First Settlers, 21, 

1 00. 
Moorfield, Captain, 252. 
]\Ioraine, A Glacial, 207. 
Morey, Rev. James W., 257. 
Morse, George W., 148. 
Morton, Rev. James F., 303. 
Morton, William, 278. 
Mother Brook, 253, 261. 
Mount Ida, 30, 74, 78-82. 
Mudge, Rev. James, 257. 
Mudge, Rev. Z. A., 136, 257. 
Municipal Statistics, 38. 
Musical Association, The Newton, 43. 
Muzzey, Rev. A. B., 315. 
" My Country, 'tis of Thee," 276, 278. 
Myrtle Baptist Church, 183. 
Nahaton, 249. 
Nanepashemet, 15. 
Nash, Rev. C. EUwood, 138. 
Nash, Rev. Henry S., 315. 
Naples the Newton of the Mediterranean, 326. 
Nason, Dr. Elias, 32. 
Natural-History Club, The Newton, 76. 
New-Church Society, 137- 
Newell, Josiah B., 256. 
Newhall, Rev. W. Rice, 198. 
" New Lights," The, 309. 
Newspapers, 39. 
Newton, 39-100. 
Newton Centre, 271-310. 
Newton Centre Associates, 279. 
Newton Club-House, 131, 136, 137, 144. 
"Newton Corner," 39. 
Newton Female Academy, 292. 



Newton Highlands, 267-270. 

Newton, History of the Name, 20, 28, 40. 

Newton in 1800, 320. 

Newton Lower Falls, 217-230. 

Newton Machine Company, 58. 

Newton of the Past, 15-28. 

Newton of the Present, 29, 38. 

Newton Theological Institution, 281, 303-310. 

Newton Upper Falls, 249-266. 

Newtonxille, 131-156. 

Newton, William B., 41. 

Nichols, J. Howard, 88, 89. 

Nichols, Rev. Fayette, 78. 

Nickerson, Thomas, 294. 

Nickerson's P>lock, 166. 

NONANTI'M, 157-160. 

Nonantum Congregational Church, 157. 

Nonantum Dale Nurserj', no. 

Nonantum Hill, 101-130. 

Nonantum Hill, 30, 53. 

Nonantum House, 41, 45, 48. 

Nonantum, Signification of the Name, 112. 

Nonantum Worsted Company, 160. 

Normal School for Girls, The First, 170. 

Normal School removed from Lexington, 167, 

North Evangelical Church, 157, 158. 
" Norumbega," Remains of, 215. 
Nottage, Rev. W. A., 229. 
Oak Hill, 321. 
Oak Hill School, 325. 
Oak Hill, View from, 324. 
Oaks at Eliot, Two Venerable, 248. 
O'Brien, Father Martin, 258. 
Old Trees, Two Famous, 326. 
Olmsted, Frederick Law, 311. 
Ordway, J. L., 156, 175. 
Orphan and Destitute Girls, Home for, 292. 
Orrery, The First, in Massachusetts, 180. 
Osgood, James R., 271, 272. 
Otheman, Rev. B., 198. 
Otheman, Rev. Edward, 257. 
O'Toole, Rev. Laurence J., 183. 
Our Lady Help of Christians, Church of, 60, 131, 

Page, Charles J., 235, 242. 
Paine, Robert Treat, Jr., 187. 
Paper Mills, Lower Falls, 218-222. 
Park Family, 150, 162. 
Park, Frank G., 58. 
Park, Hon. John C., 80, 175. 
Park, Richard, 76. 
Park, W. H., 136. 
Parker, Colonel Francis J., 48, 260. 
Parker, John, 250. 
Parker, John C, 302. 
Parker, Joseph W., 287, 303. 
■ Parker, Nathaniel, 250. 
Parker, Noah, 250, 296. 
Parker, Rev. John, 257. 
Parker, Theodore, 86, 88, 168, 170. 
Parker, William, 167. 
Parkhurst, Rev. Charles, 198. 
Parsons, William, 48. 
Partelow's Boat-Houses, 212, 216. 
Patrick, Rev. Henry Johnson, 178. 
Paul, Deacon Luther, 302. 
Paul, Henry, 297. 
Paulson, Rev. John, 257. 
IVabody, Miss Elizabeth P., 168. 
I'cck, John, 304. 
Peirce, Mrs. Ch.arles W., 78. 
Peirce, Rev. Bradford K., 44, 66, 78, 274, 298. 
Peirce, William, 246, 247. 

Pelham, Charles, 86, 88. 

Pemberton Estate, The, 206. 

Pentecost, Rev. William, 229, 257. 

Pepper, Rev. George D. B., D.D., 308. 

Perkins, Rev. George H., 274. 

Perry Family, 54, 67. 

Perry, Bishop W. S., 54, 67, 68. 

Petersilea, Carlyle, 102, 103. 

Peterson, Rev. John, 257. 

Pettee Manufacturing Company, 254. 

Pettee, Otis, 2, 250, 253, 254, 272. 

Phipps & Train, Messrs., 252. 

Phipps, Rev. George G., 268. 

Pickard Estate, The, 206. 

Pickthall, Thomas, 136. 

Pierce, Rev. Cyrus, 167. 

Pigeon, Dr. J. C. D., 191, 192. 

Pigeon Family, 191, 194, 273. 

Pigeon, Rev. C. D., 198. 

Pine-Farm School, 187, 188, 206, 279. 

Plimpton, Joseph W., 167. 

Police Department, 36. 

Pomeroy, Rebecca R., 58, 292. 

Pomfret, Rev. William J., 257. 

Pope, Alexander, " Let Newton be," 326. 

Pope, Colonel Albert A., 51, 53. 

Pope, E. W., 53. 

Population, Increase of, 30. 

Post-Offices, List of, 34. 

Potter, John C., 55, 59. 

" Pound Lane," 298. 

Powers, Samuel L., 102, 105. 

Pratt, Charles S., 194. 

Prentice, Captain Thomas, 128, 290, 322. 

Prentice Family, 92, 94, 290. 

Prentice, Rev. George, 136. 

Prescott, Mrs. Charles B., 91. 

Priest Estate, The, 206, 208. 

Prisoners, British, March of, through Newton, 

164, 165. 
Prophecy, A Remarkable, 74. 
Prospect Hill, View from, 317. 
Pulsifer, Colonel Royal M., 28, 148, 200, 202, 205, 

260, 315. 
Pumping Station, 239. 
Putnam, Rev. Richard F., 228. 
Questions, Difficult, asked by Indians, 114, 116, 

Quincy, Hon. Josiah, 170. 
Railway .Stations, List of, 34. 
Rand, Avery L., 275, 290. 
Rand, George C, 290. 
Randall Family, The, 246. 
Ranlett, Captain Charles E., 203. 
Ranlett, Miss S. Alice, 72. 
R.awson, Madame Susanna, 46. 
Rawson, Mrs. Susan C, 72. 
Raymond Estate, 187. 
Read, Charles \., 66. 
Rebecca-Pomeroy Home for Orphan Girls, 58, 

Records, Old, 17-20. 
Redpath, Ellis W., 137. 
Resolutions, Theodore Parker's, 86. 
Rice, Hon. Alexander H., 2, 44, 179, 180, 193, 

Rice, J. Willard, 179, 193. 
Rice, Marshall O., 301. 

Rice, Marshall .S., 45, 256, 257, 274, 290, 292. 
Rice, Professor John, 172. 
Rice, Thomas, Jr., 220, 222, 224, 227, 229. 
Richards Family, 270. 
Richards, Rev. William C, 257. 
Richardson Family, 270. 



Richardson, Henry H., 76, 189, 231, 311. 

Richardson, John, 48. 

Richardson, Rev. W. S., 229. 

Richardson, Squire Solon, 41. 

Ricker Family, 102. 

Riley, Charles E., 80, 81. 

Ripley, Rev. Henry J., 304, 306. 

Riverside, 211-216. 

Riverside School (Mrs. D. T. Smith), 194. 

Road-Makers, The Colonial, 217. 

Roberts, C. S., 208. 

Roberts, Mrs. John L., 136. 

Robbins, Rev. Gilbert, 76. 

Roberts, Rev. Kendall, D.D., 309. 

Robins, Henry C, 308. 

Robinson, Charles, Jr., 186. 

Robinson, Luke, 56. 

Robinson, Rev. Ezekiel G., D.D., 309. 

Robinson, William, 190. 

Robson, Stuart, 194. 

Roche, James Jeffrey, 134, 135. 

" Rocket," The, Locomotive, 42. 

Rogers, John, 283. 

Rogers, Rev. C. S., 78. 

Rolfe, Dr. William J., 196. 

Rolling Dam, The, 159. 

Roman Catholic Churches, 60, 131, 134, 183, 258. 

Roman Catholic Services, The First, 258. 

Root, Dr. George F., 59, 60. 

Round, Rev. J. Emery, 198. 

Safford, Rev. Henry G., 257. 

" Saints' Rest," 191. 

Saltonstall Family, 280, 312, 314. 

Samson, Rev. George W., D.D., 309. 

Samson, Rev. Thomas S., 76, 175. 

Sanborn, Rev. Jacob, 257. 

Sargent, Frederick W., 122. 

Savage, Captain Charles T., 167. 

Savary, Rev. W. H., 173. 

Sawtell, James A., 53. 

Sawyer, J. Herbert, 316. 

Sawyer, Rev. Artemas W., D.D., 308. 

Schoff, Stephen A., 137. 

School System, Honors awarded to, 141. 

Schools, Private, 72, 136, 167-172, 193, 194, 292. 

Scudder, Mrs. Marshall, 236. 

Seal of the City, 38. 

Sears, Rev. Barnas, D.D., LL.D., 304, 306, 308. 

Sears, William B., 58. 

Seaver, Hon. Edwin P., 234, 242. 

Secession War, Newton in the, 153-156. 

Second Baptist Church, 251. 

Seger House, The, 54. 

.Seger, Nathaniel, 130. 

Sever, Rev. Winslow W., 228. 

Shannon Estate, The, 82, 84, 87, 88. 

Shannon, Miss Mary Clarke, 82, 84, 87. 

Shaw, Fayette, 140. 

Shaw, Louis Agassiz, 313, 314. 

Sheldon, Miss Slarian, 184. 

Sheldon, Rev. David N., D.D., 308. 

Sheldon, William E., 2, 173, 184. 

Shepard, Alexander, Jr., 190. 

Shepard, I\Lijor Samuel, 162. 

Sheppard, Samuel A. D., 102. 

Sherman, Roger, 124. 

Shillaber, B. P., 140. 

Shinn, Rev. George Wolfe, D.D., 68, 208. 

" Short Hills," 206. 

Siedhof, Dr. Carl, 302. 

Silk-Manufacturing, 252. 

Skinner, Francis, 98, 122. 

Skinner, Rev. Samuel P., 258. 

Slack, Robert H., 228. 

Slade, Dr. Daniel D., 316. 

" Slate-Rock Woods," 319. 

Sleeper, Hon. Jacob, 78. 

Smallwood, Edwin, 50. 

Smith, Miss Delia T., 193. 

Smith, Rev. D. A. W., D.D., 308. 

Smith, Rev. Eli B., D.D., 308. 

Smith, Rev. Francis W., 198. 

.Smith, Rev. John, 136. 

Smith, Rev. Joseph C, 71, 152. 

Smith, Rev. Samuel Francis, D.D., 44, 132, 151, 

152, 182, 257, 276-278, 297. 
Soap-Manufacturing Company, The Warren, 58. 
Social Library, The West-Parish, 178. 
Societies, 44, 135, 168, 258, 275. 
Soldiers' ^Ionument, 27, 152. 
Spaulding, Rev. Nathan B., 257. 
Spaulding, Rev. Newell S., 257. 
Speare, Hon. Alden, 44, 78, 90, 175, 274, 294. 
Spring Family, 92, 132. 
Springer, Elestus RL, 106, 115. 
Springer, Marcellus P., 102. 
" Squash End," 167, 175. 
St. Andrew's Church, Chestnut Hill, 315. 
Starr, Dr. Ebenezer, 224, 230. 
Starr, Horace, 224. 
Statistics, 30-38. 

St. Bernard's Church, West Newton, 183. 
Stealing a River, 253. 
Stearns Family, 268. 
Stearns, Rev. Dr. Oakman S., 297, 303. 
Stebbins, Rev. Dr. Rufus P., 298. 
Steele, Rev. Daniel, 198. 
Steenstra, Rev. Peter Henry, D.D., 68. 
Stevens, Rev. Edward A., D.D., 308. 
Stevens, Rev. Edward O., 308. 
Stimson Mansion, 206. 
St. Mary's Church, 217, 219, 226. 
Stock Farm, Oak-Hill, 325. 
Stocks, The, 284. 
Stone, Dr. L. R., 66. 
Stone Family, 324. 

Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 141, 187, 188. 
St. Paul's (Episcopal) Church, Newton High- 
lands, 270. 
Strain, Father, 258. 
Streets, List of, 30. 
Strong, George, 72. 
Strong, William C, 236-240. 
Studley, Rev. W. S., 78. 
Swedenborgian Church, 135, 137. 
" Sweet Auburn," 147. 
Sweet, Charles A., 193. 
Sweetser, Isaac, 180. 
Swimming-School, 172. 
Sylvester, Austin T., 136. 
Talbot, Rev. Samson, D.D., 308. 
Tarbox, Rev. Dr. Increase N., 44, 184, 284. 
Tax-Rate of Newton, 34. 
Taylor, Bertrand E., 184, 280, 289, 305. 
Tenney, Jonathan, 302. 
Thaxter, Celia, 159. 
Thayer, Rev. L. R., 136. 
Theological Institution, Newton, 281. 
Thomas, Rev. Benjamin C, 308. 
Thomas, Rev. Jesse B., 303. 
Thompson, the Hermit, 309. 
Thompsonville, 309. 
Thurber, Rev. Franklin, 256. 
Thurston, Miss E. P., 66. 
Thwing, Daddy, 270. 
Tiffany, Hon. Francis, 172. 
Tiffany, Rev. Francis, 173, 183. 
Time-Table, B. & W. R. R., of 1834, 43. 



" Tin Horn," 159. 

Titus, Rev. H. F., 76. 

Tomatoes, The first, in Massachusetts, 124. 

Toulmin, Rev. William I?., 257. 

Tourjee, Dr. Eben, 194, 198. 

Towne, W. J., 136, 279. 

Trees, Some Noteworthy, 166, 180, 248, 326. 

Trowbridge, Colonel William, 134. 

Trowbridge Family, 74, 147, 148, 150. 

Trowbridge, J. Eliot, 80. 

Trowbridge, Professor John, 172. 

True, Rev. Charles K., 257. 

Tucker, Nathaniel, 88. 

Tucker, Rev. J., Jr., 76. 

Tuckerman Estate, 326. 

Tuckerman, W. S., 48. 

Turner, Job, 80. 

Tyler, Warren P., 106. 

" Underground Railroad," Former Station of, 183. 

Underwood, General Adin B., 64, 66, 72, 135, 

153. 154- 
Underwood School, 66, 71. 
Unitarian Churches, 70, 172, 298. 
Universalist Churches, 138, 143, 258. 
Upham, Rev. James, D.D., 309. 
Urbino, S. R., 140. 
U.S. Fireworks Company, 256. 
Village-Improvement Associations, 168, 192, 275. 
Villages in Newton, List of, 32. 
Vista Hill, 16 Towns visible from, 209. 
Vital Statistics, 38. 
Waban, 231, 244. 
Waban Hill, View from, 313, 317. 
Waban (Indian chieQ, 110-116. 
Wade, Hon. Levi C, 297, 323, 324. 
Wadsworth, Alexander, 104. 
Wales Bridge, 225. 
Walker, Mrs. Eliza H., 200. 
Walker, Mrs. Nellie V., 53. 
Walking-Match, A Notable, 271, 272. 
Wallis, Mrs. William, 225. 
Walton, George A., 184. 
Walworth, Arthur C., 294, 295. 
Ward, Charles, 274. 
Ward, Colonel Joseph, 62, 124, 126. 
Ward, Deacon Joseph, 182. 

Ward Family, 94, 98, 124, 126, 147, 150, 282, 285. 
Ware Family, 192, 224, 226. 
Warren, General Joseph, 56. 
Warren, H. Langford, 232, 242, 243. 
Warren Soap Manufacturing Company, 58. 
Washburn Family, 192. 
Washington, George, 56, 225, 285. 
Watch Company; The American, 182. 
Waterhouse, Francis A., 137. 
Water- Works, The Newton, 260; Sudbury-River, 

262-264, 318. 
Waters, Edwin F., 278. 
Watson, Rev. E. R., 198. 
Wear Lands, The, 54. 
Webster, Daniel, Anecdote of, 176. 
Webster, Rev. Amos, 257. 
Webster, Rev. M. P., 257. 
Webster, William E., 303-307. 
Weir, Mrs., 136. 
Wellman, Rev. Joshua, 74. 
Wells, Artesian, 260. 
Wells, Henry B., 53. 
Wells, Professor Webster, 172. 
AVells, Rev. William G., 228. 
Wcntworth, William P., 53, 70, 208. 
Wesleyan Home, 5, 78. 
West Church, 175. 
West, Dr. George W., 312, 313. 

West Newton, 161-188. 

West-Newton Hotel, 173. 

Weston, Rev. Henry G., D.D., 309. 

Weston, Thomas, 106. 

West- Parish Social Library, 178. 

Wetherbee, W. A., 136. 

Wetherell Estate, 265. 

Wetherell, Horace R., 42. 

Wheat, Dr. Samuel, 162, 164. 

Wheedon, J. S., 136. 

Wheeler, Rev. Horace Leslie, 298. 

Wheeler, Rev. Melancthon, 198. 

Whipple, Dexter, 42. 

Whipple, E. P., 186. 

Whiston, Dr. Edward A., 137. 

White, Joseph, 302. 

White, Ralph H., 314. 

White, Rev. Rufiis A., 138. 

White, Rev. W. O., 172. 

" White Swan," The, 214. 

White, T. Edgar, 106, 123. 

Whitefield, Rev. George, at Newton, 282, 283. 

Whitman, Rev. B. L., 257. 

Whitman, Rev. Freeman T., 257. 

Whitmore, Charles E., 53. 

Whitney, Anne, Birthplace of, 54. 

Whitney, Dr. Allston W., 172. 

Whitney, Dr. Samuel S., 256. 

Whittemore, Samuel P., 53. 

Whittier, John G., 141. 

Whitwell, Elizabeth, 168. 

Whitwell, Madam, 168. 

Whitwell, Rev. William A., 315. 

Whitwell, William S., 167. 

Wiggin, E. D., 325. 

Wilbur, George B., 181, 182. 

Wilder, Marshall P., 104. 

Willnrd, Jonathan, 296. 

Willard, Rev. F. A., 297. 

Williams College, 162. 

Williams Family, 150, 162. 

Williston's (Miss) Home, 195. 

Wilmarth, Rev. Isaac M., 308. 

Wilson, F:dward B., 184. 

Winchester Family, 270. 

Winchester Hill, 325. 

Winchester, Rev. Elhanan, 296. 

Winslow, Ezra D., 200, 202, 208. 

Winslow, John, 258. 

Winsor, Ernest, 314. 

Winthrop, Mrs., Description of British Prisoners, 

Wiswall, C. A. & H. M., 222. 
Wiswall, Captain Jeremiah, 322. 
Wiswall, Elder, 94. 
Wiswall Family, 222, 236, 270, 273, 285, 296, 300, 

302 ._ 
Wiswall's Pond, 299. 
Wood, Deacon Bartholomew, 292. 
Wood, Rev. Fred, 78. 
Woodbridge, Rev. J. E., 198. 
Woodland, 205-210. 
Woodland Park Hotel, 205, 206, 207, 208. 
Woods, Rev. Frederick, 136. 
Woods, Rev. Henry W., 228. 
Woodward, Deacon Ebenezer, 74, 270, 292. 
Woodward Family, 74, 100, 231, 268, 270, 286. 
Worcester, Rev. John, 137. 
Worsted Company, The Nonantum, 160. 
Wright, Rev. A. A., 78. 
Vahveh, Church of, 258. 
Young Estate, The, 206. 
Young, Rev. Edward J., D.D., 71. 
Zachos, Rev. John C, 173. 


Wctoton of tijc Past 


The first records of the Anglo-Saxon occupation of this region are closely 
connected with those of Cambridge, or Newtown, which was settled and for- 
tified in 1 631, less than a year after the foundation of Boston. The territory 
was duly bought from the Indians, in pursuance of the original instructions 
from England : " If any of the salvages pretend right of inheritance to all 
or any part of the lands granted in our pattent, wee pray you endeavour to 
purchase their tytle, that wee may avoyde the least scruple of intrusion." 
So the domain northward of the Charles was acquired from the Indian 
queen, the squaw-sachem, Nanepashemet's daughter, one of her perqui- 
sites being a new coat each winter as long as she lived. Allured by this 
promise of fair new gowns, she voluntarily put herself under the govern- 
ment and jurisdiction of the Massachusetts Colony in 1643, together with 
four other conspicuous Indian rulers. One of these was the famous Cut- 
shamekin, John Eliot's friend, who lived at Neponset, and held some vague 
authority over the natives of Nonantum, the region of the present Newton. 

The scattered condition of the Massachusetts Colony, straggling along 
the shore for several leagues, naturally caused the settlers to feel insecure ; 
and the governor and assistants explored the country to find the best site 
for a fortified city, to serve as a rallying-point and refuge in case of over- 
whelming peril. They decided to build the New-toivn on the present site 
of Harvard CoUeire : and there was a sfeneral idea abroad that it would be 


the capital of the Colony, erected and fortified at the public cost. In fact, 
Massachusetts paid for the defences of the settlement, which consisted of 
a palisade and fosse a mile and a half long, surrounding the neat little rural 
hamlet of the Stuart era. 

In 1632 the colonial authorities sent to settle at Newtown (Cambridge) 
the Rev. Mr. Hooker and forty-seven other men from English Essex ; and 
when these pioneers desired to go away into the Connecticut Valley, be- 
cause they had not land enough, the Government ceded to Cambridge, in 
1635, the greater part of the present Brookline, Brighton, and Newton, 

^1/9!^ 9^cJ:. 

Facsimile of John Cotton's Receipt. 

and the wilderness extending to the Merrimack River. But the Essex 
adventurers were not content, withal, and soon set up their valiant march for 
the Connecticut Valley, — Hooker and a hundred colonists and 160 cattle, — 
and after a fortnight of arduous pilgrimage reached and founded Hartford. 
They had grown weary and disappointed at finding that their settlement did 
not become the metropolis of the Colony; that the enemies of Massachu- 
setts were not formidable enough to make their palisados a public benefit; 
and that their canal leading in from the shallow Charles could not help 
them in commercial competition with the sea-fronting bay of Boston. 
Their domains here were sold to the Rev. Mr. Shepard and his flock; and 
in 1638 the name of the place was changed from Newtown to Cambridge, 
in memory of the fair English city in whose ancient university so many of 
the founders of New England had been educated. 

The savage wilderness across the river was at first vaguel}' called " The 
South Side of Charles River," by the Cambridge people ; although it also 
bore the name of Nonantum, by which its apostle, the consecrated Eliot, had 
designated it. Pity it had not been retained to the present day, since the 
place is neither new nor a town. And Nonantum signifies Rejoicing, 
which is the frame of mind of tliousands of its contented inhabitants. 

Of the twenty pioneers of this southside wilderness, four came from 
London, four from elsewhere in England, and tlie remainder from the Mas- 
sachusetts towns. They were nearly all well-to-do persons, in the prime of 




life ; and the exertions of opening a new country were so favorable to lon- 
gevity that more than two-thirds of them lived to beyond the age of seventy. 
In the roll of the first-comers occur the names of Jackson, Hyde, Fuller, 
Wiswall, Park, Ward, Prentice, and Trowbridge, most of which still remain, 
filling out columns in the Newton City Directory. In 1645 there were 
135 ratable persons in Newtown, with 90 houses, 551 head of cattle, 40 
horses, 37 sheep, 62 swine, and 58 goats, the valuation of the settlement 
being /8,8oi. 

The people came in family groups, at different times, and without the 
organized nomadism that characterized many other colonial establishments. 
There seems to have been a preliminary scattering inroad of now-forgotten 
settlers, who presently moved on farther into the country, leaving their half- 
begun farms to the chance of the next-comers. The first permanent settler 
was Deacon John 
Jackson, in 1639, 
on Brighton Hill; 
and he was fol- 
lowed, four years 
later, by his broth- 
er, Edward, the 
Whitechapel Vul- 
can. Deacon 
Samuel Hyde en- 
tered in 1640; 
John Fuller, in 
1644; Jonathan 
Hyde and Rich- 
ard Park, in 1647; 
Captain Thomas 

Prentice, in 1649; '^''^^ i^i 1650 John Ward, James Prentice, Thomas 
Prentice, Jr., Vincent Druce, Thomas Hammond, and John Parker. 

Among the quaint old town records we find such entries as these : — 

" 1649. ^t is ordained by the townsmen that all persons provide that 
their dogs may do no harm in cornfields and gardens, by scraping up the 
fish, under the penalty of three pence for every dog that shall be taken 
damage feasant, with all other just damages." 

" 1634. It was ordered that no person shall take tobacco publiquely, 
under the penalty of eleven shillings, nor privately, in his own house or in 
the house of another, before strangers, and that two or more shall not take 
it anywhere, under the aforesaid penalty for each offence." 

" It was ordered that no person shall be allowed to sell cakes and bunns, 
except at funerals and weddings." 

School-house in Newton in 

I o 

^M Ovc<rd: 3:j10^: iLi Ac^d^c^cr^^^'^ 








i^n0nc(rck:y-^ /^o(f Ai^-tL Ql^'iCCjf Ot^Cer^ 





H cC'hlJn (yr\-iC<H->-na(yt\yav£ k: ^ : ^. noi : -fen- -f-na (^ hcnCa of OpCei'S 
^c/p/<r i/(>'c'/A ^O^'e^^-'i. #-^^/^'''k/~ ' 




" 1660. None to be freemen but such as are in full communion with the 
Church of Christ.'' 

In 1654 the Newtonians began to have religious services in their own 
neighborhood; and when the year 1656 came around, the people formed a 
religious society, and petitioned the General Court to be freed from helping 
to support the Cambridge church. This reasonable prayer was granted in 
1662; and eleven years later they applied for entire absolution from their 
loyalty to the university town, desiring to set up a local government for 
themselves. The General Court responded by giving them a certain meas- 
ure of exemption from Cambridge taxes ; but this partial satisfaction they 
would not accept, and in 1678 fifty-two out of the sixty-five freemen made 
another similar demand. ■ Cambridge heartily resisted this movement, but 
could not prevent important concessions being made, and in 1679 town- 
meetings began to be held here. 

The Cambridge people had sturdily fought the attempts of their southern 
colony to secure self-government, but for twenty-five years the Newton farm- 
ers resolutely kept up the contest, refusing all compromises, and offering to 
pay for their municipal freedom with good lawful money. As the Cam- 
bridge authorities picturesquely remarked: "Those long-breathed petition- 
ers rested not, but continued to bait their hooks, and cast their lines into 
the sea, tiring out the Courts with their eager pursuit, and obliging them 
to dance after their pipers for twenty-five years." Among the chief men of 
the General Court to officially consider and arbitrate upon this tranquil civil 
war was Major Nathaniel Hawthorne, of Salem, whose descendant, the 
greatest of American novelists, was a resident of Newton nearh' two centu- 
ries later. 

During this long contentious era, the domain of Newton was known as 
Cambridge Village, and sometimes as New Cambridge ; but in 1691 the 
General Court christened it Newtown, in response to a petition of the 
people, to do away with the confusion arising from the irregular and inter- 
changeable use of the two first-named titles. Concessions came but slowly 
from the Colony Government, in the matter of the political independence of 
this little rural state, and it was not until the year 1687, after over thirty 
years of spirited conflict, that Newton succeeded in securing her long- 
desired emancipation from Cambridge, and became a separate town, witli 
a deputy to the General Court, The name bestowed upon it in 1691 was a 
revival of the ancient and abandoned name first given to Cambridge ; and 
this again was without authority modified into Newton by Judge Fuller, 
who became town clerk in 1766. 

42 freemen migrated into Newton between 1639 '^^id 1679, and 30 of their 
sons grew up to man's estate during that period. Of this number, 5 had 
died and 2 moved away, leaving 65 freemen in the town at the time of its 
final and successful secession from Cambridge. 




Meantime, the town had been threatened with 
the horrors of an Indian war, and the people re- 
solved to fortify their little settlement, and bid 
defiance to the savage foe. To this end they pre- 
pared materials for a spacious defensive stockade, 
and their adventurous youth joined the colonial 

forces campaigning among the 
hostile tribes, and marching against 
the strongholds of Canada. Two 
strong block-houses were erected 
in the town, as rallying-points in 
case of invasion; and the train- 
band stood ready to give a good 
account of any savage assailants. 
But the red-skinned skirmishers 
of Metacomet gave a wide berth 
to these grim yeomen of the 
Newe-towne ; and for nearly a 
century the unmolested farmers, 
generation after generation, with 
their ploughs broke up the stub- 
born glebe, and slowly increased 
the humble wealth of the coun- 

Fi St Settlers' Monument in the Old Burial Ground 
on Centre Street. 


In the low red farm-houses among the marshalled cornfields, the sturdy 
republican virtues grew amain, under the influence of the minister and 
the schoolmaster, and the memories of Naseby and of Marston Moor. In 
1765 the townsmen instructed their representative in the General Court to 
take vigorous action against the Stamp Act, saying: " We therefore tliink 
it our indispensable duty, in justice to ourselves and to our posterity, as it 
is our reasonable privilege, to declare our greatest dissatisfaction with this 
law; and we think it incumbent on you by no means to join in any public 
measures for countenancing and assisting in the execution of said act, but 
to use your best endeavors in the General Assembly to have the undeniable 
rights of the people of the Province asserted and vindicated, and left upon 
public record, that posterity may never have reason to charge the present 
time with the guilt of tamely giving them away. Voted, that the foregoing 
be recorded in the town book, that posterity may see and know the great 
concern the people at this day had for their invaluable rights, privileges, 
and liberties." But, while the men of Newton were tenacious of the liber- 
ties of Englishmen, they cherished a faithful loyalty to the Crown ; and a 
year later they resented the lawless outbreaks in Boston against the Royal 
authorities, ordering that "the person who represents this town be directed 
and instructed, in his best discretion, to use what influence he may have, that 
such losses be made up in such a way and measure as may be most loyal 
and respectful to his Majesty, most safe relative to our invaluable rights, 
privileges, and liberties, and most kind and generous to the sufferers." 

In 1772 a committee was appointed "to consider and report what it may 
be proper for the town to do relating to the present unliappy condition of 
the country," and as a result their representative was instructed to work 
against the payment by the Crown of the judges of the Supreme Court; 
and they oilficially urged the town of Boston "to persevere in all loyal, 
legal, regular, and constitutional methods for the redress of the grievances 
they felt, and for preventing those they had reason to fear." They also 
voted: "That we each and every one of us will not, directly or indirectly, 
by ourselves or any for or under us, purchase or use any India tea, while 
such tea is subject to a duty payable upon its arrival in America." Nev- 
ertlieless, one or two of the villagers participated in the famous Boston tea- 
party, and, coming home late at night, were detected l)y their people with 
tea in their shoes. 

By the year 1774 the selectmen were ordered by the town-meeting to pro- 
vide fire-arms for such of the citizens as were too poor to get them for 
themselves; and raised a force of minute-men, and a light-artillery company. 
To the fatal field of Lexington, Newton sent three companies of minute- 
men, containing 218 soldiers, besides the 37 volunteers on the Alarm List, 
and many ethers, unbanded exempts and old men, who entered joyously 







into the fray. The West Company, Captain Amariah Fuller, turned out 
105 men; the East Company, Captain Wiswall, 76; and the minute-men of 
Captain Phineas Cook, 37. All these rural heroes were in the battles of the 
19th of April, marching twenty-eight miles, and scoring their determination 
to be free on the backs and fronts of King George's unhappy regulars. 

As the clouds grew darker before the black storm of Revolution, the vil- 
lagers resolved to prepare for troublous days betimes, and enrolled and 
equipped their gray old veterans of the French wars, and the brave lads 
from the farms along the Charles and the Cheesecake and Wiswall's Pond. 
A company of minute-men was organized and set to drilling on the com- 
mon ; and the East and West Companies of militia assembled frequently 
under arms, making a little army of 218 soldiers which this town despatched 

against the Brit- 
ish invaders in 
1775. After the 
battle of Lexing- 
ton, two compa- 
nies of volunteers 
were sent from 
Newton to the 
American lines; 
and besides these 
the East and 
West Companies, numbering 113 men, marched to Dorchester Heights, at 
the request of Washington. 

It was within the walls of the town-house that the yeomen of Newton 
assembled, and passed their celebrated resolution of independence. Here 
is the transcript from the town records : — 

"At a town-meeting of the Inhabitants of Newton duly warned and regu- 
larly Assembled at our meeting house on Monday the 17th clay of June, a.d. 
1776, to Act on Sundry Articles mentioned in the Warrant, reference thereto 
being had may more fully Appear. Capt. John Woodward was chosen Mod- 
erator of said meeting. After some debate on the Second Article in the 
Warrant the Question was put; that in Case the Hon'''<^ Continental Con- 
gress Should for the Safety of the American Colonies declare them inde- 
pendent of the Kingdom of Great Britain, whether the Inhabitants of this 
Town would Solemnly Engage with their lives and fortunes to Support them 
in the measure, and the vote passed Unanimously in the Affirmative." 

On the 5th of July, 1776, it was '■'■Voted., to pay £6, 6s, 8d, to each person 
who passeth muster, and goeth into Newton's quota, in the expedition to 
Canada." "Fb/tv/, to authorize the treasurer to borrow the money to jjay 
the boiuity." '■'■Voted, that tne money the treasurer shall borrow to pay the 

The " Meteor." First Locomotive between Boston and Newton. 



Destroyed by fire, Sunday morning, January, 1887. 


bount}- of the soldiers aforesaid shall be assessed on the polls and estates 
in Newton, and paid into the town treasury by the ist of January next." 

The town sent two full companies to the American army at Cambridge, 
one of which fought in Gardner's Middlesex regiment at Bunker Hill. 
Both companies stood in the line of battle along Dorchester Heights on 
that eventful March morning when Washington's new-made batteries, the 
growth of a single night, glowered and thundered down on the dismayed 
British garrison of Boston. When the forlorn and doomed American expe- 
dition was sent against the gray towers of Quebec, one of the Newton com- 
panies advanced with it, in solid ranks, and under the banners of freedom. 
Another company, of 96 men, fought in the Bennington and Lake-George 
campaigns against Burgoyne's magnificent army, whose panoply of glorious 
war fell before the yeomanry of New England and New York. Thereafter 
continual fresh contributions of men were called for, and at every levy a few 
more ploughs were left to rust in their furrows among the Newton glens, 
until there was not a single able-bodied man in the town who had not served 
under the colors at some time during the war. The little rural community 
of Newton, out of 1400 inhabitants, sent out 430 soldiers to do battle in the 
arm.ies of the young Republic. 

Nor did the martial spirit die out when the lords and gentlemen of Eng- 
land laid down their standards at Yorktown. During Shays's Rebellion, 
the town raised troops in defence of the State, voting them appropriate 
bounties; and on the approach of the war with France, in 1798, they urged 
the Government to firm and proud action, " pledging their lives and fort- 
unes to support the absolute sovereignty thereof." 

Two more generations arose and passed away among these fair valleys, 
and mile after mile of forest and of wilderness was reclaimed, and decently 
arranged in fruitful farms and pleasant estates. The tranquil and scanty 
annals of the region showed but an uneventful succession of sober and 
judicious selectmen, godly pastors, and thrifty representatives. Then the 
current of colonists from the crowded streets of Boston set in, creating 
among these fair hills new and populous villages of contented citizens, 
breathing here the purer and sweeter air of the open country. 

But once again the loud drums of war sounded their long roll from Oak 
Hill to Silver Lake, when the young men went a-Maying in the torrid and 
blood-stained South. The quota demanded of Newton by the National 
Government, in the Secession War, was 1.067 men. Her actual contribu- 
tion to the armies of the Union included 2 generals, 36 line and field officers, 
and 1,091 .soldiers, many of whom went to the Walhalla of all heroes byway 
of dark Virginia and Louisiana, and never again saw these green and grassy 
hills of Newton. 

After the war the people began to discuss the question of advancing tlieir 



Erected in honor of xhose who fell in the Civil War. 


community to tlic rank of a city, to wliich its population, wealth, and society 
seemed to give it a valid claim. At the town-meeting on April 7, 1S73, 
Messrs. Hyde, Underwood, Pulsifer, Allen, Peirce, and, other gentlemen 
warmly discussed the cjuestion as to whether the General Court should be 
petitioned for a city charter, and, although some favored instead a union 
with Boston, the majority voted for the motion introduced by J. F. C. Hyde, 
looking toward a city government. On October 13, the people assembled 
and voted, 1,224 to 391, to accept the change ; and on the 4th of November 
the last town-meeting was held, and the simple form of government that 
had endured here for almost two centuries gave way to that more complex 
system demanded by the new conditions. 

The first appearance of the word Newtox as applied to this locality 
occurs in the following town-meeting record: — 

"Newton May 18 1694" 
"the select men then did meet and leavy a rate upon the town of twelve 
pounds six shiling. Eight pounds is to pay the debety for his service at 
the general Court in 93 and the other fore pound six shilling is to pay for 
Killing of wolves and other neseserey charges of the Town." 

This is a true copy of the record, signed by Edward Jackson, town 
clerk, and copied for "King's Handbook of Newton" by Colonel Isaac F. 
Kingsbury, city clerk of Newton in 1889. 


Wch3ton of ti}c Present 





The city of Newton occupies the south-eastern end of Middlesex County, 
which was incorporated in 1643, and named from the ancient metropolitan 
county of England. Its boundaries are Waltham and Watertown on the 
North, Brookline and the Brighton and West-Roxbury wards of Boston on 
the East, Needham on the South and West, and Wellesley and Weston on 
the West. The beautiful river Charles winds around the city for more 
than sixteen miles, providing valuable and fully utilized water-powers at its 
upper and lower falls, and adding greatly to the beauty of the country; 
and several minor streams and ponds still further adorn the face of Nature, 
giving eyes to the landscape, and points of brightness in the views. There 
are several well-marked plains and plateaus, marking probably ancient 
river-terraces of far-past geological periods, and affording fair locations for 
the villages which unite to form the municipality-. In respect to hills, New- 


ton claims the mystic and fortunate number of seven, liice ancient Rome; 
and these bear the names of Nonantum Hill, Waban Hill, Chestnut Hill, 
Institution Hill ISald Pate, Oak Hill, and Mount Ida. Less marked than 
these, but conspicuous features in their respective neighborhoods are Brigh- 
ton Hill, Skinner's Hill, Moffat Hill, Sylvan Heights, and other eminences 
of local fame. In later years several of these highlands have been crowned 
with groups of modern villas, blest with abundance of pure air, and noble 
views over leagues of open country. 

The roads and streets that connect these hills and plains are among the 
finest in the world, having been carefully constructed on scientific princi- 
ples, and macadamized with the best and most durable materials. It there- 
fore follows that driving or riding here is a positive pleasure, which appears 
to be participated in by a large proportion of the citizens, and many of the 
equipages are such as would do credit to Newport or Bar Harbor or the Bois 
de Boulogne. Here also are scores of the silent and swift bicycles, and 
many tricycles, which are in use by the younger ladies of the city. There 
are no miles of accepted streets (and 30 miles of streets constructed, but 
not accepted) within the municipal limits, and also a great extent of practi- 
cable but as yet unaccepted roadways. 

The length of Auburn Street is if miles and 16 rods; of Auburndale 
Avenue, f mile and 24 rods ; of Beacon Street, 4^^ miles and 8 rods ; of Boyl- 
ston Street, 3 miles and 32 rods; of Brookline Street, i| miles and 20 rods; 
of Cabot Street, | mile; of California Street, i|- miles and 12 rods; of 
Centre Street, 3 miles and 24 rods ; of Chestnut Street, 3 miles ; of Crafts 
Street, 1 1 miles; of Dedham Street, z\ miles and 16 rods; Elliot Street, i 
mile; Grant Avenue, \ mile; drove Street, i| miles and 12 rods; Ham- 
mond Street, i;^ miles and 32 rods; Homer Street, i| miles and 8 rods ; 
Mill Street, ^ mile and 32 rods; Nahanton Street, i mile and 32 rods; 
Newtonville Avenue, i mile; Otis Street, | mile and 36 rods; Park Street, 
I mile and 16 rods; Parker Street, i| miles and 12 rods; Pleasant Street, 
^ mile ; Sargent Street. | mile and 28 rods ; Station Street, i mile; Ward 
Street, i mile and 40 rods ; Washington Street (Boston line to Needham 
Bridge), 4| miles and 16 rods; Watertown Street, i| miles; Waverley 
Avenue, \\ miles; Woodland Avenue, | mile; Woodward Street, i mile 
and 23 rods. 

The increase of poi)ulation has been from 1,360 in 1790 to 1,491 in 1800, 
1,709 in 1810, 1,856 in 1820, 2,377 in 1830, 3,351 in 1840, 5,258 in 1850, 8,382 
in i860, 8.978 in 1865, 12,825 in 1870, 16,995 in 1880, and 19,759 in 1885. 
In 1889 it is estimated to be 23,000. But much more notable has 
been the advance of the city in material prosperity and beauty, and 
in manifold attractions for the other thousands and tens of thou- 
sands who are to move hither in the next few decades. And so may 
come true the prophecy of ex-Governor Rice, that in the not-distant 


?l;i'i " ^i^<- ;■£' J C- 


g.- =5 ~ §. -g, SF ^s. ->^ 3.= as z 

§- 3, '^ CO 


future Newton shall be the Belgravia of Boston, with her sunny hills and 
broad plains occupied by the happy homes of fifty thousand industrious, 
prosperous, and well-to-do citizens. The purity of the air among these rural 
highlands and glens, and the excellence of its water-supply, make Newton 
the healthiest city in Massachusetts, its annual death-rate being below 
fourteen in each thousand of population. Over and through all, there is a 
noticeable air of cleanliness and order. Alderman Farley says that one 
sees more fresh paint in the ten miles between Auburndale and Boston than 
in the seven hundred miles between Richmond and Jacksonville. A recent 
traveller from the West remarked that '• the Boston host can take his guest 
such a drive from Cambridge through the Newtons to Auburndale as 
cannot be matched in the country, over twelve miles of roads smooth as a 
billiard table, shaded on either side by grand old trees, which stand like 
sentinels in front of an endless succession of the finest private estates in 
this country, and every one of them maintained in the highest degree of 
perfection. A stranger is at once impressed with the fact that they are 
homes in the best sense of tlie word, and the people who inliabit them do 
not live in their trunks five months in the year, as do all good New York- 
ers." General George P. Ihrie, a gallant and accomplished officer on the 
western war staff of General Grant, and a very extensive traveller at home 
and abroad, says, "This nest of Newtons is one of the most beautiful sjwts 
on this earth, and reminds one of the suburbs of I'aris." 

A well-known Boston writer also says : " At the extreme easterly part of 
the city are Brighton Hill and Nonantum Hill ; towards the west come 
Mount Ida, Newtonville Highlands, and the elevations in West Newton and 
Auburndale; opposite these is the magnificent range of hills commencing 
in Newton, including Prospect Hill in Waltham, and extending round to 
Waverley and Belmont; and then there is the basin between. One hardly 
needs to quote the valley of the Rhine or tlie bay of Naples, nor any part of 
the United Kingdom or Continental Europe, to express magnificent scenery, 
when such a scene as this and others of ecpial grandeur can be witnessed at 
home almost any day in the year." Or as old Dr. Elias Nason wrote : " Few 
towns in the Commonwealth present so many eligible sites for building, or 
more delightful prospects. The society is intelligent, refined, and elevated; 
the civic advantages are numerous ; the railroad facilities excellent ; the 
climate is healthful; and happy is the man who owns a homestead in this 
progressive town." 

Newton contains ten villages, named as follows : Newton, Newtonville, 
Nonantum (or North Village), West Newton, Auburndale, Riverside, New- 
ton Lower Falls, Newton Upper Falls, Newton Highlands, and Newton 
Centre ; besides the populous neighborhoods around Nonantum Hill and 
Chestnut Hill, and the rural regions about Waban, Eliot, and Oak Hill, 


Washington Street, corner Cherry, West Newton. 


There are fourteen railway stations : Newton, Newtonville, West Newton, 
Auburndale, Riverside, Pine Grove, Newton Lower trails, Woodland, 
Waban, Eliot, Newton Upper Falls, Newton Highlands, Newton Centre, 
and Chestnut Hill. The post-offices are nine in number: Auburndale, 
Chestnut Hill, Newton Lower Falls, Newton, Newton Centre, Newton High- 
lands, Newtonville, Newton Upper Falls, and West Newton. 

The distances between the railway stations are as follows : Boston to 
Newton, 7 miles; thence to Newtonville, i ; thence to West Newton, i; 
thence to Auburndale, i ; thence to Riverside, f; thence to Pine Grove, 
|; thence to Newton Lower Falls, \\ Riverside to Woodland, |; thence to 
Waban, i; thence to Eliot, l; thence to Newton Highlands, f; thence 
to Newton Centre, f; thence to Chestnut Hill, i:^; from Newton High- 
lands to Newton Upper Falls, i;i miles. 

Newton is a compactly settled residence-quarter, the largest of the vil- 
lages included within the city limits, with the two newspaper-offices and the 
Free Library and the handsomest churches. Newtonville is the seat of the 
High School and four churches. Nonantum contains several factories and 
an Evangelical church. West Newton is a busy village, with the City Hall 
and several churches. Auburndale has several important schools and many 
pretty dwellings. Riverside is on the Charles River, amid delightful scen- 
ery. Newton Lower Falls has several busy factories. Newton Upper Falls 
is known for its machine-shops and other works. Eliot, Waban, and Wood- 
land are stations on the Circuit Railroad, the centres of future hamlets. 
Newton Highlands is a modern-residence village, on an elevated plain, with 
a rapid development. Newton Centre is a lovely upland village, near the 
Baptist Theological School. Chestnut Hill has many handsome villas, with 
ornamental grounds. Oak Hill is the rural and agricultural part of the city, 
in the southern part, toward the Charles River. 

Access to these localities is made easy by the Boston and Albany Circuit 
Railroad, which traverses tliree sides of the city, with frequent trains of 
light and handsome cars, at low rates of fare, and with stations noticeable 
for their architectural beauty and convenience. 

In the matter of politics, the citizens preserve a strong fealty to the 
Republican party, on National c^uestions, while in their local elections they 
manifest a notable independence, somewhat akin to the aberrations of the 

For the practical persons who exult in statistics and names and titles, we 
add a few pages from the reports of the city government, in which the 
various defences of the people against fire and rogues and diseases are set 
forth in order. The tax-rate of Newton is $15.20 on each $1,000, wliich is 
less t'.ian those of Natick, Newburyport, Quincy, Salem, Stoneham, Wake- 
field, Winchester, Woburn, Weymouth, Arlington, Chelsea, Haverhill, Low- 





ell, Lawrence, Lynn, and other cities and towns, many of which have much 
less to show for their money, in roads, schools, water-supply, and public 
guardians. The annual expenditures of the city government reach about 
$600,000, and the net public debt of town and city is not far from $300,000, 
with a waterworks liability of over $900,000. Frequent attempts are made 
to reduce the scale of the municipal outlays ; but the necessity of preserv- 
ing and improving the highways, and increasing the public provision for 
schools, water-supply, etc., for a rapidly increasing population, renders rigid 
economies difficult of application. Latterly, the property valuation of the 
city has increased at the rate of about $1,000,000 a year, making adequate 
provision for larger future outlays, with lower rates of taxation. 

The last report of the State Board of Education shows that Newton 
stands at the head of the cities and towns of Massachusetts in the matter of 
expenditures on public education. It has 3,61 1 school-children, and spends 
for them $103,691 a year, being an average of $28.71- for each one. Brook- 
line and Boston come next in the amount spent on each of their children. 

The police force numbers 3 officers and 20 patrolmen. Of the latter, 4 
are stationed at Newton, 3 each at Nonantum, West Newton, and Newton 
Centre, 2 at Newtonville, and i each at Auburndale, Newton Lower Falls, 
Newton Upper Falls, Newton Highlands, and Chestnut Hill. There are 
also 6 police officers subject to call for special service. This vigilant civic 
force makes between 500 and 600 arrests each year, about one-third of 
which are of persons who have imbibed too freely, while perhaps 100 are 
incarcerated for disturbances of the peace, and 50 or more for larcenies. 
Most of these rueful culprits are foreigners, some of whom are also rep- 
resented among the 1,200- tramps that are yearly cared for by the city 
authorities. There are police stations at Newton, Nonantum, West New- 
ton, and Newton Centre. The City Council has just provided for the 
introduction of a police electric signal alarm. 

The Fire Department has 3 steam fire-engines, — i at Newton, i at 
Newton Centre, and i in reserve; 7 hose-companies, at Newton, Newton- 
ville, West Newton, Auburndale, Newton Lower Falls, Newton Upper 
Falls, and Newton Centre; a hook-and-ladder carriage, at Newtonville; and 
a chemical engine, at West Newton. The force includes upwards of 75 
officers and men, and is supplemented by a fire-alarm telegraph and 6 

The city has 8,649 white males, 10,919 white females, 71 black males, 65 
black females, 20 mulatto males, and 34 mulatto females. There are 5,089 
single males, 6.580 single females, 3,481 married men, 3,569 married women, 
169 widowers, 857 widows, and 14 divorced persons. 

There are 4,018 dwelling-houses, of which 3,980 are of wood, 22 of brick, 
and 16 of stone. Newton is the eighteenth city of Massachusetts in size. 





Maiden, Fitchburg, Waltham, Newburyport, Northampton, Quincy, and 
Woburn being smaller. 

In the matter of vital statistics, Newton has, according to the census of 
1885 (out of its 19.750 inhabitants), 10,950 natives of Massachusetts, 3,315 
of other States, 2,891 of Ireland, 598 of England, 1,563 of British Colonies 
(853 of Nova Scotia, 292 of New Brunswick, 231 of Canada, 129 of Prince 
Edward Island, and 39 of Newfoundland), 121 of Scotland, 99 of Germany, 
51 of Sweden, 15 of Denmark, 12 of France, 7 of Switzerland, 5 of the 
West Indies, 5 of Italy, 4 of Norway, 3 of Portugal, 2 each of China, 
Wahs, and Poland, and i each of Spain, Russia, Holland, Turkey, and 
South America. 

The following table gives further interesting details about the city, and is 
bas2d upon the latest received municipal statistics : — 

Personal Real Total 

Wards. Polls. estate. estate. valuation. 

1. Newton, west of Centre Street, and Nonantum, 888 $989,855 $2,749,000 $3,738,855 

2. Newtonville 1,067 1,106,036 3,940,200 5,046,236 

3. West Newton, 804 1,078,810 3,472,530 4,551,340 

4. Auburndale and Lower Falls, 803 1,009,370 2,942,325 3.951,695 

5. Highlands, Upper Falls, and Oak Hill, . . . 789 416,871 2,400,775 2,817,646 

6. Newton Centre and Chestnut Hill, 902 2, 416, 321 4,655,700 7,072,021 

7. Newton, east of Centre Street, 617 2,128,749 3,972,100 6,100,849 

Totals, S.870 $9,146,012 $24,132,630 $33,278,642 

With this short preliminary sketch, let us ramble away among the lovely 
villages of Newton, and over its breezy hills, studying more closely the 
local institutions and localities and legends as we reach their various habi- 
tats, and refreshing ourselves with the sweet air and tranquil peace of this 
most Arcadian of cities. 

Seal of the City. 


Eliot Memorial, Kenrick Street, Newton. 



Newlon is the first station and village that one meets in riding out from 
Boston on the main line of the Albany Railroad, as he enters the broad 
city of Newton. It is hemmed in between Brighton and Watertown, the 
Charles River, and Nonantum Hill and Mount Ida, miles away from the 
centre of the city; yet it claims the distinguished title of Newton /«r excel- 
lence, because it is much the largest of the numerous villages within the 
city's bounds, and has the finest churches, the chief hall, the Free Library, 
and the offices of the two city newspapers, the Journal and the GrapJiic. 
Sometimes it is spoken of as " Newton Corner," in allusion to its remote 
place on the confines of other towns ; but there are grave citizens who resent 
this provincialism, and courteously correct the inadvertent blunderer. 

It seems to be peculiarly a place of homes ; and the local shops are fewer 



and smaller than a Western town a quarter of its size would have. The 
wants of the people are largely supplied from the emporiums of Boston 
merchants ; and their needs in other respects are satisfied from the same 
little London of New England. At morning, a dozen trains bear eastward 
the working force of the place, the merchants, clerks, and what not; and at 
evening they come backward to their homes hereaway, tired with the anxie- 
ties and efforts of tlie day, and ready for the tranquil joys of their suburban 
domiciles amid the trees and flowers. 

From such a peaceful and matter-of-fact present we turn to the gray past, 
to seek some tinge of romance with which to color the bland neutrality of 
the picture. If it be true that happy is the people whose annals are dull, 
then the condition of the Newtonians of the last two centuries must have 
been beatific. Fruitless is the search for Indian massacres, pestilences, 
conflagrations, or hostile invasions ; and the grieved and disappointed annal- 
ist turns sadly away, to fill his pages with the inconsequent genealogies of 
hard-handed farmers, the road-making achievements of ancient selectmen, 
and the pragmatic theses of rural ministers. 

It appears, then, that the first name of this locality was " Bacon's Cor- 
ner," derived from an ambitious tailor, one Daniel Bacon, who migrated 
hither from the Old Colony, in 1669; bought up much land; and died intes- 
tate, in 1691, leaving his son Isaac to inherit the site of the Nonantum 
House, and other broad acres. Hither also came Ensign Oakes Angier, 
and bought from Samuel Jackson, in 1731, the tract near the present No- 
nantum House, where he opened a village inn, on the old Watertown and 
Roxbury turnpike. For more than fifty years this martial Boniface dis- 
pensed good cheer in his snug little tavern, and the up-country farmers and 
wagoners gratefully bestowed upon the locality the name of "Angler's Cor- 
ner," which it bore for full half a century after he had entered into rest. 
Then the Worcester Railroad came along, and named their station here 
"Newton Corner"; and the old title faded into forgetfulness, like the joyous 
flip and foaming ale of which it had once been suggestive. Lastly, arose 
the strong civic spirit in the village, which looked askance at the "Corner" 
part of the name, and rejected it, as ill beseeming the destinies of a place 
where building-lots are held at fifty cents a foot. Waltham has its Piety 
Corner, and Hingham its Oueen-Anne Corner, indeed; but to handicap a 
metropolitan ward with a sufiix befitting a cross-roads hamlet was no longer 
allowable; and so the name of Newton was assumed, and has since been 
sturdily worn. By the year 1884, the village had attained to a population 
of 4,251, or nearly a quarter of the entire population of the city of Newton. 
Yet, only four-score years earlier, there were but twelve houses within a 
radius of half a mile hereabouts ; and life moved slowly and tranquilly with 
the good farmers, wringing their subsistence painfully from the reluctant 



Massachusetts soil. There was much teaming, on the great east-and-west 
route running through the place ; and many a wagon from Berkshire or from 
the remote wilderness of the Genesee country creaked its slow way past 
the elm-embowered farm-houses that stretched from Little Cambridge to 
Needham, like beads on a long-drawn rosary. During the War of 181 2, 
when His Britannic Majesty's tall line-of-battle ships and swift frigates 
blockaded our ports, and broke up our coasting-trade, much of the flour and 
other provisions used in Boston came from New York and Philadelphia, in 
four-horse wagons, great trains of which rumbled almost continuously along 
the main highway of Newton. The people called them " Madison's Ships," 

in unkindlv allusion to the then '-._ 
Republic. Down this highway, >. 
the huge chain teams from Worcester 
butter and cheese, dried apples, and 

Chief Executive of the 
in later years, passed 
County, laden with hogs, 
apple-sauce, or with 

wood and hay, and returning westward with outward-bound freights of vast 
diversity, including everything, from tape and needles and calicoes to hogs- 
heads of niolasses and puncheons of rum. 

The first aggrandizement of the Corner came in the year 1820, when 
Squire Solon Richardson made the long journey to Washington to induce 
the Government to establish a post-ofiice here. Charles Eames, the village 
watchmaker, became the first postmaster, and had his office on the site of 
George W. Bacon & Co.'s dry-goods store. The annual revenue of the 
office was under $40. After some years Eames gave up his jewelry trade 
and his official commission to William B. Newton, his journeyman, who 



afterwards voluntarily resigned it to Joseph N. Bacon. About the year 1849 
this gentleman left the solid phalanx of Whiggery, and became a Free- 
soiler, whereupon the official axe fell upon his functional neck. The next 
three incumbents were Daniel P. Mann, the apothecary, Horace R. Weth- 
erell, and Dexter Whipple ; and, on the accession of President Lincoln, the 
office was given to Samuel Chism. When Andrew Johnson became Chief 
Magistrate, he put Edwin S. Holman in charge. 

As late as the year 1840, the village was composed of two stores, a black- 
smith's shop, half-a-dozen dwellings, and a little wooden building, half of 
which was used by the local harness-maker, and the other half by the rail- 
way station. It has been pointed out, with great oratorical fire, that this 
station was the first one established on that colossal line of rail westward 
from Boston, which now reaches clear to the Pacific Coast, over the sea- 
like prairies, and through the wild passes of the Rocky Mountains. The 
location of the Worcester Railroad through the unsettled farmlands of 
Newton was the result of tlie intense opposition of the more northerly 
towns — Watertown, Waltham, and Weston — to its passing through their 
centres, and alongside the old stage-road. When the railway officials found 
themselves confronted with this storm of dissent, they reluctantly resolved 
to alter the line of the road, abandoning Watertown and Waltham, and 
traversing the lonely fields of Newton. Through the efforts of the Hon. 
William Jackson, then the principal resident of Newton, the right of way 
was granted through the town, the land being then of but little appreciable 
value, except at Angler's Corner and Squash End. 

The railroad service of the Worcester Railroad began on April 16, 1834. 
when the "Meteor," a locomotive built by George Stephenson, in England, 
made three trips each way daily between Boston and Newton, carrying 
from two to eight trembling passengers on each trip. This fiery little 
engine and its companion, the "Rocket," were constructed with great care 
and finish by the transatlantic machinists. As an eye-witness reported : 
" Placed upon the track, its driver, who came with it from England, stepped 
upon the platform with almost the airs of a juggler, or a professor of chem- 
istry, placed his hand upon the lever, and witli a slight move of it, the 
engine started at a speed worthy of the companion of the ' Rocket.' amid 
the shouts and cheers of the multitude. It gave me such a start that mv 
hair seemed to start from the roots, rather than to stand on end." On the 
7th of April, it ran as far as Davis's tavern in Newton, with the directors 
and fifty guests, making the run in thirty-nine minutes. The next day a 
train set out from Boston, with the directors and one hundred and thirty 
gentlemen ; i)ut the connecting-rod broke half-a-dozen times, and the party 
got home at evening, '-quite cross." The cars were like old-fashioned 
stage-coaches, entered from the sides, and standing high on spoked wheels ; 


and the brakemen, sitting on coach-boxes, regulated the speed by pressing 
their feet on levers attached to the wheels, like the brakes on mountain 
wagons. Such were the first passenger-trains run in New England, the 
precursors of the meteor-like " Flying Yankees " and " Flying Dudes '' of 
to-day. The Boston Advertiser oi May 12, 1834, contained the following 
advertisement : " Boston & Worcester Railroad. The Passenger Cars will 
run daily from the Depot, near Washington Street, to Newton, at 6 and 10 
o'clock, A.M., and at 3^ o'clock, p.m., and Returning, leave Newton at 7, 
and a quarter past 11, A.M., and a quarter before 5, p.m. Tickets for the 
passage, either way, may be had at the Ticket Office, No. 617 Washington 
St., (Price 37^^ cents each), and for the return passage, of the Master of 
the Cars, Newton." 

Compare this advertisement, if you please, with the time-table of trains 
now running between Boston and Newton. 

The completion of the railway and the rapid growth of Boston caused 
the village to expand its boundaries, and multiply its streets and houses. 
The Hyde and Brackett and Kenrick estates were laid out into house-lots, 
and speedily occupied by comfortable and well-to-do settlers. The old 
block-houses and cornfields followed the Indian lords of the soil into for- 
getfulness, and were supplanted by the Italian villas and French-roofed 
houses of the Olympiads of Buchanan and Lincoln. During the period of 
the Secession War, the growth of the village went forward apace, though 
many of its citizens were campaigning in the South. From time to time, 
detachments of volunteers were sent away, amid great enthusiasm ; and 
others were received home again, with joy. When Company B of the 
44th Massachusetts Infantry returned from the Carolina campaigns, they 
were triumphantly welcomed here by the civic organizations and officials, 
with speeches and cheerings and banquets, as a band "that had never dis- 
graced their flag or their native town." 

Other interests arose in quick succession, and made their presence 
known in the growing town. The Newton Musical Association dates its 
origin from that most gloomy and unmusical of American years, 1861 ; and 
at the time of the second Peace Jubilee, in 1872, it sent a chorus of three 
hundred trained singers to the Coliseum. The association has several times 
rendered the " Messiah," the " Creation," " Elijah," "Samson," and Mendels- 
sohn's " Hymn of Praise." The musical spirit has always been a marked 
feature of the town, from the days of the psalm-singing of the Massachu- 
S2e converts at Nonantum Hill, and the Puritan colonists in their grim 
little seventeenth-century meeting-house. Seventy years ago St. David's 
Musical Society used to meet at Bacon's Hotel, and sing away the dark 
winter evenings, with long-drawn sacred melodies and forgotten Jacobite 



Among the local societies are Waban Lodge, No. 156, of Odd Fellows; 
Channing Council, No. 76, of the Royal Arcanum, instituted in 1878; 
Branch No. 392 of the Order of the Iron Hall ; Nonantum Colony, No. 
77. of the United Order of Pilgrim Fathers ; Newton Lodge, No. 21, of 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen; the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, on Elmwood Street; the Newton Bicycle Club, with forty-five 
members ; the Monday-Evening Club ; the Tuesday-Evening Club ; and 
the Channing Literary Union. 

The centenary of the adoption of the Liberty resolutions by the town- 
meeting was celebrated in Eliot Hall, June 17, 1876. The Newton City 
Band opened with National airs ; the people sang a patriotic hymn, to the 
tune of "Old Hundred"; the Rev. W. E. Huntington offered an invoca- 
tion; the people sang "Hail Columbia"; the Rev. Dr. Furber led in 
prayer; the choir sang a hymn by Anna Eichberg; Mayor Alden Speare 
offered an address of welcome ; Governor Alexander H. Rice delivered 
an oration ; the Rev. Dr. Bradford K. Peirce read a hymn written for the 
occasion by the Rev. Dr. S. F. Smith; ex-Mayor James Y. C. Hyde deliv- 
ered an historical address; Whittier's "Centennial Hymn" was sung; an 
original poem by the Rev. Dr. Increase N. Tarbox, "Newton, June 17, 
1776-1876," was read; William C. Bates made an address, presenting to 
the city a portrait of Colonel Joseph Ward; the people sang "America"; 
and the benediction was pronounced by the Rev. Henry Mackay, rector 
of .St. Mary's. Many another joyous civic celebration has been held here, 
in which the beauty and fashion of Newton, and its plain old folks and 
broad-shouldered farmers, have met to commemorate some locally important 
event; and the records of all these are preserved with scrupulous accuracy 
in the village newspapers, and discourteously condensed in the Boston 
papers under the head of " Surburban Items," seemingly oblivious of the 
fact that Newton is a city of gardens and a garden of cities. 

Let us turn from such displays of metropolitan superciliousness, and 
ramble slowly about this favored village, with here and there a reminis- 
cence of its old times. Near the railway station are the chief public insti- 
tutions of the village, — the Newton Free Library, the post-office, the news- 
paper offices, and the tall brick building of Eliot Hall. Here, on the 
arrival of the afternoon trains from Boston, is a scene of pleasing anima- 
tion, when carriages start off from the station in every direction, to the 
villas about Nonantum Hill, and along Centre Street, and elsewhere in this 
comfortable nest of well-to-do homes. The public vehicles also fare away 
over the broad roads, occasionally occupied, but oftener empty, and bowl- 
ing along with the cradlelike rumble that characterizes the genus hack, in 
Newton as well as in Moscow or Bombay. At such an hour, one can 
scarcely realize that at the beginning of the present century there were 


but three family carriages in town, those pertaining to General Hull, Gen- 
eral Elliot, and Dr. Freeman. 

A little way to the northward is the cheerless little square around which 
are aligned the small shops and markets of the village, with the dark brick 
building of the Savings and National Banks near the centre, overshadowed 
by magnificent trees. On the site of the bank in the old days stood Joseph 
Bacon's tavern, a long and narrow building with a vast black barn, into 
whose wide-expanding doors laden teams from the country used to be 
driven, to be put up for the night. The Newton Savings Bank was founded 
in the year 1829, by the Newton Temperance Society and Lyceum, "to pro- 
mote the industry, economy, and prosperity of its members." It received 
incorporation in 1831. Its presidents have been William Jackson (1831-35 
and 1848-55), Joel Fuller (1835-48), Marshall S. Rice (1855-58), and George 
Hyde. In 1858 it had 224 depositors, and $14,396 in deposits ; in 1863, 224 
depositors, and $26,467; in 1880, 3,035 depositors, and $764,779 in deposits; 
in 1889, 6,574 depositors, and $1,568,766 in deposits. 

The Newton National Bank was founded in 1864, and Joseph N. Bacon 
is its president. 

Murdock's ancient store, on the corner, near by the tavern, was devoted 
to the sale of a few groceries and much New-England rum, a comfortable 
commodity which then cost not more than fifty cents a gallon, and was 
esteemed as much a necessity in every farm-house as the inevitable and 
dyspeptic pork-barrel. At eleven in the morning and four in the afternoon, 
the farm-hands left their rural avocations, with great solemnity, and took 
their regular drams, whereby (as they averred) they were stimulated for the 
ensuing labors of the else weary day. 

On the site of Cole's Block formerly stood Union Hall, the cradle of sev- 
eral of the local churches, and the gathering-point for the village entertain- 
ments of many years ago, when our now decrepit fathers were active and 
earnest young men, full of hope and life. 

At the end of this miniature forum of commerce stands the venerable 
Nonantum House, one of the landmarks of old-time Newton, looking very for- 
lorn in contrast with the fresher modern life about it, having long ago passed 
into pathetic semi-ruinousness, and looking venerable enough to have been 
a hostel for the crusaders of Richard Coeur de Lion. The land hereabouts 
was at a very early date owned by Richard Dummer, grandfather of William 
Dummer, Governor of Massachusetts and founder of the famous old Dum- 
mer Academy, in Newbury. He sold it to William Clements, Jr., from 
whom it passed to Daniel Bacon, in 1669. In the year 1799, after his return 
from Europe, General William Hull acquired the place, and built a brick 
residence, which he occupied for several years, while engaged in the prac- 
tice of law, and in the small diplomacy of the Massachusetts Legislature. 



In 1805 he left it, and entered upon his unfortunate Governorship of Mich- 
igan. After General Hull's time the house was used as a boarding-school 
for young ladies, under the care of the celebrated Susanna Rawson, who 
opened her establishment here in the year 1803, and remained for several 
years. This was the first female seminary in the United States, and within 
its walls many daughters of the most distinguished families received their 
education, not only in the commoner matters of school-lore, but also in 
those ornamental branches which the sagacity of teachers has always ranked 
as " extras." Among the charming maidens who then lighted up the dull 
little rural hamlet with their bright eyes were the daughters of Governor 
Claiborne, of South Carolina, a bevy of West-Indian beauties, and many 
other fair patricians from the outlands. The stately Madame Rawson found 
more value in caring for the manners of her pupils than in giving them 
scholastic instruction, believing that America had more need of cultivated 
ladies than petticoated pundits. Her own career was as romantic as a 
chapter from the old English novelists. The daughter of a retired lieuten- 
ant of the British navy, who settled at Hull, Massachusetts, she saw the 
fierce forays and fighting of the beginning of the Revolution, and won a 
great (but ephemeral) fame as author of the thrilling novels, " Charlotte 
Temple," " Rebecca," " The Inquisitor," and " Victoria," and also the popu- 
lar songs, " America, Commerce, and Freedom," and " When Rising from 
Ocean." Her father. Lieutenant Haswell, was banished from Massachu- 
setts in 1778, and went to England, where Susanna married William Raw- 
son, son of George III.'s armorer, and himself a trumpeter in the Royal 
Horse Guards. In later years he used to play the trumpet for the Boston 
Handel and Haydn Society, with such effect, especially in the magnificent 
air from the " Messiah," " The trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be 
raised," that one might almost see the graves opening, and the dust quick- 
ening into life. Mrs. Rawson's first book was a two-volume novel, "Vic- 
toria," "calculated to improve the morals of the female sex, by impressing 
them with a just sense of the merits of filial piety." It was published under 
the patronage of the famous Duchess of Devonshire, whose beauty was so 
resplendent that an Irish laborer averred, " I could light my pipe at her 
eyes." By this great lady Mrs. Rawson was introduced to the Prince of 
Wales (afterwards George IV.). The novel of "Charlotte Temple" met 
with a sale of over 25,000 copies in a very short time. 

While at Newton, she published " Miscellaneous Poems by Susanna Raw- 
son, Preceptress of the Ladies' Academy, Newton, Mass.," a volume of 227 
pages, with 245 subscribers, whose names, in the quaint old way, were 
printed in the book. Many other works of fancy or of learning, aggregat- 
ing thousands of printed pages, were produced by this wonderful woman, 
while distracted also by the care of her sixty maidens. Her adopted daugh- 





ter, and assistant and successor in the charge of the school, was the beauti- 
ful Miss Frances Maria Mills, a descendant of Christopher Kilby, the agent 
of the Colony of Massachusetts at the Court of Great Britain, and herself 
the mother of Mrs. Georgiana Hall, the author, and (by a second marriage) 
of Richard S. Spofford, the Essex-County statesman. This notable lady of 
the old school died at Newburyport, late in the year 1887. 

About the year 1837, John Richardson enlarged the old mansion by the 
addition of wings, and opened a hotel, which was for a long time a favorite 
summer-resort of Bostonians, who came in such numbers that it was found 
necessary to colonize them among the neighboring farmers. The great 
summer resting-places among the White Mountains, and the Massachusetts 
islands, and along the Eastern coast, were then unknown and almost inac- 
cessible ; and the gentry of Boston found here plenty of country air and 
quiet, in the midst of a region of charming scenery and good roads. For a 
long period the hotel was kept by Mr. Marshall, and had a wide celebrity 
among the adjacent towns. In front of it, swinging from a lofty arm, hung 
agayly painted signboard bearing a peacock on both sides ; and the Peacock 
Tavern had a vogue limited only by its capacity for accommodation. In 
later years, the house bore the name of the Tontine. For some time, also, 
the tavern was run by bluff old John Davis, a member of the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company and the National Lancers, and lieutenant of 
Lafayette's escort. From about 1850, for over fifteen years, the tavern was 
kept by Abel Harrington, and won and retained a goodly renown for its 
comfort and cheer. But after the Secession War the old inn lost its pres- 
tige ; for Newton was fast filling up with houses, and the more attractive 
places of summer plaisance arose farther afield. 

Nonantum Street runs away on the east to the pleasant old riverside 
estate once occupied by W. S. Tuckerman, celebrated for his transactions 
as treasurer of the Eastern Railroad. It became in later days the home qf 
Prentiss Hobbs, and is now inhabited by the family of the late William Par- 
sons, a wealthy Surinam and East-India merchant, and afterwards a leader 
in the manufacturing development of Massachusetts. Farther out on the 
same street is the estate of Francis J. Parker, colonel of the 32d Massachu- 
setts Infantry in the Secession War, and now a prominent cotton man- 
ufacturer of Boston. The house was built about the year 1837, hy Mr. 
Ellis, who has long since joined the great silent majority. 

On Nonantum .Street was the home of Henry Lemon, a deep and earnest 
scholar, and one of the foremost Egyptologists of America, who devoted 
the last thirty years of his life to study and to the propagation of anti- 
slavery opinions. He was closely associated with Garrison, Phillips, and 
other leaders in this cause, and in^his rich library frecjuently entertained 
Charles Sumner and General B. F, Butler. He divided his time between 






tlie study of antiquarian problems and a series of acrimonious law-suits 
against tlie town and city, and finally voluntarily took his departure for the 
Unknown Land, where he perhaps hoped that there would be no lawyers. 
Mrs. Lemon was a daughter of Francis D. Mallet, of Bordeaux, who came 
to America -on Lafayette's staff, and remained after the Revolution, and 
founded the first conservatory of music in the United States, in connection 
with Carl Graupner, an excellent German musician. 

In the northeastern corner of the city rises the long plateau of Brighton 
Hill, or Hunnewell Hill, a part of which is within the corporate limits of 
Boston, in its o\x\\-)'\\\g fauboiirg oi Brighton; while near its eastern base is 
Oak Square, the terminus of the Brighton and Boston horse-car line. As 
it rises the long slope of Brighton Hill, on the Newton side, Washington 
Street keeps the width and smoothness and hardness of an imperial high- 
way, and is lined on either side with pleasant estates, well detached from 
each other and retired from the road. Around this beautiful highland was 
one of the centres of the settlement of Newton, the Capitoline Hill of this 
little Rome. Here the English immigrants of the seventeenth century 
rested in their westward march, overlooking the Indian-haunted wilderness 
be\'ond, until a new wave from the uneasy sea of Englishry flooded past 
them up the valley. It is not certain who built the first houses in Newton. 
They were up along the Charles River, near the Brighton line; and in 
1639 one of them was purchased from Miles Ives of Watertown by John 
Jackson, the first permanent settler of Newton. This sturdy pioneer, then 
in his thirty-seventh year, came from the parish of Stepney, in London, 
with a good estate, and became a freeman of the town and a deacon of 
the church, to which he gave an acre of land (now in the old cemetery on 
Centre Street). The cellar of his house still remains, and the decrepit 
pear-trees that he planted. There were five other settlers who came in 
with Jackson, and settled near him; but one by one they moved away, in 
search of fairer fields in the fast opening domains of the colony. His 
house stood on the site where Edwin Smallwood built a new mansion about 
the year 1850; and some of the pear-trees planted at that ancient date sur- 
vived for over two centuries, being the oldest trees of their kind in New 
England. One of these outlived the terrible storm of 1869, and for years 
afterwards I)ore small and luscious fruit everj^ year. The site of the Small- 
wood place is now occupied by the Fred A. Houdlette mansion, a very 
picturesque house, nearly opposite the Hotel Hunnewell, with a noble old 
elm close in front of it. 

One of tlie sons of John Jackson, the founder of Newton, became a gal- 
lant soldier in the Indian wars, and was slain in the battle at Medfield, when 
King Philip rode into that town at the head of three hundred Narragansett 
warriors, and massacred many of its citizens. Another son was Abraham, a 



thrifty farmer, who married Elizabeth Bisco, and was grandfather of Ephraim 
WiUiams, the founder of Williams College. Captain John Jackson, the son 
of Abraham, became the richest man in town, thanks to the estate that 



'•i: - ..-^' 

r* -ft ' 




Deacon John brought from England, augmented by Abraham's wisdom and 
the added domain of the Bisco family; and so he contentedly paid the 
largest tax in Newton, and sat in the highest seat in the meeting-house, and 



was ministered unto by his own obsequious slaves. Furthermore, he built 
a great house (which stood until 1833), and lived luxuriously, to the no small 
amazement of his Puritan neighbors. In the next generation the estate, 
already nearly shattered by the worthy Captain's generous ways, was dis- 
tributed to other lords ; and the only surviving descendants of Deacon John 
now dwell in distant places. 

Old Deacon John Jackson, the pioneer, found great gratification when his 
brother Edward closed up his nail-shop in Whitechapel, London, and came 
out to the Massachusetts Colony, where he bought the Governor-Bradstreet 
farm of five hundred acres, extending from the crest of Brighton Hill over 
almost to West Newton. The first possessor of this estate was Thomas 
Mayhew, of Watertown; and for some years the new-comer dwelt in the 
farm-house that he bought with the land. Afterwards he built a new and 
larger mansion to the eastward, on the hill near his brother John's, where 
he abode in peace for many years. There was a hall of considerable size 
attached to this house, but not from any idea of feudal grandeur, since it is 
surmised that its chief use was for holding religious meetings. Jackson was 
a magistrate and large landholder, for seventeen years Deputy to the Gen- 
eral Court, a surveyor of land, husband to the widow of Chelsea's first min- 
ister, ancestor of sixty grandchildren, and a slave-holder withal, leaving at 
his death two male slaves. This notable personage was thus characterized 
in ''The Wonder-working Providence of Sion's Saviour in New England": 
" He could not endure to see the truth of Christ trampled under foot by the 
erroneous party." 

The homestead descended to the son of the pioneer. Deacon Edward 
Jackson, a prominent and useful town-functionary in general, whose grand- 
son, Captain Samuel, pulled down the old mansion, and built a greater one, 
where he lived in much content, rejoicing in a good store of Madeira and 
Port, until at last the once noble estate was ruined, and he became a partial 
pensioner on the town. The Jackson mansion subsequently passed into the 
possession of Jonathan Hunnewell, Esq. One of Deacon Edward's grand- 
sons became a famous Commodore in the British navy; and his son Edward 
was a Harvard graduate, and minister at Woburn, at whose ordination the 
parish provided the following evangelical concomitants : 600 meals, £^\ worth 
of pipes, 6^ barrels of cider, 25 gallons of wine, 4 gallons of rum, and 2 
gallons of brandy. 

Edward Jackson should be held in honorable remembrance, for forty-four 
of his descendants were enrolled in the Continental Army, and did noble 
service for their country. Later, in the great dispersion from New England, 
they passed out into all parts of the Union. There are several groups of 
them in Vermont and Maine, others in (Georgia, and still others in the 
remoter Rocky-Mountain provinces of the great Republic. 



The dignified colonial house on the left-hand side of Washington Street, 
with its grand air of old-time stateliness, fifty years ago was the home-build- 
ing of the Hunnewell farm, which in those days held the distinction of being 
the finest rural estate (or "show farm") in the vicinity of Boston. Grand 
avenues of trees followed its main lines ; and its driveways led down through 
alleys of pine-trees to and along the banks of the bright river. Here Harriet 
Hosmer used to come on botanizing excursions, while yet a school-girl in 
Watertown; and many another famous individual of those days found pleas- 
ure in rambling under the pines which stretched along the bluff. 

Just be3ond the whilom Hunnewell domain is "The Hunnewell,"' a villa 
enlarged by later additions and surrounded by lawns, flower-banks, and 
trees. "The Hunnewell" was bought some ten years ago by Seth K. 
Harwood, for nine years connected with the Commonwealth Hotel of 
Boston, and also Hotel Wellesley of Wellesley, one of the largest sum- 
mer houses in New England. "The Hunnewell" is a favorite hotel for 
Bostonians and others during the summer, and its accommodations are 
always unequal to the demand. Mr. Harwood, besides being the proprietor 
of the admirably conducted "Hunnewell," devotes considerable of his time 
to public matters, having served on the Board of Aldermen, etc. 

In this locality are the beautiful estates or residences of Col. Albert A. 
Pope, whose name is indelibly associated with the bicycle; James W. 
French; Ephraim S. Hamblen; William P. Wentworth, the architect: 
Charles J. Bailey; Henry C. Hardon, the school-teacher; Samuel P. Whit- 
temore; and Mrs. Nellie V. Walker, the publisher of exquisite souvenirs. 

Nearly opposite the Hotel Hunnewell is the pretty modern mansion of 
Charles W. Hall, beside which Waverley Avenue diverges down the glen, 
by the reclaimed site of the old Smallwood factory. Above the hotel are 
groups of pretty modern villas, in well-kept grounds, and with the pleasant- 
sounding Copley and Grasmere .Streets diverging along the plateau, toward 
the river. Here are the homes of Henry B. Wells, Charles E. Whitmore, 
George Allen, James A. Sawtell, E. W. Pope, and other Boston merchants. 
Dr. James W. Bartlett, the late Henry Claflin, and others. 

From the summit of the hill a great panorama of cities is outspread, 
including Cambridge, Somerville, W^altham, Arlington, Belmont, Watertown, 
and sections of Boston's western wards. On the other side, across a deep 
valley, rises the high wooded ridge of Nonantum Hill, apparently still in 
the embrace of the wilderness. On the top of the hill is a low stone post, 
marked "N" and "B," the boundary between Newton and Boston. 

Centre Street stretches away from the historic Nonantum corner into 
Watertown, where it is prolonged as Galen Street, a broad and umbrageous 
avenue, lined with pleasant cottages, and traversed by tintinnabulating 



At the corner of Carleton Street is the home of the Rev. Dr. Absalom B. 
Earle, who has labored successfully as an evangelist in thirty-seven States 
of the Union, although since 1856 his home has been in Newton. Not far 
distant is the house of James H. Earle, the publisher of religious and evan- 
gelical books. Near the corner of Galen and Boyd Streets lives the Rev. 
E. A. Manning, the Sagajnore of the Boston Journal^ and longtime Secre- 
tary of the New-England Conference. Just across the Watertown line, on 
Galen Street, stands the old Seger house, a long, low, gambrel-roofed struct- 
ure of great antiquity, largely remodelled in later times. Here the maidens 
of the family used to make delicate lace, when the century was young, and 
Napoleon yet remained in his noxious glory. High up on the left, on a tree- 
covered knoll, rises the ancient mansion of the Morses, sometime lords of 
this region, but now departed. Nearly opposite was the birthplace of Anne 
Whitney, the sculptor; and in sight, across the river, stood the birthplace 
and early home of Harriet G. Hosmer, one of the most illustrious of Ameri- 
can sculptors, now for many years a resident of Rome. Her noble works 
adorn English manorial halls and Italian churches and American parks. 
Here, also, is the old Coffin house, built in 1762 by one of the fathers of 
the hamlet, as a home for himself and his children's children. At the corner 
of Galen and Williams Streets stands the house of the Perry family, for some 
years the home of William Stevens Perry, Bishop of Iowa. At this point 
Galen Street enters the singular quadrilateral section of Watertown called 
" the Morse Field," which has been cut out of Newton at this point, and is tena- 
ciously held by the former town, like a tete-du-pottt in an enemy's country. 
In 1635, when Boston and Watertown ceded great tracts of their territory 
to Cambridge, W^atertown carefully reserved to herself 75 acres on the south 
side of the Charles, being a strip 200 rods long and 60 rods wide, to protect 
her fishing interests, which then and for 200 years afterwards were valuable 
and highly prized. In 1679, when New Cambridge was set off from Cam- 
bridge, Watertown strenuously clung to these Wear Lands ; and again in 
1705, and in subsequent readjustments of the line, she has gained ground 
each time, until now there is an irregular tract of 150 acres belonging to 
Watertown south of the Charles River. It is valued at a million dollars, 
and has 600 inhabitants. Half a century has passed since the alewives 
ceased to come up here to delight the fishermen ; and during that period 
Newton has made several unsuccessful attempts to annex the Wear Lands, 
which seem to belong to her geographically and socially, as well as by con- 
siderations of municipal public works, drainage, etc. But the Watertown 
influence in the General Court is in this matter as powerful as it was a 
quarter of a millennium ago ; and time waits for some Napoleonic mayor to 
order out the Clafiin Guards, and rectify the boundaries into what Lord 
Beaconsfield would have called "a natural frontier." 




The fisheries in the Charles were so important and valuable, for nearly 
two centuries, that the town annually elected Fish-Reeves, to see that the 
laws on the subject were enforced. Away back in 1632, the Watertowners 
built a wear in the Charles, "where they took great store of Shads." The 
people up the valley as far as Medfield and Sherborn resented all attempts 
to prevent the yearly migration of fish up the silvery stream, and fought 
against them in the General Court, which nevertheless passed an act 
authorizing the lower river-towns to regulate their own fisheries. In 1805 
the General Court gave Newton the exclusive right of taking fish in the 
Charles River, within the limits of the town, and regulated the times for 
catching shad and alewives. Up to witliin a half-century, the town of 
Newton annuall}^ sold at auction the right to take shad and alewives, and 
thus realized considerable sums of money. But the multiplication of bridges 
and clams, from Prison Point in Charlestown up through Cambridge and 
Watertown, has interposed a series of barriers beyond which the wary 
"shads" will not venture; and so the fishing interest of Newton has be- 
come valueless, except as a source of pastime to juvenile Izaak Waltons. 

Near the bridge still remains the venerable mansion that was known a 
hundred years ago as the Coolidge Tavern, having been kept as a public 
house by Nathaniel Coolidge from 1764 to 1770, and afterwards by his 
widow, being known as " The Sign of Mr. Wilkes near Nonantum Bridge." 
In 1775 it was appointed as a rendezvous by the Committee of Safety, in 
case of an alarm; and in 1789 it became the lodging-place of President 
George Washington, who spoke disparagingly of its frugal accommoda- 
tions. Opposite is the old house in one of whose chambers Paul Revere 
engraved his plates, and struck off the colony notes, by order of the Pro- 
vincial Congress. General Henry Knox, Harry Jackson, and other officers 
were quartered here during the siege of Boston. 

Just across the bridge, in Watertown, stood the house into which Ben- 
jamin Edes removed his types and presses from beleaguered Boston in 
1775. Here the valiant old patriot carried on the official printing for the 
Provincial Congress, what time the thunder of British artillery for months 
re-echoed up the valley. At Luke Robinson's, General Joseph Warren 
passed the last night of his life, riding gallantly forth the next morning 
to his fate at the battle of Bunker Hill. 

Just across in Watertown dwelt Francis Knapp, a graduate of St. John's 
College, Oxford, and son of a British naval captain, who spent the final 
years of his life here, in the quiet pursuits of a scholar. His music and 
his poems were published, in quaint little colonial tomes, in which he 
praised the Charles River's mirror-like surface, wherein 

" From nei'bring liills the stately horse espies 
Himself a feedina;, and himself etivies." 





In our prosier modern days, there are several small industries located in 
this neighborhood. In Water Street are the works of the American Mag- 
nesium Company, producing ingots, spirals, powder, and ribbon magnesium, 
and colored lights for signalling; and also the Warren Soap Manufactur- 
ing Company. On Maple Street are the works of the Newton Machine 
Company, making the Ballou lathes and other machinery for the Howard 
and Waltham Watch Companies, and for mills throughout the world. 

Westward from Galen Street extend acres on acres of dwellings, each set 
in its bit of greenery of lawns and shrubs, with little parks here and there, 
and the comfortable surroundings of New-England village life. This 
vicinity was once the ecclesiastical quarter of Newton, with the Unitarian, 
Episcopal, and Baptist churches, all of which have moved away to larger 
temples. The Baptist church, at the corner of Hovey and Washington 
Streets, was secularized and carried off in 1886. It was on this site that 
the workmen discovered an ancient Indian cemetery, with coins, arrow- 
heads, and other relics, side by side with the dry skeletons of their former 
owners. The old Channing Church has been utilized for the armory of the 
Claflin Guard (Company C, 5th Massachusetts Militia), with handsome 
interior decorations in terra-cotta, sage-green, and white satin, and the 
armorial bearings of the United States, Massachusetts, and Newton. Here 
are the rooms for the officers and non-coms., the rifle-range, gun-racks, 
lockers, and other paraphernalia of a first-class armory. The Claflin Guard 
was organized in the year 1870, and assigned to duty as Company L of the 
1st Massachusetts Militia. Its most arduous campaign was after the 
Great Fire in Boston, in 1872, when it was detailed (W. B. Sears being its 
captain) for two weeks to aid in guarding property in the afflicted city. One 
of its treasures is a magnificent American flag, presented by ladies, with an 
address by Governor Claflin. It was organized with Isaac F. Kingsbury as 
captain; Fred. P. Barnes, first lieutenant; Frank G. Park, second lieutenant. 

On Hovey Street stands the Rebecca-Pomeroy Home for Orphan Girls, 
a noble local charity, founded about fifteen years ago, after the closing of 
the Girls' Asylum at Newton Centre, and installed in the old Episcopal 
rectory. Children are received here between the ages of five and eleven, 
and kept until they are able to support themselves. This charity is a 
memorial of Miss Rebecca R. Pomeroy, distinguished as a nurse in the 
Secession War, and author of "Echoes from the Hospital and White 
House." She died in 1884, and her obsequies were conducted at the Eliot 
Church, under the flag whose heroes she had so tenderly cared for. 

Jewett Street is a pleasant street of quiet homes, leading northward to the 
locality so famous for its deep glacial markings, now nearly obliterated by 
the cutting down of the hill and its ledges. At the corner of Waban Street 
is tlie fine estate of Darius R. Emerson, and near Washington Street is the 
home of Alderman J. Edward Holiis. 



The fine estate of John C. Potter is near the Washington street end of 
Wahiut Park. The residence is one of the most imposing in Newton, and 
the grounds are delightfully laid out. 

Waban Park is notable as the locality where land in Newton was first 
sold by the foot. It was laid out and offered for sale in 1844, by William 
Jackson, one of the founders of the modern village. In this region is the 
home of the late Seth Adams, formerly one of the rich residents of the 
city. After amply providing for his family, and for various Massachusetts 
charities, he left, in 1872, the bulk of his fortune for the foundation of the 
Adams Nervine Asylum, for the alleviation of nervous diseases by diet, good 
ail. g\mna->tK.s. hot and cold baths, and the movement cuie. with suecial 

attention to genial associations and religious exercises. In 1877, the insti- 
tution received its incorporation, having an endowment of about $600,000. 
The house at the corner of Waban Park and Jewett Street was the birth- 
place (in 1854) of Clara Louise Burnham, one of the most delightful of 
American novelists, and the author of '' Young Maids and Old," " Next 
Door," " A Sane Lunatic," and other pleasant and popular books of recent 
dates, whose field is the close and loving delineation of New-England char- 
acter. Mrs. Burnham's father was Dr. George F. Root, the eminent musical 
composer (of Root & Cady, the Chicago music-publishers), who also dwelt 
for years in this beautiful locality. Dr. Root's musical compositions have 


had the most profound effect on America, and have moved to high 
enthusiasm thousands of men. Among these thrilling melodies were 
"The Battle-Cry of Freedom," "Tramp, Tramp, Tramp, the Boys are 
Marching," and "Just before the Battle, Mother." Dr. Root has endeared 
himself to every Christian by his exquisite hymns and anthems. 

Near the great Roman-Catholic Church of Our Lady Help of Christians, 
at the point where Washington Street crosses Cold- .Spring Brook, stood the 
cradle of modern civilization in Newton, and the ancient homes of the pow- 
erful Jackson clan, Edward and Sebas and Michael, and many another, — a 
martial family, furnishing many good officers and soldiers for the Provincial 
and Continental armies. The great and venerable old houss, now near to 
its eightieth year, rises above gardens of velvet roses and old-fashioned 
flowers, opposite the place where Bellevue Street descends from the lovely 
terraces of Mount Ida, and enters Washington Street. In one corner of the 
garden stands an enormous acacia-tree, perhaps the largest in New England. 
Inside the house, now occupied by Jacksons of the eighth generation, are 
many interesting relics of the earlier centuries, quaint old furniture and pict- 
ures, including an interesting portrait of Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin, presented 
by him to the Rev. Dr. Homer, of Newton. In the garden still blooms the 
famous " Grandmother rose," brought here over eighty years ago by the 
young bride (born Sarah Winchester) of Major Timothy Jackson. The old 
Mayhew house was built here before 1638, by one of the nameless and for- 
gotten pioneers of Newton, and remained until 1708, much of the time being 
used as Edward Jackson's home. It stood between General Michael Jack- 
son's house and the brook, and its cellar-hole was visible as late as the year 
1850. This appears to have been the first house built in Newton, the germ 
from which all the splendid civilization of the modern city may date its ori- 
gin. Edward Jackson was a great personage in his day, and used to accom- 
pany the Apostle Eliot on his evangelical missions, to write down the 
questions of the Indians and Mr. Eliot's answers. On his death he be- 
queathed an estate of 400 acres to Harvard College. Edward Jackson's 
grandson, Jonathan, became one of the wealthiest merchants and manufact- 
urers of Boston ; and his son, Edward (also a Boston merchant), married 
the fair Dorothy Quincy, the grandmother of Oliver Wendell Holmes. 
Sebas Jackson, a son born to the first Edward on the voyage from London, 
inherited his two-story house, 18 by 22 feet in size, with 150 acres of land. 
and two gilded silver spoons. The house was built in 1670, and enlarged in 
1690, and stood until 1809. Here dwelt Sebas's son, Joseph, a bold litigant 
and amateur lawyer, clothier, and farmer, celebrated for his great hives of 
bees, from whose stores he supplied his pastor and neighbors, besides mak- 
ing some of it into a peculiarly heady metheglin. P'rom Joseph the estate 
passed down to Timothy, a gallant officer in the old French war; and from 




Timothy to his son Timothy, who in the year 1809 razed the house to the 
ground, and erected on its site the mansion that is still standing. This 
worthy gentleman had great occasion to enjoy the peaceful charms of home, 
for his early life had been full of strange adventure and vicissitude. Before 
he had reached his twentieth year, he had fought the British on several well- 
contested fields, and was captured on a privateer (after being grievously 
wounded) by the frigate " Perseus," and kept six months on a prison-ship at 
New York. Thence he was sent to London, and put on a Spanish-built 
guard-ship ; cruised to Lisbon on the " Experiment " ; sailed to the West 

Jackson Estate, Washington Street, near Walnut Park, Newton. 

Indies on Lord Howe's flag-ship; escaped at Antigua; sailed to North 
Carolina in a pilot-boat ; was again captured and taken to New York ; es- 
caped, and journeyed two days toward the American lines ; was recaptured 
by the Hessians, and spent another six months in a horrible prison; was 
exchanged after the battle of Monmouth ; and finally, after years of invol- 
untary wanderings, reached his old home again, and settled down, right 
contentedly, to till the soil of Massachusetts. Such a wide-wandering 
Ulysses found great favor among the quiet home-bodies of the valley, who 


made him schoolmaster, deputy-sheriff, selectman, brigade-major, etc., until 
he was as full of honors and duties as the supercilious Pooh-Bah himself. 

Near his home, across the Cold-Spring Brook, was the abode of Michael 
Jackson, a minute-man, who, called from the ranks to the command of the 
Newton company, at dawn on the day of Lexington, marched his men at 
quick time to Watertown, where he said to the hesitating officers of the 
Middlesex regiment: "If you mean to oppose the march of the British 
troops, leave forthwith, and take up your march for Lexington. I intend 
that my company shall take the shortest route to get a shot at the British." 
His men soon came in contact with Lord Percy's reserve, and were scattered 
by their firm discipline and steady fire, but rallied in the woods, and hung, 
relentless, on the enemy's rear, until the unhappy redcoats reached the boats 
at Lechmere's Point. At Bunker Hill, a few weeks later, in the thick of the 
fight, he slew a British officer, in a hand-to-hand encounter, and received a 
musket-ball in his own body. A year later, he was desperately wounded in 
the thigh, in the engagement at Montressor's Island, New York ; and after- 
wards became colonel of the Eighth Massachusetts Regiment of the Conti- 
nental Line, which rank he held until the close of the war. When this 
noble old warrior's soul went onward to Walhalla, in 1801, Generals Knox, 
Jackson, and Brooks, Colonel Ward, Doctor Eustis, and Joseph Blake were 
his pall-bearers, while Cheney's battalion of infantry formed the escort, and 
the artillery company fired minute-guns. 

William Jackson, the son of old Major Timothy Jackson, was born here 
in 1783, and lived until 1865, a long, happy, and useful life, in which he had 
earnestly fought Freemasonry, negro slavery, and the traffic in liquor, in the 
General Court and the National Congress, as well as in the rural councils 
of his native town. For the first eight years of its existence, he was Pres- 
ident of the American Missionary Society; for eight years also a leader in 
the Liberty Party ; and then in the Free-Soil Party. As early as the year 
1826, he began to lecture on the subject of railroads, advocating them fear- 
lessly in the face of a torrent of guffaws, and in time becoming a prominent 
leader in railroad construction in New England. The development of New- 
ton as a place of residence was largely due to his efforts, in securing com- 
fortable transit and laying out large districts in streets and parks. His 
brother, Francis, won an enduring fame as the historian of Newton, having 
published (in 1854) an accurate and valuable history of the town. Another 
scion of this family was Frederick Jackson, who brought home two bitter 
wounds from the Secession War, and settled to rest as Superintendent of 
the Newton Free Library. In 1887 he died, at St. Paul, where he had 
become engaged in large commercial undertakings. 

Turning backward toward the central square of the village, the amateur 
geographer may ramble pleasantly among the scenes south of the Albany 




track. Near the Newton railway station, apjjropriately secluded from the 
street, is the Free-Library building, the home of one of the most popular 
institutions of the city. It had its origin as far back as the year 1848, when 
twenty-six gentlemen of the village formed the Newton Book Club, subse- 
quently incorporated as the Newton Library Association, and in 1851 
opened to all paying for the privilege of taking out books. In 1865 the 
Association began to plan for a free public library, to meet the literary 
wants of the fast-rising village. In 1866 Messrs. George H. Jones, John C. 
Chaffin, Isaac T. Burr, and ten others bought the present site of the Free 
Library, to liold in trust for the erection of a library building. A year and 
a half later, the Hon. J. Wiley Edmands gave $15,000 for the foundation of 
a library here, followed by a subscription of $18,353 from other gentlemen, 
and subsequently l)y $5,000 from John C. Chafifin, Esq., and a second 
general subscription of above $10,000. The building was erected in 
1868-70, of rough-faced stone from Newton Centre, trimmed with Hallowell 
cut stone. The Board of Managers elected in 1869 included Messrs. Jones, 
Chaffin, Burr, Edmands, George W. Bacon, J. S. Farlow, A. B. Underwood, 
Joel H. Hills, George S. Bullens, George S. Harwood, and .A. I. Benyon. 

The Newton Free Library was organized in September, 1869, and re- 
ceived the property of its parent, the Newton Library Association ; and in 
1875 the stockholders transferred the entire estate to the city of Newton. 
The amount subscribed by citizens to the foundation of this great agency 
of civilization was $65,000. The location of the building is central, con 
tiguous to the post-office, the railway station, and the two newspaper-offices, 
and on Centre Street, the ancient main thoroughfare of the town. Back of 
an emerald expanse of lawn rise the stone walls that shelter the library, 
covered thickly witli ivy in its season, and presenting an aspect as nearly 
venerable as is consistent with a public building in a wide-awake New- 
England city. Inside, the library divides into two sections, the downstairs 
reading-room, and Chaffin Hall, sacred to multitudinous newspapers and 
magazines, and the upstairs library, or Edmands Hall, with its 25,000 books, 
its attentive and attractive guardians, and its large portraits of gentlemen 
instrumental in the foundation, — J. Wiley Edmands and others. Among 
the treasures of this institution are several large and costly series of foreign 
photographs, illustrating the great cathedrals of England, and other inter- 
esting ol)jects in the Old World. On the right of the entrance is the P'ar- 
low Reference Room, handsomely fitted up in cherry, and containing long 
tables and other conveniences for study, together with a large reference- 
library. Here also is a copy of Raphael's "Transfiguration," made in the 
inspiring presence of the original picture, in the Palace of the Vatican. 
Back of Edmands Hall opens Jones Hall, with its monitor roof overarching 
the long book-stacks. The librarian's room and the work-room (for the 




A'/jVG'S handbook of NEWTON. 

deliveries to the various Newton agencies) are also on this floor. The 
remarkable success of the Newton Library is largely due to the genius of 
the first librarian, Miss Hannah P. James, who had it in charge from its foun- 
dation until 1887. There are upwards of 25,000 books here, and the annual 
circulation for home use reaches nearly 100,000. The total agency distri- 
bution in 1886 was 48,076 volumes, divided as follows: Newtonville, 11,394; 
Newton Centre, 10,482; Auburndale, 6,873 ; Newton Highlands, 6,616; West 
Newton, 4,752; Newton Upper Falls, 4,476; Newton Lower Falls, 2,743; 
Nonantum, 356. The library is open from 10 to 12 in the morning, and from 
2 to 8 in the afternoon; and the reading-rooms are open from 9 to 12, and 
from I to 9. Its superintendent for many years until 1888 was the Rev. 
Dr. Bradford Kinney Peirce, a Methodist clergyman, but for the past forty 
years engaged mainly in authorship and philanthropy; for some time a 
State senator ; chaplain of the reform schools at Lancaster, Massachusetts, 
and Randall's Island, New York: and for nearly two decades editor of 
Zion's Herald. The present librarian is Miss E. P. Thurston. 

Among the projectors and benefactors of the library were George H. 
Jones, who established a fund for the purchase of books on mechanics and 
kindred topics ; David B. Jewett, who gave $5,000 (and his widow also gave 
$5,000); Hon. John S. Farlow, who has given many thousand dollars; John 
C. Chaffin, a liberal and active benefactor ; Charles A. Read, who bestowed 
a large fund for the purchase of books; Isaac T. Burr, George W. Bacon, 
George S. Bullens, George S. Harwood, A. B. Underwood, and several 
other gentlemen. The village of Newton Centre gave its library of 1,400 
volumes to this institution ; and the village library at Newton Lower Falls 
was also added to it by donation. 

Around the corner on Vernon Street adjoining Farlow Park is "Rose- 
dale," the residence of John C. Chaffin, in whose honor Chaffin Hall in the 
Free Library has been named. And across the street is Dr. L. R. Stone's 

A few rods distant from the Free Library, eastward on Vernon Street, 
opens the celebrated Farlow Park, in ancient times a wretched and un- 
sightly bog, but in 1883-85, by the munificence of John S. Farlow, and 
liberal municipal grants, converted into a handsome urban pleasure-ground, 
with trees and shrubbery, flowers and lawns, a pretty pond, and a pretentious 
rustic bridge, and other beauties of Nature improved by art. One of its most 
attractive features is in the contiguity of three of the finest churches in 
Newton, " Channing," " (^race," and "Eliot," whose picturesque stone walls 
and spires are seen to noble effect across these expanses of greenery, 
and also the pleasantly situated Underwood Primary School. On Baldwin 
Street, between Farlow Park and Elmwood Street, is Gorham D. Gilham s 
residence, where Queen Kapiolani was entertained in 1887. 



Grace Church is a beautiful stone structure, in the most pleasing form of 
Gothic architecture, with a noble stone spire. The first services of what 
subsequently became " The Parish of Grace Church, Newton," were held 
in the house of Mr. Stephen Perry, on Galen Street, just over the Newton 
line, in Watertown. A parish was organized, Sept. 27, 1855. On account 

of some previous informalities, it was 
newly organized, March 24, 1856. On 
the 20th of May, 1856, services were 
begun in Union Hall, Newton 
V l\\ (where Cole's Block 

now stands). 
The hall 

Eldredge Street, corner of Church Street. 

neatly fitted up for the purpose, and was often well filled with attentive 
congregations. Here confirmations were administered, and one person 
was ordained Deacon. The new Deacon, W. S. Perry, then very active 
in the affairs of the young organization, has been advanced from one 
position to another of honor and usefulness in the Church, until now 

68 KING'S handbook: of xewton. 

he is a Bishop. The services, held first in Stephen Perry's house and 
then in Union Hall, were frequently conducted by the Rev. T. Y. Fales, 
of Waltham. Occasionally other clergymen were engaged. When the 
parish was organized, a call was extended to Mr. Fales to become its 
Rector ; but he declined, and recommended that the Rev. John Singleton 
Copley Greene, his assistant, be invited to the position. Mr. Greene be- 
came the Rector, Jan. i, 1856, and served until Oct. i, 1864. He was a man 
of the most sincere personal piety, and of a very benevolent- spirit. Being 
possessed of means, he gave freely of his wealth for the Church's welfare. 
One of his gifts to the parish was the rector)', on Hovey Street, now occu- 
pied by the Pomeroy Orphanage. Jan. i, 1857, land at the corner of Wash- 
ington and Hovey Streets was bought by the parish, and a wooden chapel 
was erected. At a later date, the chapel received an addition by the con- 
struction of a Sunday-school building in the rear. This was another of 
Mr. Greene's gifts. After laboring for eight years, Mr. Greene resigned 
the rectorship, and removed to Longwood, where he subsequently died, 
never having accepted charge of any other parish than Grace Church. It 
was his first and only parish, and most nobly did he labor for its welfare. 
He was succeeded, Nov. i, 1864, by the Rev. Peter Henry Steenstra, D.D., 
who remained until July i, 1869, when he accepted a call to a professorship 
in the Episcopal Theological School at Cambridge. The third Rector was 
the Rev. Henry Christian Mayer, who came Aug. 8, 1870, and stayed until 
May 26, 1872. During his rectorship began the movement for securing a 
new church, the chapel having become overcrowded. Owing to the near- 
ness of the railroad to the Washington-Street lot, it was resolved to move 
to another neighborhood, and so a purchase was made of land at the corner 
of Church and Eldredge Streets. May 26, 1872, Mr. Mayer resigned. He 
was succeeded, July i, 1872, by the Rev. Joseph Sherburne Jenckes, Jr., 
LL.D. Sept. 4, 1872, the corner-stone of the present beautiful building was 
laid; and on Advent Sunday of 1873 worship was held in it for the first 
time. Mr. Jenckes remained Rector until Sept. 2, 1874, when he resigned. 
His successor was the Rev. George Wolfe Shinn, D.D., who entered upon 
his duties Jan. 3, 1875, ^'^^ ^till remains in charge. On the 14th of July, 
1884. ground was broken for a chapel and parish-house on the north side of, 
and connected with, the cluirch ; and the first service in the new chapel was 
an early celebration of the Holy Commvmion, on Christmas morning of 

The parish has grown from a small beginning to considerable strength, 
and now rates as one of the most prominent Episcopal congregations in 
Massachusetts. Its contributions to religious and benevolent objects are 
generous, and its own parochial societies are carried on with vigor. The 
seats in the church are always free at night to every one, and strangers are 





welcomed at all times. Services are held regularly the year around on Sun- 
days, at 10.45 -A-M- antl 7.30 J'.M. ; and the Holy Communion is celebrated 
every Lord's Day and on all the great Festivals. On other Festival Days 
services are held at 4.30 p.m. During Lent there is a daily service. From 
Advent to Easter, Friday-night services are held in the chapel. 

The present church cost $105,000, after plans by A. R. Esty. The chime 
of bells w^as presented by Mrs. Elizabeth Trull Eldredge, in 1873, ^"fl 
includes 9 bells, the largest weighing 2,140 pounds, and the smallest 295 
pounds. They are remarkable for their purity and sweetness of tone. The 
walls are of conglomerate stone, laid in rubble pattern; and the clere-story 
is upheld by columns of polished Belgian marble, with sandstone bases and 
capitals. The chancel-arch rises from pillars of Lisbon marble ; and the 
altar and font are of Nova-Scotia stone. The ceiling is open to the ridge- 
pole ; and there are several brilliant memorial windows. The church seats 
700 people. 

The parish-house, contiguous to the church, was built by Architect Will- 
iam P. Wentvvorth, at a cost of about $14,000. It is similar to the church 
in its style and material, and with it forms a broad and rambling pile of 
masonry, reminding one of the old parish-churches of England, with their 
connected buildings for religious and charitable uses. In the parish-house 
are found the assembly and Bible-class rooms, reading-room, and other 
offices, besides a beautiful little chapel. The church, having got clear of 
debt, was consecrated in the spring of 1888. 

Not far from Grace Church, on the same side of Farlow Park, is the 
beautiful pile of stone buildings occupied by the Channing Church, sur- 
rounded by wide and well-kept lawns, and crowned by a graceful stone spire. 
The Channing Church was organized Sept. 2, 1851. Previous to that time, the 
few Unitarian families in what was then called Newton Corner had attended 
the services at the First-Parish Church of Watertown. Until 1856 the new 
religious society held its services in Union Hall. But on Feb. 28, 1856, it 
dedicated a small wooden church, which had been erected by means of the 
generosity of twelve gentlemen of the parish, on Washington Street, near 
the railway station. Ten years later, however, this had been outgrown, and 
was no longer fitted to the needs of the increasing church. In consequence, 
the old building was enlarged one-third, and greatly improved. This was 
occupied until 1882, when the new church, situated on Vernon and El- 
dredge and Park Streets, was dedicated. It is built of brown-stone from 
Indian Orchard, Massachusetts, and trimmed with Ohio sandstone. It is 
well placed, standing altogether apart from surrounding buildings, and 
almost facing Farlow Park. . The interior is tasteful and quiet in decora- 
tion, and is adorned with memorial windows to Rev. Dr. William Ellery 
Channing, and also to Dr. Henry F. Bigelow and Deacon Bailey, who were 



among the earliest members of the church, and most deeply interested in 
its foundation. Other windows are memorials of Rev. Dr. George W. Hos- 
mer and Rev. Joseph C. Smith, former pastors of the church, and to 
Deacon Bender and Miss Noyes. The main audience-room of the church 
will seat over seven hundred persons, and is exceedingly well adapted both 
for seeing and hearing. There is not a poor seat in the church. The 
arrangements of the whole structure have been wisely devised with special 
reference to the needs of a modern church. It contains a beautiful Sunday- 
school room, an infant-class room, church-parlor, dining-room, kitchen, and 
so on. The total cost was about $110,000, of which nearly the whole has 

Underwood Primary School, Vernon, corner Eldredge Street, Newton. 

been already paid. The architect was Mr. George F. Meacham of Newton, 
who built the South Congregational Church, in Boston, and the new Eliot 
Church of Newton. Since its organization, the Channing Church has had 
five ministers. Rev. Joseph C. Smith was the first, from 1852 to 1857, when, 
owing to illness, he resigned, and soon afterwards died, in the Sandwich 
Islands. The second minister was the Rev. Edward J. Young, D.D., who 
served the church from 1857 to 1869, when he retired to accept a professor- 
ship in the Divinity .School of Harvard University. The third minister 
was the Rev. Eli Fay, D.D., whose pastorate extended from May 4, 1870, to 
March, 1S73. Dr. George W. Hosmer, who had just retired from the presi- 



dency of Antioch College, Ohio, became pastor in November, 1873, ^^^ 
remained so until, on account of increasing years, it seemed best to him to 
retire, Oct. i, 1879. Since this last date, the Rev. Francis B. Hornbrooke 
has been the pastor. The parish comprises at present upward of two 
hundred families 

On one side of Farlow Park, where the old Muzzey farm once spread its 
green acres, w'as for many years the home of the late General Adin B. Under- 
wood, who rose from a captaincy in the famous 2d Massachusetts In- 
fantry to a brevet major-generalship, and received an almost dsadly wound in 

George Strong's Residence, Vernon Street, corner of Waverley Avenue. 

the storming of Lookout Mountain. For many years after the war he was 
Surveyor of Customs, at Boston. 

Eastward of I-^arlow Park, several lines of cjuiet and embowered streets 
climb the gentle slopes toward Nonantum Hill; and on these streets may 
be seen many of those homes for which all the villages of Newton are so 
famous. On Vernon Street, just east of the park, is the fine estate of 
Mrs. Susan C. Rawson, beyond which are the homes of ex-Mayor William 
P. Ellison and George Strong, the boot and shoe manufacturer. 

On Vernon Street, also, is the Misses Allen's School for Girls and Young 
Ladies, founded and conducted by Julia C;. and Hannah Allen, with a corps 
of well-known instructors, under Miss S. Alice Ranlett as principal. The 



school was established in 1888, to meet the wishes of many parents for a 
school where careful attention is paid, not only to the intellectual develop- 
ment of pupils, but also to their physical and religious training. The aim 
is to train up girls with healthy bodies, sound minds, and refined manners. 
The facilities can hardly be excelled. The boarding pupils enjoy a well 
kept home in a charming situation. Preparation is made here for all 
universities and collegres. 

Th2 Misses Allen's School, Vernon Street, between Park Street and Waverley Avenue. 

Elmwood Street received its name from Mr. George W. Hall, in 1856, 
because it was lined with noble elm-trees, fifty or sixty feet high. It runs 
eastward from the railroad station to Park Street. On it is the residence 
of the Rev. Francis B. Hornbrooke, pastor of the Channing Church. 

Taking it by and large. Centre Street, which runs from the Nonantum 
House through Newton and Newton Centre, a distance of two miles, is the 
most interesting thoroughfare in the city, passing numerous country-seats. 



colonial and modern, and several interesting historical localities, and giving 
views over many leagues of lovely New-England scenery. Centre Street 
leads from tlie railway station and the Free Library, near the park and all 
the church edifices, around Mount Ida into the open countrv diversified 
with historic estates. 

One of the most imposing public buildings in the city is the new meeting- 
house on the corner of Centre and Church Streets. Eliot Church took its 
name from a missionary, not from a denomination. For many years it was 
tlie only church in this village, and it has always worked in peace with all 
true Christians and with other churches which have grown up around it. 
It is indebted to its founders for this combination of loyalty to the Congre- 
gational faith and polity with a catholic and progressive spirit. About half 
of them belonged to the Jackson, Bacon, Woodward, Trowbridge, and 
Cobb families. They held prayer-meetings for missions, for temperance, 
and "for the slave"'; built a meeting-house from foundation to spire in 
four months ; and placed under its corner-stone a prophecy of William 
Jackson which has recently been found and read with awe : that before its 
seal should be broken the sin of slavery would be removed from the land 
by awful judgments of God! They formed a volunteer choir which has 
been sustained with enthusiasm ever since, and praised the Lord with their 
own voices, with violin, flute, post-horn, and Deacon Woodward's bass-viol. 
And they gave an impetus to education, reform, and all the refining influ- 
ences of the gospel, which still pervades the whole community. 

The church has had five ministers: William S. Leavitt (1845-53), Lyman 
Cutler (1854-died 1855), Joshua W. Wellman (1856-73), Samuel M. Free- 
land (1875-7S), and Wolcott Calkins since 1880. The vigorous organization 
and spirit of the church, and its natural increase from the growth of the 
place, have left them free to give their whole strength to the ingathering 
and training of Christian families in this city of homes. They are provided 
with a valuable library of reference, increased by liberal annual contributions. 
The healthful growth of the church is seen from its roll : 37 members at its 
organization July i, 1845. 173 in 1855, 455 in 1865, 724 in 1875, and 1,093 in 
1885; removals deducted, the membership in 1889 numbers 529. Contribu- 
tions for church expenses and benevolence have advanced from $382.31 
in 1845 to $18,404.31 in 1888; and for new buildings and furniture, from 
$7,790.69 in 1845, and $50,900.00 in i860, to about $175,000.00 in 1887-S9. 

The meeting-house of i860 was burned Jan. 16. 1887. The new edifice 
has been recently completed and dedicated free of debt. It is a Roman- 
esque building of granite and brownstone, designed by George F. Meacham. 
The auditorium is an amphitheatre, rising gradually on all sides for a 
congregation of i.ioo. Brackets are left for three galleries with 700 addi- 
tional sittings, if they arc needed in the future. There is a very ornate bell- 



tower, and pretty rose-windows ; and the spacious interior is overarched by 
heavy beams, which rest on carved stone corbels. There are also polished 
granite columns, with carved capitals, rich memorial windows, loggias, and 
other attractive interior decorations; and the comfort of the various ele- 
ments of the society is assured by chapels, class-rooms, parlors, choir-room, 
and a well-fitted study for the pastor. On the tower is an illuminated clock. 

Near the Eliot Church was the home of Richard Park, which, after re- 
sisting the storms of a century and a half, was pulled down in the year 
1800. During this period it was owned successively by Deacon Ebenezer 
Stone, shoemaker; John Jackson, tanner; Stephen Parker, tanner ; Nathan- 
iel Parker, yeoman; Harbuttle Dorr; Philip Norcross, shoemaker; and 
Captain Joseph Fuller, butcher. 

On the corner opposite the church is the home of Doctor J. F. Frisbie, 
the founder and for many years the head of the Newton Natural-History 
Club, whose summer field-days and winter meetings have been productive 
of many interesting monographs. The society was organized Oct. 28, 1879, 
and incorporated Feb. 26, 1883. It has upwards of a hundred members, 
and keeps its collections of minerals, birds, and other curiosities in the 
Newton Free Library, although it has hopes of in time possessing a building. 

Not far away froni the Eliot Church, on Church .Street, to the westward, 
stands the new meeting-house of the Baptist Church, an interesting and 
attractive edifice of brown-stone, designed h\ H. H. Richardson, the great- 
est of American architects, in that massive South-of-France Romanesque 
architecture of which he was so complete a master. It reminds one of a 
suggestion of Trinity Church, in Boston, with its ponderous stone tower 
rising from the intersection of nave and transepts, and its handsome triple 
doorways, in noble Roman arches. The ground-floor contains the lecture- 
room, parlor, class-rooms, kitchen, and dining-rooms : and overhead is the 
church proper, with the baptistery in its apse, surrounded by a stone curb- 
ing. Small as it is, and simple in its forms, it stands as a type of the noble 
architecture with which Richardson was enriching our country when Death 
summoned him, too soon, to that land which is all a church of thanksgiving. 
As Phillips Brooks said : " He loved a broad, unbroken stretch of wall. And 
yet out of this simplicity could burst a sumptuousness of design or decora- 
tion all the more captivating and overwhelming for the simplicity out of 
which it sprung." The Baptist religious society dates from 1859, and wor- 
shipped for some years in Middlesex Hall and Union Hall; after which it 
occupied the meeting-house, built for its use, at the corner of Washington 
and Hovey Streets. The pastors have been the Rev. Gilbert Robbins 
(1860-61), Rev. Jeremiah Chaplin (1862-63), Rev. J. Tucker, Jr. (1865-70), 
Rev. Thomas S. Samson (1873-80), Rev. H. F. Titus (1880-88), and Rev. 
J. P. McCullough. The membership of the churcli is 270. 



Church Street, west of Centre, Newton. 



On Church Street was the birthplace of the Hon. John Davis, born in 
1851, and a graduate of Heidelberg, Berlin, and Paris, and latterly a dis- 
tinguished lawyer, and Assistant-Secretary of State, and now Associate- 
Justice of the United-States Court of Claims. This brilliant young states- 
man is a grandson of " Honest John Davis,'' Governor of Massachusetts in 
1833-35 and 1S40-41, and United-States senator in 1835-41 and 1845-53. 

A little farther out on Centre Street is the modest gray .church of the 
Methodists. The society worshipping in this place was founded in 1863, 
and passed its first years in Union Hall, the cradle of so many churches of 
Newton. The present edifice dates from 1867. The church has 138 mem- 
bers ; and the Sunday-school has 135. Among its pastors were the Rev. 
J. C. Cromack, Rev. C. S. Rogers, Rev. S. F. Jones, Rev. A. A. Wright, 
Rev. Fred. Wood, Rev. W. E. Huntington, Rev. S. Jackson, Rev. W. S. 
Studley (18S0-81), Rev. J. B. Gould (1882-83), Rev. J. M. Leonard (1884-85), 
and Rev. Fayette Nichols (1886-89). 

The Wesleyan Home, on Wesley Street, near the church, is an institu- 
tion founded for the care of the children of missionaries, and the orphans 
of Methodists and others, being supported by contributions from the Meth- 
odist churches of New England. The building was given by the Hon. 
Alden Speare, the furnishings by Mrs. Charles W. Peirce, and an endow- 
ment of $20,000 by the Hon. Jacob Sleeper. The Rev. Dr. Bradford K. 
Peirce is president. 

Mount Ida is the bold hill which rises from the plain not far from the 
Newton station, and is covered with handsome houses and estates. In the 
year 1816, the entire hill was bought by John Fiske at a valuation of 
$3,300; and in 1850 it was held at $10,000. At the close of the Civil War, 
the ridge was purchased by Langdon Coffin, who bestowed upon it the 
name of " Mount Ida," and laid it out for habitations. There were then 
but three houses on it ; and now the valuation of the real estate exceeds 
half a million dollars. The hill-top is traversed by the broad, firm roadway 
of Bellevue Street, from which one gains admirable and extensive views of 
the valley-towns on the north, — Cambridge, Watertown, and Waltham, — 
the long and shaggy ridge of Prospect Hill, the blue highlands of Essex, 
the spires and towers of Boston, the shining waters of Massachusetts Bay, 
the many villages of Newton, and the far-away azure crests of Wachusett, 
Monadnock, and other inland mountain-peaks. Let us remember — as we 
look out hence over those populous western towns, and remember that 
behind them lie Worcester and Springfield, and Chicago and St. Louis, and 
Denver and San Francisco — that the old surveyors who were sent out to 
fix the limits of the Massachusetts colony planted their outermost stakes at 
Woburn and Weston, reporting that in their opinion the Puritan State would 
never grow beyond tliose limits. 






One of the finest estates on the ridge pertains to Henry E. Cobb, the 
Boston banker. Near by is the far-viewing house built by the late Job 
Turner, and now the property and home of Charles E. Riley. Nearer Centre 
Street is the parsonage of the Rev. Dr. Wolcott Calkins, pastor of the 
Eliot Church, and author of " Keystones of Faith," and other valuable 
works; and farther down, fronting on Centre Street, is the imposing new 
brick mansion erected by the late Mr. Bayley (of Potter, White & Bayley), 
and now owned and occupied by Cyrus J. Anderson (of Lawrence & Co.). On 
Bellevue Street lives John Becker, the inventor of the "World Typewriter," 
already in such extensive use. On the western slope of the hill is the home 


Converse, Jun., Reoidence, Fr 

of J. Eliot Trowbridge, the composer of the oratorio of "Emanuel," which 
has been rendered successfully by a picked chorus of two hundred voices, 
and a group of soloists. On the north slope of Mount Ida, on Newtonville 
Avenue, is the home of the Hon. John C. Park, for over half a century 
prominent in Boston affairs as lawyer and statesman, and commander of 
the Boston Light Infantry in the halcyon days of that famous company, 
when the New-England Guards and the City Cuards were its only rivals. 

In his monograph on " Glacial Moraines," Dr. J. F. Frisbie says : " Mount 
Ida is a typical specimen of a lenticular hill. — elliptical in shape, steep 




sides, gently rounded top, and always a beautiful picture in the landscape." 
The lenticular hills of which this is so perfect a type were the ground 
moraines of the great glacial age, — the sandy and rocky deck-loads of the 
continental ice-sheet, deposited on the melting of the glaciers. 

A little way beyond Mount Ida, on the right of Centre Street, is the 
beautiful and spacious domain of E. W. Converse, a wealthy Boston mer- 
chant, with its half-hidden Italian mansion, and park-like grounds extending 
to Cabot Street. On the site of this house the early colonists erected 
a strong defensive block-house, with a stone base and a loopholed super- 
structure of logs. To this impregnable fortress they planned to retreat, if 
ever the hostile Indians should invade their precincts, as they had done at 
Sudbury and JVIedway and so many others of the Bay towns. How often, 
amid the alarms of those perilous days, the Puritan yeomanry assembled 
in their stronghold, with their wives and children, to await, with dry 
powder and divine faith, the onslaught of the heathen hosts ! But the red 
warriors of the forest avoided this bulwark; and after many years, when 
they had been pressed beyond the Connecticut and the Hudson, and into 
the unknown West, the old tower fell into decay, and disappeared. Isaac 
Lombard early recognized the beauty of the location, and erected the pres- 
ent mansion, and adorned the grounds, at a cost of $60,000. In 1866 it 
passed into the possession of the Converse family. Towards the end of 
the time in which the old garrison-house remained, as a monument of the 
heroic days of old, it was the home of Enoch Baldwin, whose sons became 
eminent Boston financiers, the younger Enoch being President of the Shoe 
and Leather Bank, and Aaron, President of the Washington Bank. 

The fine old white house nearly opposite the Converse estate is the home 
of the venerable George Hyde, of the sixth generation that has occupied 
this same site. The founders of the Hyde family were Deacon Samuel 
Hyde and his wife Temperance, who settled here in 1640, having then just 
arrived from London, whence also his brother Jonathan came, seven years 
later. These two gentlemen bought 240 acres, of the Danforth and Spar- 
hawk estates, wliich they held in common until 1662, and then divided it. 
Since then, the name of Hyde has been widely diffused over Newton, and 
many of the members of the family have been prominent in the councils of 
the town and city. 

The Shannon estate occupies the west side of Centre .Street for a long 
distance, beginning at Cabot .Street. This fine old house was built in 1798. 
by Joseph Blake, of Boston, and early in the century it bore the name of 
the Sargent place. Nearly fifty years ago. it passed into tlie Shannon 
family, being acquired by Oliver N. .Shannon, son of a lieutenant in the 
United-States Army, who died at Sackett's Harbor during the War of 1812. 
From that time until lier death, in 1887. it was the home of Miss Mary 






Clarke Shannon, a noble and philanthropic woman, conspicuous in all good 
deeds and lovely charities. As was written of her by Edna D. Cheney: 
" Mary Shannon was of the rarest and noblest type of women. Majestic 
in person, with a countenance of noble beauty, full of glowing health and 
life, she at once impressed all who saw her, in woods or garden, in her 
large hat, with staff in hand, as a goddess of nature. She was Diana in 
the woods, — close ally and friend of trees and flowers and streams, and 
every animal and living thing. She knew their secrets, and met their wants 
from sympathy. She loved even the brown earth ; and, when she took it 
in her hands and rubbed it, she felt in it the potency and promise of all the 
beauty and use that would come out of it. ' I have known the love of God 
in human beings and nature,' she said. Humanity in every form was dear 
to her." The estate is now occupied In' Miss Mary Shannon, a niece of 
the lady aforementioned. 

The estates along this part of Centre Street (the old Dedham path), 
including the Shannon and Edmands and other places and the Claflin place 
at Newtonville, belonged to the 500 acres granted in 1634 by the General 
Court to Lieutenant-Governor Dudley, who sold it to Thomas Mayhew, 
from whom it was conveyed to Simon Bradstreet. 

This domain was afterwards owned by Edward Jackson, one of the pio- 
neers of Newton; and when his daughter Sarah married the Rev. Nehemiah 
Hobart, the bridegroom received thirty acres of good land here, as a 
part of her dowry. Hobart was the son of the Rev. Peter Hobart, a 
graduate of English Cambridge, who settled at Hingham, and sent five 
sons through Harvard College, four of whom became ministers. From 
one of these descended John Henry Hobart, Bishop of New York from 
1816 to 1830. Nehemiah became the second minister of Newton, and 
had six daughters, upon four of whom he settled this estate, and the 
house that he had built upon it. The Latin inscription on his tomb sig- 
nifies that '• In this tomb are deposited the remains of the Rev. and very 
learned teacher of divinity, Nehemiah Hobart, an estimable fellow of Har- 
vard College, a highly faithful and watchful Pastor of the church of New- 
town, for forty years. His singular gravity, humilitv, piety, and learning, 
rendered him the object of deep veneration, and ardent esteem, to men of 
science and religion." Hobart 's pastorate lasted from 1674 to 171 2. 
through the terrible period of King Philip's War. The house built by this 
gentle scholar in 1678 passed in 1715 into the possession of the next of the 
village pastors, the Rev. John Cotton, the great-grandson of the celebrated 
divine of the same name, once rector of St. Botolph's Church, in the 
Lincolnshire Boston, and in compliment to whom the capital of Massa- 
chusetts received its now well-honored name. Coming to Newton in 1714, 
when but twenty-one years old, and four years out of Harvard College, 



it is recorded that " so high was the respect cherished for the virtues 
and accomplishments of this youth that the Town in general went in pro- 
cession, and met and gave him a joyful welcome, upon his first entrance 
into it." The life that passed on this quiet little estate among the graceful 
hills that hemmed the Dedham road is thus epitomized in the quaint and 
stately epitaph that rests over his grave : " Here lies the mortal part of the 
Rev. and truly venerable John Cotton, lately the very faithful, prudent 
and skilful pastor of the church of Newton. He was eminent for the 
faculty of praying and preaching; was respected for his piety, and held in 
high and universal esteem for his pure and attractive virtues. His loss is 
especially deplored by his flock, to whom, even dead, he ceases not to 
preach. Fame shall spread his enduring name more loudly, extensively, 
and permanently than the most durable marble." He left three sons, all 
graduates of Harvard, — John, a physician, Nathaniel, a minister, and Sam- 
uel, who lived until 1819. The late Commodore Hastings, of Medford, was 
a great-grandson of the Newton dominie. The old house was burned to the 
ground in 1720, and a new one arose quickly on the same site. The next 
occupant of the estate (i 765-1 793) was the courtly and accomplished 
Charles Pelham, originally of Medford, an Episcopalian and patriot (in 
those days a rare combination), who opened an academy in the old house, 
where he fitted students for Harvard College, most of his pupils coming 
from Boston and the sea-coast towns. 

In the year 1854, the estate passed into the hands of John Cabot, after 
whose time the house, grown old and uncomely, was moved away. Hither 
came young Theodore Parker, many and many an evening, while he was 
teaching school in the adjacent hamlet of Watertown, to see the fair 
daughter of the house, Lydia D. Cabot, whom he afterwards made his 
wife, and who stood as a tower of strength and beauty for the great philan- 
thropist to stay himself by, during his lifetime of trial and adversity. 
These are the resolutions that Theodore Parker wrote in his journal on his 
wedding day : — 

1. Never, except for the best of causes, to oppose my wife's will. 

2. To discharge all duties for her sake, freely. 
' 3. Never to scold. 

4. Never to look cross at her. 

5. Never to weary her with commands. 

6. To promote her piety. 

7. To bear her burdens. 

8. To overlook her foibles. 

9. To love, cherish and forever defend her. 

10. To remember her always, most affectionately, in my prayers. 
Thus, God willing, we shall be blessed. 





Many a happy day did the great theologian spend in the depths of the 
Cabot Woods, in the western part of the estate, with no companions but the 
wise and froHcsome squirrels. On the Brackett estate, also, amid the rude 
and quiet forest, were two flat rocks, which with great pains Parker con- 
verted into primitive seats, where he ruminated deeply on the great prob- 
lems of the life that now is and the life that is to come. The great tree 
north of the Shannon house, now broken, and protected by sheets of metal, 
once overarched the Cabot mansion ; and at its foot Theodore spent many 
an hour, poring over his books. 

The Cabot Woods may be approached from Cabot Street by going south 
on the first road turning off after leaving Centre Street, and passing beyond 
the gravel-pits. The road runs through a beautiful and entirely unin- 
habited land of hills and pastures and groves, with the forest rising nobly 
on the east. This road, one of the most interesting and least known, 
comes out on Mill Street, not far from Bullough's Pond, in Newton. 

On the south side of the Shannon place, sheltered from the street by a 
high wall of masonry, is an old-fashioned garden of an acre or more in area, 
filled with box-hedges, hollyhocks, sweet-williams, marigolds and other 
favorite flowers of the olden time. 

At the crest of the hill, on the west side of Centre Street, is the fine old 
colonial mansion now occupied by Mrs. Julia F. Francis. It is a dignified 
and stately white house, surrounded by spacious and ornamental grounds, 
with noble trees and brilliant masses of flowers and shrubbery. Early in 
the present century this estate belonged to Nathaniel Tucker, the leader of 
the choir in the First Church, and one of the best singers in St. David's 
Musical Society. From this melodious gentleman it passed to Thomas 
Edmands, of the Boston book-selling firm of Lincoln & Edmands, who 
spent the later years of his life here. The house stands near the site of the 
ancient parsonage of the Rev. John Eliot, Jr., who, at his death in 1668, 
bequeathed the estate (which included the twenty acres of the southern 
corner of the Mayhew farm), to his son John, after whose death it was sold 
(in 1733) by order of the General Court, to get money to carry the younger 
John Eliot through Yale College. The little domain, lying between Ensign 
John Spring's land on the south, and the Rev. John Cotton's on the west 
and north, was purchased by Henry Gibbs, Esq., for ^415. Three years 
later Mr. Gibbs sold it to the Rev. John Cotton, whose heirs transferred it 
to Charles Pelham, in 1765. 

A little way off Centre Street, on Sargent Street, is the handsome mod- 
ern house of J. Howard Nichols, an old-time merchant in the Chinese treaty- 
ports, and now treasurer of the Dwight Manufacturing Company. On the 
adjoining estate stands the magnificent home of E. C. Fitch, the president 
of the American Waltham Watch Company. 





The grand colonial dwelling owned and occupied by Francis A. Brooks, 
with the practical exterior approved of by the best of the founders of our 
country, stands superbly at the corner of Centre and Sargent Streets. 

Beginning near the crest of the hill, beyond Cabot and Sargent Streets, 
on the east side of Centre Street, beyond the handsome stone house of Mrs. 
Prescott, and running down to the old cemetery, is the noble and beautiful 
domain of the Edmands family, with its velvety lawns, tall old forest trees, 
and bright waters. This was the home of the Hon. John Wiley Edmands, 
who came to Newton in 1847, and died in 1877. He was born in 1810, the 
same year as Gardner Colby; and at the age of twenty entered the firm 
of Amos & Abbott Lawrence, from which he retired, rich, in 1843. In 1864 
he became Treasurer of the vast Pacific Mills, and retained that position 
until his death, extending the operations of the corporation until it em- 
ployed 5,000 persons ; its stock stood at the highest point ever reached by 
that of any American stock company ; and its goods were known and sought 
all over the world. In 1852 he was elected to Congress. In his later years, 
he depleted his fortune by putting in the best part of a million dollars, at 
different times, to hold up a firm of East-India merchants, in which his 
family had an interest. In the eulogy pronounced after his death, the Hon. 
Alden Speare said : " Should I say that Boston, the metropolis of New Eng- 
land, had lost one of its largest-minded and most honored merchants, that the 
largest manufacturing establishment, not only in Massachusetts, but of the 
world, had lost its controlling mind, and our nation had lost one whose 
counsels for many years have been sought after in shaping its legislation, 
I should then come short of the measure of the influence of the life and 
labors of the Hon. J. Wiley Edmands." 

Opposite the old cemetery is the great Gardner-Colby estate, a yellow 
Italian villa on high ground, with venerable trees bordering its emerald 
lawns, and brilliant red masses of coleus gleaming from the old-fash- 
ioned house-gardens. This home is now occupied by the widow of Gardner 
Colby, who came to Newton in the year 1846. His story, in its main ele- 
ments, is a familiar one in the annals of New-England life. ^A poor boy, 
son of a Maine shipbuilder who was ruined by the War of 1812, he was 
brought up to Boston by his widowed mother, and became an errand-boy in 
a grocery store ; next a dry-goods clerk; then opened a dry-goods store, 
with five hundred dollars borrowed from his mother's slender purse ; and 
at last became a dry-goods importer, on Kilby Street, where, in the brisk 
years between 1837 and 1848, he amassed a fortune, and retired from busi- 
ness, being then under forty years old. But two years later he and J. Wiley 
Edmands acquired practical control of the mills at Dedham, and Mr. Colby 
was for thirteen years their selling agent, in Boston. Once more he laid 
aside the burdens of business, and for seven years lived the trancjuil and 





preservative life of a country gentleman; but in 1870 the fascination of 
active endeavor allured him from this seclusion, and he became President 
of the Wisconsin Central Railroad, then being built through the savage 
region of 340 miles that lies between Menasha and Ashland, on Lake Supe- 
rior. When this good Baptist gentleman was summoned to the white army 
of angels, his public bequests amounted to nearly half a million dollars, 
half of which went to the three great Baptist institutions of New England, 
Colby University, Brown University, and the Newton Theological Institu- 

Near the Gardner-Colby place was the ancient home of Lieutenant John 
Spring, who came to America in 1634, and settled here among the earliest 
comers, building the first mill in town (on Smelt Brook), and filling many 
offices of grave dignity in the little forest republic. He was selectman, 
representative, lieutenant of the train-band, sealer of weights and measures, 
pound-keeper, tithing-man, and sweeper of the meeting-house. The home- 
stead by Mill Lane descended to his son, Ensign John, and his grandson, 
Samuel, and his grandson, Samuel, Jr., who moved away into central Mas- 
sachusetts, when the house, after 140 years of the Springs, passed into 
other hands. From this family came Samuel Spring, chaplain of Arnold's 
expedition to Canada, and Gardiner Spring, for over half a century pastor 
of the Brick Church, in New York. 

Near the old cemetery was the site of the first of the many churches of 
the town. It was away back in the pastorate of " Matchless Mitchell," the 
successor of the saintly Shepard, that the people of Newton began their 
agitation for secession from the church at Cambridge, and were met with a 
firm and decided negative. In 1660 they went so far forward as to build 
their first church, and thereupon were freed from the Cambridge church- 
rates. Four years later, the church was formally and officially organized, 
and John Eliot, Jr., the son of the great Apostle to the Indians, received 
ordination, there being present in the plain little colonial meeting-house 
John Eliot artd Richard Mather and the Elders and messengers of the 
churches of Roxbury and Dorchester. Here also gathered the Jacksons, 
and Hydes, and Prentices, and Kenricks, and Hammonds, and other chief 
families of this region, the membership including forty men, and an equal 
number of women. After the death of the eloquent and popular Eliot, in 
1668, the little church fell into such dissension that the county court at 
Cambridge admonished it severely (in 1670), saying: "Understanding (to 
our great grief) that there are divisions among you, about calling and set- 
tling a minister, which thing is scandalous to our profession, and a hindrance 
to our edification, we, therefore, think it our duty to signify unto you our 
earnest desires and prayers, for your union and agreement, entreating you 
to put on the spirit of meekness, humility, and self-denial, and to submit to 





one another, in the fear of God, and either to agree this matter among your- 
selves, or attend such means as God hath appointed in such cases, for the 
issue thereof, and acquaint us therewith, otherwise we shall take ourselves 
in duty bound, to use such other means, according to God, as may be expedi- 
ent for a further inquiry into your case, and for the healing the breaches in 
your Zion." To this Elder Wiswall made answer, still in the old ecclesias- 
tical language of decorum and stateliness : " May it please you, yours of 
April 5th, 1670, I received, and after serious perusal and consideration, did 
communicate it unto the Church ; but with grief and shame may we say, we 
had no comfortable return to make." After a few years came the Rev. Nehe- 
miah Hobart, who, for his services during forty years in healing these un- 
happy dissensions, was called "the repairer of breaches." This bringer of 
peace was allowed the salary of £']o a year, one-third of which should have 
been in money; but the payments were not fully made, and the pastor often 
remitted parts of his over-due stipend (meagre though it was). In 1698 
the old church was abandoned, and for many years served (probably) as an 
armory for the local train-band, and for other civic purposes. 

Opposite the old burying-ground in 1696-98 the townsmen built a new 
meeting-house, to replace the contiguous one founded in Eliot's day. It 
stood close to the Gardner-Colby house, on land probably given by John 
Spring, and which reverted to him when the site was abandoned. The 
west side of the new temple was set apart for the boys ; and the east and 
north side pews were for women and children, "but they shall not be sold 
to strangers." In the house of God, distinctions of family were not recog- 
nized, and the people were seated according to age and sex. In 1721 Wal- 
tham bought the old meeting-house, and moved it into her own demesne. 

The church was indeed not destined to rest for long in its new shrine, for 
as early as the year 1705 the Wards and other families began to agitate the 
parish with demands that the meeting-house should be removed. Their 
complaint stated that "the neerest of us are fore miles and a half, and we 
cante attend the publick worship in Newtown without great difikulty to us 
and our families, espeshely in the winter season." For many years this 
contest was waged, while the townspeople tried by diplomacy and argument 
to quiet their southern brethren. The subsequent history of the mother- 
church of Newton is found in the chapter on Newton Centre. 

There is a tradition of buried treasure here, which has called out the 
efforts of many a hopeful searching party, working diligently with spades 
and picks, by moonlight or sunlight, but always to no purpose. Three 
young men of the Prentice family were supposed to have concealed a large 
quantity of valuables here, in the troublous days of the Revolution, near 
the brook north of the burying-ground. After that, they went off to the 
wars, and never returned. 




^^- "* ^W-A '^v^* Sn '■<v5-'«»-?'?^*^''' 



At the corner of Centre Street and Cotton Street (the ancient Rio-al Lane) 
is the old cemetery,* where, amid the most peaceful surroundings of field and 
forest, the venerable founders of the city sleep. This domain was ceded to 
the town by the Jackson family, Deacon John Jackson giving one acre in 
1660 for a meeting-house and burying-ground, and his son Abraham giving 
another acre (in 1701) for a school-house, burying-ground, and training-field. 
It had been a part of Deacon Jackson's twenty-acre share of the common 
lands of Cambridge, divided by lot to him, in 1662, and named Chestnut 
Hill. John Jackson, of the fourth generation, endeavored to reclaim the 
land from the town, in 1755, on the ground tliat no deeds had been given of 
it ; biit the actual possession had been so long vested in the people that the 
young man was beaten, and recovered but half an acre. In the year 1765 
the burying-ground was fenced in, and thenceforward for more than a gener- 
ation it served as a convenient pasture-ground for the sexton's cows, whereby 
man)- of the ancient tombstones were broken and disfigured. 

The rites of sepulture were performed in those early days with great sim- 
plicity, and no less decorum. From the Town Records these items show the 
public provisions made for mortuary honors : — 

" March 19, 1759. — Voted, to provide a Cotton Velvet Pall to be used at 

" May II, 1763. — Voted, to let the Velvet Pall to the inhabitants of other 
towns, and that those persons that shall hire said Velvet Pall shall pav half 
a dollar every time it is used. 

"May 13, 1799. — The town was authorized to purchase two hearses for 
the use of the town, when in their opinion the money can with convenience 
be spared out of the Town Treasury." 

Here was buried the Rev. John Eliot, Jr., with his wife Sarah, the daughter 
of Captain Thomas Willett, first mayor of New York. On Eliot's tablet 
is an inscription, of which this is a part : — 

"Learned, pious and beloved by English and Indians. ' My dying coun- 
sel is, secure an interest in the Lord Jesus Christ, and this will carry you to 
the world's end.' As a preacher, lively, accomplished, zealous and accurate. 
He ripened fast for heaven." The Eliot monument is near the middle of 
the old cemetery. The Rev. John Eliot was the son of the great Apostle to 
the Indians, who taught him in the language of the aborigines, and made 
him an assistant missioncr. He was settled as first pastor of Newton in 
1658, when but twenty-two years old, and remained there until his death, 
tan years later, after preaching also to the unfortunate Indians at Ponkapag 
and Natick. He had the then rare accomplishment of a wide scientific 
knowledge, besides great proficiency in the Greek and Roman classics ; and 
was pen-jDainted as a comely, cheerful, and ruddy-faced man, full of attrac- 

*See illustrations, page 21. 





tiveness, and quick of apprehension. Two marble monuments of similar 
form, on a little green mound, mark the last resting-places of the two vener- 
able clergymen who labored side by side for nearly half a century, — the 
Rev. Jonathan Homer, D.D., pastor of the First Congregational Church, 
and the Rev. Joseph Grafton, pastor of the First Baptist Church. Their 
memorials were erected by their grateful parishioners. Hobart, Cotton, 
and Merriam, ancient pastors of the First Church, now rest here ; and with 
them is the Rev. Mr. Cutler, of the Eliot Church. 

Here may be found also the graves of Edward Jackson, the companion of 
the Apostle Eliot in his missionary wanderings among the Indians; Dr. 
John Cotton, the son of the pastor, and Madame Mary, his mother; Francis 
Jackson, author of the History of Newton ; Francis Skinner ; the Hon. 
William Jackson; General Michael Jackson, of the old 8th Massachusetts 
Continental Regiment; Colonel M. Jackson; Major Timothy Jackson; 
Lieutenant Ephraim Jackson, of the loth Massachusetts Continentals; Dr. 
John King, and many other men, once of high local distinction. 

The tomb of General William Hull is marked by a sandstone tablet on 
pillars, and a weeping willow from Napoleon's grave at St. Helena. 

Here rests the gallant old General, and his negro, Tillow, who was the 
last slave owned in Newton. And here also are the remains of Judge Abra- 
ham Fuller, and his daughter, Mrs. General Hull ; and Captain Abraham 
Hull, who was killed in the battle of Bridgewater, in Upper Canada, in 1814. 

Judge Abraham Fuller refused to be buried on his farm, saying: " I never 
was bought nor sold when alive, and I won't be sold after I die " — for which 
reason his remains were laid away in the family tomb at Newton Centre. 
Nine years later, the body was in perfect preservation, turned into a wood- 
like hardness, and of a dark color; and so many scientific persons and 
other curious visitors came to see this marvel, for a term of years, that the 
family was obliged to close the tomb with a marble door. Twenty-five vears 
later, it was found necessary to get a new cofiin, the old one having mould- 
ered away, while still that marvellous figure remained intact. 

The tablet over the remains of John Kenrick contains this brave sentence: 
"Early impressed with the unlawfulness, impiety and inhumanity of Sla- 
very, and its peculiar incompatibility with republican government, he strove 
long and unassisted to awaken his countrymen on the subject; he wrote 
often and persuasively for the press ; he republished gratuitously the writ- 
ings of others; and if there had been 'ten' like him in these States, the 
stain of slavery would not have darkened another .Star in the North- 
American Constellation." This powerful epitaph was composed by David 
Lee Child. 

Near the cast side are twenty-two mossy tablets of slate over the graves 
of the Wards ; and near Centre Street is a long line of Jackson graves. 





Elsewhere rest the Woodwards, the Hydes, the Kenricks, and their com- 
rades of the ancient immigration. 

In 1852 a number of the descendants of the first settlers erected here, on 
the site of the ancient church, a marble monument, bearing simple memo- 
rial inscriptions to the first Minister and Ruling Elder, and the donors of 
the land, and the names of the earliest colonists, with the dates of their 
settlement, and of their deaths, and their ages, as shown on this page. 

The inscriptions on three sides of 
the monument are as follows : — 

'■ Thomas Wiswall, ordained ruling 
elder July -o, 1664. His son Enoch 
of I^orchester Died No\^ 28, 1706, 
at. 73. Rev. Ichabod, minister of 
Duxbury, 30 yrs. Agent of Plymouth 
Colony in England, 1690. Died July 
23. 1700, cet. 63. Capt. Noah, of 
Newton, an officer in the expedition 
against Canada, killed in battle with 
the French and Indians July 6, 1690, 
cpt. 50, leaving a son Thomas. Eben- 
ezer of Newton died June 21, 1691, 
crt. 45." 

" Rev. John Eliot, Jr., first Pastor 
of the first Church, ordained July 20, 
1664. His widow married Edmond 
Ouincy, of Brain. Died in 1700. His 
only Daughter married John Bowles, 
Esq., of Roxbury, and died. May 23, 
1687. His only son, John, settled in 
Windsor, Connecticut, where he died 
in 1733. leaving a son John, a student in Yale College." 

" Dea. John Jackson gave one acre of land for this Burial Place and first 
Church which was erected upon this spot in 1660. Abraham Jackson, son 
of Dea. John, gave one acre, which two acres form the old part of this 
cemetery. Edward Jackson gave 20 acres for the Parsonage in 1660 and 
31 acres for the Ministerial Wood Lot in 1681. His widow, Elizabeth, 
died Sept. 1809, cet. 92." 


. n 

Times of their Se'tlement a 

d Deaths, i | 

with their 


John Jackson, 



Samuel Hyde, 




Edward Jackson, 




John Fuller, 




John Parker, 




Richard Park, 



Jonathan Hyde, 




Thomas Prentice, 




Vincent Druce, 



Thomas Hammond, 



John Ward, 




Thomas Wiswall, 



Thomas Prentice, 2d. 


James Prentice, 




John Keririck, 




Isaac Williams, 




Abraham Williams, 




James Trowbridge, 




John Spring, 




John Eliot, 






Names on First Settlers' Monument. 



Nonantiuu I^ilL 


Little over half a mile from the centre of Newton village, as the roads 
run, is the beautiful eminence of Nonantum Hill, covered by fields and or- 
chards and trees, very much as in the old Indian days, when Charles was 
King of England. On the one side opens the ravine towards Brighton HjU, 
and on the other is the deep defile toward Waban Hill, with two bright 
lakelets in its eastern opening, beneath the gray stone walls of the diocesan 

The Brackett House, on Vvaveney Avenue. Built in I 792 by Col. .Joseph Ward. 

seminary for Roman Catholic clergy. From the crest of the ridge, 230 feet 
high, one gains a bird's-eye view of the surrounding suburbs, Charlestown 
and Cambridge, Somerville and Brighton, Waltham and Watertown, the 
wide-winding river, the distant blue sea, and far away in the west and north- 
west the dreamy outlines of noble mountains, Wachusett and Monadnock 
and their mighty brethren of the wilderness. 

The northerly slope of Nonantum Hill was included in the estate of 
John Jackson, the pioneer, one of whose descendants married Dr. Edward 
Durant's only daughter, and died. This part of the estate passed to his 
widow (on the death of her son) ; and she afterwards married Reuben Moore. 



Their daughter became the wife of James Ricker, of the well-known Maine 
family of that name ; and for many years the Ricker farm, on tliis site, was 
one of the best-known regions of Newton. The daughter of this family 
married Edwin W. Gay (of the old Boston stationery house of Aaron R. 
Gay & Co.), who lives on a part of the ancestral domain on Waverley 
Avenue, at the head of Church Street. 

Waverley Avenue runs through a large part of the old Ricker farm. At the 
corner of Tremont Street is the estate occupied for some years Ijy Pro- 
fessor Carlyle Petersilea, whose fame as a musician extends throughout the 
land. This imposing residence stands directly at the head of Vernon Street. 

Edwin W. Gay's Residence, \A\j.., 

urch Street. 

At the corner of Waverley Avenue and Arlington Street is the fine large 
estate of George S. BuUens, President of the National Revere Bank. 
Around on Arlington Street are a number of beautiful homes, including 
those of Samuel L. Powers, Esq., attorney at law; James C. Elms, Vice- 
president of the National vShoe and Leather Bank; the late Hon. William 
S. (jardncr, judge of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts; Marcellus P. 
Springer (Springer Brothers, the great cloak manufacturers); Samuel A. D. 
Shepard, president of the Massachusetts Pharmaceutical Association, etc. 

Just off of Arlington Street, on Belmont Street, is the quiet home of 
Moses King, the publisher of a long list of valuable guide-books, particu- 





larly his series of '' King's Handbooks," one of which is this " Handbook 
of Newton." On this street is also the home of William Carver Bates. 

Not far from Waverley Avenue, at the corner of Uurant and Pembroke 
Streets, is the residence of ex-Alderman David W. Farquhar, one of the 
delegates to the Chicago Convention of 1888, which nominated Benjamin 
Harrison for President. 

All around this substantially built-up section may be seen the homes of 
well-to-do and well-known people. 

In the year i860 Nonantum Hill had only the Ricker farmhouse on its 
massive western shoulders, and land was worth hardly $500 an acre, where 
now it would command thirty times that sum. The greater part of it was 
covered with scrub oak, through which the wintry winds whistled mourn- 
fully. Farther to the eastward, on the ridge, Messrs. Haven and Wiggin, 
of Boston, erected two houses, in 1807, on a domain of seventy acres bought 
from General William Hull. These fine old mansions belong to Mr. Dex- 
ter D. Bowman, who dwells in one of them ; and nearer the Farlow estate, 
on the west, is the house and domain of John J. Haley, of the Haley Manu- 
facturing Company. Later, William Kenrick built a mansion on tlie Newton 
(or western) slope of the hill, and surrounded it with attractive grounds, 
embellished with rare trees which he imported from Europe. Kenrick's 
nurseries and farm of sixty-seven acres here included the finest collection 
in America of fruit and ornamental trees ; and the results of his experiments 
in grafting, transplanting, etc., were recorded in his work, entitled "The 
New American Orchardist." The house was subsequently moved away, to 
Woodland Vale ; and its site is now occupied by the beautiful mansion of 
the Hon. John S. Farlow, near Waverley Avenue, overlooking the great 
valley to the westward. Besides the most notable variety of trees and 
slirubbery in the country, the Farlow estate has large conservatories, farm- 
lands, and gardens, stretching well up along the hill. Mr. Farlow is a 
millionaire, with great holdings in railroad securities. His benefactions to 
the city of Newton include the beautiful Farlow Park, the mortuary chapel 
at the cemetery, large sums to the Free Library, and other notable gifts. 

Opposite this estate is the pleasant home of the Hon. George C. Lord, 
the President of the Boston & ALiine Railroad, the largest system of 
railways in New England. 

Kenrick Park, a little way to the westward, was laid out in 1845 by Alex- 
ander Wadsworth, for William Kenrick, and then bore the name of Wood- 
land Vale. Forty house-lots were sold here at auction, on a pleasant June 
day of 1845, Colonel Marshall P. Wilder, Elias Hasket Derby, and other 
gentlemen of Boston standing for references. It is now a beautiful oval 
reservation, thickly covered with ancient oaks, beeches and chestnut-trees, 
and surrounded by pleasant country-houses. Here is the home of Nathan 




" o 

- o 

g m 



P. Coburn, of William Claflin, Coburn & Co., the great Boston leather and 
boot and shoe house ; and the estate of Isaac T. Burr, one of Newton's 
most highly esteemed and most public-spirited citizens. President of the 
Bank of North America, director of the Atchison road. Just beyond 
Kenrick Park, on Park Street, are the residences of Andrew S. March; 
Wallace D. Lovell, of the banking house of Potter Lovell Company; T. 
Edgar White, a Boston manufacturer; and ex-Alderman Warren P. Tyler. 
At the corner of Franklin Street, fronting on Kenrick Park, is the 
charming vine-covered stone cottage home of Elestus M. Springer, the 
well-known cloak manufacturer. 


Moses King's Residence, Belmont Street, near Arlington Street, Newton, 

On Franklin Street are the beautiful homes of Levi B. Gay, publisher of 
the "Banker and Tradesman"; Thomas Weston, the lawyer ; Charles E. 
Billings, the millionaire importer of drugs ; Charles M. Gay, for many years 
engaged in the publishing business in Boston, and until within a few years 
one of the publishers of LittelVs Living Age; Charles H. Buswell, a Bos- 
ton merchant; and Dr. Henry IVI. Field, Professor of Therapeutics and 
Materia Medica in Dartmouth College. 

Just beyond Kenrick Street, which descends the deep vale between 
Nonantum Hill and Waban Hill, stands the venerable colonial mansion 
of the Kenricks, with its odd little (jothic summer-house. Inside may be 
seen Colonel Ward's secretary, a quaint piano made in London in 1785, 




-i A P 

3 o 
CT rn 

= < 

S 5 


AVjVG'S handbook of NEWTON. 


ancient portraits of General Hull and Dr. Freeman, and other mementos 
of the remote past, which elsewhere would be rare curiosities, but here 
are but appropriate adjuncts of the heavy wooden cornices and wainscots 
and massive uncovered beams of the venerable mansion. The estate is 
famous for its noble magnolia trees, which bring forth thousands of fra- 
grant blossoms every May, filling the glen with a rich exotic perfume. 
Nearly opposite the house are several of the finest purple beeches in New 
England. Here, in the quiet old days of 1732, came Captain Edward 
Durant, a rich Bostonian, and established a country-seat, which descended 
to his son Edward, one of the foremost patriots of Newton, who delighted 
in twisting the British lion's tail with speeches and resolutions, as a Dele- 
gate to the Provincial Congress. His son. Dr. Edward Durant, went to 
sea during the Revolution, as a privateer, and disappeared from sight and 


Kenrick House Waverley Avenue, Newton 

mempr}'. The house was sold by the Durants to John A. Kenrick in the 
year 1775, and is still occupied by his posterity. This worthy family is 
descended from John Kenrick, who was born under the gray skies of Old 
England, in the year 1605, and came to Boston about thirty years later, 
and to Newton in 1688, where he acquired a farm of 280 broad and tan- 
gled acres. His great-great-grand-daughter was the mother of President 
Franklin Pierce. Another descendant was John Kenrick, President of the 
New-England Anti-Slavery Society, and founder of the benevolent Kenrick 
Fund. His orotund epitaph we may read in the old cemetery on Centre 
Street. Away back in the year 1S17, when Wendell Phillips and William 
Lloyd Garrison were school-boys, and John Brown was a lad tannins; hides 
in Ohio, John Kenrick published his fiery and impassioned little book, 
" Horrors of Slavery," with its preface dated " Newton." 




The first large nursery in New England was established here in 1790 by 
John Kenrick, who raised a great number of peach-trees from the stones, 
and afterwards cultivated apple, cherry and other fruit-trees. In 1797, he 
made a nursery of ornamental trees, including two acres of Lombardy 
poplars, then a highly esteemed tree. It is generally supposed that the 
Lombardy poplars of New England all took their origin in Xewton. Mr. 
Kenrick admitted his eldest son. William, into partnership, and in 1833 be- 
queathed the business to him. William Kenrick in 1836 issued his first 
catalogue of trees, etc., claiming then to have thirty acres under cultivation, 

dlj with half a million trees and shrubs. He had imported largely from the 

London Horticultural Society, from Dr. Van Mons of Louvain, and other 

P European cultivators ; and had enriched his glowing collections of flowers 

with specimens transplanted from Canada, \'irginia and Ohio. He sold more 

,iii fruit-trees than anv other nursery-man in New England; and also, durinij 

■H the silk-culture period, raised hundreds of thousands of Morns mnlticaiilis 

It . 

:i trees. William Kenrick was the author of " The New American Orchard- 

"t ist," a rich and exhaustive work of over four hundred pages; and also of 

" The American Silk-Grower's Guide." 

His brother, John A. Kenrick, had his famous Xonantum Dale Nursery, 
away back in the early fifties, as is shown by the Annual Catalogues still 
preserved, and bearing on their covers a rude picture of the Israelitish 
spies returning from Canaan with huge bunches of grapes. This work of 
horticultural literature asserts that Nonantum Dale was the first Public 
Nursery in Massachusetts ; and that it was '• half a mile from the Worcester 
Railroad depot at Newton Corner, from whence there is a conveyance to 
Boston regularly six times a day." John conducted the business here after 
William's death (in i860), until his own demise, in 1870. 

Near Kenrick Street is the home of Charles B. Lancaster, a wealthy shoe- 
manufacturer of Boston, and the architect of his own great fortune. 

Monument Street leads down from Waverley Avenue into the narrow 
and sheltered glen between Nonantum Hill and Waban Hill, and to the 
memorial which stands on the site of the first Protestant mission-station 
in the world. It bears this inscription, carved in the rock : — 



Thus the site of Waban's wigwam, near the cool spring of living waters, 
has been marked by a handsome stone terrace, with a stone balustrade, and 
tablets bearing the names of the first missionaries to this place. Here, in 



z > 

o "0 

v^u. cr\ ..\-,k' na. 




the language of the old Puritan chroniclers, " The alabaster box of precious 
ointment was first broken in the dark and gloomy habitations of the un- 
clean." A fund has long been accumulating for the erection here of a 
statue of tiie ancient IHiritan missionary, on the scene of his earliest 
triumphs. President Eliot, of Harvard University, is one of the later 
descendants of this noble missionary family, whose American record of 
quarter of a millennium is full of honor and distinction. 

Waban was a Concord Indian, who advanced himself in the world by 
marrying Tasunsc]uaw, the eldest daughter of Tahattawan, sachem of Con- 
cord ; and a little after the year 1630 he moved to Nonantum. Waban's 
wife and his son, Weegrammomenet, were attentive listeners during the 
preaching of the Christian teachers, and extended many pleasant services 
to their white brethren. The name Nonantum was given by the Apostle 
Eliot, when the Christian Indians asked him to christen their new town, 
near Waban's wigwam. He therefore selected a name from their own 
language "which signifies, in English, rejoicing, because they, hearing the 
word and seeking to know God, the English did rejoice at it, which pleased 
them much; and therefore that is to be the name of their town."' 

Here stood the wigwams of the Indians, whose hunting-grounds in 
happier days covered all this part of the valley of the Charles. Thev 
were a clan of the once great Massachusee tribe, and acknowledged 
the chieftainship of the wise and magnanimous Waban. The first settlers 
of Cambridge covenanted with this sachem to allow six-score head of 
dry cattle to graze on his meadows, he to be responsible for their safetv. 
and to receive in return ^8. to be paid mainly in Indian corn, after 

When John Eliot had accjuired the Indian language, he made his first 
missionary tour (in 1646) to the home of this clan, accompanied by three 
other gentlemen and Christians. They were met on the way by Waban 
and two of his braves, Wampas and Piambouhou, who conducted them to a 
wigwam in which many of his tribesmen had gathered to listen to the new 
doctrine of the pale-faces. In a sermon of an hour's duration, the Apostle 
set fortli the principles of Christianity, beginning with their own con- 
ceptions of natural theology; then explaining the Ten Commandments, 
unfolding the beautiful history of Christ's incarnation, life, suffering, and 
resurrection, the sorrows of Hell, the joys of Heaven, the infinite greatness 
of God, the absolute need of repentance and purity. Occasionally Eliot 
found himself at a loss for a phrase in the Indian language; and then he 
called to his aid Nesutan, a Long-Island Indian who had been captured by 
the English in war, and held as a prisoner in Dorchester, where the Apostle 
had taught him many things. Eliot bore witness, with much pleasure and 
amazement, to the facts that "none of the Indians slept in sermon, or 






derided God's messenger." After the discourse was over, tlie Indians pro- 
pounded six questions to their visitors : — 

" How could they learn to know Jesus Christ ? " 
" Does God understand Indian prayers ? " 
" Were the English ever so ignorant as the Indians ? " 
" What is the image of God, which, in the second commandment, is for- 
bidden to be worshipped ? '' 

" If the father be bad, and the child good, will God be offended with the 
child for the father's sake ? " 
M\ " If all the world had once been drowned, how came it now to be so full 

of people ? " 
wi In such wise passed the first Protestant sermon in a heathen tongue, the 

* first effort of a Protestant mission in heathendom. The solemn evangelist 

,, could not resist the opportunity of a cunning play upon words, for he chose 

X\ as a text the words of Ezekiel : " Prophesy, son of man, and say to the 

,[ wind. Thus saith the Lord God, Come from the four winds, O breath, and 

11 breathe upon these slain, that they may live." As the name of the chief, 

II Waban, meant '' The Wind," the text was interpreted, " Prophesy, son of 

man, and say unto IVadan,^' etc. ; so that the address appeared to have 
an interesting personal bearing, which gave great content to tlie red 
sachem. Many of the gravely listening audience signified their under- 
standing of the discourse ; and some hours were spent thereafter in ques- 
tions and answers, in which the Indians strove to clear up doubtful and 
half-understood points. Subsecjuently, the native powahs, or priests, 
started a hostile movement against this rising tide of Christianity; but 
Eliot boldly and solemnly faced them, and brought their wiles to naught. 
Soon afterward, these children of the forest led their boys and girls in, 
and begged the Englishmen to instruct them also in the way of life. But 
even in that early day the sanctified teacher enunciated the idea (now 
every year becoming more evident) that " The Indians must be civilized, as 
well as Christianized." To this end he secured from the General Court 
permission for them to dwell on the high land at Nonantum, and furnished 
them with spades and mattocks, wherewith in a short time they erected a 
compact village of bark wigwams, each with several apartments, and sur- 
rounded with ditches and stone walls. They also constructed a commo- 
dious church, in which their visiting teachers might expound the mysteries 
of revealed religion. They had orchards and corn-fields, and were taught 
carpentry and other trades, the women learning to spin and braid baskets 
and make brooms. In the springtime and summer the Indian villagers 
sold berries and fish to their white neighbors, and thus accumulated some 
small funds. Here, for the first time, the aliorigines of North America 
were made regularly amenable to English civil laws, replacing their old 
barbaric code with a milder and more equitable system of government. 




At times Waban exhorted his people to follow tlie sweet teachings of 
Christianity; and another chief, wrapped in a robe of marten-skins, arose 
and said to Eliot: " My heart laughs for joy on seeing myself before thee; 
we have all of us heard the word which thou hast sent us. Come with us 
to the forests ; come to our homes by the great river ; there shall we plant 
the Tree of Life of which thou speakest, and our warriors shall rest 
beneath its leaves ; and thou shalt tell us of that land where there is no 
storm nor death, and where the sun is always bright." 

" In a grave silence, yet with earnest eye, 
It The ancient warrior of the waste stands by, 

Bending, in thoughtfulness, his proud gray head, 
n And leaning on his bow." 

The Indian villagers punished Sabbath-breaking and wife-beating and 

^ theft with a stringent hand. They were impatient at contention; and when 

* one of their number found an Englishman and his wife bickering, he left 

,1 the house, saying, "I will not abide here, for God does not dwell in this 

'HI house, but Hobomok (the Devil)." One of them killed a cow, and sold it 

(I to the grave and unwitting officials of Harvard College for a moose, but 

was admonished by his brethren in meeting, and compelled to confess his 

fault. This was the same comical fellow who arose in one of the meetings, 

and cried out, "Who made sack, Mr. Eliot, who made sack.'^" whereat he 

was strenuously reprimanded by his red neighbors. 

At some of the meetings, divers of the magnates of the colony presented 
themselves as helpers. Hither came Dunster, the President of Harvard 
College ; Shepard, the saintly pastor of Cambridge ; Allen, of Dedham ; 
Wilson, of Boston ; and other learned divines. Wampas and Totherswamp 
and Piambouhou and other Christian Indians, and their wives, met them, 
and sought anew their counsel and guidance, in all simplicity and sincerity. 
Waban broke out with the impassioned prayer: "Take away, Lord, my 
stony heart. Wash, Lord, my soul. Lord, lead me, when I die, to Heaven." 
When Wampas came to his death-bed, he said : " God doth give us three 
mercies in this world. First is health and strength ; second, food and 
clothes; third, sickness and death. And when we have had our share in 
tlie two first, why should we not be willing to take our part in the third? 
For myself, I am ready." And his last words were, " O Lord, give me 
Jesus Christ ! " 

Yet there were many problems to disturb them, and the English mission- 
aries were rounded up with such questions as these : — 

" If a man be almost a good man, and die, whither goes his soul ? " 

"When the soul goes to Heaven, what doth it say wlien it comes 
there ? " 

" Since we see not God with our eyes, if a man dream that he see God, 
doth his soul then see him? " 









••If a man should be enclosed in iron a foot thick, and thrown into fire, 
what would become of his soul ? Could the soul come forth, or not ? " 

"Why did not God .ijjive all men good hearts, that they might be good? 
And why did not God kill the Devil, that made all men so bad, God having 
all power ? '' 

The Lord's Prayer, as used in the IMassachusee language, reads thus: — 

Nooshun kesukgut giittianatainunach kooiveswonk. 

Peyaiimooiitch kukketassootainooork, kuttenaiilamook ne vi, iiach ohkeit 

WtimjiicctiitoiigasJi asckesiikokisli assamamncane ycjiyeti kesukok. 

Kah ahqiioanlanaii/inean niiin matcheseongash fieane matcheucJiukqueagig 

A/iqi/e sagko}npag2inaii)uieaii cu gutc/ihuaouganit, webc pohquoJnviissi- 

nean iiJutch matchitut j newutche kiitahtaurtn kclassecoonk, kak /neniihke- 

'' suoiik, kah so/isumooiik niickcnie. 


'' In later years, Piambouhou of Nonantum became ruling elder of the 

'' native church at Hassanamesit : and, when dying, he admonished his 

people to "make strong their praying to God."' Waban, in his old age, 

J warned the colonists of King Philip's coming forays, and was among the 

sorrowful bands of Indians confined on Deer Island. He died about the 
year 1680, his farewell to this strange world being in these words : " I give 
my soul to Thee, O my Redeemer, Jesus Christ. Pardon all my sins, and 
deliver me from Hell. Help me against death, and then I am willing to die. 
And when I die, O help me and relieve me ! " 

There was much strong opposition to Eliot's preaching, among the chiefs 
and powahs of the tribes, who, foreseeing the loss of their personal power, 

,ij made fearful threats against him. Ikit he told them : " I am about the 

work of the great God, and he is with me, so that I fear not all the sachems 
of tlie country. I will go on, and do you touch me, if you dare ! " The 
deep interest of this apostolic man in his red-skinned catechumens was 
partly due to the fact that he considered them to be descended from the 
ancient Hebrews ; and, in support of this theory, he published a learned 
and ingenious little book. 

The holy tasks of teaching and catechising went on at Nonantum for 
five years, until 1651, when the Indians here all moved to the new colony 
of Christian natives at Natick. The subsequent history of the praying 
Indians was one of declension and disaster. Their church was organized 
in 1660, and in 1670 had fifty communicants; but these had become reduced 
to ten in 1698, and eighteen years later the church was broken up. The 
tribe numbered several hundred in 1660, but sank away to 166 in 1749, 37 
in 1763, and 20 in 1797. In 1826 it was extinct. The influence and mem- 





ory of their first Christian leaders and converts having passed away, they 
became dissolute and idle, and sold their neglected lands to English comers, 
and so grew more and more dispirited, and faded slowly away, until they 
became extinct. 

Two great visible results sprang from Eliot's labors in this obscure tribe. 
The first was the erection of several large communities of Christian 
Indians, including 4,000 souls, whose firm and heroic alliance prevented the 
New-England settlements from being blotted out a few years later, when 
King Philip led his confederated nations of aborigines against the feeble 
colony, and was met on nearly every battle-field by the fearless Indian con- 
verts, standing side by side with the English train-bands. The second was 
the extensive preaching of the Gospel to the natives of Ceylon and Java, 
which wSs begun by the Dutch colonists in those remote regions as soon as 
they heard of Eliot's success here. As another result, Cromwell's Parlia- 
ment passed an act (in 1649) beginning: "Whereas the Commons of 
England, assembled in Parliament, have received certain intelligence from 
divers godly ministers and others in New England, that divers of the 
heathen natives, through the pious care of some godly English, who preach 
the Gospel unto them in their own Indian language, not only from barba- 
rous have become civil, but many of them forsake their accustomed charms 
and sorceries and other satanic delusions, do now call upon the name of 
the Lord, and give great testimony to the power of God." It has been 
stated that out of this movement sprang the Society for Promoting Chris- 
tian Knowledge and the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts, two vast and powerful associations, whose missionary and 
philanthropic enterprises have affected almost every nation. 

When art becomes a part of the life of New England, there may rise up 
an inspired painter, to make a noble historical picture of this scene, — the 
devoted men of God, in their quaint Puritan garb, the children of the forest 
gathered around them, scarred old veterans of the Tarratine and Mohawk 
wars, wizened crones in deer-skin robes, fair Minnehahas of the East, and 
undraped little red cherubs, lovelier than Titian's North-Italian babies or 
Murillo's children of Valencia ; on one side, the great spring of limpid 
water, hard by the clustered wigwams; on the other, the ancient forests of 
Nonantum Hill ; and, over all, the dreamy splendor of Indian summer in 
New England. 

As the author of " Nonantum and Natick " says : " Pilgrimages are made 
to spots far less interesting. Besides the great natural beauty of these 
highlands, from which may be seen river, woods, spires, roads, dwellings, 
colleges, gardens, and the distant capital, and the sea, the associations con- 
nected with the place lend it a peculiar charm. ... As long as the crooked 
Charles flows winding to the sea, and autumn suns shine down upon Nonan- 





turn, and wheresoever the Gospel is preached, shall not this, that this man 
Eliot hath done, be told for a memorial of him ? " 

" Somewhere, we know not when : 
'Twas after Eliot taught the red-faced men, — 
The Indian dwellers on Nonantum Hill, 
Round which the blessed memories linger still." 

We turn away from these memories of a vanished nation, to trace the 

footsteps of those who replaced them, and who have, in their turn, long 

since passed away into the land which to us is so silent. Farther out on 

the beautiful curving line of Waverley Avenue is the old Skinner Farm. 

•"' with its charming views of the western environs of Boston, Cambridge, the 

Bi Back-Bay churches, and Boston Light, over the long flanks of Corey Hill, 

• and the nearer wooded slope of Waban Hill. The estate was acquired in 

1845 by the well-known Francis Skinner, of Boston, and has recently been 
'«ii occupied by the handsome modern residences of Messrs. George S. 

ki Harwood, William H. Emery, Charles E. Johnson, Nathan P. Cutler, 

j| George A. Hull, George E. Hatch, and Otis Norcross Howland. 

I Back of this group of modern palaces stands the fine old white house of 

Frederick W. Sargent, with four white and black chimneys and a notable 
entrance-hall, lined with columns. This place was built in 1805, on an estate 

m of eighty acres bought from Obadiah Curtis, by his grandson, Dr. Samuel 

" Clarke, the father of James Freeman Clarke and step-son of Dr. James Free- 

ze man. After some years of absence, Dr. Clarke returned to Newton in 181 r, 

,| and practised medicine here, living in the old Obadiah-Curtis house, and rid- 

ing his professional rounds through Watertown and Brighton and Brookline. 
At a later date, Mr. Curtis repurchased the place, and gave it to his daugh- 
ter, Martha, the wife of Dr. Freeman and grandmother of James Freeman 
Clarke. The courtly old rector of King's Chapel made it his country-house 

•r for twenty-five years, entertaining many distinguished guests from all parts 

of the world. Dr. Freeman was a scholar of Priestley and Belsham, and 
an intimate friend of Hazlitt. It became a matter of course, then, that his 
adhesion to orthodoxy gave way ; and, when the Bishop refused to ordain 
him, he received induction from the wardens of King's Chapel, in 1787. 
There he remained for nearly forty vears, assisted, in the later decades, by 
Samuel Cary and F. W. P. Greenwood. Dr. Freeman prepared for the use 
of his people a liturgy based upon that of the Anglican Church. In 1826 
he gave up his city parish and retired to Newton, where he tranquilly 
awaited Death for nine years, and at last welcomed his coming. He was 
the first man who preached Unitarianism, under that name, in America. Of 
his own life here, the saintly Dr. Clarke said : " I consider myself fortunate 
in having been brought up in the country. Until I was ten years old, I 
lived in Newton, having been adopted by my grandfather, James Freeman. 






My father and mother, my sister, and four brothers lived near by, in the 
same town; and my grandfather Hull also lived in Newton, so that as a 
boy I had three homes in the place. My grandfather Freeman's house 
was on high ground, and from its windows the eye ranged east, over val- 
leys and hills, as far as the ocean ; and, with one sweep, we saw a part 
of Boston, all Charlestown, Cambridge, Watertown, on to the hills of 
Weston. As I lay in my bed at night, 1 could see Boston Light through 
a little gap in the Brighton woods. There were only farms and woods 
around us, and I grew up enjoying all country pleasures, — learning to ride, 
swim, skate, and rambling about the fields, exploring the region for ponds 
and brooks, where a few speckled trout were still to be found. 1 am grate- 

Kful that my mind was thus early fed on nature." 
Amid his theological and philanthropic labors, Dr. Freeman solaced his 
summer days with pleasant experiments in horticulture and fancy farming. 
'•i The first tomatoes in Massachusetts were raised here, in 1830, from seed 

*i that Dr. Freeman brought from Baltimore. The people did not understand 

ji how to eat them, and began very inauspiciously by frying them, wliile still 

j very green and hard. The good doctor objected earnestly to the usual 

,' custom of supplying farm-hands with rum, and induced his Jonathans and 

y Jehosaphats to forego their drams by paying them a dollar a month extra. 

J' In this vicinity, in a humi^le cottage on Waverley Avenue, Roger Sherman 

I] was born, in 1721. He learned his father's trade of cordwainer, besides 

'' many other things of greater moment, that enabled him to make a notable 

ii name for himself in his adopted state of Connecticut, where he became 

deacon, judge. Representative, signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
i.\ and Senator of the United States. We have it on the authority of Thomas 

♦i Jefferson that "he never said a foolish thing in his life." Among his 

descendants are Senator W^m. M. Evarts of New York and Senator George 
* F. Hoar of Massachusetts. 

Nearly opposite this group of costly modern houses (across Waverley 
Avenue) stands the ancient and deserted mansion of Colonel Joseph Ward, 
with its colonnaded portico, and long carriage-sheds in the rear. There is 
an extensive view from its ruinous piazzas, including the State House, 
Bunker-Hill Monument, and bits of the blue sea in the far east. Joseph 
Ward, the son of a Newton farmer, was born in 1737, and became a promi- 
nent educator in the old Bay Province. He opened an English Grammar 
School in Boston, next to the Treasury Office, where, according to thei! 
advertisement in the Boston Gazette, he taught " Reading, Writing, Arith- 
metic, English Grammar, Logic, Composition, Polite Letter Writing, on 
business, friendship, etc. Price, fifteen shillings per quarter.'' He enjoyed 
an intimacy with Adams, Otis, Hancock, and other patriots, and wrote 
many brilliant political papers for the Provincial journals. On the out- 





break of war, he became aide-de-camp (the first aide-de-camp ever ap- 
pointed in an American army), and secretary to General Artemas Ward, 
and served at Bunker Hill. In 1777 the Continental Congress appointed 
him Commissary-General of Musters ; and a year later the British incar- 
cerated him in one of their strongholds, where he wrote his celebrated 
poem, " The American Prisoner," closing with these lines : — 

" Each future sun sees Washington, 
In peace and triumph ride, — 
Each brilliant star shines from afar, 
Propitious o'er his head. 

" On Fame's bright wing fresh laurels spring, 
And round the hero shine ; 
While angels write with sunbeams bright, 
His deeds in verse divine ! " 

'•i When he left the service, in 1780, Washington wrote to him: "You have 

*< my thanks for your constant attention to the business of your department, 

III the manner of its execution, and your ready and pointed compliance with 

g all my orders, and, I cannot help adding, on this occasion, for the zeal you 

J have discovered, at all times and under all circumstances, to promote the 

J good of the service in general, and the great objects of our cause." 

Ji In later years Colonel Ward opened a land-office and brokerage business 

Jjj in Boston, with Nathaniel Prime as his clerk and a member of his family. In 

■JlJ 1792 he retired from business, and erected this spacious mansion, which he 

jjj named "Chestnut Hill," overlooking Boston and its environs; and here the 

j|; gray veteran hoped to enjoy the tranquil life of a countr}' gentleman, during 

i(j his declining years. But Destiny proved unkind to the weary sexagenary. 

Ill He lost his fortune within ten years by the dishonest legislation of Georgia 

and MississiiDpi, and by indorsements; and was compelled to sell his estate 
■f to Charles Coolidge, son of Joseph Coolidge, a wealthy Boston merchant, 

' and move to Boston. After Mr. Coolidge's death, in the year 1810, the 

estate was bought by Charles Brackett, to whose descendants it still 

A little way beyond the ancient Ward place, on the same side of 
Waverley Avenue, and at the corner of Cotton Street, extends the rich 
modern estate of Mrs. Mary T. Goddard. Next south, at the corner of 
Ward Street and Waverley Avenue, was the house of Thomas Harbach 
(who came to Newton in 1805) still standing, after 120 years, and ownedl 
by the Harbach family, who dwell in the next house to the eastward,] 
on the same side of Ward Street. The older house has high wainscots,} 
uncovered beams in the living rooms, and other delightful evidences 
of antiquity. It was built about the year 1760, by Captain John Clark, 
on the old lot of Captain John Prentice. Opposite the Harbach place 




once stood Captain Hammond's house, in which, as far back as the year 
1825, the sessions of the Newton Theological Institution were begun. 
Untii 1809 a public school-house stood near the Harbach house, on this 
fair rural demesne. One day a mischievous lad climbed up on the roof 
and lowered a fishing-line and hook down the chimney, and another wag- 
gish confederate managed to slip the hook into old Master Hovey's wig, 
which flew away up the chimney, to the vast amazement of the pedagogue. 
On the Harbach site dwelt for half a century, from 1663, the valiant old 
trooper, Captain Thomas Prentice, who had been one of Cromwell's iron 
jg soldiers against King Charles, and who, in later years, commanded a com- 

, ' pany of Massachusetts cavalry in the war against King Philip, and raided 

'tt| gallantly throughout the doomed Narragansett country. When Sudbury was 

**' assailed by the savages, and well-nigh overpowered, it was Prentice who 

^ galloped into the burning town with a band of his rough-riding troopers, 

*| and rescued the beleaguered garrison. But after the war was over the 

*; Indians turned to him as their best friend, and he kept one of the Nipmuck 

Hi sachems and a band of warriors at his house for a long time. The tribes 

^1 at Natick, Ponkapoag, Wamesic, and other places petitioned the General 

«, Court (in i69i)tomake him their ruler. Prentice and his dragoons com- 

», posed the escort sent to lead Sir Edmund Andros a prisoner into Boston, 

S| after that hot-headed cavalier had well-nigh escaped from Massachusetts. 

«: The old captain's courage was so great that he seemed to know no fear. 

«, One day a huge bear made a foray into his domain, during haying time, 

%\ and fiercely attacked one of the farm-hands. The trembling yokel kept his 

i(| assailant at bay with a pitchfork, until Prentice ran up with an axe, and 

^i despatched the shaggy intruder. Until the very last, the old trooper 

"'1 remained in the saddle, riding through the wild Newton glens; and at the 

u age of 89 this Prince Rupert of the colonies met his death by a fall from a 

jI horse; and the company of troopers followed his remains to the grave. 

i His son was a member of the company, with carbine and pistols and 

V cutlass; and his grandson. Captain Thomas Prentice, inherited the old 

estate, where he held slaves, and cherished the sword. It was on his grave 
that this quaint verse was written : — 

" He that's here interr'd needs no versifying, 
a vertuos life will keep ye name from dying, 
he'll live, though poets cease the'r scrib'ling rime, 
when y't this stone shall mouldred be by time." 

Back of the Harbach place is the old mansion of Obadiah Curtis, a 
valiant patriot of the Revolutionary era, and a member of the famous 
Boston Tea-Party. He was so detested by the Royalists that on the out- 
break of hostilities he feared to remain here, within a half-hour's gallop of 
the British liglit cavalry, and took refuge in Providence until tlie siege of 






Boston was over. He died in i8ii, and was buried in the old cemetery on 

Centre Street. 

In this same region of heroes dwelt Ebenezer Brown, a minute-man in 

the company commanded by President John Adams's brother; sergeant in 

Bailey's 2d Massachusetts Regiment; shot through the body by Bur- 

goyne's yagers; an ensign in Vose's ist Massachusetts; a veteran of 

Lafayette's Virginia campaigns ; and then for sixty years a citizen of this 

fair and breezy upland. 

Another of Newton's warriors was Nathaniel Seger, who fought at 
tH,, Bunker Hill; helped build Fort Montgomery on the Hudson; served 

,^ through the Canadian campaigns, the Saratoga battles, and the Rhode- 

P" Island campaign of 1778; and was led a captive by the Indians from Bethel, 

Maine, to Canada, in 1781, together with two other Newton-born pilgrims, 
'JJj' Lieutenant Jonathan Clark and Benjamin Clark. 

*!' Turning abruptly from this era of hauberks and morions and spontoons 

■*'! to the practical comforts of to-day, let us notice that one of the most inter- 

™l esting features of the Cochituate Aqueduct is the great tunnel on the 

% Harbach estate, east of Waverley Avenue, cut through 2,410 feet of in- 

*" tensely hard porphyritic rock. The work was furthered bv two shafts, 84 

{•" feet deep, sunk from the surface of the ground to tlie bottom of the tunnel. 

![■ Not far from the region which we have now reached in our ramble, the 

I," gray spires of Newton Centre may be seen on one side, and on the other 

"■ side rises the reservoir on high Waban Hill. All around stretch peaceful 

farm-lands, running along the fair plateau, and fringed with lines of ancient 











As one rambles westward from Newton, past the Jackson estate and the 
tall Church of Our Lady, in a mile or two he enters another quiet and 
cleanly village, known as Newtonville, which may be interpreted as the 

Genera! Hull's House, Walnut Street, Newtonville. Now the Newton Club. 

City of the Town that is New. And a few of the things that the friendly 
explorer may find here we shall set down, briefly, and in order. It is a 
place of about 2.500 inhabitants, covering the plain between the Cheese- 
cake Brook and Cold-Spring Brook, along the line of the rushing and 




thundering Albany Railroad. It has four comfortable little churches, a 
dozen or more of shops, and several score of pleasant and quiet homes, 
strewn fortuitously about in a region of trees and lawns and rural streets. 
It is generally l)elieved that a large amount of capital from this village is 
invested in Western mines, which may give a certain romantic glamour to 
the place, as including among its appanages Led-Horse Claims and Coyote 
Canons and Calamity Lodes far away among the dark Rockies. There was 
a time, too, when there was a First National Bank here ; but this financial 
institution came to grief, a score or more years ago, and sank away in the 
tUl, Lethe of insolvency. 

,^^ The ville is much younger than most of its sister-villages, as was shown 

g' by Dr. S. F. Smith, when he wrote his biography of Father Grafton, and 

spoke of "the villages of Newton Corner, Newton Centre, West Newton, 
and the Upper and Lower Falls, and the incipient settlements of Auburn- 
dale and Newtonville." Indeed, it was not until the year 1842 that John 
■" Bullough erected at the railway crossing a small building for the storage of 

*l' grain and meal, ground at his mill, up where old Ensign Spring founded 

•il: the colonial grist-mill ; and the infrequent passengers who wished to take 

*" the cars here were admonished to shake the little station-flag, as a signal 

Jj|' for the engineers to stop. The locality was then known as " Hull's Cross- 

*)' ingi" from its contiguity to the home of General William Hull, and the in- 

fljl tersection of the old county highway by the then new Worcester Railroad. 

S; The seclusion and quietness of the little hamlet attracted to it men of studi- 

ii'J ous tastes, who to some extent moulded its future destinies. Here dwelt 

"[' Joseph William Jenks, one of the editors of the " Comprehensive Commen- 

tary on the Bible," graduate of the Royal School of Languages at Paris, 
founder of the first agricultural paper in Ohio, life-membsr of the American 
;.|l: Oriental Society, etc. He was chaplain of the war-ship " Concord," under 

^'•■i Commodore Perry, before the foundation of the Naval Academy at Annap- 

\ olis; and taught the science of mathematics to many bright midshiiDmen, 

including three who afterwards became Rear-Admirals, — Alden, Almy, and 
Rogers. He was an extraordinary linguist, with a practical knowledge of 
thirty languages, so that he might have found himself more at home in 
Naples or Nijni-Novgorod than in this quiet Yankee glen. 

Another dweller here for some years was F. J. Campbell, some time con- 
spicuous in the Perkins Institution for the Blind, and later the founder and 
President of the Royal Normal College and Academy of Music for the 
Blind, at London. 

Another was Charles Barnard, famous and praiseworthy as the founder 
of the evening-schools of Boston, which he established at first in the War- 
ren-Street Chapel. 

With a few such citizens as these, and land held at a low rate, and easy 





transit to and from Boston, Xewtonville advanced heartily, in houses and 
population, and was strong enough to wage a hot war with its venerable 
neighbor, West Newton, for the possession of the Town Hall, and to secure 
the High School as a token of its local spirit. 

Close to the station, on the north, opens the quiet and eventless public 
square of the village, — an irregular open space, containing a small flag-staff 
and watering-trough, and surrounded by the emporiums of local commerce, 
— the markets and other shops, the apothecaries, the Post-office, and the 
hall of the Nonantum Cycling Club. It is all very neat, comfortable, and 

jg|' commonplace, but fortunately there is not much of it : and, beyond, the 

half-rural streets fare away in every direction over the plain. On one side 

K. of the plaza is the office of the real-estate agent, by whose aid people are 

inducted into " suburban residences " hereabouts : and opposite, amid the 

,m-,. wooden Gothic glories of Central Block, the undertaker has his rooms, and 


•» stands ready to conduct others to the portals of a city that is fairer than 

»« Xewtonville. On another side are the railway gates, which appear to be 

%■ forever shutting downward, or opening into the air, to the accompaniment 

^ of a rataplan by the warning gongs. Down the street to the eastward 

•ti stands the wooden building occupied by the Central Congregational Church, 

•t a late-comer into the ecclesiastical life of the village. It began in a series 

*t of local prayer-meetings, in the year 1867: and a year later took possession 

^ of the chapel, which the Methodist brethren had abandoned in favor of 

<t their finer temple of brick. The.pastors of this growing flock have been: 

* the Rev. Joseph B. Clark, from 1868 to 1872; the Rev. James R. Danforth, 

'Jl in 1873 and 1874; the Rev. E. Frank Howe, from 1876 to 1882; the Rev. 

P>ank W. Gunsaulus, 1883 to 1885; and the Rev. Pleasant Hunter, Jr., who 

was installed in 1886. More than once the church has had to be enlarged. 

,|t: to accommodate the rising tide of modern Puritans, fleeing from the mild 

•ti provincial babel of Boston to this serene rural vicinage. The church has 

, ''i more than soo members, with a still lararer number in the Sundav-school. 

'' Farther eastward on the same street, and close to the old haunts of the 

great Jackson family, gauntly rises the tall and lonely-looking Church of 

Our Lady Help of Christians, built in 1873-75, by a newly-formed society 

of Roman Catholic worshippers. The Rev. Michael Dolan is the priest 

in charge of this parish. To the west of the church stands the large brick 

house of the priests. In 1803 there was not a house on the south side of 

Washington Street, between Newton Corner and West Newton. At that 

time. Colonel William Trowbridge built the old house near the corner of 

Crafts Street, and thus began the development of the village. 

On Brooks Avenue was for a time the home of one of our most famous 
Irish- American poets, James Jeffrey Roche, for years the mirth-provoking 
secretary of the Papyrus Club. He is widely known by his inimitable 



poem, " The V-A-S-E," and other similar jenx d'esprits j and to more 
serious thinkers by his strong and ringing poems on Ireland, and about 
earnest religious themes. His muse found the surroundings of Newtonville 
too sensible for petsijlage, and too happy for tragic legend, or else these 
dull pages might have been lightened up with many a welcome flame of wit 
and wonder. The dwelling occupied by Mr. Brooks, on Brooks Avenue, 
dates from the year 1680, and used to be known as the Sturtevant house. 

The people of Newtonville are much given to society rituals, for here are 
the headquarters of Charles-Ward Post (No. 62) of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, meeting fortnightly; the Goddard Literary Union, meeting also 
fortnightly; the Every-Saturday Club, with 40 members; the Newton High- 

Swedenborgian Church, Highland Avenue, Newtonville. 

School Lyceum ; the Newton Philatelic Society ; the Newtonville Woman's 
Guild ; the Nonantum Cycling Club ; the Young Men's Literary and De- 
bating Society; the Dalhousie and Fraternity Lodges of Masons, chartered 
respectively in 1861 and 1875, ^^^d meeting in Masonic Hall; the Gethsem- 
ane Commandery of Knights Templar; the Union Masonic Relief Associa-" 
tion ; the Eliot Lodge of Knights of Honor, etc. 

The Charles-Ward Post 62, G. A. R., was organized July 21, 1868, with 
10 charter members and a total membership of "jo. The first meeting took 
place in Middlesex Hall, Newton; and Captain William B. Fowle became 
the first commander His successors were General J. Gushing Edmands 
and General A. B. Underwood, in 1869; Charles P. Clark and Captain 



W. W. Carruth, in 1870; Captain Geo. F. Brackett, in 1871 and 1872; 
Major F. D. Graves, in 1872; Lieutenant Hosea Hyde, in 1873 ^rid 1874; 
Wm. C. Emerson and D. A. Conant, in 1875 '^"d 1876; Tliomas Pickthall, 
in 1877 ; Captain W. W. Carruth, in 1878 ; Lieutenant H. W. Downs, from 
1879 to 1883; W. A. Wetherbee, from 1883 to 1886; W. H. Park, Jr., in 
1886; Austin T. Sylvester, in 1887 and 1888; and Rodney M. Lucas, in 
1888. The post numbers 129 men; and during its 20 years of existence 
it has disbursed in cliarities nearly $20,000. 

The new Linwood Park, between Walnut Street, Crafts Street, and Lin- 
wood Avenue, was founded by the contribution of $2,000 by citizens in the 
vicinity, with a handsome donation by W. J. Towne, and a subsidy of $1,000 
from the city. It will be one of the ornaments of Newton, when all its 
decorations are complete. 

The most conspicuous object in Newtonville, as one lands at the railway 
station, amid its pleasant gardens, is the tall church of the Methodists, 
making a brave show over the green lawns, with its hanest, round-arched 
architecture, and its massive brick tower and public clock. It was begun 
before the War, by a Baptist society, which events forced to abandon the 
work part-finished. In later days this comfortable structure belonged to 
the Newtonville Lyceum ; and then it passed into the possession of an 

lit, evanescent society of Unitarians. Meanwhile, the little Methodist class 

'i»i that had begun its devotional meetings in the panic year of 1857 had 

."^fc waxed strong and hopeful, and built for itself the chapel now occupied by 

i: the Central Congregational Church. This also was outgrov/n in a brief 

■]»! period; and in the year 1863 the society bought their present church, and 

Ml entered upon its prosperous possession. 

■ ^1 The pastors have been the Rev. G. W. Mansfield (1860-61), the Rev. 

Z. A. Mudge (1862), the Rev. Henry Baker (1863-64), the Rev. George 
lISl Prentice (1865-66), the Rev. Wm. M. Ayres (1867), the Rev. C. L. Eastman 

*jl (1868-69), the Rev. John D. King (1870). the Rev. J. S. Wheedon (1871), 

' ^y ■ the Rev. Frederick Woods (1872-74), the Rev. John Smith (1875), the Rev. 

Wm. L. Lockwood (1876), the Rev. L. R. Thayer (1877), the Rev. Elias 
Hodge (1878), the Rev. T. W. Bishop (1879-81), the Rev. Daniel Dorches- 
ter, Jr. (1882-83), and the Rev. Raymond F. Holway (1884-86). 

Opposite, at the corner of Walnut and Austin Streets, is the old General- 
Hull house, moved here in 1846 from the site of ex-Governor Claflin's resi- 
dence. For some years the house was occupied by the famous private school 
of Mrs. Weir. It then became the home of Mrs. John L. Roberts, a leader 
in the literary and social circles of the village ; and many a notaljle recep- 
tion and parlor lecture took ])lace within its hospitable walls. In 1886 the 
mansion was bought by the Newton Associates, who erected on this adja- 
cent land a brick block, for shops and offices. In the summer of 1887 the 



old house became the home of the Newton Club, then just organized, and 
now the swell social organization of the city, affording at its receptions the 
pleasant neutral ground where all ward rivalries and political dissensions 
are forgotten. 

Entering the club-house from a broad piazza, one finds himself in a large 
square hall, with its old-fashioned stairway. To the right is the spacious 
parlor. It is brilliantly hghted by a handsome chandelier, in the shape of 
candelabra of cut glass and gilt. Upon the walls are a number of fine 
engravings, etchings, and photographs. A Chickering upright grand piano, 
near which stands a handsome piano lamp, is a noticeable piece of furniture. 
Across the hallway is the library, with its fireplace, broad oak tables, and 
comfortable arm-chairs. Adjoining the library and opening into the hall is 
the dining-room. On the second floor is the secretary's office. Over the 
parlor is the billiard room, and a larger room for social purposes. There 
are several of these apartments, one of which is brightened by a bay- 
window, and is used for cards. One of the prettiest rooms is the pool-room. 
In addition there are bath-rooms, kitchens, and pantries. Ample accommo- 
dations for horses and vehicles are provided in stables in the rear. 

Just beyond the club-house on Walnut Street, between Highland Avenue 
and Austin Street, the magnificent residence of Austin R. Mitchell attracts 
universal attention. It is one of Samuel J. Brown's best architectural 
efforts, being a very interesting free treatment of old Colonial forms of 

Not far distant, on Highland Avenue, stands the meeting-house of the 
New-Church Society, which originated in a series of parlor-meetings, estab- 
lished about the year 1850, and after 1857 held in various halls, under the 
preaching of John Worcester. The little chapel now occupied received its 
dedication in 1869, when a society was formed, which has since doubled in 
membei'ship and has about seventy communicants. In 1886 a handsome 
stone building was erected, back of the chapel, for social and parochial 

John Worcester, the first minister of the New Church Society in New- 
ton, lives on Highland Avenue, not far from the church. On the same 
thoroughfare, are the homes of Stephen A. Schoff, the celebrated engraver 
and etcher, Henry H. Carter, the stationer. Dr. Edward A. Whiston, Ellis 
W. Redpath, Francis A. Dewson, and other well-known gentlemen. Here, 
too, is the charming cottage known as the " Heathcote," the home of Daniel 
C. Heath, the publisher, and his wife, Mary Knox Heath, the author of 
many standard school-books, such as " Mrs. Knox's Grammars," etc. 

On Otis Street is the pretty residence of Charles Curtis, the sewing-silk 
merchant. Farther up the hill, on Alpine Street, near Mt. Vernon Street, 
is the home of Francis A. Waterhouse, for a number of years principal of 



the Newton High School and now head master of the Boston English 
High School. 

Murray Street runs out from Newtonville through a short belt of pretty 

m.odern, across Highland Avenue, and past the cricket-ground and 

the old factory under the ridge. The steep slopes of West-Newton Hill 

crowd along the west ; and presently the street fades into a rough, winding, 

and picturesque country lane, running between rows of wild shrubbery, and 

ascending the j^ass between West-Newton Hill and the heights about Bul- 

lough's Pond, with pleasant rolling grass-lands, ancient orchards, and august 

iMi bits of tall forest, forming a charming park-like country. As it approaches 

its end, a line of bold and picturesque crags appears on the right, command- 

B^ ing from their summits a pretty view over the villages and hills to the 

southward. In the old days these bastions of Nature's masonry were 

^ called "Tom's Rocks," from some now forgotten legend of the redoubtable 

«S Tom Bullough, the predaceous Rob Roy Macgregor of Newton. 

Jj; The wooded plateau beyond is traversed by quiet forest-paths, amid 

^ whose solitudes one can ramble for hours, sometimes coming out on old 

^; and overgrown roads, now for a time usurped by sweet-fern and scrub-oak. 

lit It was this bit of delicious wilderness to which the name of " Sylvan 

kf Heights " was given, some years ago, when optimistic land-owners hoped to 

!t' renew here the beauties of Auburndale and Chestnut Hill. 

«» Alongside the spacious Claflin School, back on Walnut Street, diverges 

tk the little park, or boulevard, laid out by Dustin Lancey, in 1865, and extend- 

* ing almost to the clear waters of Cold-Spring Brook. This is the long- 

I drawn Washington Park, a green ellipse a sixth of a mile long and sixty 

\ feet wide, bordered on both sides by pretty houses, each in its little 

'** greenery of home domain. 

U The whole is watched over by a small but handsome stone church in 

jj Elizabethan Gothic architecture, appertaining to the Universalist denomi- 

': nation. The society dates from 187O; and has 60 members and a congrega- 

• tion of 200, the pastors having been the Rev. J. Coleman Adams (1872-80), 

the Rev. C. Ellwood Nash (1881-84), and the Rev. Rufus A. White. The 
church was dedicated in 1873, having cost $20,000. The society fell heir 
to the silver communion-service which had once belonged to the First Uni- 
versalist Church of Boston, and afterwards to the Newton and Watertown 
Universalist Society, organized in 1827 and dissolved about forty years 
later. In this historic service is a silver cup that was brought from Eng- 
land ])y tlie Rev. John Murray, the founder of Universalism in America. 
Tlie Hon. J. Wesley Kimball, for some years past the mayor of Newton, 
and who declined to be re-elected in 1S88, dwells on Washington Park. A 
little way from the end of Washington Park, about the corner of Harvard 
Street and Newtonville Avenue, is the great mansion, with its conservatory 





and gardens, of Fayette Shaw, of tlie famous leather-tanning firm of 
F. Shaw & Brothers. On Cabot Street, close to Walnut Street, is the home 
of the Hon. John W. Dickinson, the Secretary of the State Board of 

Less tlian half a mile from the railway station, on Walnut Street rises 

the Newton High School, a spacious and commodious structure, whose 

increasing wants were met by a noble enlargement in the year iS86. Here, 

also, are kept the valuable collections in natural history, made by S. R. 

Urbino, affording many objects of interest for the study of the pupils. 

Pleasant lawns extend around the buildings; and during school-hours the 

walls are lined with tall bicycles, on which the boys come to the scene of 

)Bt their studies. The High School was established in 1S59, after ten years of 

** arguments, pro and con, and immediately sprang into full and successful 

operation, so that it has had to be enlarged several times, and has graduated 

5J' lumdreds of students. Its collections of casts and other objects to assist 

^1 in art education are unexcelled in the State, and afford exceptional facilities 

#: for the arousing of interest in sculpture, architecture, and the kindred arts. 

gi The situation of the school, on the broad and quiet Walnut Street, close to 

H the park-like Claflin domain, is peculiarly advantageous ; and, every morn- 

^, ing of the educational year the lads and lasses of Newton are seen wending 

5' their way hither by scores, those from the remoter villages coming in barges 

Ij or by the railway trains. 

1^1 An interesting feature of the high-school curriculum is the military drill, 

% in which the lads are carefully instructed, being formed into a well- 

ijll disciplined, armed, and uniformed battalion. B. P. Shillaber says : — 

^ " The Newton High School has a wide reputation for excellence of quality as 

*• regards scholarship, and its classes are composed of the most wide-awake boys 

and girls that ever a community produced. They are awake for all expedients for 
.jjlji fun or profit outside the curriculum, and carry their school teaching beyond the 

«ii limit of school requirements, — extending to class-parties, concerts, dramatic exhibi- 

3| tions, a school paper, all of which tend to keep the school fire burning out of 

' 'I: school; and, lastly, the entire school has formed into a parliamentary society, which 

": will do great good and is worthy of imitation, for the discussion of great questions 

on local or general topics. A regular parliament is chosen from the entire school 
' (not recognizing the feminine right to speak, however), from the chancellor to the 

lowest secretary, before which the subjects are brought for argument, which is con- 
ducted, pro and con, with great vigor; and then it is submitted to the vote of the 
entire school for its judgment. If the ministry is sustained, it retains its position ; 
if the reverse is the fact, they resign the government and a new ministry is chosen, 
according to the P^nglish mode. The greatest interest is thus secured, and 'full 
benches ' is the order. The parliament incites to study guiding rules, ])rccedents, 
history, creates confidence and readiness to meet the requirements of keen debate, 
and affords practical instruction for the duties of active life. It is a capital educa- 
tor in its way." 

The school system of Newton has grown nobly, from tlie dav, in 1699, 
when the first little school-house, 16 x 14 feet in size, was built, and Jolm 




Staples became teacher, holding his scholastic sessions four days in each 
week, for a stipend of two shillings a day. The parents of that time were 
obliged to pay threepence a week for each child learning to read, and four- 
pence for each student of the higher mysteries of writing and ciphering. 
How vast has been the change, from those little huts to the great school 
houses of Newton to-day, in which upwards of 3,000 students are found in 
attendance ! In the World's Exposition at Vienna, Newton received a 
Diploma of Merit for its school system ; and equal honors were awarded it 
at the Paris Kxposition. 

Charles Curtis's Residence, Otis Street, Newtonviile. 

Just beyond the High School begins Brooklawn, the great estate of ex- 
Governor Claflin, with its broad sweeps of greensward and meadows, and 
groups of noble trees, and the mansion fairly sequestered from the road, 
beyond the limpid ponds of Cold-Spring Brook. In this princely home 
Harriet Beecher Stowe, John Greenleaf Whittier, James Freeman Clarke, 
President Hayes, Chief-Justice Chase, and other notables have been wel- 
come guests ; and the old-time chieftains of the Free-Soil party have held 
their deliberations, what time their cause seemed hopeless. Its present 
lord, William Claflin, was born in an old Milford farmhouse, away back in 
1818, and received his educatioa at the Milford Academy and in a year's 



study at Brown University. His convictions compelled him to advocate 

Abolitionism and abstinence, and he fought the fight so well in behalf of 

these reforms that Hopkinton kept him in the General Court from 1S48 to 

1852. Three years later, he moved to the Hull estate, in Newtonville, and 

was chosen to the State Senate, of which he became President in 1861. 

Then for three years he held the office of Lieutenant-Governor, in good 

time receiving his promotion to the governorship of Massachusetts, which 

he administered from 1869 to 1871. Five years later, he went into the 

Congress of the United States, where he served the interests of his people 

and his principles with noteworthy fidelity and efficiency. 

^ This Claflin estate should be called the " Farm of the Governors," since 

H*. no fewer than four of its owners have borne that title of dignity and 

K responsibility. The first recorded owner was Thomas Mayhew, an old 

Southampton merchant, who lived for some years at Watertown, and then 

'■li secured from the Earl of Stirling a grant of the Island of Martha's Vine- 

ki«| yard, of wliich he held the governorship for forty years. The prince- 


evangelist of the Massachusetts islands had no use for his farm up in the 
valley of the Charles, although it was a fair domain of five hundred acres, 
stretching from Brighton Hill nearly to West Newton; and so he sold it, in 
1638, for a trifling matter of six cows. The purchaser was Simon Brad- 


4 street, a scholar of old Emanuel College and sometime steward of the 

g' Countess of Warwick's estates, who afterwards held the governorship of 

.X, Massachusetts for ten years, before and after the despotic reign of Sir 

H' Edmund Andros. In 1646 he sold his Newton lands to Edward Jackson 

* for ^140; and, since the market value of a cow in those days was about £g, 

d, he made a neat profit of nearly 200 per cent. Subsequently this part of the 

^ estate passed into the possession of General William Hull, for many years 

Governor of Michigan Territory; and in 1854 (after Mrs. Hull's death) it 
lU' was acquired by William Claflin, whose services as Governor of the Com- 

Ti,! monwealth of Massachusetts are still fresh in memory. The scene savors 

'I more of Old England than of New England, in its perfect finish and repose, 

its park-like cultivation, and the evident antiquity of its civilization. In 
ancient times it was the home of the Fuller family, one of the most power- 
ful of the local clans, which was founded by John f\iller, one of the first 
emigrants from England, who acquired a great estate of a thousand acres, 
and lived near Cheesecake Brook. His son was Captain Joseph Fuller, who 
received as his wife's dowry, from her father, Edward Jackson, twenty acres 
of land, to which two hundred more were added by his father, making a 
broad and dignified domain, on which he erected his home, about the year 
1680. Captain Joseph Fuller held the command of the Newton Troop of 
Horse, and in 1735 gave to them a training-field, which was discontinued 
half a century later, and reverted to Judge Fuller. The old cavalry captain 

Washington Park, near Walnut Street, Newtonvllle, 



was quick with liis weapons of war; and until 1830 there hung in the 
mansion a pair of branching horns, whose original owner, a fine tall buck, 
was shot by him, from the doorway of his farmhouse. He had been the re- 
cipient of town-bounties for slaying wolves, in the adjacent Trosach-like for- 
ests ; and many a gallant deer thereabouts fell before the shot from his trusty 
flintlock. The estate descended from Captain Joseph to his son, Joseph, 
and his grandson, Abraham, one of the chief men of the county, and a de- 
scendant, also, of Abraham Jackson, whose father was the first settler of 
Newton. Judge Fuller was a man of great size, with a voice that was often 
heard from Newtonville to Angler's Corner, and even to Watertown. In 
^' his full-bottomed powdered wig and queue, and green homespun coat with 

ll*. broad gold buttons, and lace-bordered and luigely ruffled shirt, he presented 

'Wi a noble appearance in the eyes of his frugal neighbors, and won their easy 

suffrages for high offices in the community. It was he who changed the 
'•Ji name of the town from Newtown to Newtox, of his own motion ; and, 

V since he held the town-clerkship for many years, he was enabled to make 
the new title official. 

This ancient house was erected in 1776, as an addition to the farmhouse 
that was nearly a century old. General Hull built the front addition in 
1 814, having won the estate by the easy process of marrying Sarah, Judge 
I'\iller's daughter; and solaced his leisure hours by adding six rooms to the 
' mansion. 

J; The old house was removed in 1846 from its place on the present site of 

^ Governor Claflin's house to the vicinity of the railway station. It is now 

J- occupied by the Newton Club. 

,» It was on this estate that General Hull passed the sad declining years of 

■% his life, after he had been tried by court-martial for treason and cowardice, 

and sentenced to death on the latter charge. His offence had been the sur- 
l"' render of Detroit and its garrison to the British General Brock, while he 

2 held the positions of commander of the North-western army and Governor 

;f: of Michigan. Cut off by a British fleet on the lakes and hordes of hostile 

V Indians in the Ohio forests, with less than a thousand effective men in his 
\i. irarrison, and suffering under a fierce bombardment, he deemed it wisest to 

avert useless bloodshed, and save the infant settlements from tlie toma- 
hawk, by capitulating to the united Anglo-Indian-Canadian forces, released 
to be concentrated upon him by (zcneral Dearborn's armistice on the East- 
ern frontiers. The colossal disaster in the North-west enraged the whole 
country, and the Government made General Hull its scapegoat. The sol- 
dier who had led tlie charge at Stony Point, and fought in the foremost files 
at Monmouth and White Plains, was adjudged worthy of death for coward- 
ice by a tribunal of politico-military officers, and retired in disgrace to his 
rural home, to await the executioner. Here he lived a sweet and tranquil 



Jife, full of simple hospitality and charity, with his table always ready for 
unbidden guests, a bevy of whom (of humble rank) were always present in 
the servants' hall. Among the gentry who often visited the old hero were 
Lucius Manlius Sargent, William Sullivan. David Henshaw, Nathaniel 
Greene, Gorham Parsons, and Marshall Spring. 

Hull's father died in 1775: and the young patriot declined his share of 
the paternal estate, saying: " I want only my sword and my uniform." With 
these knightly belongings, he journeyed to Washington's camp at Cam- 

bridge, and followed the fortunes of the great Virginian until the close of 
the war. He defeated the Hessian Yagers at White Plains : was promoted 
by Washington for heroism at the battle of Trenton; fought in St. Clair's 
Ticonderoga campaign, with Arnold at Fort Stanwix, with Gates at Sara- 
toga; beat up the British quarters at Morrisania; and relieved Lafayette in 
Virginia. The 4th United-States Infantry, the chief command surren- 
dered at Detroit, was enlisted in New England in 1808, and after its 
release from captivity in Canada the regiment went into barracks at 



Charlestown, in 181 2. In this beautiful spot, where the graceful elms over- 
shadow the fair lawn, and the streamlet ripples through the broad domain, 
passed the declining years of the old officer of the Revolution, the friend 
of Washington and Lafayette. Many a story he used to tell of his service 
with the old 8th Massachusetts Infantry, at White Plains, the retreat 
from Lake George, tlie relief of Fort Stanwix, the surrender of Burgoyne, 
the dreary camps at Valley Forge, the battle of Monmouth, the storming of 
Stony Point, the long march against Shays's army, the desperate scenes of 
the French Revolution, 
■k Mrs. Hull had Dr. Homer's portrait painted, in his dignified cap and bands ; 

and manifested her love to the church, in strange wise, by sending it a Genoa 
C, velvet pall, to be used at funerals. Her life had been full of picturesque 

incident, for she used to accompany her gallant husband on his campaigns, 
g^. and was in at the finish at Saratoga, where she helped to assuage the grief 

«S| of Lady Acland, the Baroness Riedesel, and other patrician attendants of 

5^ Burgoyne's shattered armiy. She had also given to her country a beloved 

^i son. Captain Hull, of the United-States Infantry, who was killed in one of 

ff" the battles in Upper Canada. 

^ Whatever the officials at Washington may have thought of the old Gen- 

eral, here he was the grand seigneur of the countryside ; and his easy hos- 
pitality found a worthy helper in the gracious manner of Madame Hull, and 
was often assisted by Dr. Homer, the pastor of the First Parish. Here too 
were the seven agreeable daughters of the family, and many were the merry- 
1 makings, when old Tillow, the General's devoted negro, fidddled away half 

H the night for the dances in the hall. There were two or three score slaves 

1 held in Newton, early in the last century, when the names of Phyllis, and 

*• Pompey, and Diml^o, and Dinah, and Quartus were familiar to the people 

U of the scattered farms. These negro slaves were probably introduced here 

ti , from Barbadoes, which then enjoyed a large trade with Massachusetts, 

1]: several of whose families (including one or two from Newton) had migrated 

V to that far-away West-Indian island. Besides a vessel which brought in 

fifty negro captives from Madagascar, in 1678, there were but half a dozen 
slave-ships that came to Boston. Chief-Justice Sewall, the Quakers, and 
other gentle and pious men fought against the traffic ; and the local Aboli- 
tionist movement began in 1766, and went forward gradually and steadily 
until 17S3, when the Supreme Court declared that no master had a right to 
beat or imprison his slaves. In 1788 the slave-trade was abolished by law, 
and the institution, which had here always been patriarchal in its character, 
rather than despotic, passed away forever. 

James F'reeman Clarke, by an unhappy accident, was not a native of New- 
ton, but of a New-Hampshire town where his parents (both of them Newton 
people) were temporarily sojourning. At the age of two months he was 



brought back to Newton, where he dwelt until his college-life began. He 
wrote : " There is scarcely an acre of the town I did not ramble over during 
my boyhood, or was not familiar with. My grandfather Freeman's place, 
and that of my grandfather Hull, always seemed to me the most charming 
homes in the world ; and I make an annual pilgrimage to Newton to refresh 
my memory of the familiar places. Here (I say) lived Mr. Bracket; here 
Mr. Ward, or Hyde, or Trowbridge, or Harbach ; this was ' Rural Cave ' ; 
here lived the good old minister, my uncle Homer; and here in Baptist 
Pond, we once set sail, my brothers and I, in a fragile bark made by our- 


Residence, W 

selves, to catch perch. This was the house of the Lorings, of the Tuckers, 
the Cabots ; and in ' Cold Spring' we caught our first trout." 

James Freeman Clarke's mother used to be a great admirer of the pas- 
toral scenery where the greatest New-England cemetery now is, and she 
called the locality, in the days of her girlhood, " Sweet Auburn." This 
pretty name, which Chief-Justice Bigelow says she first applied to the place, 
gained such sure foothold that when the cemetery was established, the 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society retained for it Miss Hull's title, digni- 
fying it by changing the first word into " Mount." 

Nearly opposite the Clafiin estate opens the ancient domain of the Trow- 



b2"idges. The last Englishman of that ilk dwelt at Taunton, in Somerset- 
shire, where he founded a still-existing charity for poor widows. His son 
was a Barbadoes merchant, whose son, Deacon James Trowbridge, moved 
to Newton in 1664; bought Deputy-Governor Danforth's estate; and be- 
came a magnate of the little plantation. His wife was Margaret, the daugh- 
ter of Major-General Humphrey Atherton, Captain of the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company in the year 1650. His son William was 
lieutenant, deacon, miller, and slaveholder; and his grandson, Edmund, 
became the foremost jurist of his generation in New England, Attorney- 
General and Chief-Justice under the Crown, and a confirmed Royalist. 
The State authorities offered him a safe-conduct, to go to England ; but he 
preferred to remain here, saying : " I am not afraid of my countrymen." 
He retired to Byfield, a little hamlet of Essex North, where he taught the 
elements of law to Theophilus Parsons, afterwards one of our most emi- 
nent jurists. • 

On Trowbridge Avenue, near Walnut Street, is the home of Henry C. 
Hayden, whose volume of sweet and pathetic domestic poems was pub- 
%' lished in 1887. 

A little way beyond the Claflin estate. Walnut Street enters the beautiful 
region around Bullough's Pond, and so passes on, by the great Newton 
Cemetery, to Newton Centre. Bullough's Pond is near the geographical 
centre of Newton, rather less than a mile from the Newtonville station, or 
from Newton Highlands, or Newton Centre, being somewhat nearer the 
% first named, by the lovely avenue of Walnut Street. It is a deep basin of 

-,., pure spring-water, nearly half a mile long; and Walnut Street divides it 

into two parts. The glen is surrounded by hills of singular beauty, covered 
with tall forests, and rising gracefully on either side, so that, as the poet 
fl • historian of Newton says, it resembles "a sapphire gem set round with 

'^ emeralds." A few years ago, an attempt was made to convert these lovely 

J'l glens and dales and highlands into a public park, for the enjoyment of the 

"* city; but the great attendant cost militated against the scheme, and it was 

allowed to fall into abeyance. This Central Park was to have included 174 
' acres of land, then valued at $87,000; and in the hot debates which pre- 

ceded the adverse settlement of the question (in 1883), Messrs. Farlow and 
Pulsifer championed the cause of the park, while Farquhar, Bacon, and 
other tribunes of the people vigorously opposed it. Since that time, much 
of the land has been acquired by George W. Morse and Austin R. Mitchell, 
who have opened magnificent avenues across it, and have even schemed to 
render it more accessible by building a horse-railroad from Newtonville 
square to Newton Highlands. On the high ridge west of and overlooking 
the pond a line of handsome houses was erected, in 1887. An attempt has 
been made to chansje the ancient name of Bullouijh's Pond to ' Pearl Lake." 



$ > 



The pond commemorates John Bullough, an old-time miller, whose estate 
extended along the west side. 

Early in the. present century, the wild places of the woods in this locality 
were the haunt of another Bullough, the terror of the town, a desperado 
and ne'er-do-well, who stole General Hull's horses, and spent much of his 
time in the State Prison. It was the son of this hapless village convict 
who redeemed the clouded fortunes of the family by becoming an honest 
miller, in the old mill on Walnut Street. Tom Bullough, the bandit, was a 
merry, and waggish fellow, withal, and one of the first of the Socialists, aver- 
ring that he never stole things, but merely converted the superfluity of rich 
■*' men's goods to the use of the poor, of whom he was chief. One day he 

|Mt made a foray on one of the neighboring farms, and began to measure off 

Kb" with his cane a piece of new homespun cloth, then drying on the grass. 

Tlie housewife demanded to know his purpose; and he rejoined: "I'm 
'•il- measuring off enough for two shirts." To which she made answer: "Tom 

k^ Bullough, if you take anv of that, you will answer for it at the Judgment 

m. Day." And lightly tossing all of it on his shoulder, he replied : " Well, then 

J; I'll take the whole piece," and so retired to his den among the rocks by the 

j' pond. Dreadful stories were told of this outcast and the "lewd fellows of 

" the baser sort '' whom he used to gather around him here ; and the Puritan 

*.'• mothers of the adjacent valleys used to frighten their refractory children 

J' with the grim name of Tom Bullougli. 

.;j": At the outlet of the pond. Ensign John Spring erected his mill, before 

*. George Washington was born; and in 1737 the town's surveyors of high- 

*■ ways " Voted, to stake out the way that leads from Dedham road to Ensign 

d» Spring's mill, called Mill lane." This was the first grist-mill in Newton, 

«« and among its part-owners were the Parks, Williamses, Wards, and Trow- 

bridges. Before the dams were built, sea-fish ascended the little stream to 
the pond: and its name of Smelt Brook was derived from the schools of 
smelt that used to run up its limpid course. In the lowlands south of the 
%ii pond are deposits of bog-iron ore, which used to be sent in large quantities 

V to the forges at Easton, early in the present century. 

V On a dreamy day of Indian summer, one can hardly choose a lovelier 
rambling-ground than these voiceless solitudes about BuUough's Pond, amid 
the scarlet glories of the barberries and sumachs, the vivid gold of the 
witch hazel, the pyrola's pale green, the wild cherry's orange and crimson, 
the oak's sprays of fiery glow, the deep-green of the bittersweet, the sombre 
shadows of the evergreens. The metallic blue of the lakelet is overhung 
with a glamour of haze ; troops of fearless squirrels scamper over the falling 
leaves ; and the sound of the woodsmen's axes comes far, faint, and dull on 
tlie sweet and languid air. In the old days game aliounded in these forests, 
then much more extensive, and in fact hardly broken by the infrequent 




clearings of the settlers. Bears were shot from the door-yards of the farms ; 
and the town treasury paid out many a pound sterling for wolf-scalps. In 
1717 and in 1741 the town appointed Deer Reeves, to prevent the wanton 
extermination of its deer. Bounties were paid by the selectmen for the 
killing of blackbirds, woodpeckers, and jay-birds ; and a goodly fine was 
imposed upon all dogs '• that shall be taken damage feasant." 

On Walnut Street, at the corner nearest the dam, is the pretty cottage 
home of Samuel J. Brown, the well-known architect, whose many specimens 
of exquisite domestic architecture are to be found in the numerous suburbs 
of Boston. 

Farther out on Walnut Street is the beautiful Gothic gateway of the 
Newton Cemetery, surmounted by the emblem of our salvation, and half- 
hidden under masses of climbing vines. Et in Arcadia Ego is inscribed 
on a pictured tomb in one of Poussin's loveliest landscapes ; and even so in 
this Arcadian town continually came the Reaper, Death, so that it became 
needful to find broader accommodations for his myriad victims. There was 
a broad tract of shady groves and graceful hills nearly in the centre of the 
great ellipse of villages ; and in the year 1855 this domain was secured by 
the Newton Cemetery Association, and set apart for a quiet and beautiful 
city of the dead. On a blue-skied day of June, two years later, the cemetery 
received its consecration. Frederic Dan Huntington (since Bishop of Cen- 
tral New York) delivered the address ; and the Rev. Dr. Samuel F. Smith, 
the Poet Laureate of Newton, contributed a hymn, beginning : — 

" Deep, 'mid these dim and silent shades, 
The slumbering dead shall lie, 
Tranquil, as evening fades 
Along the western sky. 

" The whispering winds shall linger here. 
To lull their deep repose ; 
Like music on the dewy air, 
Like nightfall on the rose." 

During the first twenty-three years, the cost of the cemetery was $90,000 ; 
and 3,102 interments took place in that period. Nearly 100 acres are conse- 
crated to the repose of the departed bodies, amid the fairest scenes of 
nature. The Bigelow Mortuary Chapel stands well within the grounds. It 
was presented to the cemetery by John S. Farlow, and is a pure (iothic 
building, of heavy stone masonry, with high terra-cotta dado, and open tim- 
ber roof. Back of the pulpit are fine tablets of Tennessee marble, the cen- 
tral one bearing this inscription : — 

"To commemorate the virtues and unselfish labors of Dr. Henry F. Bigelow, 
who died at Newton, Mass., January 21, 1S66, this chapel was erected by one who 
esteemed him, and who cherished his memory as that of a kind friend, a true 
Christian and public benefactor." 



In front of the pulpit is a raised bier, which can be lowered by machinery 
to the room Ijelow, whence its sad burden may be taken to the grave. One 
entire side of the chapel opens by three Gothic arches into the great con- 
servatory, which is 35 x 54 feet in area, with rockeries and fountains and a 
surrounding walk lined with tropical plants. 

One of the lots in the cemetery pertains to the American Baptist Mis- 
sionary Union, whose veteran heroes, returning to tlie home-land after long 
conriict for Christ in heathenesse, are buried here, when called to their 
final joy. The first occupant of this sacred ground was the Rev. Benjamin 
C. Thomas, who died in 1S69, after twenty years of consecrated lalx)rs in 

■5" Burmah. 

1^1 Among those who rest in the cemetery are Dr. Henry F. Bigelow, who 

SSiIi was for fifteen years Chairman of the School Committee, and had a promi- 

nent part in laying out and adorning the Cemetery; the Rev. Joseph Smith, 

'S«|i some time pastor of the Channing Church ; Dr. Hitchcock, Dean of tlie 

1^. Harvard Dental School ; and the Rev. E. Frank Howe, long time pastor of 

^' the Central Church at Newtonville. 

2,'; Near the chapel rises the monument* to the men from this town who 

^' gave their lives for America during the great civil conflict. The dedicatory 

oration was by the Rev. Dr. Hackett, of the Newton Theological Institu- 
tion. The monument is a shaft of Ouincy granite, 28 feet high, bearing the 

• . inscription : In Memoriam Perpetuam. Pro Patria Mortui Sunt ; 

»» and near it is an entablature containing the names of 59 Newton soldiers 

who gave up their lives in the sacred cause of the Union of States. Of the 

» 106,330 men sent by Massachusetts into the National army, Newton con- 

*•• tributed more than her share; and of the 12.534 who died in the service. 

,, her loss was not the least. It was wisely resolved that the monument to 

the dead heroes of Newton should be erected by the free subscriptions of 

\^^' the people ; and to that end 1.200 citizens of the town gave one dollar each, 

ft' and 1,100 school-children gave a dime each. The Newton Soldiers' Monu- 

' %||| ment was the first one erected in New England, and received its dedication 

\y on the 23d of July, 1864, on that sad day when the armies were at truce l)e- 

^". fore Atlanta, burying their dead on the field of honor. And in Dr. Smith's 

requiem hymn occurred these prophetic lines : — 

" Round this fair shaft let summer leave 
Its fragrant airs, at morn and even, 
And golden clouds in sunlight weave 
Pathways of glory into heaven. 

" Again the flag of Peace shall float 
O'er all the land, front sea to sea ; 
O'er all the latid shall swell the note 
0/ Freedoni's fl.nal Jubilee V 

* See illustration on page 27. 



Before this perpetual memorial of the patriotism of her children, let us 
pause, and glance at the military history of Newton in the Secession War. 
On the 19th of April a town-meeting was called, to consult about raising 
funds for the families of volunteers, and for the purchase of warlike equip- 
ments. $20,000 was appropriated for the latter of these purposes, and the 
faith of the town was pledged for the families, and this resolve also passed: 
"And if any should perish in said service, the town will tenderly care for 
their remains, and furnish them with a suitable burial." A year later, 
$50,000 more was appropriated; and in 1864 the town set apart $58,000. 
The quota assigned to Newton during the war was 1.067 men, and she actu- 

Newton Cemetery Gateway, Walnut Street, Newtonville. 

ally furnished 1,129 soldiers, besides 41 sailors in the navy, many volunteers 
in other States, and officers and soldiers who went out for short enlistments. 
323 men enlisted for three years. The Newton contingent included two 
Generals (Underwood and Edmands) and 36 other commissioned officers. 
They were in 30 Massachusetts regiments, and fought on 75 fields of battle. 
There were more than a score of Newton men in the ist Massachusetts 
Infantry, one of the best three-years regiments of the Army of the Potomac, 
whose firm-fronted files traversed the hostile plains of Virginia, from Bull 
Run and Williamsburg to Chancellorsville and Spottsylvania, with a memo- 
rable side-trip to Gettysburg. Two-score more of Newton soldiers marched 
with the gallant i6th Massachusetts Infantry, in the Peninsula and North- 



ern Virginia and Pennsylvania campaigns, and seven of them died on 
the field. It was this regiment that General Hooker credited with saving the 
army, at the battle of Glendale. Another score were enrolled under the 
colors of the 24th Massachusetts Infantry, in the long and weary campaigns 
among the Carolinas, and the hunting of Lee about Petersburg. The yiA 
Massachusetts Infantry had 8 officers and 89 men from Newton, and lost 
26 of these. Wherever there were heroic deeds to do, at Malvern Hill, 
Manassas. Antietam, Fredericksburg. Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wil- 
derness, Petersburg, the old Fort-Warren Regiment was thrown to the 
burning front, and Company K, the Newton command, stood among the 
steadiest on the color-line. The regiment lost at Gettysburg 8r men, out 
of 229 taken into action; at Laurel Hill, 96, out of 260; at Dabney's Mills, 
74; and out of 2,286 men enlisted, it brought back but 1,087. When the 
32d was advancing in line of battle, under a scathing artillery-fire on the 9th 
of April, 1865, a flag of truce was seen approaching its iron ranks, bearing 
^, General Lee's request for a cessation of hostilities, which was followed 

within two days by tlie surrender of the Confederate army. This regiment, 
and its brigade, in solemn and impressive silence, received the arms of the 
heroic but overmastered Southern infantry, on the day of surrender. 

The 33d Massachusetts Infantry was commanded by a Newtonian, Gen- 
te' eral Adin B. Underwood, who received a hideous wound at the battle of 

*• Lookout Mountain. To one who condoled with him at the apparent 

>t^ approach of death, he said : " Chaplain, this is what I came for. I thought 

f ' it all over before I enlisted. I have expected and am prepared for such a 

*• result ; and, if the salvation of my country calls for the sacrifice of my life, 

^^' I am ready to render it." The 33d fought in the front of the battles at 

4« Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, and on Sherman's won- 

derful march through Georgia. The 44th Massachusetts Infantry had 5 
"'' officers (including Colonel Francis L. Lee) and 112 soldiers from Newton, 

jiii: including Company B and parts of other companies. Their campaigning 

•it was amid the lowlands of North Carolina, and among its episodes were the 

Ifcr . 

S», engagements of Whitehall and Kinston, and the heroic defence of Little 

Washington. The 45th, with 27 Newtonians, distinguished itself in the 

North-Carolina wars, suffering severe losses at Kinston and Whitcliall, and 

winning the admiration of the army. 

In the 1st Massachusetts Cavalry there were 27 Newton troopers, who 

gave a good account of themselves at Antietam and Gettysburg and the 

Wilderness, and up in Aldie, and wherever else that hard-riding command 

drew its flashing sabres. Another group of our townsmen served in the 2d 

Massachusetts Cavalry, under the gallant Lowell. Nine more served in the 

3d Massachusetts Cavalry, that flower of discii)linc and valor, wliosc 

marches exceeded 15,000 miles, and whose rolls bore the names of 30 








engagements. Nine more Newton cavaliers rode with tlie 4th Massachu- 
setts Cavalry, who were hammered into such stern and formidable veterans 
that they formed a worthy section of Sheridan's matchless corps, and stood 
full in the path of Lee's whole army until his checked retreat sank into sur- 
render. In the 5th Massachusetts Cavalry there were 81 horsemen from 
Newton, who campaigned on the Virginia lowlands until the end. Besides 
these there were clusters of Newton volunteers in the 31st, amid its perilous 
Louisiana and Alabama campaigns ; 17 in the 24th, marching and fighting 
in the Carolinas ; and smaller groups in many other regiments. There 
were 65 in the Veteran Reserve Corps, 40 in the regular army, 21 in the 
Massachusetts batteries, and 41 in the Navy. 

As Ordway said, in his poem on the dedication : — 

" The sons of Newton like their sires arise, 
And march, as did of old the minute-men. 
To find the nearest spot where danger lies. 

" And each true heart, and every noble soul, 
Like the brave heroes of an earlier day. 
Are ever first and foremost in the fray, 
^J, When duty calls the roll, 

^_ And honor leads the way." 

'i For the rest, one may ramble for hours through the cemetery, up and 

down its Rose Paths and Violet Paths and Valley Roads, and look with 

sympathy on the monuments, with their inscriptions of hope and faith, and 

*; rejoice in the beautiful Howers and shadowy trees and sunlit hill-tops. And 

*. we will remember that all these thousands who have lived and loved 

A9> and passed on, somewhere and somehow to enter the eternal peace of 

^ God. have but a little way preceded each one of us who remains here in the 








About a mile north of Newtonville is the prosperous manufacturing 
village of Nonantum, bounded on one side by the broad meadows along 
California Street, and on another by the mild Charles River. It straggles 
rather widely over the generous plain, and lacks the cohesion which a few 

North Evangelical (Nonantum Congregational) Church, Chapel Street, Newton. 

more years of peace and prosperity may give it, but the houses are neat 
and comfortable, and the evidences of modest plenty appear on all sides. 

The North Evangelical Church is a Congregationalist institution which 
owes its origin to a little Sunday-school, started in the Bemis railway sta- 
tion, in 1861. It received organization in 1S66, and the Rev. Samuel E. 
Lowry became its pastor, meeting oftentimes with fierce opposition from 

i^g x/NG's Handbook: of newtok. 

the foreign industrial population, but winning their love and respect at last, 
and achieving a world of good among them. The pretty stone church in 
which the society now worships was built in 1872, of Newton-Centre stone, 
at a cost of $18,000; and the membership includes d'] persons, with 225 in 
the Sunday-school. The pastor is the Rev. William A. Lamb. 

All the lands of Newton in this part belonged in the first times to Richard 
Park and John Fuller, whose farms covered, the one 600 acres, and the 
other 750 acres. The site of the Fuller farmhouse is still shown on the 
Ezra-Fuller farm, near the river; and the Park mansion stood on the Seth- 
Bemis place, until 1808, when it was pulled down. So in the seventeenth 
century and much later the region was known as " Fuller's Corner." The 
history of manufacturing at this point has some interesting phases, altliough 
it pertains to the Watertown side rather more than to this. It was about the 
year 1760 that David Bemis bought some 64 acres of riverside land here, 
and a few years later joined with Dr. Enos Sumner, on the Newton shore, 
and built a d"am across the stream. The Sumner interest was sold out to 
manufacturers, who in 1779 erected a paper-mill here; and this factory 
passed under the control of David Bemis in 1781. Ten years later, David's 
sons, Luke and Isaac, inherited it; and the former ran it from the day of 
Isaac's death (in 1794) until 1821, a part of the time associated with Caleb 
Eddy of Boston. The machinery, moulds, and workmen were imported 
from Europe ; and the value of this industry stood so high that, when the 
mills were burnt, the General Court made a special grant to insure their 
', rebuilding. The grist and snuff mill that David Bemis founded descended 

*^ to his sons Luke and Seth, the latter of whom became sole possessor in 

1796, and began the manufacture of chocolate, drugs, and dye woods, and 
(about 1803) of cotton warp, on which he made great profits. Five years 
J»f later, the mills were at work on sheeting, shirting, ticking, bagging, and sat- 

'^i-' inet, and turned out the first cotton duck ever made in America. The first 

J" ship that ever sailed under a snowy cloud of American duck was equipped 

f" from these mills. Here, also, they made woollen yarn, machinery, and fine 

•*i ground-glass. In 1821 Seth bought the property of his brother Luke, across 

the river, and with him and others formed the Bemis Manufacturing Com- 
pany, which until 1830 made satinet and cotton duck. Seth Bemis and 
Thomas Cordis then bought out the property, and ran it for seventeen 
years. Cordis leaving the concern after about half this period had passed. 
In 1847 Bemis sold the mills on the Newton side to William Freeman; and 
in i860, ten years after Seth Bemis's death, his son Seth sold the Water- 
town mills also to William Freeman & Co., from whom they passed into the 
hands of the J^Awa Manufacturing Company. The property liad been in 
the Bemis family for over a centiu'v. 

On Bridge Street, near California Street, is the home of the late Seth 



Bemis, who died late in 1887, at the age of seventy-five years, having been 
in his day a prominent man in the railroad and manufacturing affairs of 
Massachusetts. George Bemis, another member of the Bemis family, at 
North Village, v/as a learned and versatile jurist, long time Solicitor for the 
Worcester Railroad, associate in the trial of Professor Webster for the 
murder of Doctor Parkman, and a first authority on international law. He 
made large bequests to Harvard College and the Boston Athenaeum. 

At this point illuminating gas was first used, as early as the year 1812, 
when Seth Bemis erected a building for its manufacture, and for a year 
lighted his factory with it, until the leakage of the unsavory material from 
its thin tin pipes became so offensive that the experiment was given up. 
During this period, wondering visitors came from far and near, to see the 
springing of clear white light from an invisible spirit of air. As a local his- 
torian poetically remarks : " It is a fact worthy of record, that carburetted 
hydrogen for illuminating purposes gleamed out over the waters of the 
Charles and irradiated the intervales of Newton two years before it was in 
use in England." 

Near the y4^tna- Mills station is the only rolling dam in America, over 
wliich the water falls witli rhythmic precision. The only other dam of this 
kind in the world is at Warwick Castle, in England, and has cost fabulous 
sums of money. 

In olden times the hours for beginning work in the Bemis mills were 
indicated by long and hearty blasts on a prodigious tin horn, whose echoes 
floated up and down the valley like 

" The sound of that dread horn, 
On Fontarabian echoes borne, 
That to King Charles did come." 

In memory of this potent factor in the history of the glen, the northern 
village of Newton still bears, among the common people, the name of " Tin 

The first bridge was built here by the Bemises before 1795, and its 
Watertown end several times succumbed to the angry floods of the Charles. 

The long boulevard of California Street, which approaches the little glen 
of the bridge, was laid out in 181 6, and traverses a lovely region, rich in 
corn and enwalled with maples, with views across the great grassy espla- 
nade to the westward, and northward to the high hills of Waltham. The 
house at the corner of California and Nevada Streets was for a long time 
the home of Celia Thaxter, the poet. 

On one side of Nonantum is the pleasant rural road of Crafts Street, 
traversing a region of farms, and passing down to the edge of the Newton- 
ville Park. 


The chief natural feature of the village is Silver Lake, an attractive sheet 
of clear water, without any visible outlet. Its ice was in olden times 
much prized by the citizens. Near the shore, on Nevada Street, is the 
handsome mill of the Silver-Lake Company, devoted to making solid 
braided cordage and steam packing, and employing a large force of work- 
men. Near by are the mills of the Nonantum Worsted Company, and other 
prosperous factories. 

The population of Nonantum is not far from 3,000, mainly French Cana- 
dians. Irishmen, and Englishmen, engaged in the factories. The devotion 
of many of tliese hardworking fellows to "John Barleycorn" results in 
many shrewd devices to evade the local liquor-laws, and " the crathur " 
comes hither in innocent-looking flour-barrels and express-packages and is 
slyly peddled out in the purlieus of Bottle Alley and other streets, to the 
great obfuscation of the workmen. In good time, however, this nefarious 
traffic will yield to better influences, and Nonantum may become in every 
way a model manufacturing village, rejoicing on its fair sunlit plains. 

MfSt l^finton. 




West Newton is a bright village of 3,200 inhabitants, lying along the old 
Worcester turnpike and the Albany Railroad, where the Cheesecake Brook, 
escaping from the hills, wanders out over the plain towards the Charles 
River. It is a place of homes, free of manufactures, and abounding in 
quiet streets, where peace and con- 
tentment dwell undisturbed. On the 
south, beyond the quadruple steel 
bands of the railway and the park- 
encircled station, it has thrown a 
storming column of modern villas 
up the steep heights, and crowned 
their crests with far-viewing estates ; 
and on the east and west it merges 
amicably into the environs of New- 
tonville and Auburndale. 

Land at West Newton is from 5 
to 75 cents a square foot ; and house- 
rents range from $5 to $100 a month. 
There are 30 direct trains to Boston 
daily, and 20 indirect trains, by the 
Circuit Railroad. The fare, by pack- 
age-tickets, is 93 cents. With such 
reasonable facilities for settlement 
and transportation, the future growth 
of the village must be rapid and sat- 
isfactory. There are ample church 
and school accommodations, the best 
of streets and roads, an abundance 

of good society, and an unusual dearth of illiteracy and other objectionable 
features. And in this matter-of-fact Arcadia, as in all the other villages 
of Newton, no liquor-saloon is allowed to spread its lures. 

The little stream which traverses the village rises near the ancient hilly 
domain of Deacon Staples, and winds away into the Charles, not far from 

The old Second Congregational 
West Newton. 



Watertown. In the good old days of the Colony it received the name of 
Cheesecake Brook, because a party of hunters rested at noonday on its 
sylvan shore, and regaled themselves on cakes and cheese. Along this 
placid little stream stretched the famous old Fuller Farm, acquired in 1658 
by John Fuller, maltster and selectman, in whose will appeared the curious 
provision that none of his land should be sold to strangers until it had first 
been offered to the nearest kinsmen. His estate included a thousand acres, 
and was bounded on the north and west by the Charles River. It is on 
record that twenty-two of his descendants in Newton entered the army of the 
1^*,^ Revolution. 

The Cheesecake Brook, curbed and confined within neatly-built stone 

^u walls, may properly be called the classic stream of the village. At a face- 

'' tious entertainment at the City Hall some years since, the project was 

.■«,,, unfolded of deepening and widening this rivulet down to deep tide-water, 

•lit, thus to make the village a port of entry, with a Custom House and other 

i» appropriate accompaniments. 

\, Ten rods north of Cheesecake Brook, and thirty rods north-east of the 

^, West-Parish meeting-house, stood tlie old home of Major Samuel Shepard, 

»». built about the year 1650. It passed into the possession of Deacon William 

Park, of Roxbury, who gave it to his son-in-law, Isaac Williams, an honest 
■«■. weaver, whom his admirinsf fellow-townsmen honored with the offices of 

*.! Deacon and Captain, Selectman and Representative, and at the end (in 

'*iii 1707) saw him off on the road to Paradise with a military funeral, at which 

' the Company of Foot paraded under arms. One of his sons was the Rev. 

• ' Solomon Williams of Hatfield, whose son William Williams became one of 

" ■ the signers of the Declaration of Independence. Another son was Eph- 

raim, whose son, Ephraim, born on this estate, was educated by his maternal 
ftf, grandfather, Abraham Jackson, and made many voyages to foreign lands, 

««!i,. where, amid the polite society of Spain, Holland, and England, he accpiired 

, till, graceful manners and a valuable fund of general knowledge. At a later 

lin date, he commanded the Massachusetts forts among the hills of Berkshire* 

•J' for eight years. In 1755, while advancing through the woods near Lake 

George, with 1,000 colonial troops (of the 8th Massachusetts Infantry) and 
200 Mohawk Indians, he was defeated by the French army under the Baron 
Dieskan, and died on the field of battle. He had received a premonition of 
his coming death, and bequeathed his estate for the establishing of a col- 
legiate school in the then savage wilderness of northern Berkshire. On this 
foundation the school was commenced, in 1 790, and received incorporation 
as Williams College three years later. So that in a certain sense this 
famous Berkshire Athens, the birthplace of American foreign missions, is a 
child of West Newton, or, strictly speaking, a grandchild. 

To this region came Dr. Samuel Wheat, in 1713, and settled as the village 





physician, succeeded twenty years later by his son, Dr. Samuel Wheat, Jr. 
The neighborhood was entirely agricultural, a group of well-tilled farms 
along the plain, with a range of savage hills to the southward. As late as 
the year 1800 there were but eleven houses within a radius of a mile from 
the present City Hall. Some of the aged men and women who lived in 
West Newton, forty and fifty years ago, used to tell to their children and 

First Un 


grandchildren the story of the strange and motley procession they once saw 
passing through the streets, when the prisoners of Burgoyne's army were 
taken to Cambridge. Professor Creasy calls the battle of Saratoga, fought 
on the 17th of October, 1777, one of the " Fifteen Decisive Battles of the 
World." Not far from 6,000 men were thus made prisoners of war, and 
thrown out of service in the British army. It marked the turning-point in 



the Revolutionary struggle. For the description of the march through West 
Newton, we are indebted to Benjamin F. Houghton, one of the old grocers 
of West Newton, who received the story by direct tradition from the elders. 
These prisoners, with their military escort, came down on the Framingham 
road, over the Weston Bridge, a little way above the present village of 
Auburndale, and thence by the street now known as Woodland Avenue. 
At the point where Woodland Avenue joins Washington Street, near the 
Woodland-Park Hotel, Jonathan Dix, then a boy, watched the way-worn 
multitude with eager eyes, as presenting one of the strangest sights he had 
ever seen. Arrived at the centre of West Newton, the dolorous procession 
was halted, to give the officers in charge an opportunity to go into W^hite's 
tavern for a drink. The prisoners remained in the street, hungry and 
weary ; and some of them presently fell to lighting with each other. One 
of the villagers ran into the tavern, and asked the officers to come out and 
stop the riot. The cool reply was, that they did not care what the prisoners 
did to each other ; and the guardsmen finished their drinking at their lei- 
sure. Meantime the angry Britons, grenadiers and light infantry and dis- 
mounted artillerists, plying their swift shillelahs upon each other's heads, 
made such a Tipperary festival as West Newton has never seen since, and 
filled the air with resounding imprecations. It was a sad enough march, at 
best, as we may see from the account written by Mrs. Winthrop, an eye- 
witness : " The sight was truly astonishing. I never had the least idea that 
the creation produced such a sordid set of creatures in human figure, — ■ 
poor, dirty, emaciated men. Great numbers of women, who seemed to be 
the beasts of burden, having bushel baskets on their backs, by which they 
were bent double. The contents seemed to be pots and kettles, various 
sorts of furniture, children peeping through gridirons and other utensils. 
Some very young infants, who were born on the road ; the women bare- 
footed, clad in dirty rags." On the night of Nov. 7, 1777, this mournful 
army encamped at Weston ; and the next day, escorted by General John 
Glover, they marched across Newton to Cambridge. 

Between Nickerson's Block and B. F. Houghton's store stands the ancient 
building which in the year 1760 was one of the chief taverns on the Natick 
road (the present Washington Street), with long lines of horse-sheds to the 
westward, a famous well (where Elm Street now is), and a cosey old tap-room, 
in which the landlord. Ensign Phineas Bond, served out good cheer in deep 
pewter tankards. Here the American, British, and German officers slaked 
their thirst; here Lafayette took a brief rest, and visited the tap-room, in 
1825; and here the desperate highwayman, Mike Martin, was brought by 
his captors, after he had robbed Major Bray on the Medford road. In 1833, 
after the building of the brick hotel on Washington Street, the old tavern 
was bought by Seth Davis, and remodelled into a fashionable boarding- 

1 66 


house. Of late years, it has been a tenement. The tavern comprised the 
middle part of the present building, and was a hip-foofed structure, broad- 
side to the street, with the tap-room door where the bay-window now is. At 
the west end of this building, between it and Mr. Houghton's store, a gigan- 
tic elm may be seen, which was about ten or fifteen years old at the time 
the captive redcoats passed by. It was planted on this spot in 1767, though 
it had already received some years of growth probably before its trans- 
planting. The tree was placed there by John Barber, who had kept the 
tavern before Mr. White took it. At one time, there was a summer-arbor 
built anionii its boughs. 


Nickerson's Block, Washington and Cherry Streets, West Newton. 

Early in this century, West Newton was one of the chief centres for 
the mail-stages, thirty of which passed through the hamlet daily, sweeping 
u]). with great cracking of whips and shouting of drivers, before the doors 
of the village inn. On the site of Hunt's carpenter-shop, nearlv a hundred 
years ago, stood the grocery store of Sol Flagg, whose pewter tankards 
— gallon, half-gallon, quart, pint, and gill — may still be seen in Hougliton's 
store, after a good century of service. 

From 1830, for twenty years or more, repeated and powerful efforts were 
made to divide the town of Newton into two towns, bv a straight line run- 
ning from Brighton Hill, just south of the Eliot Church and Bullough's 
Pond, leaving the Centre and Upper Falls in Newton, and forming a new 


town of West Newton, to include Newton Corner, the Lower Falls, and 
the villages along the Worcester Railroad. The West-Parish people ob- 
jected strenuously to having the town-house at the Centre, and demanded 
that at least half the town-me-etings should be held at West Newton; and 
this was as strongly objected to by the burghers of Newton Centre. Many 
an angry debate ensued; polemic pamphlets were issued; legislative com- 
mittees came out to view the ground; and for a period longer than that of 
the Trojan war the citizens of the two sections made themselves unhappy 
over this singular contest. It cannot profit us greatly to follow the various 
steps of this intermunicipal war, or to recall how Thomas Edmands and 
one hundred and forty others of the Centre reported of their antagonists: 
'• In the soil of Newton they sow thorns — -We are laboring to cultivate the 
olive " ; or how the Lower Falls tried to be set off to Weston, and Nonan- 
tum to Waltham, and Oak Hill to Roxbury ; or how Newton Centre peti- 
tioned the Post-office Department to call it Neivtoft, and to officially desig- 
nate the "small village " two miles north as " Newton Corner"; or how, in 
despair, a part of the committee of the General Court, after being hauled 
about the town for three days, recommended that the town-house be put in 
the geographical centre, in the shaggy wilderness about Bullough's Pond. 
All these things seem as far past as the Wars of tlie Roses, or the siege 
of St. Jean d'Acre, and the hot combatants are sleeping in their quiet 

Nathaniel T. Allen, of the Classical School, thus traces the rise of the 
hamlet: "Previous to 1844 the village now known as West Newton was 
generally called ' Squash End,' and was inhabited by a sparse population, 
occupying some forty or fifty houses, mostly of ordinary size and archi- 
tecture. In the spring of 1844, an impetus was given to the growth of the 
village by the removal of the Normal School from Lexington to the Fuller 
Academy. This event at once attracted families from Boston and vicinity 
to take advantage of the educational facilities afforded by the Normal 
School for their daughters and its model department for their younger chil- 
dren. When, in April, 1848, the writer became a resident here, the village 
contained the following distinguished persons among its citizens: Horace 
Mann, Rev. Cyrus Pierce, William Parker, superintendent of the Boston 
& Worcester Railroad, afterwards of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, and 
at the time of his death president of the Panama Railroad ; Messrs. E. S. 
Cheseborough (Cheseborough afterwards distinguished himself by lifting 
up the city of Chicago to a level of several feet higher from the lake level) 
and William S. Whitwell, eminent engineers, engaged in introducing the 
Cochituate water into Boston; Marshall Conant; William B. Fowle, Sen. 
(founder Lancastrian School); Joseph W. Plimpton; Joseph S. Clark, 
D.D. ; Captain Charles T. Savage; and Lyman Gilbert, D.D. With their 


equally distinguished wives, witli such women as Elizabeth P. Peabody, Cath- 
erine Beecher, Harriet Davis, Madam Whitwell and her daughter Elizabeth, 
and others, they compose a notable company. Soon were added David Lee 
Child, with his noble wife, Lydia Maria Child; also Nathaniel Hawthorne 
and his family. It is easy to understand that such a galaxy would elevate 
the character of any community and attract the attention of other commu- 
nities. We think the village owes much of its high moral and intellectual 
character to the impetus it then received through the influence of the 
above-named men and women." 

In times of weariness Theodore Parker used to come to West Newton, 
and on one of the old farms in the neighborhood found congenial rest. In 
one of his letters he says: "Out here I have got comfort with the cattle; 
and the old horse knows me, and calls for hay ; and I talk with the dumb 
beast, who is not deaf. The great long-horned oxen are pets of mine. The 
j)ic\s one of my favorites also; and I speak to him every morning, noon, 
and night, and he answers me." From 1846 until his death in 1861, this 
little village was the home of the Rev. Dr. J. S. Clark, author of "A His- 
torical Sketch of the Congregational Churches in Massachusetts from 1620 
to 1858," and for eighteen years Secretary of the Massachusetts Home- 
Missionary Society. His house was at the corner of Chestnut Street and 
Hillside Street, and now (moved back and altered) is occupied by the Hon. 
Julius L. Clarke, formerly Massachusetts Commissioner of Insurance. 
^ Another longtime resident (on Otis Street) was the Rev. Charles F. 

ll' Barnard, the originator of free evening-schools in America. To him, more 

J:!. than to any other one man, Boston was indebted for its Public Ciarden. 

I* Henshaw Dana, the musical composer, whose long years of European study 

gave him wonderful mastery of the art of harmony, was a native of West 
Newton. A competent critic of Stuttgart wrote that " his songs are gems, 
^ but his compositions for the churcli are of special importance." 

iKi The West-Newtonians who aspire to the mild excitements of societies 

•« have formed the Newton Civil-Service-Reform Association, with 130 mem- 

■fcj; bers ; the Newton Assembly, No. 39, of the Royal Society of Good Fellows ; 

»v the West-Newton Village Improvement Society, with 200 members, " to 

promote the beautifying of the streets and public grounds of the village, 
and to stimulate the citizens to care for and beautify their private grounds"; 
the West-Newton Women's Educational Club, with fortnightly meetings ; 
the Newton Council, No. 859, of the American Legion of Honor ; the Gar- 
den-City Lodge, No. 1901, of the Knights of Honor; the Triton Council, 
No. 547, of the Royal Arcanum ; Branch No. 395 of the Order of the Iron 
Hall; Crescent Commandery, No. %(i, of the United Order of the Golden 
Cross ; Anglo-American Lodge, No. 75, of the Sons of St. George ; and St. 
Bernard Court, No. 44, of the Catholic Order of Foresters. 





At one time it was thought that the wealth and culture of West Newton 
demanded the establishment of a newspaper here; and (in 1878) the New- 
ton Transcript was founded by the younger Henry Lemon, who managed 
and edited it until the spring of 1885, when the subscription-list was sold to 
the proprietor of the Newton Graphic, and its publication suspended. 

The chief public institution is the West-Newton English and Classical 
School, whose history is worthy of a brief glance. When Judge Abraham 
Fuller died, in 1794, he left a bequest of ^300, "for the purpose of laying 
the foundations of an academy in Newton." Through delays in settling 
the estate, the years passed away until 1832 before the building was erected, 
and in the following two years the school was taught by Master Perkins. 
The town then decided to abandon it; and after a period of disuse Master 
Seth Davis established his school therein, and remained for two years. At 
a later day, when it became necessary to give up the leased building at 
Lexington in which the State Normal School for Girls was domiciled, 
Horace Mann rushed into the office of the Hon. Josiah Quincy, at Boston, 
saying: "A chance for the highest seat in the Kingdom of Heaven for only 
fifteen hundred dollars ! " The venerable Quincy rejoined : " That's cheap 
enough. How is it to be earned ? " And Mann briskly replied : " We've 
got to move from Lexington. There isn't room enough. And I've found a 
building — the Fuller Academy of Newton — that can be had for that sum." 
Remarking that Mr. Mann's deed to him of a seat in the Kingdom of 
Heaven was almost as good as an actual possession thereof, Quincy drew 
his clieck for the amount, and gave the building to Horace Mann for the 
interest of education in this Commonwealth. Here, then, was the first 
Normal-School building owned by an American State, and the first perma- 
nent Normal School for Girls in the world. Mr. Quincy made it a promise, 
that when the property ceased to be used by the State, it should revert to 
Horace Mann ; and when the Normal School was moved to Framingham, 
in 1853, the latter took the building, and sold it to Nathaniel T. Allen, who 
had been for some years at the head of the Model or Experimental School 
here. At the solicitation of Charles Sumner, Theodore Parker, Horace 
Mann, George B. Emerson, Samuel J. May, Rev. Dr. Thomas Hill, Dr. 
Samuel G. Howe, and other gentlemen, Mr. Allen and the venerable Cyrus 
Pierce opened in the old building a private school for boys and girls, as an 
academy and a training-school for college. The instruction is based on the 
principles of Froebel and Pestalozzi, and aims svmmetrically to develop the 
body, mindj heart, and will. Here the first kindergarten in Massachusetts 
was established, in 1864. 

The pupils of the West-Newton English and Classical School came from 
all parts of New England, from Texas and the Indian Territory, from the 
Far West and the Pacific States and the Spanish West Indies. Among the 





^ \ 






former students have been Professors John Trowbridge, John Rice, and 
\Vel:)ster Wells ; the Hons. Parker C. Chandler, John Davis, Robert R. 
Bishop, and Francis Tiffany; Dr. Frank S. Billings; William E. Haskell, 
of the Minneapolis Tribune; William H. Dall, the explorer of Alaska; 
Joseph T. Clarke, the explorer of Assos ; Joseph P. Davis, Chief-Engineer 
of Boston ; Helen Ayres and Alice Curtis, the artists ; and many prominent 
business-men of Boston and New York. Nearly a hundred of the students 
have come from foreign countries; 300 from States outside of Massachu- 
setts; and 900 from Massachusetts towns outside of Newton. 

On one occasion a lad from the South-west declined to study physical 
^■^ geography, because in that class there was a negro student. '• But," said 

El- Mr. Allen, "what would you do if you fell into the river, and a black man 

•f. saved you from drowning? " To which the boy answered : " As soon as I 

got ashore, I should knock him down."' 
■li| An adjunct of the West-Newton English and Classical School is a snug 

k^. little artificial pond, formed from the Cheesecake Brook, covering 5.000 

m, square feet, and surrounded by fences and bath-houses. It has a depth of 

-J,; from one to five feet, and is used as a swimming-school, where hundreds of 

j' persons have acquired this useful art. Certain hours are reserved for men 

and boys, and others for women ; and the villagers avail themselves of its 
te^J privileges by small annual payments. 

••' The old academy building still stands, at the corner of Washington and 

,*" Highland Streets ; and, after graduating nearly two thousand men and 

J' women, who have by its lessons met the world at an advantage, the busy 

*; hum of conning lessons may still be heard from its snug, old-fashioned 

i* rooms. 

<« , A little way to the westward of the Classical School was the home of Dr. 

Allston W. Whitney, one of the best brigade-surgeons in the Army of the 
aIT Potomac, who passed manv a dolorous month in Libby Prison. He it was 

|a who routed the fair members of the Culpepper Female Seminary out of 

•* their beds, late on the night after the battle of Cedar Mountain, in order 

^» that the mangled hundreds of his wounded soldiers might have their com- 

»o fortable nests. In 1881 Dr. Whitney joined his old comrades, where 

" On Fame's eternal camping-ground, 
Their silent tents are spread, 
And Glory guards, with solemn round, 
The bivouac of the dead." 

Not far from the school is the meeting-house of the Unitarian society, 
whose beginnings arose in 1844, in the hall of the village inn; and the 
organization was effected five years later, with the Rev. W. O. White as 
minister. He was son of Judge White, of Salem, and his wife was the 
daughter of Chester Harding, the artist. After him came the Rev. W. H. 



Knapp (1851-53), Rev. C. E. Hodges (1854), Rev. Washington Gilbert (1855- 
Sl), Rev. J. A. Allen (1857-59), Rev. W. H. Savary (1860-63), Rev. John C 
Zachos (1864-66), Rev. Francis Tiffany, and Rev. J. C. Jaynes. The meet- 
ing-house was erected in i860, and twenty years later received enlargement 
by the addition of the tower and church-parlor. The vivacious red roofs of 
the building now make a high relief for the soberer tints of the village 

All around the adjacent open place are the shops for the small commerce 
of the village, the ultra-CxOthic points of the Robinson Block, and the spa- 
cious Pierce School. At the intersection of Washington and Watertown 

William E. Sheldon's Residence, Highland and Hunter Streets, West Newton. 

Streets stands the brick building erected by Seth Davis for a hotel, in 1831, 
and for a long time run by landlord John Davis, as the West-Newton 

The City Hall* is a large and uninteresting wooden building, with an 
open tower and a flag-staff, at the corner of Washington and Cherry Streets. 
Here, after its long warfare with Newton Centre, and a final hot skirmish 
with Newtonville, the village succeeded in establishing the civic temple of 
the thirteen hamlets, and so constituted itself the capital of the town. The 
building looks perkily modern, in its fresh paint and Mansard architecture, 

* See illustration page 33. 



but for all that it has annals of note. A view of it is shown on page 33. 
After years of consecration to evangelical uses, it was vacated by the 
Second Parish in 1847; and in the following year began to be occupied by 
the Model School, where young women who had learned the theory of 
teaching in the neighboring Normal School could practise on the children 
of the village, during their last term. The lower story was the home of 
the West-Newton Athenaeum, where the assembled sages of the village 
exchanged views as to the questions of their day. In the long winter 
evenings, the local orators discussed the American Colonization Society, 
the Fugitive Slave Law, the Underground Railroad, the Higher Law, and 
similar topics ; and the fearless radicalism of their views gave color of 
reason to the outsiders, who entitled the debaters "the Incendiaries and 
Radicals of West Newton." Parker, Sumner, Pierpont, Whipple, Starr 
King, and other orators of Freedom addressed the little band of heroes. 
Sometimes Abolitionist speakers in Boston were walled around by a body- 
guard of West-Newton yeomen, among whom, in an emergency, might have 
been found divers stout bludgeons, cut from the freeborn forests of their 
native hills. By such loyal guardsmen Wendell Phillips was more than 
once escorted, through howling hostile mobs, from the place of speaking 
to his home on Essex Street. When the magic sound of traitorous cannon 
in the CaroHnas swelled this little forlorn hope of Freedom into over a 
million armed infantry, the prevailing question at the Athenaeum was 
settled. But their earnest questioning of the times, the creeds, and the 
political economies has not ceased. Now it is a flaming Socialist who 
addresses them on the doctrines of his people ; now an eloquent Irish 
orator, pleading for home-rule ; now a Demosthenean woman, demanding 
suffrage for her sisters ; now a Knight of Labor, setting forth the claims of 
the workingmen ; now an orotund advocate of what he is pleased to call 
temperance, meaning abstinence. And on all these momentous subjects, 
perhaps the seeds of the American Civil War of the twentieth century, the 
conscript fathers of the village have mucli to say. 

The City Hall has been enlarged and changed, since its adaptation to 
civic uses, and has heard many a sturdy debate on questions of local 
importance. The old men, rich in memories, may still remember mo- 
mentous arguments on topics now forever settled by the logic of 
events ; or hear Mason's fiery eloquence, in the dark days of the Secession 
War, when rising to his great peroration: "Millions of gold and rivers of 
blood will not compare with the influence of this question : for on its solu- 
tion hang the hopes of civil lilierty and civilization throughout the world 
for ages to come. Let it not be said that we of this generation have been 
unfaithful to the high and holy trust." 

On the Fourth of July, 1876, the municipality celebrated in its City Hall 

KIjVG'S handbook of NEWTON. 


the anniversary of American independence. After prayer by the Rev. 
Thomas S. Samson, and the singing of a hymn, Edward W. Cate read the 
Declaration of Independence, from the ancient town-book. Then "The 
Battle-Cry of Freedom" was sung; Mayor Alden Speare made an intro- 
ductory address ; the Hon. John C. Park delivered an oration ; J. L. Ord- 
way read an original poem, "One Hundred Years, 1776-1876"; and the 
school-children gave an historical drama. Afterwards the Doxology was 
sung, and the Rev. W. M. Lisle pronounced the benediction. 

Adjoining the City Hall stands the great meeting-house of the Second 
Congregational Church. The old auditorium has been pushed backward to 
the Cheesecake Brook, and has had a new front put on, in handsome 
quaint, unecclesiastical architecture, bearing a low-spired clock-tower, and 
decked in the olive tints that this age affects. The first movings of local 
pride in West Newton began to upheave the placid surface of its rural life 
in 1760, when the tavern-keeper and the tanner and a yeoman were made a 
committee to arrange for building a meeting-house. They hired a minister 
for the double duties of schoolmaster on the six secular days, and preacher 
on Sunday. After diligent effort, by the year 1764, they built a meeting- 
house 43 X 30 feet in area ; and, as a result of fourteen years of warfare, 
they succeeded in being set off from the First Church and made into a new 

The first pastor of the West Church was the Rev. William Greenough, a 
Yale graduate, who held the spiritual sway here for half a century, begin- 
ning almost with the foundation of the society, in 1781. The incorporation 
of the West-Parish society was resisted with determined energy by the 
older church to the eastward, and the running of the parish-line occasioned 
many bickerings. While the partisans of the two hostile Zions were mark- 
ing out their boundaries, they fell into a hot dispute in the midst of a field 
of winter-squashes, through which the division ran, and, as ill fortune would 
have it, the line was found to cross one particularly huge squash, leaving 
its better half in the East Parish. The people of the latter region applied 
to the other the presumably opprobrious name of " Bell-Hack," and the 
yeomen of the West thereupon dubbed the old parish " Squash-End," which 
two terms of wrath became geographical expressions for half a century, 
Up to within forty years the West Parish was commonly called Bell-Hack 
"by those who are willing to betray indubitable marks of vulgarity and low 
breeding " (as its historian caustically remarked). 

Mr. Greenough's old pastor, the Rev. Dr. John Lothrop, of the Cockerel 
Church in Boston, preached the installation sermon, before " a small house, 
and a little handful of people." His church gave the pulpit Bible to the 
new society ; Mr. Greenough's father. Deacon Thomas Greenough, of Bos- 
ton, presented it with " a christening basin, two flagons, and two dishes for 



the communion service " ; and tlie First Church in Newton sent them four 
pewter tankards and one pewter dish. With this frugal store of church 
plate the sacrament of the Lord's Supper was administered, perhaps as 
acceptably as at any Pontifical High Mass in great Milan Cathedral, or under 
the majestic arches of Cologne. It was naively admitted that the meeting- 
house looked " like a barn " ; and that the galleries, reserved for boys and 
girls and transient people, were " never very full " ; and that the fifty win- 
dows rattled furiously on windy days, and on sunshiny Sabbaths admitted 
floods of glaring light through their blindless openings. The first church- 
bell was one given by an English lady to the town of Concord, from which 
it was bought by this parish, in 1828. It bore these solemn words, in high 
relief: — 

" I to the church the living call, 
I to the grave do summon all." 

The Greenoughs were an interesting family of the old school, and many 
anecdotes are current of their singular and characteristic ways. Seeing 
some lads skylarking in the gallery of the church, Mr. Greenough put aside 
his sermon, and exclaimed : " Boys, behave in the house of God ! You not 
only disobey your j^arents, but greatly offend your Maker." One day he 
demanded of a neighbor why he used profane language, and, being an- 
swered : " Because it relieves my stomach," he replied : " Your stomach must 
• then be very foul." He refused to allow the word Sunday to be used in his 
family, saying : " I don't like to hear the word Sunday. Because the heathen 
worship the sun, they call it Sunday. Let us say Sabbath." It was indeed 
kept as a holy day, beginning at sundown on Saturday ; and even the par- 
sonage dishes had to go over unwashed until Monday. If the neighbors' 
children were seen in the road or the fields on that Dies Ires, their parents 
were reprimanded smartly. The ever-ready hospitalities of the manse were 
hedged about with quaint restrictions, now-forgotten courtesies, and obso- 
!■» lete observances. No salutation was held valid unless the uplifted hat 

•* descended as low as the elbow. The good dominie's alms were given plen- 

H teously, but in secret, and with injunctions of silence. When Mrs. Green- 

*■• ough was testifying as a witness in the great Badger will case, Daniel 

Webster tried to confuse her and break down her testimony, fearing the 
effect her stately presence might have on the jury. Failing in several 
attempts, he finally took a huge pinch of snuff, blew a long blast before his 
I>andanna handkerchief, and said : " Mrs. Greenough, was Mrs. Badger a neat 
woman ? " She answered : " I can't say as to that : she had one very dirty 
habit." Webster said : " What was that } " And the witness replied : " She 
TOOK. SNUFF ! " Amid a wild roar of laughter from court and people, the 
great expounder sat down, and had no more to say to the quick-wMtted lady. 
For over fifty years Mr. Greenough ruled his parish in the fear of thQ 






Lord, during which time he added 102 members to the church. His salary 
was ^80 a year and 15 cords of wood; and his diocese included also the 
North Village, Auburndale, the Lower Falls, and part of Newtonville, — 
about forty families in all. He was not only a Yale graduate, but enjoyed 
an ad eundein degree from Harvard (whatever that may be). \\\ his gown 
and bands he bore a strong physical resemblance to John Wesley ; and in 
his small-clothes, shoe and knee buckles (which he wore long after all New 
England had gone into prosaic trousers), he presented a quaint and venera- 
ble appearance, which led the small boys of Boston to follow him about the 
\\, streets in wonder. When the icy sea of Puritanism began to break up, 

1^^ . under the first heats of the nineteenth century, this venerable dominie held 

Jj[* his parish firm in the ranks of Orthodoxy, and turned its energies with 

strong effect into the new-born foreign missionary movement. The old 
Jji church, with its eagle's eyrie of a pulpit, and steep galleries, and square box= 

*'^'' pews, became a training-school of Christian heroes ; and three of the great- 

* est of our Congregationalist chieftains. Professors Park, and Shedd, and 

* ' Stowe, of Andover, avowed that their first impulses toward the ministry 
\' • came from Mr. Greenough's direct and earnest preaching. The old church 

received enlargement in 1812, 1831, and 1838, and was sold to the town in 
>^ 1848 for $1,600. Mr. Greenough's parsonage stood on Washington Street, 

5.'.* between the present Auburn and Greenough Streets, where the great elms 

^, that loving parishioners planted In its dooryard are its only memorials. 

M* Mr. Greenough's colleague from the year 1828, the Rev. Lyman Gilbert, 

»,•. succeeded him in 183 1, when the old pastor was called home to the Golden 

^% City; and ruled the parish until his dismissal, in 1856. The next two pas- 

' tors, Joseph Payson Drummond and George Barker Little, died after short 

terms of service, and were succeeded (in i860) by the Rev. Henry Johnson 
J** Patrick, the present incumbent. Several missionaries went out from this 

J* little rural church, which, of its own accord, also supported teachers among 

J™ ' the freedmen and the Indians. 

J* A little wav to the westward stands Nickerson's Block, a commodious brick 

** building, in whose chambers are the reading-rooms and library of the West- 

Newton Athenaeum, a vigorous local senate which dates from the year 1849, 
and preserves amid its treasures the collections of several older literary 
societies. There are about 4,000 volumes in the library, which circulates 
perhaps 1 5,000 volumes yearly, and has also a well-supplied reading-room 
and a reference library. The West-Parish Social Library came into exist- 
ence in 179S, and included Rollin, Plutarch, Goldsmith, Addison, Dodd- 
ridge, Edwards, Paley, Franklin, Watts, and such other sterling old 
authors, for the most part unfamiliar, save by tradition, to the vast majority 
of modern readers, in this age of epitomes and compilations. Towards the 
year 1840 these venerable tomes were transferred to the Athenaeum. Here, 




also, is preserved the quaint old library of the Adelphian Society, founded 
in 1830, and for many years kept in the entrance-room of Master Davis's 

Cherry Street runs northward from the City Hall, across the Cheesecake 
Brook (which is here as large as the world-renowned Ilissus, at Athens), 
and intersects Webster Street, whose western reaches are occupied by a 
group of Gothic cottages dating from the year 1847. At the corner of these 
two streets is the home and estate of Nathaniel T. Allen, of the Classical 
School, which has been the abiding-place of hundreds of pupils. Here 
dwelt for the last 25 years of his life the celebrated Phineas Allen, who 
prepared Thoreau for college, and spent 67 years in teaching, the last 25 
being at the West-Newton Classical and English School, conducted by his 
nephews. He had special charge of the Spanish students there. 

On Watertown Street, in an ancient brick house amid lawns and orchards 
and flowers, dwelt Seth Davis, whose hundredth birthday was celebrated 
with great enthusiasm on the 3d of September, 1887, by the City Govern- 
ment, and school-children, and his old pupils, with addresses by Mayor 
Kimball and ex-Governor Alexander H. Rice, and a poem by the Rev. 
Dr. Samuel F. Smith. He was a lovely, clear-minded old man, with scarce- 
wrinkled and smooth-shaven face, and a smile full of brightness and 
vivacity. Seth Davis was a descendant in the sixth generation from Dolor 
Davis of Kent, who came to Cambridge in 1634; and a son of a soldier of 
the Revolution. He was born in Ashby, Massachusetts, in 1787, the year 
of the adoption of the Constitution of the United States, and reached West 
Newton in 1802, with twenty-five cents in his pocket, and all his worldly 
goods tied up in a handkerchief. At that time there were but five houses 
in the village. His subsequent labors as teacher, lecturer, trial-justice, 
county commissioner, etc., are a large part of the life of the town. His 
school-days covered a period of only twenty months ; but good fortune 
threw in his way a copy of " Robinson Crusoe," whose perusal aroused in 
him a keen love of reading, out of which came notable results. In the 
century that he rounded out, he was never sick, and he attributed a great 
share of this immunity to abstinence from liquor and tobacco. In 1S88 he was 
called upward to his reward. On W^altham Street, away back in 181 2, Seth 
Davis established a famous private school, which was conducted with great 
Success for nearly forty years. Among its pupils were Warden Gideon 
Haynes, Professor D. B. Hagar, B. F. Houghton, Phineas Adams, Governor 
A. H. Rice, J. Willard Rice, Seth Bemis, and other afterwards famous men 
and women. The legend is still extant how Hamilton Rice and Hagar 
caught the master's pet cat in their rabbit-trap, and left the rueful Davis to 
wonder for twenty years what had become of his favorite mouser. When 
a pupil ran away, and was caught and brought back, he was anchored for 


some days with a ball and chain attached to his ankle. In order that he 
could watch his little flock, and still enjoy his favorite posture, with chair 
tilted back and feet on stove, Master Davis had a series of mirrors affixed 
to each of the walls of the school-room, whereby he became endowed with 
the vision of Argus. Governor Rice thus describes the room : " The 
school-house was peculiar in construction, and designed to promote good 
order and discipline, as it were, automatically, and thus to aid in dispensing 
with the labial tactics of Xantippe on the one hand, and with the birch- 
bark efficiency of Solomon on the other. The centre of the room was a 
*»^ clear space, and around the walls ran a series of stalls, each separated from 

another by a high partition, after the fashion seen in some eating-houses 
Kli. now: and in each stall was a short and narrow seat, so that its occupant 

t could see no fellow-pupil except on the opposite side of the room, or at 

,n,. least beyond speaking-distance, while each and every one was visible to the 

iki., master. I say that each one was visible to the master, though it is manifest 

■»' that, when seated in his chair in the centre, the master's back must be 

\ towards some of the stalls on one or more of the four sides of the room. 

ff| But while this fact is recognized as a physical necessitv, it seemed then to 

*. have no practical importance : for any mischievous vibration behind him, 

^ though as delicate as the step of a velvet-footed mouse, seemed to rever- 

" berate upon his sensitive and expectant tympanum as the summons to an 

instantaneous and whirling jump that brought him, chair and all. face to 
« ' face with the entrapped offender." When Lafayette passed through the 

f town in 1825, he paused to see this temple of learning, and shook hands 

• « with some of the students. The master gave monthlv scientific lectures to 
*,i his bo\-s, and for their instruction built the first orrery in the State. The 
^ ' old school-building now stands on Webster Street, and is the home of 
*^ George A. Field. 

<ti< In 1825 there were about thirty students in his school, including Isaac 

\% Sweetser of Charlestown. De Witt Clinton of New York, the Stedmans and 

i» Deans of Boston, and other likely lads, most of whom boarded with the 

tl master, and devoured great stores of hasty pudding and doughnuts, solacing 

• ' their free hours with base ball, squirrel-hunting, skating and coasting. The 

Davis School now stands on the site of the ancient academy. 

Thousands of trees were set out by Mr. Davis, beginning in the year 
181 1 ; and much of the sylvan beauty of the village is due to the now- 
venerable elms, oaks, maples, and evergreens which he planted in those 
early days. The huge maples before his house are from seed that he put 
into the ground over eighty years ago. 

Master Davis was one of \\\q patres Jtiagnauivii oi West Newton, whose 
cause he championed most vigorously in the long legislative and legal con- 1 
flicts of 1833-49. as against the aggressions of Newton Centre ; and pub- 



r" ^ 



lished a singular history of Newton, devoting four pages to the annals of 
the town, and all the rest (an' there be enow) to a pitiless excoriation of the 
oligarchs of the Centre. Subsequently, he became a leader in the tem- 
perance movement, in 1826; and in all other good works stood actively 
conspicuous. Dr. Smith thus characterized him, in his poem: — 

" Friend of our early youth and riper age, 
The cilizen, the patriot, and the sage, 
Blessed with an eye to see, a hand to do, 
A heart to throb, a soul, both large and true, 
Man of the present, treasury of the past, 
How has thy life been honored, to the last! 
Of old traditions, thou, a matchless store, 
A walking volume of historic lore ; 
Lover of nature in its varied moods, 
Its brooks and flowers, its fialds, and leafy woods. 
A thousand trees, set by thy loving care, 
Attest thy taste and toil which placed them there." 

The West-Parish burying-ground was set apart and given to the town in 
1781 by Colonel Nathan Fuller, a gallant old Continental soldier, who com- 
manded the rear-guard in the disastrous retreat of Sullivan's army from 
Canada, with signal valor and intelligence. It has been made over to the 
city by the Second Congregational Church, and now enjoys the same care 
that is given to the other Newton cemeteries. The first man to be buried 
here, the pioneer and vidette of all that came after, was John Barber, the 
jovial tavern-keeper of the West-Parish, who (in 1767) set out the great elm- 
tree in front of the meeting-house. It was then a little sapling, which he 
brought from the woods on his shoulder. His home formed a part of the 
Old Tavern House which is still standing. In the west cemetery are the 
graves of the Rev. William Greenough and his two wives, Abigail Badger 
and Lydia Haskins, and his three daughters ; also that of Deacon Joel 
Fuller, '• whose influence in private and public life was very marked " ; and 
Deacon Joseph Ward, father of Colonel Joseph Ward, of the Continental 
army. The names most frequent on the gravestones are those of Hough- 
ton, Jenison, Fuller, and Adams. 

The horse-cars will take you in a short time from the railway station to 
Waltham, through a region of small cottages and fields, assuaged only 
by the views of the great green hills across the Charles. Presently the line 
reaches the stately buildings of the American Watch Company, and so on 
into Waltham, and out again to the foot of Prosi^ect Hill. 

On one side Waltham Street runs out by several pleasant and spacious 
estates, in a rich rural landscape. One of the finest places here is that of 
George B. Wilbur, on Walnut Street, near Derby. Another of the very 
fine places is the large estate of George Cook, the president of the Hallet & 



Davis Piano Company. And still another, out in the Arcadian region 
toward Crafts Street, belongs to Vernon E, Carpenter. 

There is naturally a colony of negroes on the outskirts of the village, 
which was in the old days one of the chief stations of the underground rail- 
road, that vast beneficent conspiracy, which covered the Northern States 
with a network of places of refuge for escaped slaves. The colored popu- 
lation of West Newton supports the vigorous and enthusiastic Myrtle Bap- 
tist Church, organized in 1874, with the Rev. Edmund Kelley as pastor. 
For some years afterwards, the pulpit was occupied by students from the 
Newton Theological Institution, under whose ministrations the parish 
increased and grew strong. It has forty-seven members ; and the pastor is 
the Rev. Jacob Burrell. 

Washington Street runs out to the westward, to the Lower Falls, a broad 
avenue, winding through prolonged lines of noble elms. Beyond the rail- 
way track, it reaches the long green oval of Lincoln Park, near which stands 
an engine-house which has a handsome brick tower. At the corner of 
Washington and Prospect Streets was the home of the Rev. William Dall, 
afterwards a prominent Unitarian missionary at Calcutta, and a leader in 
the Brahmo Somaj. His son has since attained eminence as an explorer, 
under the auspices of the Smithsonian Institute; and his recent book, "Our 
Arctic Province," is the best account extant of Alaska. On Perkins Street 
is the home of the Rev. Francis Tiffany, the author of " Bird-Bolts " and 
other bright writings. 

The plain little Gothic meeting-house on Lincoln Park belongs to the 
First Baptist Church, which was organized in 1853, in Newtonville, where 
it languished for several years, and thence flew away to West Newton. The 
church was dedicated in 1871. Its pastors have been the Rev. Joseph M. 
Graves, Rev. B. A. Edwards (to 1856), Rev. R. H. Bowles (1866-69), Rev. 
R. S. James, D.D. (1S69-70). Rev. William Lisle (1870-75), Rev. T. B. 
Holland (1875-78), and Rev. O. D. Kimball (1883-89). The first contribu- 
tion for the Home for Little Wanderers, in Boston, was made in this 
Baptist Church. 

Not far away is the neat brick building of St. Bernard's Church, sur- 
rounded by such bravery of lawns and flowers as but few of our hardwork- 
ing Catholic shrines can find time for. The corner-stone was laid in 1871, 
by Vicar-General P. F. Lyndon ; and the dedication-sermon was preached 
in 1874, by the Bishop of Springfield. The Rev. Bernard Flood, the Rev. 
M. T. McManus, and the Rev. Laurence J. O'Toole have been the shep- 
herds of this contented flock, which dated its beginnings from Father 
Michael Dolan's mission of 200 persons, established in Boyden Hall, at 
Newton Lower Falls. The building seats 850 persons, and cost $38,000, all 
of which has been paid. 

1 84 



West-Newton Hill lies soutli of the railway, and is traversed by pleasant 
roads, winding along its northern edge, and commanding attractive views 
across the valley to Waltham and Prospect Hill. Along this noble terrace 
are many modern houses, some of them very attractive, and a few almost 
grotesque in their forms and colors. On Hillside Avenue stands the home 
of the late Rev. Dr. Increase N. Tarbox, one of the foremost of New 
England's antiquaries and scholars. On the beautiful hill-road of Otis 
Street is the handsome house designed by Bertram Taylor for Edward 
B. Wilson, a Boston merchant. On Chestnut Street, near Margin Street, 
dwells George A. Walton, the agent of the Massachusetts Board of Educa- 
tion. On Highland Street, at the corner of Hunter Street, is the house of 
William E. Sheldon, journalist and orator, who has for many years been so 
prominent in the National councils of educational officers. His daughter. 
Miss Marian E. Sheldon, now conducts the famous girls' school at Adabazar, 
in Asiatic Turkey, and has translated several books into the Armenian 

At the corner of Chestnut and Highland Streets, amid broad grounds, 
and with a noble prospect over the valley, stands the house which was for 
many years the home of the Hon. Horace Mann, the great founder of the 
educational system of Massachusetts. In this mansion dwelt the prince 
of our American authors, Nathaniel Hawthorne, who here wrote one of his 
noblest works. In his diaries Hawthorne makes but slight mention of 
West Newton, giving only here and there an allusion to snow-storms and 
awesome weather, and the advance that he made on " The Blithedale 
Romance." He lived with the creatures of his ideal world, with Cover- 
dale and HoUingsworth and Priscilla and Zenobia; and the strange drama 
wrought itself out with the trist background of a New-England winter. If 
at any time he wished to deepen the local color of his scene, it was but a 
short hour's drive to the well-remembered meadows of Brook Farm, the 
Blithedale of the fantastic socialistic experiment in which he had been a 
participant some years before. 

In his Life of Nathaniel Hawthorne, Julian Hawthorne gives this sub-acid 
description of the home of the family from November, 1851, to June, 1852: 
"A more dismal and unlovely little suburb than West Newton was in the 
winter of 1851 could not exist outside of New England. It stood upon 
a low rise of land, shelving down to a railway, along which smoky trains 
screeched and rumbled from morning till night. Lenox was one of those 
places where a man might be supposed to write because the beauty around 
him wooed him to expression. West Newton was a place where the omni- 
present ugliness compels a man to write in self-defence. Lenox drew forth 
'The House of the Seven Gables ; and in West Newton 'The Blithedale 
Romance ' was composed ; from which data the curious in such matters 





may conclude what kind of environment is the more favorable to the 
artist." The two chambers on the sunny side of the house Hawthorne 
used as a study, and here he composed his magnificent sentences, while 
walking up and down the floor, in an undeviating track. Hour after 
hour, day after day, his slow footsteps wore away the carpet, while he 
recorded the deeds and words of the children of his fancy. Between 
the windows, inside one of the rooms, grew a great arbutilon, whose 
pendulous shower of golden drops gave him sweet intimations of summer 
and nature, amid the deepening gloom of winter. Hither often came 
Whipple, to discuss the story with him ; and it was due to his solicita- 
tions that the complex and ghastly tragedy that the author had devised 
for the closing scene received important modifications and became less 

»rt. , Opposite the house thus made famous is the beautiful home of Charles 

*»'.i[ Robinson, Jr., the lawyer (ex-mayor of Charlestown, and brother of ex- 

i» Governor Robinson), notable for the rare and delicate flowers in its gardens 

\.' . and conservatories. 

%:, On Temple Street, curving along the heights to the westward, is the man- 

*. sion of Fisher Ames, the lawyer. Here also is the summer residence of 

*;, . the Hon. Horatio King, Postmaster-General of the United States during 

the latter part of Buchanan's administration. He and Judge Holt were 
the only War Democrats in the Cabinet, and it was largely due to their 
activity that Washington enjoyed immunity from a rebel occupation. Mr. 
King has been a resident of the National capital for 52 years, and spends 
his long summers at West Newton, near the home of his son, Henry F., 
one of the most conspicuous residences in this district. From the tall 
towers of this house, which is almost at the summit, at the corner of Putnam 
and Temple Streets, can be had glorious views of several of the surround- 
ing villages. 

In his description of West Newton, Mr. James T. Allen thus speaks of 
the noble view from the heights : " No one who has stood on these hills 
in spring-time and watched the morning mists from the Charles creep up 
the slopes of distant Prospect Hill, in Waltham, or lie in silvery masses 
over the parent stream below, whose hidden meanderings they thus betray, 
— no one who at noon of summer has rested the weary sight with the thick 
masses of foliage that, in their luxuriance, partly hide the distant hamlets 
or nearer dwellings on every side — or again, in autumn time, has caught 
the reflection of the setting sun in the gorgeously arrayed colors of these 
same masses of foliage, — no such privileged person, I say, need sigh for 
Naples before he dies." 

After Chestnut Street has pluckily climbed the heights, it escapes as 
soon as it can from Queen-Anndom, and stretches away to the southwest, 





through a deUghtful region of forests. At a long mile from the village 
it reaches the Pine-Farm School, a building rising on the riglit, beyond the 
cross-roads, with 26 acres of farmland and woodland pertaining to it. This 
is a pleasant charity, founded by the Children's Aid Society of Boston, 
in 1864, "to provide temporary homes for vagrant, destitute, and exposed 
children, and those under criminal prosecution of tender age in the city of 
Boston, and to provide for them such other and further relief as may be 
advisable to rescue them from moral ruin." More than 500 boys, between 
the ages of 8 and 13, have thus been rescued from the slums of the metrop- 
olis, and brought out here, where the pure air and good associations of this 
upland home are quick to sweeten the hard, surly, pallid expression of the 
city poor. Besides receiving many of the lacking elements of a common- 
school education, the lads are trained in singing, and in carpentry, and 
more than all else in the practical work of farming, so that after a year 
and a half of discipline and instruction they are sent out to work on farms 
in New England and the West. There is no suggestion of the jjenal 
colony about the place. The boys have their liberty; can receive visits 
from friends; are clad in no degrading uniform; and are scattered among 
the various classes in the Congregational Sunday-school at West Newton. 
They come here bad, many of them taken out of the prisoners' dock, by 
Uncle Cook and other kind-hearted men : they leave the Home for the 
fair hopes of a new life, transplanted from the hot-beds of vice to the pure 
air and honorable industry of the country. The officials of the institution 
are the Superintendent and Matron (Mr. and Mrs. Moore), the farmer and 
his wife, the seamstress, and the laundress ; and these unite to make a fair 
Christian home for their wards. But rarely do the lads straggle back to 
the dangerous city. They see that the world has given them a chance, 
and they improve it, with brave earnestness. 

One large and sunny room is used as a library, where the well-worn books 
and magazines bear witness to the continual and happy use to which they 
are daily put. The upper story of the house is in two spacious and airy 
halls, in which (on a hard-wood floor) are the snug little iron cots of the 
boys, each with a stool by its side. Everything is neat, orderly, and com- 
fortable ; and the stigma of repression nowhere appears. The healthful- 
ness of the place and its 7-egime is seen from the fact that not a single 
death has occurred here, from the beginning. The President of the society 
for many years was the Rev. Dr. Rufus P^llis ; and the Vice-Presidents, 
James Freeman Clarke and Robert Treat Paine, Jr. 

Opposite the Pine-Farm School is the Raymond estate, where, many 
years ago, Harriet Beecher Stowe and Lydia Maria Child used to board, in 
search of that retirement and that environment of natural beauty in which 
high inspiration might come to them for their great works of composition. 



Here Mrs. Child could carry on her studies, and use her pen, without much 
danger of interruption If any one will glance at her record, as an author, 
he will see that her pen was kept very busy. Yet in the intervals of her 
work she desired kindred companionship, and Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe 
was often her guest for weeks. Very likely the two ladies were thoroughly 
agreed in filling the larger portion of each day with continuous work, enjoy- 
ing their hours of relaxation all the more, because of the labors accom- 
plished. Here also Mrs. Child entertained the celebrated P'redrika Bremer, 
during her visit to the United States in 1849-1851. 

Fuller Street, named after one of the old families of Newton, runs from 
the Pine Farm westerly into Washington Street, which it strikes a little 
north of the Woodland-Park Hotel. Several years ago this street, then a 
narrow country road, was widened to fifty feet and the grade improved. 
It now ranks among the best roads in Newton, and is a favorite resort for 
cyclists and pleasure drivers. The view westward from near the School — 
the two lines of trees leading the eye over to the Weston hills — and the 
views of Beacon Hill and Wellesley to the south are especially fine. 
Fuller Street is bordered by fruit grounds and market gardens, among 
which is the small-fruit farm (next house to the School on the south side) 
of Rev. N. P. Gilman, Editor of \.\\e Lilcrary ^i^/'/c/ and Assistant-Editor 
of the Unitai'ian Review of Boston. 

tf ivii ei:,j I- -It 

Pine Farm School, Chestnut and Fuller Streets, West Newton. 



• Undoubtedly, one 
! of the loveliest vil- 
lages in America is 
£, Auburndale, occu- 
j pying a peculiarly 
' advantageous po- 
sition between the 

shaggy hills that enwall 

1 li - .l^~~''~~~'7im^^KIIKmf^W^^ ■'■ the upper Cheesecake 

glen and the picturescjue bays 
of the Charles River, which 
bends gracefully around its bold 
plateau, in curves of surpassing 
beauty. It is the home of perhaps 
2,000 people, who find here tranquil- 
lity combined with scenic Ijeauty, and 
a chmate delightfully free from the ma- 
lignant east winds that so often scourge 
Boston. The sanitary condition of the 
^ locality is almost perfect, with admirable 
drainage, a copious water-supply, concrete 
sidewalks, and an enlightened public vigilance. 
^^^^ r The charm of the place begins as soon as the 

"Crow's Nest" visitor alights from the train, for the railway sta- 

at Laseii Seminary. ^-^^^ jg ^^^ q£ ^j^g prettiest on the line, a long, low 
structure of stone, in massive and attractive architecture, pleasantly bordered 
by verdant lawns. The architect of this dainty temple of travel was the 
famous H. H. Richardson, the foremost of Americans in his profession. 
Emerging from the broad arches of this handsome building, one sees on all 

1 90 


sides the scattered houses of the village, embowered in trees and engirdled 
with gardens, favored by a fertile soil and genial climate. The local soci- 
ety, being made up of professional and city men, escapes all rural provin- 
cialism, and is in a good sense select, without clannishness. 

Before threading its leafy aisles, we may languidly glance at the scant 
and peaceful history of the place. The domain of Auburndale originally 
pertained to William Robinson, who had a farm of 200 acres here in the 
seventeenth century, and bequeathed it to his sons. One of these lived 
in the Bourne house, afterwards Whittemore's tavern, on the road to the 
bridge; another on the site of the Seaverns house; and still another in 
the house afterwards occupied by the village ]50or. and now standing on 

Auburndale Station of Boston ic Albany Ra Iroad 

Auburn Street, between Melrose and Lexington Streets, opposite the rail- 
way station. The town's poor were for many years let out, to be boarded 
by certain of the citizens; but in 1818 the town bought from Captain Joel 
Houghton the old Henry-Pigeon House, paying $2,500 for the buildings 
and 43 acres of land: and this pleasant domain was for many years the 
abiding-place of those whom Fortune had frowned upon, or forgotten. 

Another of the pioneers was Alexander Shepard, Jr., who built the 
so-called Crafts house, about the year 1765. Some years later, in com- 
pany with several other Newton men, he went away into the Northern 
wilderness, and founded the town of Hebron, in Maine. 



John Pigeon, who came hither from Boston about the year 1770, received 
distinction as an active patriot in the Revolutionary days, a Delegate to the 
Provincial Congress, and in other ways offensive to the Lion of England. 
Particularly in that at his own costs he bought two field-pieces and pre- 
sented them to the town, which raised a company of artillerists to work 
them, in case the red-coats took a promenade toward Nonantum. Although 
himself a slave-holder, John Pigeon was such an ardent champion of liberty, 
that he became Commissary-General of the 8,000 Massachusetts soldiers 
encamped at Cambridge, before Washington arrived to take command of 
the army. His son was Henry Pigeon, who died in 1799, aged 40, leaving 
a farm of 150 acres, with 2 houses, the whole being valued, in those 
Arcadian days, at $4,311. The Rev. Dr. Lyman Gilbert one day called 
on the Rev. Charles Du Marisque Pigeon, who was living at the Newton- 
Centre Female Academy, and told him that there was a great chance to 
make money by buying land at the then budding settlement of Hull's 
Crossing. Mr. Pigeon remarked that he was averse to ministers engaging 
in speculation ; but soon afterwards, visiting his father's farm, he resolved 
to make an attempt there. Moved by love for his old home, he succeeded 
in starting a small hamlet on this site, and inducing the railway to stop 
some of its trains here, in 1847. An earnest attempt was made to give the 
new settlement a peculiarly Evangelical character ; and it won from the 
light-minded the title of " Saints' Rest," on account of the number of clergy- 
men who came here to live, exhausted in their long battle with the Prince 
of the Powers of Darkness. The Rev. Dr. Clarke was urged to move up 
hither from his home at West Newton, " among the world's people and 
the Unitarians " ; but he dryly remarked : " I don't know but what I like 
a sprinkling of the world's people," and so remained in his old place. 
The Rev. Mr. Pigeon, a native of the soil, and his neighbors, the Rev. 
Messrs. Partridge and Woodbridge, both connected with "The New-Eng- 
land Puritan" (and who settled here more than forty years ago), held many 
consultations as to the name which should be applied to the budding 
hamlet ; and finally settled upon AuBURNDALE, as if from some pleasant 
association with Goldsmith's poem : — 

" Sweet Auburn, loveliest village of the plain." 

According to the practical turn of manifest destiny in New-England 
nomenclature, it should have been called Pigeonville, or North Newton; 
but happier counsels prevailed, and about the year 1845 this euphonious 
Auburndale (or Auburn Dale, as it was often written) became the local 
designation. Dr. J. C. D. Pigeon, of Roxbury, a son of the sponsor of this 
village, says: "While my father was in Harvard (class of 1818), his favorite 
resort, during leisure hours, was Mount Auburn; and he soon noticed a 





similarity between those hills and the shady slopes about his native place. 
When lie first came into possession of the land where Auburndale stands, 
he wrotj of it as ' Sweet Auburn'" but, feeling bound to recognize the not 
inconsiderable proportion of valley, he modified the name in various ways, 
finally fixing upon the name as it now is." 

In the year 1848 William Jackson organized a company that bought up 
much of the Auburndale tract, and laid it out in streets and avenues, which 
were speedily occupied by new-comers from other towns. Up to that time 
there were but six houses in Auburndale and Riverside, including the 
farmhouses of the Bourne, Ware, and Washburn families. The population 
rose to 698 by the year 1865, and to 1,258 by the year 1878. The growth 
% of the village has thus been steady and healthy, and it now numbers not far 

from 2,000 souls, dwelling amid the surroundings of a rich and park-like 

The public spirit of the community is kept up by several active little 
* ' societies, under whose auspices sweetness and light are cultivated like 

\,- ; precious flowers. The Auburndale Village-Improvement Society watches 

V'J. after the adornment of the streets, with lawns and trees and shrubbery: 

*• ^ "to create and encourage in the community a spirit of improvement which 

J<, i, shall stimulate every one to seek to make his own surroundings more 

*'» V attractive; to attend to matters affecting the public health; and to provide 

^ \ such entertainments as the Board of Government shall think proper." The 

' I, long winters are enlivened by the entertainments provided by the Star 

Lecture Course. A poet familiar with the village avers that, 
■■»■■■ I 

V^ " The citizens are amiable, tlie clergymen are ' nice '; 

1^^ All welcome a stranger cordially, 

" And none of them put on airs, 

k|^ So you need not fear in that respect, 

And you may be helped by their prayers." 

The flowery avenues are the home of pleasant charities, in their kind ; and 
sometimes in a single season 2,500 bouquets are sent from this little suburb 
to the hospitals and the poor of Boston. The village also has an influential 
Women's Christian Temperance Union, holding monthly meetings in the 
Congregational chapel. 

Here was the summer-home of Albert F. Bellows, the well-known artist 
in water-colors, whose works were celebrated all over the world for their 
gentle poetry and harmonious and quiet tones, reflecting in some strange 
way the almost feminine urbanity and kindliness of the artist himself. He 
had been for many years a student and painter in Europe, and became an 
honored member of the New-York and Brussels Water-Color Societies, and 
the New- York, Philadelphia, and London Societies of Etchers ; but he 
found no scenes more satisfying than the landscapes and hamlets of his 



native Massachusetts. Whatever his Paris and Antwerp teachers imparted 
to him of skill in art, he enriched by an admiring study of English rural 
scenery, and applied the resulting method to New-England meadows and 
riversides and forests. His home at Auburndale was with his son. Dr. 
H. P. Bellows ; and here, in the year 1883, he died. 

Another citizen from Auburndale, who from this rural plaisaunce passed 
upward to Paradise, in 1859, was Dr. William A. Alcott, cousin of Amos 
Bronson Alcott, and himself the author of more than a hundred books, 
"The Young Man's Guide," "The Young Woman's Guide," "The Young 

J. Willard Rice's Residence, Grove Street, near Centre Street, Auburndale. 

Husband," and similar works of counsel and instruction. His avowed 
object in life was "the prevention of vice, disease, and poverty " ; but up to 
the time of his death it remained unfulfilled. Here for a time dwelt the 
Rev. M. J. Cramer, the Dean of Boston University, and for many years 
United-States Minister to Denmark. He was a brother-in-law of General 
Ulysses S. Grant, and maintained most friendly relations with his illustrious 

In Grove Street is the fine large estate and good old-fashioned home 
of J. Willard Rice, of the famous Boston firm of Rice, Kendall & Co., 
paper merchants, and brother of the Hon. Alexander H. Rice. 


On Rowe Street is the quiet little home where William H. Crane the ^ 
celebrated actor, was born and passed the years of his youth, ere yet h. ^ 
had met his double in Stuart Robson. 1 

n asant old-fashioned house in one of the oak groves was for years 
the home of Charles S. Pratt, the author, and his wife, the "Ella Fannan 
o the pretty magazine called "Wide Awake." On Hancock Street dwells 
Dea on C C Burr, of the A. B. C. F. M., and a large holder of Mexican 
?en ra a^id Atchison Railroad stocks; and not far off, on Grove Street, 
is tl estate of the late Charles A. Sweet, the banker Major David T. 
Bu ker a veteran officer of the Secession War, and a citizen of this 
^^.e recently died while United-States Consul at Demerara. Fannie 
Buss Merrill, now a well-known New-York journalist, was a native o 
Alurndale/and for some years Elizabeth M. G-^'^' ^ -;74" 
artist in. Paris, dwelt here. Another longtime resident was Dn Eben 
Touriee, the h ad of the New-England Conservatory of Music. On Han- 
cock Street is the home of the Rev. S. W. Dike, who has for many years 
r'ed vSliant war against the evils of the divorce system of late s.ich a 
deplorable factor in American life. Another citizen is the Rev. Dr. S 
Eliot Lane, who took a prominent official part in the pacification o the 
Carolinas, after the close of the Secession War. Here, also, dwells the 
Rev F E. Clark, the founder of the Societies for Christian Endeavor, 
which have latterly spread all over the world, and number their members 
hv hundreds of thousands. , , 

On C ntral Street, near Fern Avenue, is the pretty home (designed by 
FdJnT Lewis Jr. the Boston architect) of Professor Julius Luquiens, 
pro^Li; of mJkern languages at the Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
ogy, and also at Lasell Seminary. 

The little red school-house on Auburn Street, which was the fi st educa- 
tional bidding in the hamlet, has been succeeded by a group of importan 
and ct^e p4lic and private schools, such as can be found in few other 
p^ces o qual size in the world. The Williams School-house, not far from 
Ue Cot elational church, on Hancock Street, is a spacious and commo- 
d ou^'w Eu Iding, quite the handsomest of the schools of Newton, in its 
oua nt OM-En.lish architecture, accented with clambering ivy. _ NLss 
Delia T Smith's Riverside School on Evergreen Avenue, occupies the 
l^ote built by the Rev. C. D. Pigeon, about the year 1848, and afterwards 
r home of General J. F. B. Marshall, for twenty years a resident of the 
SandClch IslaiZ and commissioner from that insular kingdom to the 
other insular kingdom. Great Britain. , ■ r a 

The former Aulurndale Home School stands on high ground, ,n a re.,red 
mrt of the village, and was owned and conducted by James bnd AM. K 
usld to be an expensive and carefully conducted, for a 



limited number of lads, who received tlie advantages of a home and family 
training and supervision. A few years ago it was given up, and it and 
the companion house across the lawns and roadway are now conducted 
as charming suburban boarding-houses, by Theodore W. Fisher. These 
places are on Seminary Avenue, back of Lasell Seminary, and are known 
as Oak Ridge. They are situated amid delightfully picturesque scenery, 
and are much frequented by families from Boston and vicinity. 

Lasell Seminary Grounds, Seminary Avenue, Auburndale. 

Miss Williston's Home, on Melrose Street, is a beautiful little charity, 
where a dozen or more poor children are kept, at a nominal board (or none 
at ail), and taught industry, self-support, kindness, and sweetness, in addition 
to the usual (and not always so beneficial) educational studies. 

Lasell Seminary for young women dates its origin from the year 185 1, 
when one half the present spacious building arose on the hill-top over 
Woodland Avenue. Professor Edward Lasell, its founder, did not live to 
see its full development, which was carried forward (after his death) by his 



brother, Josiah Lasell and George W. Briggs, Esq. From 1864 until 1873 
the property was held and conducted by Professor C. W. Gushing. In 
1873, the Seminary was bought by ten Methodist gentlemen, and reopened 
under the care of Professor Gharles G. Bragdon, the present incumbent; 
and it is safe to say that there is no school of the kind in New England 
that holds a higher rank. The building is large and comfortable, with 
broad views over the country, and sunlight in every room. Among the 
special features of interest are Ur. William J. Rolfe's Shakespearean in- 
struction, careful topical and reading courses in history, experimental work 
*^; ■ in the natural sciences, efficient facilities in teaching art and music, the 

K practical study of the modern branches of book-keeping, phonography, and 

1** telegraphy. 

** There is also a three-years' course in cooking, resulting in many loaves of 

fc|.j^ capital bread and other delicacies of the table ; and another branch of the 

*ii|f curriculum initiates the girls into the mysteries of dress-making and the 

*» J construction of bonnets. To all these acquirements is added that of physi- 

\/):i cal culture, in the handsome new gymnasium, bowling alley, and natato- 

fj/.U rium, and in the boats on the river, under the intelligent direction of profes- 

^.' ^ sional teachers of these specialties. 

Jjij, The object of Lasell is not to make bookworms or blue-stockings, still 

less to develop cooks or dressmakers or athletes ; but to graduate first-rate, 
all-round women, full of practical knowledge for daily duties, and versed 
in Parloa and Redfern and Hollander, as well as in Virgil and Mendelssohn 
and Euclid. The Seminary has always about 115 boarding pupils, its full 
capacity, and a dozen or twenty day pupils, some of them from families 
"' that have settled at Auburndale expressly for the purpose of having their 

'. daughters educated here. The students are from thirty different States 

ft» , and countries. The building was doubled in size in 1881, to meet the 

*«w f„ increasing demand for accommodations; and in 18S4 the gymnasium, one 

Jii t! ■ of the most perfect of its kind, was erected. Among the abundant art- 

J» fl treasures of Lasell is the Breton picture "Anxious Moments," ordered for 

•a J; the seminary by Professor Bragdon, from the studio of Henry Orne Ryder, 

'vf; an artist of Auburndale birth, now working in Paris. 

Turning from the schools to their sister-institutions, the churches, we 
may find here several prosperous and active religious organizations, prolific 
in good words and works. The Evangelical Gongregational society has a 
comfortable church on Hancock Street, with a parsonage adjacent. This 
society was founded in 1850, with 34 members ; and built the church in 
1856-57, at a cost of $12,000. In 1862, the spire blew over on to the roof, 
smashing its way down into the auditorium, to the great confusion and 
destruction of all things therein. Extensive enlargements and improve- 
ments were made in 1877-78. Among the clergy here have been the Rev. 



Sewall Harding, Rev. J. E. Woodbridge, Rav. C. D. Pigeon, Rev. Melancthon 
S. Wheeler, Rev. Edward W. Clark (1857-61), Rev. Dr. James Means, Rev. 
Augustus H. Carrier (1864-66), and Rev. Calvin Cutler, from 1867 until 
the present time. The church has 285 members, with 264 young people in 
the Sunday school. The clock in the tower \vas made in 1812, and for 
more than half a century told the time in the old HoUis-Street Church, in 
Boston. Among the present members of the society are missionaries and 
teachers in Spain, Corea, Turkey, Syria, South Africa, and five in India. 

The Methodist church began in a series of prayer-meetings, in i860; 
and after a series of slow advances and upbuildings the present Centenary 
Methodist-Episcopal Church was erected, in 1866-67. Its clergy have been 
the Rev. J. Emery Round (1862), Rev. Solomon Chapin (1862-63), Rev. 
Henry V. Degen, Rev. B. Otheman (1S64), Rev. C. \V. Cushing, Rev. Mn 
■5|||i Townsend, Rev. Mr. James, Rev. J. R. Cushing (1872), Rev. Daniel Steele 

J';''' (1873-75), Rev. J. M. Avann (1875-76), Rev. William McDonald (1876- 

* ' 77), Rev. Andrew McKeown (1877-80), Rev. Charles Parkhurst (1880), Rev. 

V« J. W. Bashford (1881-83), Rev. E. R. Watson (1884-85), and Rev. W. Rice 

V •"' Newhall (1886-87). The society moved from John Mero's parlor to an 

• « unoccupied school-house, and thence to the village hall ; and when that was 

JV * burnt, it erected its present house of worship. The organist and musical 

%,,\, director for many years was the well-known Dr. Eben Tourj^e, of the New- 

%j, *' England Conservatory of Music, longtime a resident of the village. 

»;' » Episcopalianism in Auburndale and West Newton was a plant of languid 

%, ' growth; and after its suspension, in 1858, thirteen years passed by without 


the regular recital of the Litany and the Nicene Creed in this little hamlet. 
But in 1 87 1 worship according to the Anglican form was re-established 
here, with wardens and vestrymen and all, in the \"illage Hall at West 
j}* i. Newton, and (in 1877) the chapel of Lasell Seminary. In the year 1880 a 

j|;J ». piece of land was bought; and the society acc]uired the brownstone of the 

JU > then recently demolished Rowe-Street Baptist Church, in Boston, and 

** " transported it to Auburn Street, in Auburndale, where the stones of the 

•'■ «i old Baptist temple have been re-edified into a shrine where Bishops and 

Priests may intone their ancient liturgies. It bears the name of the Church 
of the Messiah, and was opened for services in 1881. The Rev. N. G. Allen 
was the first rector (in 1858), followed, after a long interval, by the Rev. 
C. S. Lester (1872-73), Rev. H. W. Fay (1S73-75), a"d Rev. Francis W. 
Smith (1875-77), after whose rectorate the pulpit was for some time occu- 
pied by the rectors of neighboring parishes. The Rev. Henry A. Metcalf 
is the present rector of the parish. 

In 1888 the Vestry began the erection of a new and handsome Early- 
English-Gothic church to form two sides of a quadrangle with the present 
chapel. When this edifice shall have been finished, it will be a great orna- 
ment to the lovelv village. 


Woodland Avenue and Hancock Street. 



The Home for Missionaries' Children, on Hancock Street, was informally 
established in 1868, when Mrs. Eliza H. Walker, widow of a missionary at 
Diarbekir, Turkey, settled here with her four children, in a house built for 
her by her father, the Rev. Sewall Harding. Here are accommodations for 
a score or more children of missionaries in Japan, China, India, Africa, and 
the South Seas, who attend the Newton public schools, and receive those 
advantages of civilization that cannot be found on the distant outposts of 
Christianity, where their parents are stationed. Much of the housework is 
also done by these children, who thus learn practical lessons of self-reliance 
and industry. When their parents return to America, on furlough, they 
frequently sojourn here, to be near their children, in the heart of a peaceful 
Christian community. The children are in part supported by an allowance 
of from 5120 to $150 each, given by the American Board; and efforts are 
being made to buy and endow the institution, as a permanent home for 
these wards of the Church Universal. For over sixty years the American 
Board has made appropriations for the children of missionaries; and there 
are many wise men who hope that in time a great institution may arise here, 
like that at Walthamstow, near London. 

Auburn Street runs down from the railway station to the picturesque 
stone bridge that crosses the Charles River to Weston, in a beautiful 
sequestered and embowered glen. It was laid out in 1729, as "a way from 
^ . the fording place in Charles River, against the town way in Weston, to the 

*» j county road that goeth from the Lower Falls to Watertown." Here rose 

j I' (near the bridge) the gray old walls of the Whittemore Tavern, opened by 

J 1 Nathaniel Whittemore as early as the year 1724, and a busy place on the 

\^ day of the Concord battle, whose artillery firing reverberated over the quiet 

%^ valley. 

Farther down the stream, and north of Auburndale, is the beautiful prom- 
"*»' ontory, between the main stream of the River Charles and a long bay, 

J.' I occupied by Islington, the estate of the late Colonel Royal M. Pulsifer, of 

•» ! the Boston Herald, whose great and hospitable mansion rises amid groves 

>» of fine old trees, and looks down on blue water on either side. About a 

H I' dozen years ago, this point was purchased by the Rev. Ezra D. Winslow, it 

being then held of little value, being in the condition reprobated by Massa- 
chusetts farmers as " sprout land." The dreadful career of this Winslow is 
the great moral tragedy jn the quiet annals of the village. He had been an 
efficient chaplain during the Secession War, and afterwards turned his 
energies to preaching, journalism, trading in real estate, and various specu- 
lations on a grand scale. He settled at Auburndale, and was very active, 
erecting the Haskell and Pulsifer houses, and others, and in every way 
furthering the development of the place. Genial, generous, interesting in 
ail ways, he was in and of Jhe best society, and every one looked upon 






k ;. 





him with respect and admiration. He had a luxurious home, and a lovely 
wife, whom he married at the age of nineteen, she being then but seven- 
teen. Suddenly, and without a premonition, this prosperity crumbled to 
the ground. In the dead of winter, he fled across the ocean to Amsterdam, 
a defaulter and forger for vast amounts, the destroyer of fortunes, the 
wrecker of banks. The business men of Boston could hardly credit the 
magnitude and turpitude of the crime. He took refuge in Brazil, and finally 
in Buenos Ayres, where, blotting out the memory of the wife who had 
accompanied him in his European flight, he married a woman of that 
countr)^, and resumed his old avocations of journalism and speculation. 


The Bridge over the Charles, connecting Weston and Auburndale. 

He still remains there, as earnest in the new life as aforetime in the old : 
while his true wife faded away and died amid the glens of Auburndale. 

Afterwards Islington forgot its oldtime memories in the gladness brought 
in by the Pulsifer family and their thronging guests; and on many a sum- 
mer's eve the grounds, illuminated by myriads of lanterns, were given up to 
garden-parties and joyous fetes. The career of the lord of the domain 
was one of wonderful success, from the year 1861, when, at the age of 
eighteen, he entered the office of the Boston Herald, in which, within four 
years, he became junior partner. In the year 1879 he was elected Mayor 
of Newton. The details of Mr. Pulsifer's lonely death in the Islington 
mansion, late in the year 1888, after disastrous business complications, are 
still fresh in every one's memory. Mr. Pulsifer's great interest in public 



matters, and his admirable social and famil\' traits, endeared him to a host 
of people. 

Near the Islington estate is the great house once occupied by Abner I. 
Benyon, a well-known financier of Boston, and President of the Pacific 
National Bank — who some years since got into trouble, in a business way, 
and took refuge in hospitable Canada. 

In this same region, near the little oval park, stands the Tanglewood 
estate, of happier memories, occupied by the Hon. W. B. Fowle, who was 
born in 1826, the son of a prominent educator, who lived for many years at 
West Newton. In the Secession War he held a captaincy in the 43d 
Massachusetts Infantry, and commanded the military post at Beaufort, 
S.C.. in 1862-63. After the close of the war, he settled in Auburndale, and 
during the years 1878 and 1879 ^'^^^^ the mayoralty of the city. 

The Auburndale Watch Company was founded about the year 1875 ^7 
Mr. Fowle, for the manufacture of rotary watches; and its shops stood in 
a wild and secluded glen on the Weston shore, some ways below the bridge, 
and reached by a regular ferry-boat. The success which was hoped for 
this enterprise, in a region so favorable for watch-making, somehow failed 
to come ; and the works were converted into a factory for manufacturing" 
thermometers. In 1S84 the factory and its machinery were sold. 

Among the other citizens of Auburndale there are several who have 
achieved distinction. Raymond L. Bridgman, the author of " Ten Years 
of Massachusetts " and correspondent of the New-York Evenitig Post, 
dwells on Hancock Street. Up on the hill, towards Captain Charles E. 
Ranlett's, is the home of Edward E. Hardy (Alpheus Hardy's son), in the 
most charming part of this garden-village. 

Auburndale merges into its maritime suburb of Riverside and its high- 
land dependency of Woodland without perceptible change or barrier; and 
so we will e'en move across into other little chapters, to set forth the charms 
of these localities. In passing, let us add a bit from one of Miss (iuiney's 
lyrics, probably derived from her Charles-River boating: — 

Far hills behind, 

Sombre growth, with sunsliine lined, 

On their edges ; 
Banks hemmed in with maiden-hair, 
And the straight and fair 

Phalanx of sedges ; 

" Wren, bobolink, 

Robin, at the grassy brink; 

Great frogs jesting; 
And the beetle, for no grief 
Half-across his leaf, 

Sighing and resting. 

' Wee wings and eyes. 
Wide blue gemmy dragon-flies, 

Fearless rangers; 
Drowsy turtles in a tribe 
Diving, with a gibe 

Muttered at strangers; 

" In the keel's way, 

Unwithdrawing bream at play. 

Till from branches 
Chestnut-blossoms, loosed aloft, 
Graze them with their soft 

Full avalanches." 





In these Johnsonian lines a poet of the region praises the bonnie Doon 
of his native glens, the bright Charles River: — 

" Shade of Sir Isaac and the angler's god, 
Here couldst thou sit and gently troll the rod ; 
Here, 'midst the pictures of our winding stream, 
Would meditation mount and reign supreme ; 
And fancy, startled by its scenes so fair, 
Would call the angels down, and seat them there. 

"Its gentle waves through miles of verdure flow. 
Anon o'er falls they leap, 'mid rocks below ; 
Its music strikes our ears like soothing sound 
Mellowed by distance, and the hills around ; 
Its fame's acknowledged ; even Choate could pour 
An avalanche of eloquence upon its roar ; 
While the Hyperion Poet, in gentler style and tone. 

Jj ti Has made it classic, by a power his own. 

• 1' " Scenes such as these. Fair Charles, are on thy breast; 

t. , ' ' ^ 

, |i They fire the lover, and they soothe the opprest ; 

At They thrill the soul, to nature's beauties prone. 

And bring new comforts to the sad and lone. 

■ , On thy fair banks the Indian maiden wept, 

* As in his bark canoe her lover from her swept ; 
I •• Here she prepared their simple meal of maize, 
J't While he weired out, for fish, its shores and bays." 






Woodland, sometimes called Woodland Park, has only within a few 
years begun to be recognized as a distinct village, as one of the fifteen vil- 
lages which collectively make up the incorporated city of Newton. Wood- 
land is still to most people only a part of Auburndale, but it promises in 
time to work out for itself a clearly defined village, the forerunners of which 
are the pretty station and the famous hotel of the same name. 

Woodland station is a quaint and cosey little structure of Braggville 
granite and brownstone, finished inside in spruce in its natural colors, and 
cypress. About it are pleasant and extensive grounds, with a prettv pond, 
fed by a never-failing spring. 

Less than a mile from Auburndale station, by the lovely Woodland Av- 
enue, and about half a mile from Woodland station, on the Circuit Railway, 
is the chief public house of Newton, the Woodland-Park Hotel, well- 
secluded from the adjacent rural roads, and standing on an elevated plain, 
with a charming view of the far-away Blue Hills of Milton. It is a hand- 
some Queen-Anne building of considerable size, with abundance of pictu- 
resque dormers, gables, and verandas. The entrance hall is thirty feet 
square, with heavy ceiling beams overhead, and floors and wainscots and 
a grand stairway of quartered oak ; and from thence the visitor may pass 
into the airy and comfortable dining-room ; or the richly-furnished parlor, 
with its interesting paintings ; or enter upon the road to the billiard-room ; 
or ascend the stairway to the three stories of chambers overhead. The 
hotel was erected in 1881-82 by Messrs. Haskell, Pulsifer, and Andrews, of 
the Boston Herald^ and Mr. Frederick Johnson, as a suburban boarding- 
place, near one of the fairest and most comfortable of Massachusetts villages. 
The climate of this locality (like that of Wellesley Hills, a few miles to the 
westward) is very beneficial in certain diseases of the throat and lungs, too 
common in Boston ; and several of the best physicians of the New-England 
metropolis have been in the habit of advising their patients to go to Flor- 
ida or Auburndale, during the inclement seasons of the year. The sanita- 
rium thus formed by genial climatic influences, a fortunate isle of safety 
in a wild sea of wintry east winds, naturally became in due time fashion- 
able, a little Massachusetts Nice or Mentone. The first lessee and present 


proprietor of the house is Joseph Lee, a Virginian, sometime a butler in 
the United-States Navy, who has won a renown extending over four coun- 
ties, for the ingenious excellence and variety of his cookery, a form of 
carnal temptation to which the most Browningesque and Theosophic of 
Bostonians are peculiarly susceptible. It is averred that Mr. Lee serves 
the only genuine Philadelphia chicken croquettes and dressed terrapin in 
all New England. 

At certain seasons of the year, the assassin-like Spring and the perilous 
late Autumn, the hotel fills up with families from the Back Bay, the Fau- 
^. bourg St. Germain of Boston, whose delicate residents find security here 

*« from throat and lung troubles, and an environment of good manners and 

t'n correct genealogies, while still within a half-hour's rin:le of their tall red- 

^^ brick or brownstone homes. Mr. Howells has spent several long seasons 

here, and perhaps amid such favorable surroundings made the preliminary 
jf| studies for his Bromfield Corey and the Rev. Mr. Sewell and Miss Vane. 

S>, Of course, no Silas Lapham could have entered those Queen-Anne portals; 

# and as to Bartley Hubbard or Lemuel Barker, — we regret to say that all 

^ our rooms are engaged for the season. 

^ Mr. Howells has used the fortunate term, " Short Hills," to denominate 

, '• this region of bold knolls and sharp little ravines ; and it seems more than 

'• •■' likely that before many years shall have passed, it will become as beautiful 

artistically as the famous Short Hills of New Jersey. 

Opposite the hotel, a hundred years ago, stood the famous old Stimson 
. ! mansion, near the site later occupied by the Atkinson place. 

I, {i Not far distant, near Unity Place, is the beginning of a long glacial 

V,, moraine, which curves away to the westward, and crosses the line of the 

*i,i railway. Washington Street runs away from the front of the hotel, to West 

. Newton, on the north-east; and toward the south-west to the pretty stone 

J, '' station of Woodland, on the Circuit Railroad, and then on to Newton Lower 

^Jj! Falls. And nearly in front the lonely country road called Fuller Street 

iji, winds away across the Cheesecake glen, and alongside Beacon Hill, to the 

3|. Pine-Farm School, of which some mention is made on a previous page, 

•■•f. Woodland Avenue in 1750 was the range-way over which the Worcester 

turnpike passed, on the way from tlie First Church to the Weston Bridge, 
and for many years held its place as one of the most important highways in 
the county. Over this rugged road marched the forlorn battalions of Bur- 
goyne's captive army, English infantry, Irish linesmen, and Hessian yagers, 
the latter attended by droves of women, bearing huge bags full of camp- 
equipage and babies. In later years this road was well-nigh discontinued, 
especially after 1809, when the new Worcester road was built, by the Upper 
Falls. But within a decade it has been revived, as a beautiful rural avenue, 
lined with the estates of the Johnson, Priest, Hackett, Pemberton, Butler, 




Pickard, Young, Barnes, and other families, and overarched by noble old 

On the high knoll of Vista Hill rises the mansion of Edwin B. Haskell, 
for a long time one of the three fortunate owners of the Boston Herald, 
and for twentv-five years editor of that paper, who has assembled here a 
rare treasury of fine paintings, including a portrait of his daughter, by 
Makart, the great Austrian artist, and fine examples of Gabriel Max, Diaz, 
Defregger, Lambinet, Vedder, Hunt, and other masters. From this high 
place may be seen points in sixteen towns, with Bunker Hill, the Blue Hills 
of Milton, and many another famous landmark of Massachusetts. The 
mansion on this lofty mound of glacial drift was built about the year 1870, 
by Ezra D. Winslow, and passed into the possession and occupancy of Mr. 
Haskell two years later, 
.fc^ Opposite Vista Hill, on Vista Avenue, is the home of the famous young 

Vi poet, Louise Imogen Guiney, daughter of the late General Guiney, of the 

fc'll Massachusetts infantry in the Secession War. Near by, on the same 

\p avenue, are the handsome estates of Messrs. Deming, C. S. Roberts, and 

tj H. A. Priest. 

^ A little wav south of the Woodland-Park Hotel, on the road to Newton 

S. Lower Falls (which is but a mile from the house), is the Newton Cottage 

J,^ Hospital, a recent and benignant foundation of the citizens. It was first sug- 

^jj gestedby the Rev. Dr. George W. Shinn, in 1S80, and received incorporation 

*»!( in the following year. In 1884 the institution acquired nine acres of the old 

' |f Granville-Fuller estate, on Washington Street; and in 1885-86 the building 

, *[l{ was erected, from plans by W^illiam P. Wentworth, the architect. The fur- 

'' 11 nishing of the hospital came from the tireless efforts of the Ladies' Aid 

' ' Association. The erection of this beneficent institution has been due to the 

|, interest taken by the chief people of the city, old and young,' who have 

*j ^ planned and labored and given money for its advancement with great enthu- 

Vj| siasm. Mrs. Elizabeth T. Eldredge gave $10,000 towards it; Mr. Joseph R. 

V|| Leeson, of Newton Centre, gave $7,000; and a score of others each gave 

fl|| $500 or more. The municipality also has aided the enterprise; and several 

'I] of the large corporations have contributed to it. The hospital stands on 

high ground, in a quiet, healthy, and airy situation, and has already proved 

a great blessing to many scores of sick or injured persons. Much of its 

success has been due to its esteemed treasurer, George S. Bullens. 





/ Ku^ _.K^^Jlr 7^^ . 


^ ^-j 

4^ 5 — 

^» — 


Vista Avenue, Woodland. 






Turning away from these high and breezy plains, let us visit the bright 
pleasure port of Newton, not far away. Riverside, a station of the Albany 
Railroad, is indeed a charmingly picturesque point, where the Auburndale 
plateau bends away, to let the Charles River sweep by, with the broad 
emerald meadows of Weston and the craggy heights of the legendary 
Norumbega beyond. The great railwa)^ throwing off here its spur-track to 
Newton Lower Falls, and the Circuit Railway to Newton Centre, after- 
wards crosses the river on a high bridge, and fares away towards" Natick 
and Nebraska. Here the river is narrow and still, flowing between high 
grassy banks embroidered with sweet-brier and daisies, and among cool and 
shadowy thickets and groves, where the young people, in their pretty boats, 
enjoy the charms of solitude a deux. The scene can hardly be better 
described than in the words of the kindly Chamberlain, whose " Listener"' 
chapters, in the Boston Transcript, suggest the sweetness and strength of 
Charles Lamb : — 

"It is to be doubted whether any other large city in the civilized world 
has, within easy access to its heated human masses, a reach of river at 
once so attractive and so quiet as the Charles River between Waltham 
and Newton Lower Falls. The entire river has its delights, but below 
the dam at Watertown the navigator is subject to the exigencies of the 
tide, and, moreover, the shores are not of the wooded sort that the boatman 
loves to see as he floats along. Beginning at the watch works at Waltham, 
there is a stretch of river four or five miles long, taking in the windings, 
that is without rival anywhere for pleasure-boating purposes ; a deep, clear 
river, with shores lined everywhere with vegetation. Riverside commands 
the whole stretch, and it is there that the excursionist from the city leaves 
the train and gets his boat. Below Riverside the river is entirely placid, 
and the low woods and thickets everywhere touch the stream, except where 
an occasional residence reveals a bit of lawn. Above Riverside there is a 
little more of wildness, with here and there a fallen trunk, over which 
luxuriant vegetation has scramljled, jutting into the stream, and making 
incomparable nooks of shade, in which our boating parties seem to have 
a strong and perfectly natural propensity for mooring their boats while they 



read or dream. Here, too, the current flows more rapidly, making naviga- 
tion a bit more interesting, thougli it is still perfectly safe. Above the 
Newton Falls there is still more of lovely river, and through Dedham there 
are river views quite as beautiful as anything in this stretch which borders 
Newton, Waltham, West Newton, and Wellesley ; but the Charles there is 
scarcely so easily accessible as it is at Riverside, and this strip will prob- 
ably alwa3-s be what the Seine at Bougival is to the Parisians, and the 
Thames from Putney to Mortlake to the English. And, compared with 
these hilarious resorts abroad, what a placid home of cjuiet respectabihty 

^ , the Charles is ! " 

At Riverside are the club-houses of the Newton Boat Club and the 

R^ Boston Canoe Club, with the Partelow and Robertson boat-houses, where 

'* visitors may hire yachts, canoes, wherries, lapstreaks. randans. Whitehall 

*. boats, steam-launches, and other craft. As a local poet has sung : — 

k |i " You will find the public boat-house 

# Very near where you leave the trair, 
^ While midway down the river 

\ $ Another is seen again, 

^. That belongs to the Newton Boat Club, 

1^ And from its central ' float 

** || Many a lad and lassie, 

»,'!■ * Taking canoe or boat, 

J Ij Have drifted down toward Waltham, 

i) [l Teliing the o!d, old tale 

I I, Of a love they bore each other, 

* . Of a love that should never fail. 
I, >> 

fl ' 

' i; " Others not quite so romantic, 

Because not as far along, 

Spend their boating time in a social way, 

J* , Singing portions of popular song ; 

<»< . For the fellows are very attentive 

Ij ^ • • 

L », In paddling young ladies about, 

*« .' And it quite often occurs they esccjrt ihem to town. 

U I Taking the late cars out." 


' ?| The house of the Boston Canoe Club is oddly enough placed on the top 

of a hill, west of the river, with a broad veranda overlooking miles of the 
winding stream ; and has a great brick fireplace in its main room, sur- 
rounded by pictures and trophies. 

The Newton Boat Club was organized in 1875, to encourage boating on 
the Charles River, and other forms of physical and social culture, and as 
much as possible of goodfellowship in all other ways. The club-house 
stands amid picturesque grounds, and has a bowling-alley and dancing-hall 
attached, and other conveniences for merry days and evenings. There are 
about 200 members in the club, active and honorarv. and its house is but a 




few minutes' railway ride from any of the Xewton villages. It contains 
many handsome boats, shells of all kinds, Rob-Roys, and canoes, M"ith 
lockers, landing-stages, and other essentials: and on pleasant summer after- 
noons and holidays, and on fair moonlight nights, the river in this vicinity 
is dotted wnth rowing parties, pleasure-boats, birch-bark canoes, and occa- 
sional little steamboats. In June they have the annual races, in Rob-Roys, 
shells, birches, pleasure-boats, and tubs ; and if the stroke-oars do not land 
them among the reedy margins, or the canoes do not spill out their solitarj' 

Newton Boat Ciud House on Cnaries River at Riverside. 

crews, the boats usually reach their goals before nightfall. For the Xewton 
navy resembles that of the United States, in that it is more to be counted 
on for contemplative comfort and sedate convivialitj,- than for indecent and 
unseemly speed ; and the high and shadowy wooded banks, and cool nooks 
between the islands, and beautiful riparian estates, invite to philosophic 
drifting and a placid lengthening of the happv hours of the vovage. The 
boating-ground is about rive miles long, from Waltham up to where the 
rapids come down near County Rock, a midstream bowlder on which the 
Norfolk and ^Middlesex county lines converge ; and one may row across 
■Maple Bay, and Crehore Bay, or drift along the rippling reaches of Lake 
St. Francis, with easy oar. 

Occasionallv. in September, a spectacle is presented here that not even 
Venice in her palmiest days could have far surpassed. On an appointed 


night the steamer WJiite Swan starts up river from Waltliam, followed by 
upwards of 400 boats, of every variety, from leai<y yawls and crazy rafts to 
costly cedar shells and aboriginal canoes, and the kerosene steamers of the 
newspaper reporters. Every boat is belted with lines of lanterns, and filled 
with joyous monarchs of the wave ; and from sundry islands and moored 
rafts salvos of artillery, rockets, golden rain, Japanese fires, fiery colored 
stars, and other pyrotechnics flame across the black sky, while the great 
estates along the shores, and the railroad and corporation properties, arc 
brilliantly illuminated. On the river there are thousands of people, with 
myriads on the shores; and the music of military bands is taken up from 
point after point, as the magnificent cortege moves up to Fox Island and 
Islington, following the White Swan as its Bucentaur, Newton Boat Club, 
Boston Canoe Club, Arlington Canoe Club, Somerville Boat Club, Waltham 
Canoe Club, Upper-Charles-River Boat Club, Aurora Canoe Club, Harvard 
Club, and others, each with from a dozen to fifty boats in massed column, 
their oars and paddles keeping time to the sweet music of the bands and 
the choruses of the rowers, whose charming boat-songs reverberate from the 
forested banks and the island thickets. Here and there advance small Chi- 
nese junks, floating light-houses, miniature Mayflowers., Spanish galleons, lit 
up by Roman candles, mines, bombs, water-rockets and other pyrotechnics, 
and by myriads of Chinese lanterns strung along the shores, in lines and 
groups and masses. Vast crowds from Boston and other cities come hither 
to enjoy the fairy scene; and in 18S6 the Governor and his staff inspected 
the procession from Riverview, and no fewer than 3,000 persons assembled 
on the Pulsifer estate alone. 

The White Swan is a small but commodious steamboat that makes sev- 
eral trips daily, in summer, from the bridge at Waltham, past the Watch 
Factory, Lily-Point Grove, and the gentlemen's estates above, and ends its 
quiet voyages at the stone bridge near Auburndale and Weston. 

This expanse of river has been thus happily described by an enthusiastic 
writer: " Within ten miles of Boston, there is a stretch of river scenery that 
cannot be surpassed in the United States, and which cannot easily be 
equalled. Until within a few years this lovely spot has scarcely been known 
beyond the limit of the inhabitants who have quietly taken possession of 
the elegant sites on either bank, and beautified and adorned them for their 
own pleasure. Many who have travelled through Europe aftirm that for 
quiet beauty it is not equalled. One familiar with our Southern streams is 
reminded of the Yazoo, with the deep green and luxuriance of the foliage 
on the banks and the quiet of the waters. At sunset, the river is alive with 
canoes, row-boats, shells, and sail-boats, filled with ladies and gentlemen, 
adding, with their delightful music, greatly to the natural charms of the 



Nor can we forget the enthusiastic words of Oliver Vv^endell Holmes who 
once astonished a committee of the Massachusetts Legislature by sa;ing' 
^ou need no go to the Rhine nor to the Bay of Napks for scenerl-'yoj 
have >t >n perfection on the River Charles." Another philosoph c ^Ir ter 
has remarked that, "The ^"pj'n- wnrer 

man who has made up his 
mind that life is not worth 
living, ought to take a canoe- 

Lasell Seminary Boat House at Riverside. 

voyage on the picturesque Charles before he shuffles off this mortal coil." 
For m these peace ul glens are the fairest scenes of the little river which 
has been more beloved by American poets than any Mississippi or Co- 
umb.a of the great West, flowing through thousands of lon^ miles Lone.- 
fellows "To the River Charles" and Lowell's "Charles-River Marshes" 
are perhaps the best of these hymns of the flowing stream, and their sweet 
pastoral music g.ves a peculiar interest and distinction to the scene, and 
he sentimental interest is deepened by the reflection that on those rugged 
coverTrt,'"^ ^'^ "T' '''' '''''' P'-«^^^^°'- E- N. Horsford has 3is- 
mJrnlv u'TZ f "'' """'""* '''y °^ Norumbega, that prehistoric 
metropolis about which the old French discoverers romanced so enthusi- 



astically, like Marco Polo after he returned from the land of Prester John. 
Only some fragments of its old defences remain, as if to show how their 
martial invincibility outlasted all the constructions of peace, of worship; 
of love. 

The only manufacturing in this vicinity is of so unusual and delicate a 
kind as to merit the name of an art. Down by the old Weston bridge the 
Partelows (H. V., A. E., and A. B.) have a factory for making all sorts of 
small boats, from steam-launches of extraordinary swiftness down to cedar 

y, R:v.;i-;.ide, Newton. 

canoes, floating as lightly as egg-shells. And so apt and skilful are these 
artificers, after many years of experience, that they could no doubt fashion 
and fabricate to order a Thames wherry of the old style, or a \'enetian 
gondola, or a Nile dahabeeyeh. Many of the best boats in use around 
Boston, especially those on the upper Charles, were turned out at this well- 
known shop, and now float on the calm inland waters of Longfellow's river. 
The Partelows also carry on a boat and canoe livery, and provide for the 
resident or the transient visitor a luxurious ride on the picturesque stream. 



Mary's. — A fine old country-seat. — 


Newton Lower Falls is one of the quietest and most tranquil of hamlets, 
nestling about the sides of a deep little glen, in which the Charles River 
makes a sudden leap downward. The beauty of the ancient falls has given 
place to the geometrical regularity of water-power dams, whose hydraulic 
force is utilized by several busy mills. On the bluff above, surrounded by 
a circle of graves, stands the crossless and rather Methodistic appearing 
Church of St. Mary, the modest shrine of the local Episcopalians, with a 
few venerable houses near it, and a pleasant street curving away along the 
ridge. Above the dam is the aqueduct of hammered granite which conducts 
across the river, high up on its round arches, a stream of crystalline water 
for the use of Boston. The vicinity of the stream is occupied by the works 
of the Dudley Hosiery Company; the shoddy mills of Cordingley; the paper- 
mills of Crehore, Rice, and Wiswall; and a group of machine-shops. The 
river makes three falls, one of sixteen feet, and another of six feet, each of 
which is crested by a dam, wherewith to utilize the water-power. P'rom the 
foot-bridge near the Crehore mill, a picturesque cascade is visible, during 
the season of high water. The distance from the Lower Falls to the LTpper 
Falls, either by road or by river, is about two miles. Some part of the 
stream between is navigable ; but canoe-men who are out for the circum- 
navigation of Boston usually have their boats carried by wagon from below 
the Lower Falls to the bridge above the LTpper Falls, whence they have a 
clear course for many miles. 

Standing on the top of Falls Hill, east of the hamlet of Newton Lower 
Falls, we are at the point where the colonial road-makers, building the high- 
way westward from Boston, ceased their labors, reporting that probably no 
one would ever have occasion or desire to journey further inland in Massa- 
chusetts. They had no premonition of Worcester and Springfield, still less 
of Santa Fe and San Diego. But it was only a few years before the advanc- 
ing skirmish-line of English civilization descended into this lonely glen, and 
occupied it. The first individual owner of land here was John Leverett, 
who received his grant from the proprietors of the common and undivided 
lands of Cambridge, and in 1703 conveyed four acres to John Hubbard of 


Roxbury. This industrial pioneer erected here in 1704 iron-works, forge, 
trip-luimmer, and fire-hearths, and filled the glen with new and unaccustomed 
sounds. Jonathan Willard, the patriarch of the village, came in about ten 
years later, as a smith and bloomer, and dwelt here for half a century, 
acquiring a large interest in the works. Near the falls was the Wading 
Place, in the old days used as a ford by the wagoners of the remoter western 

The local magnates of that period are now forgotten, save by the anti- 
quaries, and but few of their names have come down to us. From about 
» J. 1750 for many years the village tavern was kept by Colonel Ephraim Jack- 

son, a lieutenant in the wars against the French, and afterwards a minute- 
Kj'** man. When the great war for independence from Britain began, he put on 

^*' his martial uniform for the last time, and fared away to the Northern cam- 

paigns, receiving the billet of Lieutenant-Colonel of the loth Massachusetts 
Continental Infantry. He was destined never again to see the tranquil 
glens amid which the Lower Falls make ceaseless music, for in the dreary 
winter cantonments of Valley Forge he found his death. 

Joseph Davenport, the village clothier, lived on the west side of Beacon 
Street, and had a large family, for whose support and education he furnished 
the local gentry with waistcoats and breeches and coats, and top-coats, 
withal. His son John was one of the founders of Bridgton, Maine, and 
sent four stalwart sons into the Continental army and navy, three of whom 
died in the service of the young Republic. 

The country store was kept, late in the last century, by John Pigeon, a 
son of the man who gave two cannon to defend Newton from British for- 
agers. In those ancient days the chief secular organization was the Cat- 
aract Engine Company, whose sturdy members often dragged their little 
machine to the neighboring fires with much uproarious enthusiasm. 

It was expected that this locality, with its valuable water-power and busy 
factories, would become the chief place in Newton, a great manufacturing 
centre, .with a dense and active population; and for this reason the United- 
States authorities established here the only post-office in the town. Up to 
the year 1820 every one in Newton who had letters to send journeyed over 
to the Lower Falls, or else wjnt to Dedham or Watertown. 

When this century dawned on the tranquil little village, it had but ten 
resident families. In 1823 there were 33 dwelling-houses and 405 inhabi- 
tants ; in 1837,493 inhabitants; in 1847, 560; in 1850, 627, with 80 dwell- 
ing-houses. In 1872 the roll had risen to 940, and probably it will never 
far pass tliat number again. 

The chief distinction of the place is its paper-manufacturing, in which 
it has for nearly a century held a conspicuous place. The ancient colonial 
paper-mills at Roxl)orough, near Philadelphia, were founded in 1690; and 



220 A^/jVG'S handbook OF NEWTON. 

the industry began in New England thirty years hiter, when the mills at 
Milton were established. 

The pioneer paper-mill was erected here in 1790 by John Ware, a vet- 
eran officer of the Continental army, and brother of Professor Henry Ware, 
D.D., of Harvard College, one of the chief leaders (with Channing and 
Norton) in the great secession of the then new Unitarian sect from the old 
Puritan church. Messrs. Conant and Hurd afterwards became associated 
with Mr. Ware ; and the works were acquired by Lemuel Crehore in 
the year 1832, after which Mr. Benjamin Neal became a partner in the 
concern. Since 1832 the mills have been entirely owned by the Crehores, 
and are now managed by Dr. C. F. Crehore. Their daily capacity is 
\\ tons of paper, but of late years their product has been confined 
to press paper, and cards for Jacquard looms ; and their output is less, 
owing to the greater power required in that branch of manufacture. The 
changes in the firm have been as follows : Hurd & Crehore, 1S25 ; Cre- 
hore & Neal, 1834; Lemuel Crehore, 1845 ; Lemuel Crehore & Son (George 
C. Crehore), 1854; Lemuel Crehore & Co. (C. F. Crehore), 1867: C. F. 
Crehore, 1868; C. F. Crehore & Son (Fred. M. Crehore), 1883. The mills 
include the ancient stone edifices on Washington Street, near the Hamil- 
ton Grammar School. 

The Curtises, Crehores, and Rices carried the paper business forward 
here with great enterprise, as rapidly as possible supplanting the old proc- 
esses of hand-work by more modern and efficient methods. The first 
Foudrinier machine in America was set up and used here. 

The stone buildings back of the Crehore Mills were built by Allen C. and 
William Curtis for paper-mills, in which, for many years, was made a con- 
siderable proportion of the book-paper used in the United States. They 
are now owned by W. S. & F. Cordingley, and devoted to the manufacture 
of shoddy and wool extracts. Across the river from the Cordingley works 
are the mills of the Dudley Hosiery Company, for the manufacture of 
merino shirts and drawers. 

The Thomas-Rice Paper Company's mills, on the Wellesley shore, were 
originally owned by William Hurd and Amos Lyon. The Hurd mill 
passed through the ownership of Rice & (iarfield, and the Lyon mill 
through that of Wales & Mills ; and about the year 1862 they were bought 
by Thomas Rice, Jr., who had previously owned a small mill upon the pres- 
ent site of the Dudley Hosiery Mills. Their present product is about 
2| tons daily, hi the Rice Mills the paper for the Boston Ei'ening Tran- 
scripihz.?, been made, almost from the beginning, so that in this product 
alone the works have turned out paper enough to make a pathway more 
than a yard wide around the earth at the Equator. Or, if one shall attempt 
to estimate the mental labor called out to prepare the contents of these 




myriad of miles of newspaper lore, how vast and unapproachable doth the 
result become ! What a solemn army of essayists, what tuneful broods of 
high-cornered " For the Transcript " poets, what wrathy " Old Subscrib- 
ers," what philosophic editorial writers, what telegrams from Antietam and 
Sebastopol, what myriads of Notes and Queries, have been spread on those 
leagues upon leagues of virgin paper ! 

The mill at the lower dam was owned for many years by Joseph Foster, 
and is now the property of the sons of the late Augustus C. Wiswall (Clar- 
ence A. and Herbert M. Wiswall), who make nearly 2 tons daily of Manila, 
colored, and hanging paper. 

Across the bridge is the mill founded by A. C. & W. Curtis long after- 
wards Allen C. Curtis & Sons, for the manufacture of paper ; and now oc- 
cupied by Richard T. Sullivan, for the making of shoddy and wool extracts. 
Near by is the chemical laboratory of Billings, Clapp & Co. 

It may profit us to stroll down the village street, and renew the memories 
of some of the old residents, whose faith and energy built up such interest- 
ing industries here. The brown house now occupied by Luther E. Leland, 
at the junction of Washington and Beacon Streets, was owned for many 
years by Ellis Stedman, an oldtime paper-maker of the Falls. The house 
farther west on the high ground south of the road was built and occupied 
by Mr. Sparhawk, likewise a paper-maker in the employ of Messrs. Curtis, 
some fifty years ago. Descending Falls Hill by the Sherborn Road, one 
first encountered on the right the house of Mr. Durell, in the employment 
of Hurd & Crehore. Next came the residence of William Curtis and then 
that of Allen C. Curtis, the old and well-known paper-manufacturers. Sub- 
sequently A. C. Curtis built and occupied the handsome lonic-porticoed 
house on the south side of the road, later owned by Henry P. Eaton, and 
beyond which the beautiful meadows of the Charles River stretch away 
toward the aqueduct, which here crosses the river on three fine granite 

In the triangle between W^ashington Street and the back road leading 
down to the Wales Bridge stood the ancient tavern of Colonel Ephraim 
Jackson, in later years occupied by Nathaniel Wales, and for many dec- 
ades a favorite halting-point for the lumbering old Albany stages, in the 
days before railroads began. Opposite was the old village pump. Upon 
a branch way to the right lived Thomas Rice, Sen., the original house 
(much altered) being occupied by his grandson, Mr. Atherton. The resi- 
dence of the late Thomas Rice, Jr., just east of this, a handsome square 
structure overlooking the village and river, is still occupied by his widow 
and son. The private way upon which they were built is now a thorough- 
fare, called Hamilton Street. The Grammar School occupies the site of 
the original village-school, a black, unpainted, wooden building of one 





story. A part of its site is also upon the property formerly owned by Mr. 
Bemis, an old resident, who finally lost his mind and devoted himself to 
piling outside his fence every stone and pebble he could pick up in his 
enclosure. It is needless to say that the school-boys with praiseworthy per- 
severance pursued a return policy which rendered the old gentleman's task 
as enduring as that of Sisyphus. At the foot of the hill formerly stood a 
house whose chimney was almost on a level with the school-house, and 
proved a never-failing target for snow-balls, which occasionally would enter, 
much to the discomfort of good Mr. Marston, who occupied the premises. 
At the abandonment of the old school-house, a new one was buiit in 
front of the present location, notched into the hill, in the midst of a sand 
bank. In 1866 this was sold to Thomas Rice, Jr., selectman, and moved 
across the street, where it now forms the Methodist Hall, with stores and 
market below. The present school building was erected at that time, 
and the roads and grounds laid out. In the low wooden building be- 
tween the Methodist Hall and the ajDproach to the bridge was one of the 
village stores, kept for many years by Horace Starr, the son of the old 
doctor. Starr was (like the Curtises and other contemporaries) a valiant 
sportsman; and woodcock and partridges, rabbits, pickerel, and perch, 
were fairly plenty in those days. On the left is the stone and wood mill of 
the Crehores ; and opposite stands the brown house, now belonging to the 
Dudley Hosiery Company, and for many years the residence of Amos Lyon, 
and subsequently of William Mills. Beyond Crehore's Mill one encounters 
first the old house formerly the residence of Solomon Curtis, one of the 
fathers of paper-making in the village ; and then a small building formerly 
used as a shop. The old Hagar house comes next, beneath the ancient 
elm which has for many generations borne the public notices of meetings 
and auctions, lost and found advertisements, etc., and is said to be full of 
carpet tacks to an indefinite depth. 

On the east corner of Grove and Washington Streets stands the ancient 
mansion of William Hurd, another of the pioneers in American paper- 
making. On the next corner is the old house once occupied by the village 
doctor, Ebenezer Starr, who married John Ware's daughter, and lived here 
from 1794 until 1830. It then became the home of Benjamin Neale, the 
venerable paper-manufacturer. 

Near the church, at the corner of Washington and Concord Streets, is 
the great old colonial house inhabited by Miss Elizabeth P. Baury. It was 
built a century or so ago by Mr. Hoogs, and afterwards acquired for a debt 
by Samuel Brown, who deeded it to Dr. Baury. For a third of a century it 
served as the parish rectory, and extended its ample hospitalities to many 
famous Bishops and Priests, and to scores of army and navy officers. Across 
the street, the Crehore house, now tenanted by Dr. Baker; the William 



Curtis house, occupied by his children ; and the old Durant place, still in 
the ownership of his daughter, Mrs. William Wallis, — complete the street 
to the river. 

Across the bridge (which was rebuilt in 1888-89), on the left, is the tall, 
dark, wooden house in whose hall the mysteries of freemasonry were 
wrought out for many years. Close to the railway, on the other side of 
the road, still stands the house used half a century or more ago as a tavern, 
under the sway of George Hoogs, who at times ran a fierce rivalry with 

The Old Wales Bridge, Newton Lower Falls to IMeednam, 

Wales's inn, at the other end of the hamlet, for the custom afforded by the 
Albany stages. 

A little way beyond, on the right-hand side of the Wellesley road, is an 
immense and venerable elm-tree, under which (as a very popular tradition 
affirms) General George Washington once rested, and partook of a bowl of 
cooling punch. 

The changes in the village appearance are not especially rapid, and the 
general birdseye view as shown on another page, although taken about 
twenty years ago, still quite accurately shows the village of to-day. 


The village is connected with the outer world by the Newton-Lower-Falls 
Branch Railroad, diverging from the Albany main line at Riverside, about 
five minutes distant, and crossing the river twice in its short course, which 
ends among the factories. The trains on this branch were in old times run 
under the direction of the energetic General Stephen Gate, who became, in 
his way, the dictator of the line. In the great snow-storm of 1848, he made 
his passengers dig the train's way through mountainous drifts, and reaching 
Boston on schedule roared out to the town, in a voice audible as far down 
as State Street : " Yes, sir, the Newton-Lower-Falls express always arrives 
on time." In 1886 the railway company built a handsome station of stone, 
and the people on the west side of the stream thereupon began an earnest 
movement to have the name of the place changed to Wellesley Falls. But 
this innovation was sturdily resisted by many gentlemen; and the President 
of the railroad company became the object of a confusing cross-fire of 
petitions for and against. 

The old parish-church is St. Mary's, one of the most venerable in the 
Protestant-Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts, and a precious memorial 
of the past. It took its rise in the conversion of one of the chief men of 
the village to Episcopalianism, nearly eighty years ago. Mr. Elbridge 
Ware, having learned to love the Episcopal service during a sojourn at 
Morristown, New Jersey, on his return to Newton Lower Falls induced 
John R. Cotting, a lay-reader, to come over from Dedham, and officiate fre- 
quently in the village school-house. At that time there were but two hun- 
dred Episcopal clergymen in the United States, and eight in Massachusetts. 
After the church had worshipped for two years in unconsecrated places, on 
the Feast of St. Michael and All Angels, Sept. 29, 181 3, this present temple 
was founded, with Masonic rites, the officiating clergymen being Asa Eaton 
and John S. J. Gardiner, the rectors of Christ Church and Trinity Church, 
then the only Episcopal parishes in Boston. Seven months later, it received 
consecration from Bishop Griswold. The architectural style of the interior 
was in some respects copied from the even then old Christ Church, in Bos- 
ton, with its square columns and high box-pews, which still remain, to 
screen the drowsy communicants on long summer Sundays. For some years 
the pulpit was served by Boston clergymen, and lay-readers from Harvard 
University, among whom were the late Bishop Wainwright, of New York; 
Philander Chase, the pioneer Bishop of Ohio ; AUston Gibbes, of South 
Carolina; and Cheever Felch, of the United-States Navy. 

After the long depression caused by the War of 181 2, St. Mary's opened 
her gates again, and called to her ministry the Rev. Alfred L. Baury, who 
held the pastorate for nearly thirty years, from 1822 until 1851, a period of 
steady and healthy increase for the little rural parish. He was the son of 
Louis Baury de Bellcrive, a graduate of the PYench militarv college at 




Brienne, and a gallant officer of the Continental army, by virtue of which 
he became PresidenL of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati. His 
youngest son, Frederick F. Baury, became a naval officer in the Secession 
War, and was shot through the body while leading his gallant blue-jackets 
in the charge on Fort Fisher, in North Carolina. The venerable rector was 
a tall, graceful, and dignified gentleman of the old school, whose sermons 
were carefully modelled on the best works of the Anglican divines of the 
last century. 

The rectors since Dr. Baury's day have been the Rev. Henry W. Woods, 
from 1851 to 1853; the Rev. Andrew Croswell, a famous Greek scholar, who 
married the daughter of Simon Greenleaf, the jurist, and ruled the parish 
from 1853 to 1856; the Rev. Henry Burrouglis, from 1856 to 1858 (non- 
resident); the Rev. B. F. De Costa, the learned antiquar)^, and now head of 
the White-Cross Army, in 1S59 '^'"'d i860; the Rev. Winslow W. Sever, 
1860-64; the Rev. Joseph Kidder, in 1865-67; the Rev. Richard F. Putnam, 
from 1868 to 1875; the Rev. Henry Mackay, 1876-82; the Rev. Ben T. 
Hutchins, 1883-84; and the Rev. William G. Wells, the present incumbent, 
who became rector in 1885. Many Puritan families from Needham and 
other adjacent country towns used to attend the services here, beguiled by 
the pleasant and decorous liturgy. At last, however, they laid claim to the 
Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, although not duly confirmed as communi- 
cants; and the problems arising from this irruption of good-natured Dis- 
senters gave many a hard nut for the Bishop to crack. However, the result 
of these EjDiscopal admonitions turned, the parish grew in power and in 
churchliness, and now the old church contains an elaborate chancel, with a 
reredos and dossel, and other true Anglican furnishings. A handsome 
carved stone altar, with its top and re-table of marble, carved with lilies, 
was promised in 1888, by Robert H. Slack, of New Bedford, as a memorial 
of his parents, oldtime parishioners of St. Mary's. A beautiful memorial 
pulpit was only recently given by Holker W. Abbott, the lioston architect 
and artist. 

Dr. Holmes tells a charming story of a summer Sunday when among the 
worshippers at St. Mary's were young Alexander H. Rice (afterwards Gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts), Thomas R. Gould (in later years a famous sculp- 
tor), and Ralph Waldo Emerson, then a young Unitarian minister. After 
the service Emerson took the two lads into a forest, and said : " Boys, here 
we recognize the presence of the Universal Spirit. The breeze says to us, 
in its own language, 'How d'ye do? Flow d ye do?' And all the waving 
branches of the trees, and all the flowers, and the field of corn yonder, and 
the singing brook, and the insect and the bird, — every living thing, and 
things we call inanimate, feel the same divine universal impulse while they 
join with us, and we with them, in the greeting which is the salutation of 
the Universal Spirit." 



The land for the church and churchyard, two acres in area, was given 
to the parish in 1813 by Samuel Brown, a wealthy merchant of Boston. 
It sweeps well-nigh around the church, like a bit from dear old England, 
with its long lines of graves under the arching trees, and close to the 
sacred walls. In the centre is the cruciform monument of the sacerdotal 
Baury family ; and in various places rest the remains of twelve soldiers of 
the Secession War, and also (in the lower corner) the slab of slate which 
marks the grave of Captain Zibeon Hooker, a soldier of the old Conti- 
nental Line, whose drum was perforated by a British bullet at the battle of 
Bunker Hill. All of these are decorated with flowers and flags, on the 
annual Memorial Day. In this quiet cemetery rest the remains of Hon. 
Thomas Rice, Jr., the public spirited paper-manufacturer, for five years a 
member of the General Court, for two years in the Executive Council, and 
one of the most active agents in keeping the Massachusetts ranks full dur- 
ing the Secession War. He was for eighteen years a member of the 
Newton Board of Selectmen, and for twelve years just prior to his death 
the chairman of that Board. Here also is the grave of the late Frederick 
W. Rice, a later representative of the same famil}^ and firm. Here lies 
Dr. Albert A. Kendall, of the 12th Massachusetts Infantry, who was killed 
by a chance shot at Antietam, while binding up the wounds of his soldiers. 
Near the northeast corner of the cemetery, alongside the ancient monu- 
ments of his wife and daughter, is the unmarked grave of Sam Lawton, 
the veritable hero of Mrs. Stowe's " Oldtown Folks." 

The Methodist church at the Lower Falls dates its foundation from 1867, 
and has its place of worship in Methodist Hall, which used to be known as 
Village Hall, before 1869. The pastors have been the Rev. John Wesley 
Coolidge (1867-69), Rev. E. A. Howard (1869-70), Rev. A. Caldwell (1870- 
72), Rev. W. Pentecost (1872-73), Rev. A. Baylies (1873-76), Rev. W. A. 
Nottage (1876-77), Rev. Andrew McKeown, D.D. (1877-80), Rev. W. S. 
Richardson (1880), Rev. John B. Gould (1881), Rev. C. M. Hall (1882-83), 
Rev. J. Gill (1884), and Rev. John B. Gould (1885-87). The church has 
about forty members. 

Intimatelv connected with the paper-making industry is the most famous 
of the natives of Newton Lower Falls, Alexander Hamilton Rice, who was 
born August 30, 1818, in a house still standing here, and educated in the 
Newton schools. He graduated with high honors at Union College, Sche- 
nectady ; but the precarious condition of his health rendered professional 
studies inexpedient, and he entered the paper business, amid whose details 
he had been brought up. Active in all the public affairs of Boston, its 
charities, schools, and trades, he became Mayor of that city, in 1856 and 
1857, and then went into the United-States Congress, where he served the 
people for eight fruitful years, including the terrible period of the revolt of 


the Southern States. In 1876, 1877, and 1878 he held the high office of 
Governor of Massachusetts ; and he is now one of the leading merchants 
and publicists of New England. 

Another native of the Lower Falls was Lieutenant Walter H. Garfield, 
U.S.N., who sailed the blue seas in a gunboat during the Secession War, 
and afterwards went to Martinique as United-States Consul. In that fair 
island, but a year or two ago, the gallant sea-king surrendered to the All- 
Conqueror, Death. Here, also, was born Professor Daniel B. Hagar, the 
Principal of the Massachusetts State Normal School at Salem ; and Dr. 
|.jj Henry Lyon, of Charlestown. 

A short distance north of the village, near the little Pine-Grove station, is 
m{| the noble old domain of the Crehore family, with an air of seclusion and 

'*! dignity not usual, even in long-settled New England. This residence was 

\,^ built in 1848, and the estate was founded nearly half a century ago, by 

Lemuel Crehore, who came hither from the town of Milton, and was a gen- 
tleman of courtly manners and graceful hospitalities. It is now owned and 
occupied by his son, Dr. Charles Frederic Crehore, formerly a physician in 
Boston, but since 1866, the date of the expiration of his military service, 
devoted to the manufacture of paper, at the Lower Falls. A large part 
of this property belonged to the estate of Dr. Starr, early in this century. 
A portion of the noble pine-forest that once clothed all this region still 
remains, covering with its cathedral-like arches of solemn foliage the bluff 
that projects into the tranquil Charles River. 

On the plateau above the sequestered little hamlet is the western end of 
that most famous of Blue-Book avenues, redolent with the odor of social 
sanctity, and sacred to the palaces of the Puritan noblesse, Beacon Street. 
With deferential respect to this august terminus the city fathers have 
erected tablets here, signifying that it is 9|- miles thence to Boston, 4 to 
Oak Hill, 4 to Chestnut-Hill Reservoir, 7 to Brookline, 5^ to Brighton, 6 
to West Roxbury, 10 to Roxbury, 10 to Dedham, 2.^ to Newton Corner, 7.^ to 
Newton Centre, \\ to the Upper Falls, Auburndale, Newton Highlands, 
Wellesley Hills, or West Newton; 3^ to Watertown or Waltham or Welles- 
ley; 6| to Natick, 12 to Framingham, and 35 to Worcester. In this its 
remoter western territory. Beacon Street is but a broad country road, 
winding whitely over a high plateau, with the blue hills of Wellesley rising 
beyond the valley of the unseen river, and on the other side the long ram- 
part of Beacon Hill, its rich green slopes dappled by clumps and lines of 
stately trees. On either hand are low-lying old farmhouses, herds of cattle 
lazily browsing on the fat herbage, and (in their season) high cornfields 
aligned like infantry on a brigade dress-parade, or thickets of fragrant 
berry-bushes, by which the saunterer is compelled to loiter. 




The railway station at Waban is a handsome little structure oJE stone, 
opened August i6, 1886, and surrounded by a charming park of lawns and 
shrubbery and ancient forest trees. It is aljout midway of the new Circuit 
Railway, which has thirty-five trains daily (and twelve on Sunday) thence 
to Boston. It was one of the last designs of the late H. H. Richardson. 

The fine trees of this neighborhood, elms, oaks, lindens, and butternuts, 
are worthy of admiration; and the great pine-groves exhale a delightful 

Woodward Street, Waban. 


and liealthful perfume, and add to the attractions of the natural scenery. 
Within a few minutes' walk are the emerald meadows of the Charles River, 
whose crystal current winds around the lowlands in long loops, affording 
easy facilities for boating and fishing. This is the tranquil and lonely 
reach between the Upper and Lower Falls, amid the most idyllic rural 

Waban is intersected by what was formerly known as the Old Sherborn 
Road, later changed to Beacon Street, which is now one of the main arteries 




of business and travel to Boston; it is crossed, also, by Chestnut and 
Woodward Streets. The land is elevated and undulating, and the location 
is extremely healthy. Fine old shade-trees lend variety, and afford a grate- 
ful shade, besides forming picturesque elements in the beautiful scenery 
for which the place is noted. The drives and the walks in and about 
Waban are as varied and diversified as can be found in this region. In 
fact, throughout all Newton, "The Garden City," there is no place that 
exceeds this in natural beauty. The view westward across the emerald 

'mt'n i 

H. Langford Warren's Residence, Woodward Street, Waban. 

meadows, from the wooded hill near the station, is famous for its rich 
pastoral beauty, and includes many a silvery loop of the wide-winding 
Charles River, beyond the ruined and long-abandoned glue-mills. It is 
about I of a mile from Waban to the Pine-Farm School; about a mile to 
Newton Upper Falls, or to Newton Highlands ; and somewhat farther to 
Newton Lower Falls, or to West Newton. 

Rising from the groves of pine and maple along the river, and the inter- 
vening meadows, is a chain of bluffs, broken in the most picturesque and 
often weird way by natural glades and amphitheatres. These bluffs reach 
their maximum altitude in a broad plateau, from which stretches a most 
bewildering panorama of natural scenery. To the left rises the quaint old 






village of Upper Falls, with that mighty production of modern engineering, 
Echo Bridge. Before one, through the pine tops, flows the sinuous, spark- 
ling river; and beyond the meadows and the herds of feeding cattle, corn- 
fields and villages, and away in the distance at the horizon loom the great 
Blue Hills of Milton. Turning to the right, we trace the river under the 
massive stone bridge of the old Boston Aqueduct, through the greenest of 
fields, and finally lose sight of it in a series of sharp bends as it approaches 



Edwin p. Seaver's Residence, Woodward Street, near Chestnut, Waban. 

the Lower Falls. Almost at our feet nestles the village, and over tlie house- 
tops, through the curling smoke, we catch glimpses of Weston, Waltham, 
and Auburndale. 

Beacon Street crosses the line of the Circuit Railway, near the exquisite 
Waban station, and only a little way from the spacious Almshouse, built 
about fifty years ago, and now about to be abandoned. Then it traverses 
the dull marsh-lands of Cold-Spring Brook, and the populous but archi- 
tecturally unfortunate Hibernian settlement of Cork City ; and so on into 






Newton Centre, hard by the classic strand of Baptist Pond. Here the 
bicycler must draw on his kid gloves and his best English accent, as he 
spins along the same supernal street to Chestnut Hill and Longwood and 
the Mill Dam, and so, in due time, to the Boston Public Garden, the State 
House, and King's Chapel. 

But the aesthetic pilgrim will not so easily pass by the little Arcadian 
settlement of Waban, concerning which there are a few words to be said, 
howbeit the tranquil and pastoral beauty of the region fairly evades descrip- 
tion. The name " Waban " was happily chosen to designate one of the most 
charming localities in Newton, embraced within Wards 4 and 5 of this pros- 
perous and growing city. Tradition tells us that this was a favorite hunting- 
fcjiiw ground of Waban, the chief of the Nonantum Indians. Here, spring and 

•^««|f fall, he encamped with parties of his braves, to hunt and fish along the banks 

^ of the Quinobequin, — the beautiful Charles River of to-day. Here they 

5JIJI could find deer and bear, foxes and wolves, and a great variety of smaller 

^•(j, game, and fish in abundance, wherewith to enrich the larders of their wig- 

# l,t| wams, and to content their squaws and pappooses, withal. 

* -^ Later in the same century, the Waban region was the farm of Deacon 

^ John Staples, weaver, who came to Newton in 1688, at the age of thirty, and 

l^\* fulfilled the duties of town clerk, selectman, and deacon for many years. 

^y^ When he died, in 1740, he bequeathed to the church seventeen acres of 

I C|*. land, "for the support of the ministerial fire"; a lot of Province Bills of 

»,ll»> Credit, for the poor; and a silver tankard, which is still used in the com- 

I Y munion service. The farm passed into the possession of Moses Craft (in 

\n.^ 1729), then to Joseph Craft (in 1753), and then to William Wiswall, Second 

V|ir« (in 1788). To this place, many years ago, came David Kinmonth, the pred- 

*'i,„ ecessor of Hogg, Brown & Taylor (now Beal, Higgins & Henderson), in the 

. hope that the air of the pine-woods would restore his shattered health. The 

^ expectation failed; but, before his demise, the great merchant projected 

y j{»; a capacious mansion, with a deer-park, and fronted his domain with a sturdy 

»»|j»i wall of stone. Subsequently the estate passed into the hands of William C. 

9jw Strong, the well-known florist and nurseryman, who is now in occupation, 

**|fn dwelling in a spacious modern house with several gables, not far from the 

station. The old Kinmonth house, near by on Beacon Street, sometime the 
home of Captain Edward Wyman (brother of Dr. Jeffries Wyman), now 
belongs to and is occupied by Mrs. Marshall Scudder. 

In the lovely glade back and to the eastward of these houses are 
William C. Strong's great nurseries, on the rich soil of an ancient lake- 
bottom, and sheltered from the cold winds by ramparts of hills and pine 
groves. Nearly forty years ago Mr. Strong carried on the business, at 
Nonantum Hill, in Brighton, where he had purchased the nurseries of the 
late Hon. Joseph Breck. Later he made heavy purchases of land at the 









present village of Waban, where he now carries on his entire nursery 
business and makes his home. His products in trees, plants, and flowers 
have been long and favorably known ; and he has attained an enviable 
reputation as President of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society and 
as Vice-President of the American Pomological Society and the American 
Horticultural Society, and as author of " Fruit Culture " and other books 
in this line. He has lately transferred his business to his home farm, 
where he has land peculiarly well-adapted to the work; and he is now 
confining his attention more especially to the production of the choicest 
kinds of hardy trees and plants. All the numerous novelties are here 


nee, Waban. 

tested, and either propagated and introduced or else rejected, as they 
are proved to be worthy or otherwise. It is well known that the country 
is flooded with pretentious novelties of no value, except to fill the pockets 
of un.scrupulous dealers. This evil has undoubtedly been a serious hin- 
drance to the advance of the interests of horticulture. By his trust- 
worthy experiments and his impartial judgment, Mr. Strong is rendering 
a quiet but most important service to the public. Ui)on his grounds 
may be seen perfect specimens of all the most desirable kinds of trees, 
shrubs, roses, vines, and herbaceous plants suited to this climate. The 
quality of the vsoil and the location are so exceptionally fine, and the facil- 











ities for propagation are so perfect, that the finest specimens are offered 
at uniisuall)' low prices. The citizens of Newton and all others interested 
in horticulture will find profit in visiting this establishment, either for 
inspection or as purchasers. The place is easily reached by railroad either 
way, on the Circuit, the post-office address being Newton Highlands. 

Recently evidences of real-estate development have become manifest 
along this beautiful undulating plain, where streets are being laid out across 
the pasture-lands and upland meadows, and new houses are rising here and 
there by the roadsides. Windsor Street has been built across the Strong 
estate, in a graceful curve and by easy grades, to the crest of Beacon Hill, 

which it follows, for a considerable distance, along the backbone of this 
far-viewing ridge. Here, where land is still sold by the acre (rather than by 
the square foot), it is hoped that a number of fine suburban estates may be 
established, to balance the architectural beauties of Chestnut Hill, on the 
other side of Newton. The hill had long been called Moffatt Hill, but \vitl\ 
scant reason; and when the new streets were built to its summit, the name 
of Beacon Hill was bestowed upon it, in recognition of the fact that for 
a number of years the tall beacon of the United-States Coast Survey and 
the Massachusetts State Survey had been its most conspicuous feature. 
Mr. Edv/ard L. Collins, of Waban, has discovered the following facts 


^ ^ ^ ^ V> I 




about the first settler on this ridge : " In a conversation with an old resident 
I learned something of the unknown Moffat. As near as can be remem- 
bered, this Moffat ' squatted,' as he expressed it, on the top of the hill 
that bears his name. He was a very odd body, living quite by himself, with 
the exception of a horse, a cow, and a couple of dogs that occupied the 
same room in his miserable hut. Moffat associated with no one, save 
when he was obliged to buy provisions or some other dire necessity. 
Indeed, the neighbors knew nothing about him. He was as much of a 
mystery to them at that time as he is to those of to-day. As near as my 
%^ informant remembers, it was some fifty or sixty years ago he lived on 

Beacon Hill ; but whether he actually owned property there was not 

Among the gentlemen who have founded their homes on this beautiful 
highland is Louis K. Harlow, whose etchings and illustrations are famous 
^^JJ^ for their delicacy and beauty, and have given him a high measure of fame 

« ''■■*' among our New-England artists. Halfway up the hill stands the house of 

2 t> Alexander Davidson, designed by H. Langford Warren, in a skilful adap- 

' '3, tation of the old English style. 

' K„ From the crest of the gracefully rounded hill, situated among the past- 

fc-Jpi ures and groves, one gains a charming view over many tall-spired vil- 

lages, the picturesque hills of Waltham and Wellesley, bits of the distant 
Mounts Wachusett and Monadnock, with parts of Boston and the turquoise- 
i jl'^l tinted Blue Hills of Milton. Thence may be seen also the public buildings 

J k, at Newton Upper Falls, the spires of the Highlands and the Centre, the 

|) 'jij theological buildings on Institute Hill, the round crest of Waban Hill, the 

^ " Woodland-Park Hotel and Haskell estate at Woodland (Auburndale), Bear 

Mountain in Weston, Maugus Hill in Wellesley, Pegan Hill at South 
r>w»i Natick, and the tall church of Highlandville, down in Needham. The hill 

lil'*' rises 223 feet above the sea-level. 

»»/" On the same side of the railwav, and near Woodward Street, is the quiet 

S •" and retired home of the Hon. Edwin P. Seaver, who has been for some 


h™ years Superintendent of Schools for the city of Boston. 

In this same vicinity stands the Tower house (so called), now the home 
of H. Langford W^arren, a Boston architect. It is more than a century old, 
and was the home of the ancient jDedagogue of this region. 023posite is a 
pretty house, planned by Mr. Warren, owned by Charles J. Page, and occu- 
pied by Charles F. Clement, of the Chilton Manufacturing Company. 
There are several new houses on Chestnut Street, including those owned 
by Charles J. Page, Frederic H. Henshaw, and William R. Dresser, of 
the Broadway National Bank, and Chauncey B. McGee (the Boston life- 
insurance agent), which were designed and erected by Mr. W^arren, whose 
fine architectural taste has made a deep impress on the village of Waban, 





in the very dawn of its existence. Warren was one of the disciples of the 
late Henry Hobson Richardson, in whose studio he spent many profitable 

Among the most actively interested villagers are the Dresser family, 
Mrs. Mary A. P., and her son William R., who are large owners of land and 
also the owners and builders of several of the most attractive residences. 

The first house on the west side of the railway pertains to the Collins 
family, who are among the chief land-owners in this region, and one of the 

Chauncey B. McGee's Residence, Waban. 

largest, oldest, and most beautiful estates at Waban is the Collins property, 
which has been in the family for a hundred and ten years. Matthias Col- 
lins came from Marblehead in 1778, and bought one hundred acres of 
Joseph Craft, on the Sherborn Road, adjoining the farm of John Wood- 
ward. On his death, in 1785, the property was inherited by his only son, 
Matthias Collins. Second, who enlarged it by the purchase of seventy-eight 
acres of land adjoining. This whole estate he divided between three of his 
sons, Amasa, Edward J., and Frederick A. Collins, the latter of whom is 





now living, retired, at Waban. The late Edward Jackson Collins, who died 
July 25, 1879, was one of Newton's most respected sons. He had an estab- 
lished reputation for solidity of character, generosity, public spirit, and love 
for his native town. During the war, when so much money was required 
for the credit of cities and towns, he came forward to aid Newton, and, 
with his own personal indorsement of the notes of the town, established 
its credit, so that money could be raised without trouble or delay. Conse- 
quently, her quota was always ready. He filled acceptably many offices of 
trust, in the town, city, county, and State : was treasurer of Newton 21 
years, treasurer of the Newton Savings Bank 25 years, director of the New- 
ton National Bank 29 years, county commissioner 12 years, and represented 
Newton a number of terms in the General Court. The original Collins 
property, with its numerous additions, is again united in the fourth genera- 
tion ; and the entire estate is owned by the widow of the late Edward J., 
his son Edward L., and Mrs. Alice Collins-Gould, the wife of William H. 
A Gould. It is a tract of land embracing over two hundred acres, extend- 

\ ifl ing from Beacon Street to Charles River, by which it is bounded for nearly 

'•M a mile between Newton Upper and Lower Falls. 

Kii, The Collins property, together with the contiguous estate of Samuel 

tejff; Hano, between the railroad and the river, and covering many hundreds of 

J.jR acres, is being laid out as a great landscape-park, by Ernest W. Bowditch, 

JjSjJ the well-known civil engineer, with winding drives, groups of trees, bits of 

I ^* .shrubbery, broad lawns, and other natural beauties, heightened in effect by 

J^b, the crystalline river murmuring alongside. It is expected that this domain 

^^ will be sold for residences, in such large blocks that no one can join the 

%, *; colony unless possessed of some means, so that Waban cherishes hopes of 

' being, at some time in the far future, a sort of inland Nahant or Beverly 

I'm Farms. 

hjjj!' The river in front of Waban gives over half a league of good boating- 

*«l" ground, between Turtle Island and the first bridge at Newton Lower Falls; 

Sr'' and there are several boats owned by the gentrv wlio live in this vicinity. 






Between Newton Highlands and Waban is Eliot, where a new and highly 
finished station has recently been built for the Circuit Railroad, standing in 
close proximity to the junction of Boylston Street and Circuit Avenue. 
Boylston Street was once the turnpike between Boston and Worcester, and 

Eliot Station, on the Boston & Albany Railroad. 

sixty years ago was a thoroughfare of importance. The glory of the stage- 
coach has departed, but still near at hand stands the old toll-house, and the 
ancient hostelry, with its tall elms and luxuriant lilacs, to remind the 
passer-by of other days now fast being forgotten. 

Less than five minutes' walk from Eliot station, along Boylston Street, 
will bring the traveller to the house long the residence of General Cheney, 



and now occupied by the Randall family. Close at hand, many years ago, 
the veteran machinist, William E. Clark, well known throughout Newton. 
had an establishment for the prosecution of his business, but no trace of 
that is now left. Within a stone's throw of the old General-Cheney house, 
embowered among lofty pines and hemlocks, in perhaps the most pictur- 
esque building-spot in all the Garden City, is the residence of Mr. Charles 
Ellis. This house was built by his father, who at one time owned and 
worked the iron-mills, which for more than a generation stood just'below 
the bridge crossing the Charles River into Wellesley. 

Southwest of Eliot rises a bold wooded hill, bounded along its southern 
brow by a regular wall of rock, often perpendicular, and sometimes running 
up into picturesque cliffs. This line of high escarpments, fringed with a 
hearty growth of young hickory-trees, gave reason for the name of " Hickory 
^IH Cliff," applied to the adjacent estate. Here dwelt (until his death, in 1889) 

'tt the gentle poet, William Peirce, many of whose works are familiar to the 

people of Newton. The following verses by Mr. Peirce give a pleasing 
description of the view from this hill-top, at the season when the falling of 



'■'fi the leaves left the prospect clear : — 



^ C,, " Deep is the snow on Hickory Cliff, 



And white the top of the Baptist tower; 
The ice-bound river clanks his chains, 
And strives to shake off Winter's power. 

M " Dark are the pniss on Prospect Hill, 

W And frosty bright are Wallham's spires ; 

•li*j The sledded milkman homeward glides, 

. Rich in his dreams of kitchen fires. 

^1,^ " Weston's and Wellesley's rounded backs, 

Shaggy with woods, look cold and still. 
Deep in the gorge the silvery ice 
Fringes the snowdrifts white and chill. 

ii4 " Dover, so blue in summer days, 

'"^ Seems to be robed in whitest wool ; 

While dimly the dome of Dedham shows 
'Gainst Milton's purple ridges cool. 

" Gray are the woods on Oak Hill's crest, 
The shivering birches dot the plain ; 
The red roofs show no more their red 

Till Winter's mantle lifts again. 

" But hark ! the gust ! I must begone ; 
These arctic bees, the snowtlakes, sting 
The poet's beard is stiff with ice, 

My frosty muse must fold her wing." 





The plain that stretches to the north of Eliot geologists tell us was once 
the bed of an extensive lake. Twenty or thirty feet below the surface, 
through clean sand and gravel, the dark ooze of the ancient lake is reached. 
Singular funnel-shaped hollows are scattered through the whole extent of 
this plain. Some of these are very interesting, and should be seen to bs 
thoroughly appreciated. Quite large trees are growing on the bottom of a 
few of these natural earth-bowls. 

The combination of hill and plain at Eliot is very marked ; and few 
observers fail to see at a glance many natural beauties, to tempt the writer's 
^, i| pen or artist's pencil. 

The march of improvement has always one drawback to some minds, in 
Si%| that not a few ancient landmarks are made to give way before it. Near 

'il Eliot station stand two venerable oaks, close together, twin bravers of a 

JjlU thousand storms. They are not quite the sole survivors among the trees 

Jill of their date ; but many a neighboring monarcli of tlie ancient forest has 

• Il'i within a short time been turned to ashes, notably a remarkable pine that 

\ C'l has for generations stood as a tall sentinel over Boylston and Eliot Streets 

\lgi in this immediate region. At a third of its height from the ground it 

forked into two symmetrical branches, and was an object that caught the 
eye of every observer. Not far from it stood, until within a year, the old 
y^ stone blacksmith's shop known for some sixty years back as a famous place 

VjtoI. for horseshoeing. Its last days were made troublous by some contentions 

I'Ifi in which the city of Newton participated; and the noted Belger case will 

» ' i, not soon fade from the minds of those in the vicinity who are fond of legal 

n't* hair-splitting. 

"') It is but a few minutes' walk from Eliot to Newton Highlands, and it 

■'i may be said that the station is within that village. But the extensive open 

|=i,j( spaces on the north and west form the site of the future hamlet of Eliot, 

^h«t: which will extend from the Highlands to the Upper Falls, covering territory 

5 Ml peculiarly adapted for residence purposes, at once high, airy, and dry, and 

^'Ki. charmingly diversified in point of scenery. 



Nfbdton ^ppcr jFalls, 






Newton Upper Falls is a manufacturing village of almost two thousand 
inhabitants, whose homes are scattered on and about the bold and lofty 
hills through which the Charles River cuts its way, breaking into a passion 
of rapids after more than three leagues of tranquil current. The other 
hamlets of Newton are more intimately connected with Boston ; but this 
one has an independent life of its own, derived from its mills and work- 
shops, and so can afford to lie outside of the Circuit Railroad. The houses 
that nestle along the slopes and perch on the heights are less ambitious 
than those of its neighbor villages, and have but few suggestions of modern 
architecture, household decoration, or the gabled glories of the so-called 
Queen-Anne era. Although in a score of ways exempt from the analogy, 
there is a certain sunny tranquillity and dignified repose about the place 
that gave reason for Mr. Howells to liken it to one of the ancient hill-towns 
of Italy, sleeping along its picturesque highlands, and overlooking leagues 
of dependent plains and glens. 

The first recorded owner of the falls and the adjacent shores and islands 
and eel-weirs was Nahaton, a sagamore of the Ponkapoag tribe, who sold 
a part of it to one John Maugus, for a gun. The eel-weirs were built of 
stone, and rose three feet above the surface of the water. In a deposition 
made in 1760 as to events hereabouts, the witnesses bore this testimony: 
"Wee Never New aney Salt water fish to assend above said falls, nor do 
wee remember Ever to have heard our Predessors say that aney Salt water 
fish did ever assend above said falls. Further wee say, and Give it as our 
Opinion, that it is impracticable for the fish to Assend said Falls ever while 
wee consider it in the State of Nature." Nevertheless, the sagacious 
Maugus established his wigwams and eel-weir here, and got great comfort 
in catching and drying fish hereabouts, and finally bequeathed it to his son, 
John Maugus, from whom the English immigrants acquired it by purchase. 
In 1680 the people of Dedham bought the present township of Deerfield 
from the Sachem Nahaton (or Nehoiden), for _^io in money, 40 shillings in 
Indian corn, and 40 acres of land at the Upper Falls, and established Deer- 



field as a colony of Dedham (an unnatural relation, which did not endure). 
And in 1700 Nahaton sold the remainder of his domain at the Upper Falls, 
for ;^ 1 2, to Robert Cooke of Dorchester, who is strangely characterized in 
the deed as a " horn breaker." The antiquaries have failed to discover the 
meaning of this singular name. 

In the old days, when unvexed by dams and sluices, the waters of the 
Charles made a precipitous descent of twenty feet here, and then fell twenty 
live feet in the next half-mile. Such a favorable water-power was not 
neglected by the practical colonists; and in 1688 John Clark came up hither 
from Brookline, and established a saw-mill (on the site of the present silk- 
mills), to make lumber withal for the incoming settlers. About the year 
1 710 a grist-mill and a fulling-mill were added to the local manufacturing 
interests, and there was further constructed a new and more practicable eel- 
weir. Nathaniel Parker and Nathaniel Longley became associated in the 
business with John Clark's two sons. John Clark sold half the saw-mill, 
the eel-weir, and two acres of land to Nathaniel Parker, for ^^T, and in 
1725 Noah Parker, Nathaniel's son and heir, and one of the primeval Bap- 
tists, became possessed of the entire milling property and its appur- 
tenances. His grandson, John Parker, was President of the United-States 
Branch Bank, and one of the solid men of Boston. The saw and grist 
mills and their adjuncts were sold during the Revolutionary War to Simon 
Elliot, a tobacconist of Boston, for ^1,700. For thirty years or more Elliot, 
who was also Major-General of the Suffolk and Norfolk militia, conducted 
large snuff-mills here, with twenty mortars. He lived in the old Noah- 
Parker mansion, and had the largest snuff business in New England. In 
1814 the property (screw-factory, wire-work, annealing-shop, and snuff-mills) 
passed into the hands of the Elliot Manufacturing Company, of which 
Frederic Cabot was agent ; and seven years later they built a cotton-factory 
on the site of the old snuff-mills, Abbott Lawrence and Thomas Handasyd 
Perkins being among their number. Otis Pettee came to the Upper Falls 
in the year 181 7, for the Elliot Company, and remained with them fifteen 
years, after which he started here a large workshop for making cotton-mill 
m.achinery. In 1840 he bought out the Elliot Company, and carried on the 
business himself until his death, twelve years later. He increased the 
capacity of the mills three-fold, and changed their product from sheetings 
to print-goods. After Pettee's death, in 1853, the property was acquired by 
the Newton Mills corporation, and greatly enlarged. Their output was 
from 12,000 to 14,000 yards of print-goods daily. At this time there were 
at the upper dam a cotton-factory with 14,000 spindles, and a mile above a 
steam-furnace employing 15 workmen on iron castings, and a machine-shop. 

The lower part of the village, otherwise sufficiently unattractive, is 
adorned with lines of century-old elms, whose graceful hanging foliage 






overarches the road to Needham. The bridge on Elliot Street gives pleas- 
ant views down the picturesque rocky and foliage-draped gorge, with its 
rambling old brick mills, and the white Baptist church on the cliff above ; 
and on the other side opens a quiet cove, with meadows and coppices 
beyond, and in the distance gracefully rolling hills, whose brilliant foliage 
makes a symphony of scarlets and bronzes in the still days of October. 

On this bridge fifty years ago the credulous country-folk used to gather 
to watch for the " Baby Ghost," a wee spectre whom they thought ran at 
times across the blue waters, while the rocking of its cradle they fancied 

• u could be heard beneath the stream. The busy life of latter days has 

effaced the memory of this legend and its mysterious origin. 

Ki^ From the Hon. Thomas C. Amory's "Charles River," a recent volume of 

>*l| pastoral verse, following the stream from source to sea, and giving scores 

.fc.j^ of pages to the Newton sections of the stream, we take but one stanza, 

^4a describing this scene : — 

" 'Midst the dark shadows of an ancient forge, 
All the more picturesque, — no rules control, — 
Below the bridge the waters gain a gorge, 
^. Between whose cliffs precipitous they roll; 

I ^' With bushes draped, the vale in breadth expands, 

' IlfRi Its bed descends till partly lost to sight ; 

«'fi{§| 'Midst tangled growth the lofiy hemlock stands; 

^, l|fl|i The rapid slopes the snow-wreath flecks with white. 

IjU'*! Tlie woods and rocks the grand and love'y blend, 

I b«i< The widespread streams beyond new beauty lend." 

», [ '1 


V(|JJ; The chief object in the view, of course, is the irregular pile of the New- 

*'^m{; ton mills, which, after over sixty years of successful operation, were crowded 

out of operation by the sharp competition which made profits so low that 
the smaller factories could not exist. In the year 1884, therefore, they were 
closed, to the great loss of the village ; and there were left only traditions 
of their palmy days, when Captain Moorfield, their old retired sea-captain 
agent, walked pompously up and down the yard, with thumbs in arm-holes, 
|H» as if on his careening quarter-deck. In 1886 the works were bought by an 

enterprising silk-manufacturing company of New Jersey; and so perhaps in 
time the Upper Charles may rival the Passaic or the Rhone in its produc- 
tiveness of the fine dress-fabrics that are adorned by the indwelling of 
America's maidens. The great c^uadrangle of Aveather-beaten brick mills is 
occupied by 130 operatives, spinning silks, silk yarns, filoselles, embroidery 
silks, and other goods of like character, the raw material for which is 
brought here in its original packages from France, Italy, China, Japan, and 
other far-away lands. Messrs. Phipps and Train, 4;he heads of the com- 
pany, have settled in the village, and are taking a kindly interest in bright- 



ening up the homes of the operatives, planting flowers, sowing lawns, and 
in other ways adding to the attractiveness of the streets. 

Up to this point, before the dams were thrown across the river, came 
salmon and shad, alewives and smelts, tom-cod, and other sea-fish. The 
Indians had their weirs here, near the great mid-stream rock laelow the 
Elliot-Street bridge, and esteemed this commerce so highly, that they care- 
fully reserved a part of the Needham shore to dry their fish upon. 
Although the tribe is extinct, this right is still legally intact; and every 
transfer of land on that tract /nust contain a clause specifying that the 
Indians may use the land for drying their fish upon. The ancient snuff- 
mill dam may be seen at low water, half-way from the bridge to the present 
dam, and partly supported on the great mid-stream bowlder. It includes 
the material of the Indians' eel-weir, stretching from the rock to the island, 
which latter has been filled in to the eastern shore. The Rock House was a 
cherished landmark of our red brethren, near the western shore of the falls. 

At Newton Upper Falls began the opposition to the audacious attempt 
of Dedham to steal a river, which had met with some measure of success. 
It was away back in 1639 that certain enterprising Dedhamites cut a canal 
from the Charles River to East Brook, a tributary of the Neponset, and 
turned into it the full waters of the Charles, which there occupies much 
higher ground than the Neponset. One hundred and thirt3'-eight years 
later, Newton sent a worshipful committee to the Governor and Council, to 
prevent the filching of the entire stream from its natural course ; and in 
1807 another committee was chosen "to defend their natural rights against 
any invader that may attempt to turn said river out of its natural course." 
As General Elliot said in his petition to the town : " The proprietors of 
mills on Charles River are greatly alarmed for the safety of their property, 
having already suffered an incalculable loss, in the diversion of waters from 
the river; and he asks the Town to adopt measures which may tend to give 
aid and support in defending their property against further encroachments." 
The final settlement came only after much litigation, and many hard words 
between Newton and Dedham. It was a pure compromise, by which the 
ingenious hydraulic bandits of Norfolk County were allowed to capture one- 
third of the water in the river, to flow off through their Mother Brook, but 
were forbidden to seize the entire stream. 

In the year 1800 there were but six families living in the village, which 
sixty years later had a population of 993, and in 1873 had 1,520. This 
influx of inhabitants has been drawn for the most part by the local factories, 
and has numbered a preponderance of foreigners, of that class of patient 
workers which has done so much to make New England what it is. 

Near the crest of the Quebec-like ridge stands Sunnyside, the ant'que 
yellow mansion of Otis Pettee, rambling over its high terraces in luxuriant 



amplitude, and crowned by a little spire that recalls the colonial dignity of 
Mount Vernon. This house dates from the year 1828, when its farm-lands 
extended southward beyond the present railroad, and on them the senior 
Mr. Pettee built the great stone barn that is still standing down on Oak 
Street. The estate is now occupied by Otis Pettee, the son of its founder, 
and himself formerly an alderman of Newton. The stone barn was orig- 
inally built as a silk mill. Although devoid of early scientific education, 
the elder Otis Pettee had a remarkable natural genius for mechanical inven- 
tion; and his Gear Cone Double Speeder was pronounced by Professor 
» J Treadwell to be " absolutely perfect, because the principles of it are eter- 

nal, and can never be improved upon so long as the world stands.'' This 
Ktjl speeder was for a long time in use in America, the mechanism being 

y% made here only; and in England also it conquered its place, although 

fc decried at first by the insular engineers. If the present sentence shall 

S!|g seem obscure to general readers, they will pardon it for the benefit of ex- 

«i'l|»j perts, namely: That this alone, of all existing machines, accomplishes (not 

by uncertain leathern belts moving upon conical drums, etc., but what 
always before was deemed impossible), by inflexible metallic gear-work and 
with the mathematical precision thus only attainable, all the relative move- 
ments, with all the changes in series by variables dependent upon other 

t 5fj; 

».|.j. changes in series by variables, necessary not only for spinning, but for 

y^\ safely and accurately coiling on spools, etc., the delicate roping or roving, 

J'lJJJ all by scientific yet the most simple arrangements, and adaptable for 

I ^\ various degrees of required fineness. 

IjIIS; Not far from the railway station, on the south, are the works of the 

'•"SJ Pettee Company, founded in 1831 by Otis Pettee, for the manufacture of 

'•"^j cotton machinery. In 1839 they were burned out, in a great conflagration 

|. which destroyed $60,000 and lighted up the valley of the Upper Charles 

«i»^^, for leagues. In 1840 the works were rebuilt, employing three hundred men, 

Mjjj and supplying machinery to the chief mills in New England and the Middle 

^l|{Jjj States, and as far away as Tennessee and Mexico. Between 1838 and 1850 

a dozen great Mexican mills, at Tepic, Mazatlan, Colima, Guadalajara, etc., 
were fully equipped with machinery from this place. When it was pro- 
posed to utilize the water-power on the little brook that flows from the 
highlands toward Oak Hill into the Charles near this point, a local hydraulic 
expert objected that the stream wasn't worth a dam. But Mr. Pettee 
thought otherwise, and established here his cotton-machinery works, which, 
after the lapse of more than half a century, are still mildly prospering. 

From the abrupt hillock near by, with an embankment at the top like 
a little reservoir, or a picket-station in Virginia, there is a capital view of the 
mills and their attendant ponds, with the Great and Little Blue Hills, leagues 
away up the valley, and the rugged heights of Wellesley nearer at hand. 



The Cheney house, that stood opposite Pettee's boarding-house, near the 
south-west corner of Cheney and Mechanic Streets, was of heavy oaken 
timbers, wainscoted with oaken planks, as a protection against hostile 
bullets, which were to be feared in that remote day of 1702, when its foun- 
dations were laid. Joseph Cheney, Jr., brought from the woods one day 
two little saplings on his shoulder, and they have in ninety years grown into 
the noble twin elms now standing near the boarding-house. Joseph's son. 
General Ebenezer Cheney, was a representative to the General Court, a 
pew-owner in the First Church, and filled other i^ositions of trust in the 
town. He had the orthodox number of twelve children, and died in 1853, 
at the age of ninety-four. The Cheney house long since vanished; but the 
great elms, its oldtime companions, remain to mark its site. Nearly oppo- 
site the Pettee place is the high-pillared mansion built by Dr. Samuel S. 
Whitney, afterwards the property of Dr. A. D. Dearborn, and for many 
5^1 years the home of Frederic Barden, the manufacturer, who died in 1877. 

fc'jij It is now the home of Josiah B. Newell. To the eastward, Elliot Street 

^(!«|i climbs the slopes of Cottage Hill, which attains an elevation of 230 

f|fj, feet above tide-water. 

\ -On Needham Street, near the railway, are the buildings of the United- 

^ ^' States Fireworks ComjDany, from which the great Fourth-of-July pyrotech- 

»,^ nic displays of the city of Boston have been furnished. To avert the 

^ ^^ danger of a general and disastrous explosion, the operations of manufacture 

»'j|P*J are carried on in a number of small detached buildings, scattered at random 

|^1[ through the forest. 

*>l[3l On a noble situation high up on the ridge over the village stands the 

VnJJ^ Methodist-Episcopal meeting-house, a plain old wooden building with a 

^•iJ[' quaint little spirelet, and two great maple-trees in front. It was erected 

k, away back in the year 1827, mainly at the costs of the Elliot Manufacturing 

»;<^ Company and Rufus Ellis, Esq., as a home for the Upper-Falls Religious 

V|rt[ Society; but somehow the rarefied air of these highlands failed to agree 

ktlQs with the Unitarianism at first preached there, and the church fell into a 

fatal decline. Meantime, the Methodists, who had begun their services in 
1»^ an humble way in 1826, had waxed mightily; and in 1832 they were allowed 

to occupv the silent meeting-house alternate Sundays, and in due time they 
purged it of its Arian taint, and entered into peaceful occupation. P^or 
nearly two generations they have enjoyed the ministrations of their itin- 
eracy in this high-placed temple. Marshall S. Rice, the initiator of the 
Methodist experiment, early desired to buy the church for his brethren; 
and, on asking his wife what she should do if he so disposed of his little 
store of money, and then died, she answered, with brave spirit : " Buy the 
house. I don't believe you will soon be called to die, if you do ; and, should 
it be so, I will support our children by going into the factory to work, if 






necessary." The thriving church received a bell in 1833; was enlarged in 
1836; built a vestry in 1855; was renovated in i860; got a new bell in 
1861 ; an organ in 1863; a parsonage in 1865; and so has grown from 
decade to decade, with the adequate blessing of its Lord. The two great 
rock-maples in front were pulled out of the grass in New Ipswich, N.H., 
fifty years ago, being then about six inches high, and were brought down 
the country by Marshall S. Rice, in his chaise-box. 

The incumbents of the Methodist pastorate have been Rev. Charles K. 
True, Rev. John Parker, Rev. Nathan B. Spaulding, Rev. Charles S. Mac- 
reading, Rev. D. K. Bannister, Rev. Joseph Dennison, Rev. Jacob Sanborn, 
Rev. M. P. Webster, Rev. Chester Field, Rev. Mr. Putnam, Rev. Z. A. 
Mudge, Rev. John Paulson, Rev. Edward Otheman, Rev. Newell S. Spauld- 
ing, Rev. James Mudge, Rev. Joseph A. Merrill, Rev. Joseph W. Lewis, 
Rev. William Pentecost, Rev. Augustus F. Bailey, Rev. James W. Morey, 
Rev. Jonas Bailey, Rev. Ralph W. Allen, Rev. William B. Toulmin, Rev. 
William J. Pomfret, Rev. Franklin Thurber, Rev. Charles T. Johnson 
(1880-82), Rev. A. F. Herrick (1883-85), and Rev. John Peterson (1885-89). 

The white wooden meeting-house of the Second Baptist Society lifts its 
battlemented tower on a high bluff over the roaring river, whose perpetual 
melody ascends through the trees which spring from the steep incline, 
mingling with the burbling of the factory-wheels. The church dates from 
the year 1833, long before Texas and California became American soil; and 
the society was formed by fifty-five members of the original Baptist church 
in Newton. The first local meetings occurred in 1832, and the church was 
organized three years later. Its former bell once belonged to the Univer- 
salist society at Newton, on whose demise it passed into the possession of 
this church. It cracked a few years ago, and has been succeeded by a new 
bell, which now summons with melodious tones the people to worship their 
Lord. The building was remodelled and repaired in the vear 1880. 

The shepherds of the Baptist fold have been the Rev. Origen Crane 
(1836-39), Rev. Charles W. Dennison (1842- ), Rev. Samuel S. Leighton 
(1846-47), Rev. Amos Webster (1848-54), Rev. Samuel F. Smith, D.D. 
(stated supply, 1856-64), Rev. William C. Richards (1865-71), Rev. Freeman 
T. Whitman, Rev. E. H. Jones, Rev. Thomas de Gruchy, Rev. Henry G. 
Safford, and Rev. B. L. Whitman. It is strongly hoped that this historic 
church may recover its ancient power and influence for good. Nearly four 
hundred members have been connected with it, but now there are but half 
as many members as at the time of its organization, fifty years ago. 

Opposite the Baptist church is Winter Street, climbing up the eminence 
that in old times was known as Oyster Hill. Here, also, is tlie chief plaza 
of the village, with its iron fountain and tall elm-tree, and environment of 
somnolent shops. 


In the old days the village was divided into two hostile parts, — the Upper 
Place, including the southerly part, and the Lower Place, which was over 
the hill towards West Newton. Never were such wars waged as those 
between the lads of these faubourgs in winter, when the air was brightened 
with flying snowballs, and thrilled with the cheers of storming parties. The 
tavern and its jolliest patrons were in the Lower Place (fitting though acci- 
dental designation), whereat the unco' guid of the Upper Place pointed the 
cold, unmoving finger of scorn. It was in those days that John Winslow 
wrote : - 

^ " Newton Upper Falls is split in two parts, 

^ % Where we learn the sciences and fine arts. 

^ We have all sorts of trades, all kinds of trash, 

Ki^ Machine-shops, cotton-mills, but not much cash." 

^ The first Roman-Catholic services in Newton were held at the Upper 

?|j| Falls, in 1843, when Father Strain, of Waltham, began to celebrate Mass 

» 'jij in a room in James Cahill's house. Father Bernard Flood was missionary 

( ()«|, here from 1852 to 1864, and secured an acre of land for a church-site, on 

^|t]j| which his successor, Father John McCarthy (1864-70), erected a large 

». wooden church, which was dedicated by Bishop Williams in 1867. The 

». ^' next priest in residence was Father Michael Dolan, who settled here in 

»,J 1871. Five years later, the enlarged St. Mary's Church received a service 

» ^1 of rededication from Archbishop Williams, with a sermon by Bishop Healey 

» I^Jf of Portland. The building has 1,000 sittings, and the average attendance 

' \*\^ is 750. The priest in charge is Father Martin O'Brien. 

••^iJI; The Universalist society was composed of 22 proprietors, who maintained 

Vitjf the Rev. Samuel P. Skinner as their pastor from 1841 to 1845. The pulpit 

^*«{[ was then filled for two years by A. S. Dudley, a dentist, and William F. 

|i Teulon, a Canadian doctor, under whose ministrations the society melted 

*,^ away, and their church became Eliot Hall, used for some years by the 

V)Q[ Catholics, and also for lectures and other secular purposes, and being finally 

fc^J^ converted into a dwelling-house. 

wjni Another ecclesiastical institution (founded in 1886) is the Church of 

IjJJ Yahveh, on Boylston Street, where the local believers in the Second Advent 

worship, under the direction of the Rev. L. T. Cunningham. It is a grim 

and singular-looking wooden edifice, with its odd title emblazoned across 

the front. 

The local secular societies are the Quinobequin Association, with a 
library and fifty members, meeting every Monday evening at its hall on 
High Street; Home Lodge, No. 162, of Odd Fellows; Echo-Bridge Coun- 
cil, No. 843, of the Royal Arcanum ; the Upper Charles-River Boat Club ; 
and Good Templars, a temperance organization. 

At the head of the glen, and not far from the handsome stone bridge 



H'llllll 1 l\f'\\ i llllililtouM , .ib,.»m;i,.»..mi,i: 


whose triple arches join Newton and Needham, is the building of the New- 
ton Water Works, whose architecture suggests that it is something more 
than the ordinary factory. This neat civic structure shelters a handsome 
little hall, with polished floor and timber roof, not unlike a chapel, and 
enshrining the great engines, whose mighty throbbing forces through 
leagues of underground iron arteries the river of pure water that supplies 
the homes of this wide-spread city. It is worth while to watch, for a few 
minutes, the almost noiseless motion of this tremendous piece of mechan- 
ism whose mission is so beneficent and useful. The grounds about the 
building are prettily laid out, and afford pleasant views of the winding blue 
river, out of which project huge weather-stained rocks. Here and there 
float little boats, indicating that on these still reaches of the sylvan stream 
there are available chances for navigation. Above, the Charles sweeps 
around a bend along which extend the embankments of the Filter Basin, 
like the tow-path of a riverside canal. The engine at the pumping-works 
is a pulsometer, built by the Worthington Pump Works, and can pump 
5,000,000 gallons in 24 hours. There is also an auxiliary engine that can 
pump 1,000,000 gallons a day, used when the main engine is being repaired. 
One of the first things Newton did to signalize its arrival at the dignity 
of a city was to begin arrangements for a water-supply. The people voted, 
928 to 443, in December, 1874, to authorize the expenditure of $600,000 for 
the purpose ; and Colonel Royal M. Pulsifer, the Hon. Robert R. Bishop, 
and Colonel Francis J. Parker were appointed Water Commissioners. It 
had been the original idea to get the water from Hammond's, Wiswall's, and 
Bullough's Ponds ; but the commissioners recommended that it be taken 
from a well above Pettee's works, at the Upper Falls. This then was 
done; and in 1875 '^"d 1S76 fifty miles of street-mains were laid, and 
$766,000 had been expended. The reservoir on Waban Hill holds 15,000,000 
gallons. The water supply was supplemented by seven artesian wells, sunk 
in 1886 by the Manhattan Artesian- Well Company, and capable of drawing 
from the great underground currents something like 300,000 gallons a day 
of pure water, at a temperature of 50 degrees. 

The Upper-Falls Racquet Boat Club has its house and moorings along- 
side the Needham-Street Bridge. The navigation of the stream is unbroken 
for ten miles, from this point up to Charles-River Village, beyond Dedham, 
the current being very slight, and not without frecjuent shallows. Through 
these leagues, the silent and lazy stream flows amid a sylvan solitude, 
between luxuriant thickets and woods, and along the emerald edges of 
lonely meadows. Its shores are almost as uninhabited as they were tjiree 
centuries ago; and the unknown river traverses miles of serried grass and 
fields of fragrant white lilies, through shadowy forests and silent meadows, 
and past lines of low rocky hills. By and by the high dome of Dedham 


Court-House rises over the trees, with the spires and roofs of the capital of 
Norfolk County grouped about it. About half a mile before reaching Ded- 
ham, the narrow water-lane of Mother Brook turns off to the left ; and here 
the boatman drifts swiftly downward, over grassy deeps and sandy shallows, 
carries his craft around five dams, and emerges on the Neponset River, 
near Hyde Park. The circumnavigation of Boston and Newton, ascending 
the Charles from tlie harbor to Mother Brook, and descending the brook 
and the Neponset to the harbor again, may be made in two days, tlie dis- 
tance being about seventy miles. One of our best writers thus describes 
some phases of the scenery : " Tlie downward voyage from Dedham is 
worth an Odyssey. The distance is 23J miles from Dedham to Boston, by 
the river, according to the accepted schedule. It is fair to assume that it 
is more than 23J miles from Dedham boat-house to the Union Club's house 
in Boston, — 25 miles, perhaps. And all but a mile or two of that distance 
is made up of as lovely river-scenery as is to be found anywhere. Starting 
from Dedham, one passes through a continuous garden. The river in the 
6 miles down to Newton Upper Falls is lined witla water-lilies. How won- 
derfully abundant they are ! They dot the margin everywher£, — untouched, 
apparently, and looking as if they were unknown, so Arcadian is this region 
almost at our very gates. The canoes glide swan-like on the smooth surface 
between a double row of these lilies : their fragrance rises to the boats. 
Above them there is a hedge of sweet-brier, which, covered with its deep- 
pink roses, makes a marvellous background for the scene ; and clinging close 
to the foot of the briers, shoreward from the lilies, is a line of some sort of 
water-flag, which, over leaves like the calla, bears a plume-like blue bloom. 
The meadow is clotted with graceful elms, and beyond are the hills, with 
woody tracts and pastures interspersed, and the shadows of fleecy clouds 
chasing each other across them. Now the canoes glide past the meadows ; 
and the deep thickets sweep down over close to the shore, driving out, for a 
time, the sweet-brier garden, and overlianging the water, instead, with 
branches of oak and elm, past which the canoers brush their way in their 
placid voyage. Here and there are picturesque stone-arched bridges, and 
an occasional habitation; but the way is for the most part purely Arcadian. 
And there is nothing like a canoe voyage for enjoyment of such a scene. 
One seems to be half bird of the air and half water fowl, as he skims along 
placidly among such scenes. He forgets the steady, easy movement of 
his arms in handling the paddle, and seems to glide by a pure mental 
volition, noiseless except for the soft ripple of the water at his boat's prow. 
It is the poetry of all boating, — the most exquisite of out-of-door enjoy- 

The lovelv rural scenery that surrounds the village was for a long time 
the delight of Ralph Waldo Emerson. When he returned from Europe, 


in 1833, he settled down with his mother in a quiet old farmhouse a half- 
mile from Newton Upper Falls. He wrote to a friend : " Why do you not 
come out here to see the pines and the hermit? . . . It is calm as eter- 
nity, and will give you lively ideas of the same. These sleepy hollows, 
full of savins and cinque-foil, seem to utter a quiet satire at the ways and 
politics of men. I think the robin and the finch the only philosophers. 
'Tis deep Sunday in this woodcock's nest of ours from one end of the 
week to the other ; times and seasons get lost here ; sun and stars make 
all the difference of night and day." 
'J The crowning attraction of the village is the famous Echo Bridge, a 

fc,^ marvellous stone aqueduct on which the Sudbury-River water is carried 

SIm across the Charles River, high above the stream, on its way to the thirsty 

throats of Boston. There is a path leading down from Ellis Street, near 
^W the Baptist church, alongside the aqueduct, with an enrailed platform just 

"^ under the arch large enough to accommodate a dozen persons. The 

favorite word to hurl at the arch is July, and the serious charge of lie — 
lie — lie is thrown back as vigorously and almost as frequently as if the 
bridge were a political newspaper in campaign time. The human voice, 
Si on a still day, is rapidly re-echoed 18 times from beneath this arch, and 

Ona a pistol-shot gives 25 repetitions. According to the highly imaginative 

J ^' engineer of the water-works, " A shout, of moderate intensity, is rever- 

\mi berated back with so many and so distinct repetitions that all the neigh- 

\ b» boring woods seem to be full of wild Indians, rushing down from the hills, 

J,K.*i; and with their terrible war-whoop ready to dash into view, and annihilate 

%M* all traces of the surrounding civilization." 

%i^ If This beautiful bridge was built in 1876 and 1877, of solid granite 

masonry, 500 feet long, with five arches of 37 feet span; one (over Ellis 
T^i Street) of 28 feet; and the great segmental arch over the river, 130 feet 

KjIJl; in span, with a radius of 69 feet, and a height of 51 feet above the stream, 

Jjtafi or 70 feet to the top. There is but one larger arch in America. The 

S^ foundations rest on solid rock, with a pressure of 16^ tons to the square 

^j-^ iooi. The arch is but 18 feet wide at the crown, and presents a very 

" symmetrical and pleasing appearance, which is heightened by the sylvan 

beauty of the surroundings. The river below, still confused from its 

wrestle with the mill-wheels above, and its heady plunge over the rocky 

falls, flashes and darkens through the deep gorge, reflecting like a mirror 

the high hemlock trees above, and wimpling away around the fair wooded 

islet below. As Mary Blake says, in one of her charming suburban essays: 

" Like a properly trained athlete, the bridge runs on narrow arches across 

the level land, until one swift bound of unusual length carries it over the 

river. It is a place of enchantment. The fairy godmother of the place 

lives under the river-arch, with a chorus of attendant nymphs wlio echo 




your lightest whisper with true feminine pertinacity." Mrs. Blake thus 
narrates a subterranean voyage in the aqueduct, beginning at this point: — 
" Under ordinary circumstances, to have a passage open under your feet 
in the solid rock, and a flight of steps take you down into the bowels of 
the earth, where a smiling gnome with a strong Milesian brogue invited 
you to step into a barge resplendent with waxen lights and floating on the 
bosom of a subterranean river, might shake your usually sober senses, but 
these were not ordinary circumstances. We were a party of adventurers, 
who, by the great kindness of the reigning powers, were allowed to go 
down into the main conduit of the Sudbury-River water supply, where it 
crosses the arches at Newton, and float down under the earth till we 
reached the light of day again at Chestnut Hill. When the opening 
through which we had descended had been closed, and we glided down 
the dark tunnel, with the flaring lights of innumerable candles fastened 
in tin reflectors to take the place of the bright spring sunshine, the situa- 
tion was novel enough to suit even a modern spectacular dramatist. 
Fortunately, there was no such monster among us. Figure to yourself, 
as the lively Gaul would say, a clean, well-aired, brick arched aqueduct, 
nine feet in diameter, with a stream of clear, pure water, two feet in depth, 
flowing with almost imperceptible motion through the dark silence, and 
losing itself in the shadows. At every hundred feet a little numbered 
tablet of white porcelain divided the structure into sections, so that either 
cleaning or repairs could be carried on systematically and quickly. The 
gangs of men employed in labor of this kind can be subdivided, so that the 
work is accomplished in an incredibly short space of time. Twice a year 
the entire extent is carefully scraped and washed; and a constant super- 
vision, with telephonic communication along the whole line, and expert 
examination, prevents the possibility of even slight damage. Through the 
entire length of 16 miles manholes and ladders give easy access at stated 
points, and a system of underground maps corresponding to the landmarks 
above makes it possible to locate any break or injury with great exactness. 
A complicated system of screens and floodgates at both inlet and outlet 
filter and control the flow, so that the mighty force is as gentle as a well- 
bred child, when it might easily be so terrible. The exquisite compactness 
and neatness of the enormous structure is a marvel to unused eyes ; not a 
drop of moisture falls from the high, cleanly roof; both brickwork and 
cement look pure and fresh as if laid yesterday, and the clear, limpid water 
is transparent as crystal. The absolute absence of stale air or even the 
slightest odor is especially delightful to some who have regarded the trip 
from afar with the apprehension which clings to all unknown things. As 
we float swiftly on, helping the already swift current with long poles, a 
fresh breeze from the open gates at Chestnut-Hill Reservoir begins to 



play about our ears, a faint tinkle of falling water makes itself heard in 
the distance, and the brick sides and roof broaden and heighten into a 
picturesque cavern of stone where the aqueduct had been blasted through 
some rocky hillside. In such spots only an occasional dripping from the 
surface works its way through clefts and cracks, and we find umbrellas 
serviceable. Here and there lurk echoes of unearthly beauty ; the artist's 
yodel comes back in a delicious diminuendo like the faint sweetness of an 
^olian harp ; a blow on the iron prow of the boat breaks in distant thunder 
against some distant angle; and O'Shaughnessey, sitting aloft in the stern 
in the glare of the candles, like a good-natured Irish cherub on an illu- 
minated missal, pipes jigs and hornpipes and odd bits of gay melodies with 
quaint minor endings, which whirl back from the answering walls in a 
tumult of fantastic sounds. Just far enough behind to strengthen the 
picturesque effect of light and shadow the second boat, with its gay cargo 
and flaming headlight, followed us through the utter gloom ; for any dark- 
ness of which we are conscious in the upper world is only relative compared 
with this intense blackness. . . . 

" What concerns you and me is the precision, the thoroughness, the 
exquisite care, the constant watchfulness which day and night, summer 
and winter, with infinite thoughtfulness and infinite skill, is planning and 
perfecting, so that we may enjoy that best of all nature's blessings, good 
All water. The next time you turn a faucet and see the precious stream which, 

it|i in spite of grumbling and growling, is more presentable, more palatable 

.|i and more healthy than that of nine out of ten of the other cities of the 

■*'' Union, think of the years of labor, the millions of money, the resources of 

31' science, the patient, watchful care that has been required before this 

\ plenteous indulgence was made possible for you. Think of the Sudbury 

aqueduct and the score of works connected with it. 

" Meantime, we are nearing the end of our two-hour voyage. We have 
waked the echoes until we are hoarse ; we have passed under hills and over 
valleys, skimmed beneath gentlemen's lawns and village streets, and now 
1 far off a point of brilliant white brightness shows through the darkness. 

What is that, O genial Shaughnessey ? An electric light or a calcium? 
'Faith, mam, it's a betther thing than ayther ! It's daylight!' Nearer it 
comes and nearer until we float under the arch into the full glory of sun- 
shine, and realize, as one can onlv realize who has been for a while deprived 
of its beauty, what it meant to the world when ' God said, Let there be 
light ! '" 

Near the north-east corner of Chestnut and Boylston Streets stands the 
house that from 1808 to 1850 was the village inn, dignified by the sonorous 
title of the Manufacturers' Hotel. Here the merchants and commercial 
persons who drove out from Boston on business at the mills, used to put up 






their horses and fortify their inner men. The Worcester Turnpike was 
built here in 1808, with its bridge across the Charles, its 600 shares of $250 
each being nearly all owned in Boston, and turning out almost a total loss 
to the subscribers. Among the land-owners of this locality early in the 
present century were George Ticknor, Benjamin Guild, and Jonathan 
Mason, of Boston. 

When Thomas Parker sold his works to General Elliot, he reserved four 
acres below the Falls, where, near the small island, he built a dam and saw- 
mill in 1783. This property passed in 1799 into the hands of the Newton 
Iron Works Company (Rufus Ellis, agent), who built a rolling-mill, a cut-nail 
factory (the latter in 1809), and a cotton-factory (in 1813). In 1821 Ellis 
became sole proprietor, and two years later formed the Newton Factories 
Company, for rolling and slitting bar-iron, and making cut nails and cotton 
cloth; and in 1835 the property reverted to Rufus and David Ellis. Fifteen 
years later, there were at this point a rolling-mill, which worked up 1,500 
tons of bar-iron annually; a factory making 500 tons of cut nails ; and a 
cotton-mill (on the Needham shore) with 2,000 spindles. Many years ago 
(about the year 1850), the cotton-mill was burned, and its lonely ruins now 
cumber the Needham shore. This mill was chiefly built of the timbers of 
a British ship, captured in the War of 1812, and brought into Boston and 
dismantled. Vast quantities of nails were sent hence to Cuba, to be used 
in the manufacture of sugar-boxes and similar works of utility. The rolling- 
mills were on Turtle Island, north of Boylston Street, and the nail-works 
south of the street. The rolling-mills were closed about a dozen years ago, 
when Frederick Barden died, and the mainspring of their action became 
motionless. The island is now occupied by paper-mills, in 1886 run by the 
Superior Wax-Paper Company, which collapsed, after a short tenure of life, 
leaving the village shopkeepers to mourn many unsettled accounts. Just 
across, on the Needham shore, in the wild little ravine formed by the outlet 
of the ponds, is the odd rocky grotto known as Devil's Den. This is, of 
course, to be expected ; for poor must be the New-England town that has 
not its bit of a cavern, consecrated to his Plutonian Majesty. 

P>om the bridge beyond Turtle Island you may obtain a charming view 
up the river, over a placid black mill-pond, which is shut in by picturesque 
rocky banks, and overhung by a wealth of various foliage. Above these, 
and closing the fair vista, rises the great gray and red arch of Echo Bridge. 
On the other side of the bridge is the resounding dam, with bright meadows 
opening out far below. 

And so, amid the venerable colonial houses of the Lower Place, and in 
the presence of. its strangely silent industrial Pompeii, we may take leave 
of Newton Upper Falls. 

Wrtoton H^tgjlantis- 




The bright modern village of Newton Highlands stands on the breezy 
plateau which lies between Newton Upper Falls and Newton Centre, with 
the wooded heights of Cottage Hill on one side and Crystal Lake on the 
other, and on the south the beautiful and park-like open country opening 

jj -^ ^■i^ "^ *t 

/ f'^'^-^ 

y»TE/" %"/?-, 

The Bethuel-Allen House, long occupied by Ralph Waldo Emersoir, 
on Woodward Street, 

away towards Oak Hill. On all sides the broad and quiet streets stretch 
away, lined with pretty villas and cottages, and presenting a pleasing scene 
of peacefulness and comfort. The rural beauty of the country, and the 
cheapness of land, have attracted hitherward many Boston families, wliose 
nominal heads seek their daily avocations in the neighboring metropolis, 

268 /vy.\'6".9 HANDBOOK OF NEWTON. 

while leaving the village authorities to guard their dear ones. Its high and 
dry location and sandy soil give this locality a singular degree of healthful- 
ness ; and physicians have for many years recommended it as a sanitarium 
for persons suffering from asthma and catarrh and other diseases of the 
throat and lungs. In 1886 the railway company built here a handsome and 
spacious stone station, nearly surrounded by pleasant lawns, drives, and 
walks. On all sides are heard the sounds of carpentry, where new groups 
of houses are being prepared for the incoming families of the next year and 
the coming decades. In the western edge of the village (as we have seen) 
is the new railway-station of Eliot, three-quarters of a mile from the Newton- 
Highlands station, and one mile from Waban. It is also less than a mile, 
by way of Eliot Street, from Newton Upper Falls. 

Not many years ago, this village was but a small cross-roads settlement, 
in a region of farms, with two well-known taverns, — Bacon's (where Deacon 
Asa Cook afterwards lived) and Mitchell's (afterwards Thornton's), at the 
western corner of Centre and Boylston Streets. Near by were the shops of 
the blacksmith and the wheelwright, where the motive power of the western- 
county farmers could be repaired, what time the rugged yeomen themselves 
partook of the good cheer of the taverns. 

The railway-station was first known as " Oak Hill," in allusion to the 
prosperous farming region to the southward. Afterwards they called it 
" Newton Dale," although a less dale-like place could not be found this 
side the Scottish marches. It was about the year 1870 that the straggling 
cluster of houses began to crystallize into a village with church and school 
and shops ; and since that time its growth has been rapid and permanent. 

From the site of the old blacksmith-shop at Woodward and Boylston 
Streets the distances are as follows : to West Newton, Newton Lower Falls, 
or Highlandville, z\ miles; to Grantville, 3; to Needham, 3I; to Waltham, 
4; to Wellesley, 5; to Dover, 6|; to Natick, 7^ ; to Weston, 8: to Medtield, 
9,^. The blacksmith-shop was built in 1839, for Moses Crafts, with stone 
taken from a ledge on Dedham Street; and in 1886 it was demolished for 

In this vicinity is the home of Darius Cobb, the artist ; and on Walnut 
Street dwells Walter Allen, the well-known Boston journalist. 

The Congregational church was founded in 1871 and organized a year 
later, more than half its membership of 27 being of the families of Hyde, 
Woodward, and Stearns. The chapel was occupied in 1872, and the church 
in 1875, the cost having been $16,000. The pews are free; and the expenses 
of the society are met by voluntary subscriptions. The pastors have been 
the Revs. S. H. Dana (1872-77) and George G. Phipps (1877-89). The 
meeting-house occupies a pleasant and commanding situation, at the inter- 
section of two of the principal streets, and looks out benignantly over the 





drowsy hamlet. Here the people enjoy their harvest festivals and corn 
sociables, and other pleasant reunions, besides the usual religious observ- 
ances of the old Puritan faith. 

The Church of St. Paul, under the pastorate of the Rev. Carlton P. Mills, 
has a handsome little temple on Walnut Street, frequented on Sundays and 
saints' days by the good communicants of the Episcopal faith, who are 
welcomed here to free seats. 

One of the prominent residents of Newton Highlands is the Hon. J. F. C. 
Hyde, the first mayor of Newton, and a descendant of one of its seventeenth- 
century pioneers, a public-spirited and ever-active citizen, whose home- 
gardens show rare triumphs of horticulture. His house is in the eastern 
part of the village, toward Crystal Lake. 

Near Mr. Hyde's place, at the corner of Centre and Cushing Streets, is 
the pleasant home of Albert F. Hayward, of Fobes, Hayward & Co. 

Near the village, at the junction of the Dedham and Needham roads, is 
the South Cemetery, laid out in 1802, and used for many years for the burial 
of the Upper-Falls and Oak-Hill people, — the Richardses, Richardsons, 
Bixbys, Halls, Hydes, Wiswalls, Winchesters, and others. It was ceded by 
the proprietors to the town in 1833. Close to this old burying-ground lived 
the venerable Daddy Thwing, who used to entertain the country lads with 
stories of how he fought at Bunker Hill and in the old heroic days of the 

,i| Well out on the road to Waban stands the Woodward farmhouse, one 

of the oldest hereditary places in America, having now remained in the 
possession of a single family and name for upw^ards of two centuries. John 
Woodward, the weaver, came hither in 1681, and built the house which is 
still standing, and occupied by his descendants of the ninth generation, 
having passed down to Ebenezer in 1716, to Deacon John in 1747, to 
Deacon Ebenezer in 1781, to Deacon Elijah F. in 1810, and so on to the 
present day. This family furnished many useful officials to the town and 
State, and dozens of soldiers for the Revolutionary and later armies. The 
old house is secluded from the public way, and may be reached by a lane 
diverging from. Woodward Street opposite the alleged Beethoven Avenue. 
It is surrounded by century-old trees, and commands a charming view over 
the meadows of the Charles River to the westward. 

The chief manufactory in the village is that of the CJamewell Fire-Alarm 
Telegraph Company, whose police-telegraph systems have lately been 
adopted in many American cities. 

Keb3ton Centre* 


Along the "upper plain" of the ancient settlers, at the foot of Institution 
Hill, and covering something over a half-mile square of pleasant and 
diversified upland, sleeps the lovely village of Newton Centre, dreaming 
over its twenty-five decades of honorable history, and indulging in pleasing 
visions of its inevitably prosperous future. The rival villages of Newton 
and West Newton have long since passed it, in point of population and 
civic and ecclesiastical distinction ; but the future is long and promising, 
and the air draws sweetly over this sunny highland terrace. On one side 
expands the bright shield of Crystal Lake, showing no traces of the myriads 
of sins that it has washed away in baptism ; along the south stretches the 
long rampart of Institution Hill, with its garrison of Baptist theologians; 
and to the north the beautiful avenue of Centre Street winds away to the 
busier thoroughfares of the Corner. And along the semi-rural roads that 
converge upon the Common are the homes of 3,000 people, to whom, amid 
such restful scenes, come length of days and tranquillity of life. In ram- 
bling for an hour through this fragment of Arcadia, we may glance here 
and there at an old house or a modern villa, and recall a few quaint tradi- 
tions, and yet leave much to be learned by the summer-day tourist from 
Boston or Yokohama. 

We are not the first distinguished foreigners to explore this land of 
dreams. For on the 29th of February, 1868, the village was visited by 
a strange group of men, who called themselves the Man of Ross, the 
Boston Bantam, Massachusetts Jemmy, and the Gad's Hill Gasper. They 
are better known as George Dolby, James R. Osgood, James T. Fields, 
and Charles Dickens ; and their purpose was a walking-match between 
the two first-named, coached by the other two, " for two hats a side and 
the glory of their respective countries." This contest was described at 
length, in cockney dialect, by Dickens, who announced as the turning- 
point "the little village (with no refreshments in it but five oranges and 



a bottle of blacking) of Newton Centre." The route led from the be- 
ginning of the Mill Dam to the Centre and back, over a waste of snow 
and ice, and in a bitter west wind. Dickens reached the Centre first, 
closely followed by Osgood, who finally won the match by seven minutes; 
and the victory was celebrated that night by a dinner at the Parker 
House, at which were present the two contestants, Charles Dickens, Mr. 
and Mrs. James T. Fields, Professor and Mrs. Charles Eliot Norton, Pro- 
fessor and Mrs. James Russell Lowell, Oliver Wendell Holmes and his 
wife, Thomas Bailey Aldrich and his wife, Howard M. Ticknor and 
' J his wife, Barthold Schlesinger, and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and 

his daughter. 
u3 Dickens and Fields made a preliminary reconnoissance of tlie route 

^11 before the contest, and the latter reached Newton Centre quite tired out, 

1,^ and sat on a doorstep with his illustrious guest, eating oranges, which (as 

.{fl they both agreed) were the only refreshments to be found in the place. 

In remoter days, indeed, all visitors to this region were dependent upon 
the same pedestrian methods, unless they went by the fugacious buggy or 
the much-rumbling stage. But during the pastorate of the Rev. William 
Bushnell at Newton Centre, in the early forties, he dev^oted much time 
and energy to the planning of a railroad through his parish, from Needham 
to Boston. Many persons in Brookline opposed the scheme, as tending 
to ruin their gardens and bring undesirable persons among them ; but the 
people in the Woonsocket region came to its help, desiring a quick route 
to Boston. Finally, Otis Pettee of Newton Upper Falls was induced to 
take hold of the enterprise, which from that time had an assurance of 
success. Mr. Pettee became the first president of this corporation, which 
received the names, successively, of the Air Line, the Charles-River Rail- 
road, the Boston, Hartford & Erie, and the New- York & New-England. 
Two or three years ago, the Boston & Albany Railroad bought the line 
from Brookline to Newton Highlands, a distance of 5^0- miles, for 
$415,000, in order to finish out its great Circuit Railroad, which sweeps 
around through the Newtons. The Charles-River Railroad, from Brook- 
line to Needham, began to run in November, 1852, season-tickets from 
Boston to Newton Centre selling for $35. Before this time, Bostonward 
passengers were carried from Newton Centre to the Corner by omnibuses; 
and a daily stage made trips from Newton Upper Falls through the Centre 
and on to Boston, the fare being 37^^ cents. 

Centre Street was the old Dedham road, joining Watertown and Ded- 
ham ; Boylston Street, the old Worcester Turnpike, dates from the year 
1809; and Beacon Street came into existence in 1847-48. 

It is but a short walk from the railway station to the Common, which 
may stand as the F^orum of the village. This pleasant bit of park has been 



in the general service of the town for nearly 200 years, but the manner of 
its public acquisition is not known by records or other documents. There 
is a tradition that it was given to the people by Jonathan Hyde, and a part 
of it by Captain Noah Wiswall and his sons. Early in the last century, it 
was partly occupied by two noon-houses, erected by the selectmen, wherein, 
batween the morning and afternoon services, on Sundays, the church-goers 
from a distance could eat their frugal bread and cheese, and quaff their 
refreshing cider. There were three or four of these noon-houses at New- 
ton Centre, square one-story buildings, with fire-places in the centre, 
open on all sides, and supported on pillars, and with seats around the walls 

Newton Centre Baptist Church, Centre Street. 

for the uneasy rest of the sanctified. In these humble shelters the wor- 
shippers gathered, between the morning and afternoon services, to thaw 
out their half-frozen limbs and eat their simple luncheons, indulging the 
while in such neighborhood gossip as might be allowable on such a sacred 
and austere day. When this rather grim recess was over, the women re- 
plenished their foot-stoves, and prepared for the great discourse of the 

Close to the Common, also, stood the gun-house, in which the town kept 
the field-pieces, presented to it by John Pigeon. At dawn on April 19th, 
1775, a thundering detonation from these guns reverberated through the 
hills, and signalled the advance of the King's troops against Lexington 



and Concord. In response to this signal, the minute-men and yeomanry 
sprang to arms throughout the town; and in a marvellously brief space 
the companies were on their way to encounter the enemy. Here, also, at 
the corner of Lyman and Centre Streets, stood the quaint little powder- 
house, with its heavy brick walls, before which for many years the 
"trainers" of this region went through their martial manoeuvres, captained 
by gaunt farmers and forensic selectmen. It was built in 1799, on the site 
of one of the noon-houses, and suffered demolition in 1850. 

In the early part of the Secession War, a liberty-pole was set up by 
public subscription on the Common ; and in the first flush of a lovely sum- 
mer morning, after prayer by the Rev. Dr. Samuel F. Smith, the largest 
flag ever seen in Newton flashed up to its top. The halliards were drawn 
by the venerable Joshua Loring, whose birthday occurred before the Revo- 
lutionary War. 

At the corner of Station and Centre Streets stood the town-hall, built in 
1835, and, after the removal of the town-meetings to West Newton, used 
for lyceums and other secular gatherings, until about 20 years ago, when 
it was moved away, and destroyed by fire. During the darkest hours of 
the Secession War, at a great meeting held here, young Charles Ward 
came forward, and addressed the people, closing with the words: '-If my 
country needs my services, I am willing for her sake to make the sacrifice."' 
Within a brief year, he died of wounds received on the glorious day of 
Gettysburg, where he fought as sergeant-major of the 32d Massachusetts 

Near this site, and fronting on the Common, is the Methodist church, 
which began in 1875 as a prayer-meeting, a mission from the Methodist 
church at Newton Upper Falls, and was assembled in the engine-house at 
the corner of Station and Centre Streets. The church was organized in 
1879, and dedicated its pretty meeting-house the next year, on land bought 
and given to it by the Hon. Alden Speare, upon the site of the old engine- 
house. Many Methodists in the town looked coldly upon the new en- 
terprise, as tending to weaken existing churches ; but Marshall S. Rice 
becjueathed $1,000 to it, provided the church could be built within a year 
after the bequest, and, with this stimulus and limitation, success was battled 
for and won. The society now has upwards of a hundred members. The 
first pastor was the Rev. George H. Perkins (1879-80), followed by the 
Rev. Bradford K. Peirce, D.D. (1880-84), the Rev. William Ingraham 
Haven (1884-86), and the Rev. William R. Clarke, D.D. (1886-87). 

On one side of the Methodist church, upon the site of one of the ancient 
noon-houses, is the handsome Old-P^nglish building of the Rice School 
(primary), fitted with all the modern apjjliances and conveniences, and 
containing a portrait of tlie venerable Marsliall S. Rice; and on the other 



is the great gray edifice of tlie Mason Scliool (grammar), named in honor 
of David Haven Mason, an eminent lawyer and publicist, cliief mover in 
the levelling of Fort Hill and the freeing of the Mill Dam from tolls, a pro- 
lific writer and gifted orator. A poor farmer's son, of New Hampshire, 
he fought his weary way through Dartmouth College, and, when his law- 
office in Boston was equipped, he had but 25 cents left, and no friends ; 
but in time he rose to be United-States District Attorney for Massachu- 
setts, succeeding George S. Hillard. Newton remembers him as one of 
her most valuable citizens, and thus perpetuates his name. 

There were no public or private schools in Newton for well-nigh 60 years 
after its settlement, the children being taught at home, with some catecheti- 
cal instruction at the church. In 1698 it was voted to build a school-house ; 
and three years later the people resolved to have two, one at the meeting- 
house and one at Oak Hill. 

Much of the beauty of the Common is due to the efforts of the Newton- 
Centre Improvement Association, which was originally a tree-planting 
society (founded in 1852), to whose labors we owe many of the fine rows of 
trees that shade the village streets. The Common was carefully graded 
and adorned in the years 1879-80, and now forms as pleasant and attractive 
a public square as can be found in many a long league. At a later day, the 
labors of the association took a wider range, and included regrading and 
planting the public lawns, improving the shores of Crystal Lake, and other- 
wise adorning the few waste places in their public domains. 

Another prosperous secular society of this region is the Newton-Centre 
Gun Club, much devoted to practice with small arms, to the amazement and 
occasionally to the discomfiture of the wild animals and birds of the sur- 
rounding countryside. These sixty sons of Nimrod take much comfort also 
in annual dinners, and in bowling parties, and other happy diversions of 
a social kind. 

Among the other societies which tend to make life pleasant here are the 
Newton-Centre Associates (Avery L. Rand, President; E. H. Mason, Vice- 
President); the Newton-Centre Young-Men's Lyceum, with 75 members, 
meeting fortnightly in the First-Church chapel; and the Neighbors, meet- 
ing monthly for social and literary entertainments. The secret fraternities 
that find so much favor in our democratic America have not as yet effected 
a lodgment here; and persons in Newton Centre who aspire to be Noble 
Commanders, Worthy Prelates, Chief Rangers, Regents, Dictators, Emi- 
nent Scribes, Orators, or Warders of the Inner Gate, must forsooth hie 
themselves at evening to the more secular villages elsewhere in Newton. 

On the west side of the Common, near the local stores, stands the old 
meeting-house of the Baptist Church, which was moved to this place in 
1886, and made into a public hall, when the new church was founded. The 



latter building is the pride of the village, in an architectural point of view, 
and stands near the Common. Some mention is made of it on a later 

On the same side of the Common, just where Centre Street descends the 
sharp slope towards the little meadow below, stands the pleasant brown 
house which has for years been the home of the Rev. Dr. Samuel Francis 
Smith, a Baptist theologian and writer, and still better known as the author 
of our national hymn, "America." He graduated at Harvard, in Oliver 
Wendell Holmes's class, and has led_ a long and useful life as pastor, pro- 
fessor, editor, and hynnn-writer. Among his productions in hymnology is 
the grand missionary song, " The Morning Light is breaking." At the 
recent celebration of his golden wedding, John G. Whittier wrote in praise 
of •• his song of our country, which is sung wherever, on sea or land, in any 
part of the world, Americans are found " ; and Dr. Holmes wrote this 
charming letter : — 

My dear Sinitli, — I wish 1 could be witli you at the home festival which 
crowns your fifty golden years of wedded life. There is no more beautiful 
record among those whose names are in our class-book than your own. 
And no one among them all, living on the earth or elsewhere, can or could 
greet you more warmly with every kind wish for yourself, your faithful 
companion, and all those nearest you who gather beneath your roof, than 
your affectionate friend and classmate, 

Oliver Wendell Holmes. 

Many years before, the kindly Autocrat also wrote : — 

" And there's a nice youngster of excellent pith, — 
Fate tried to conceal him by naming him Smith ; 
But he shouted a song for the brave and the free, — 
Just read on his medal ' My country,' ' of thee ! "' 

In 1842 Dr. Smith became pastor of the First Baptist Church at Newton 
Centre, at the same time editing The Christian Review j and this connec- 
tion he retained for over twelve years. His most important prose work 
was the great " History of Newton," a constant companion during the prep- 
aration of this Handbook. For nearly half a century, Dr. Smith has been 
a citizen of Newton ; and in his home are many rare old heirlooms and 
relics, Indian stone idols, personal mementos, and a great library. 

The tune of "America" was composed by an Englishman, Henry Carey, 
who died in 1743 ; and it became a national melody in Prussia, England, and 
Russia. William C. W^oodbridge brought home from Germany a number 
of school music-books, and gave them to Dr. Lowell Mason, who committed 
them to young Smith, then a student at Andover Seminary. To one of 
these German melodies, the youth fitted the words of a poem that he had 






then just written, the now-famous " My Country, 'tis of thee." It was first 
sung, in public, in the Park-Street Church, Boston, on the Fourth of July, 



While through the land his strains resound, 

What added fame can love impart 
To his, who touched the string that found 

Its echoes in a Nation's heart? 

No stormy ode, no fiery march. 

His gentle memory shall prolong; 
But on fair Freedom's climbing arch 

He shed the light of hallowed song. 

Full many a poet's labored lines 

A century's creeping waves will hide, 
The verse a people's love enshrines 

Stands like the rock that breasts the tide. 

Time wrecks the proudest piles we raise. 

The towers, the domes, the temples, fall. 
The fortress crumbles and decays ; 

One breath of song outlasts them all. 

Oliver Wendell Holmes. 

On Pleasant Street, which curves away from the Common to Homer 
Street, is the estate occupied until 1886 by Charles P. Clark, at that time 
general manager of the New-York and New-England Railroad, and now 
President of the New-York, New-Haven, and Hartford Railroad. Here, 
also, is the lovely estate of Mount Pleasant, owned by Charles S. Davis 
(formerly of the Hallet & Davis Piano Company), and notable for its 
luxuriant pine woods, and great ledges of conglomerate rock, and pictu- 
resque flanking knolls. 

Homer Street runs off from the old meeting-house through a region of 
pretty homes, and then out to Bullough's Pond, overhung by heavily 
wooded hills. At the east corner of Cedar Street is the house which was 
occupied for many years by the Hon. David H. Mason. Just beyond 
Cedar Street, on the north, stands the pleasant Gothic villa and spacious 
estate of William Morton. Mrs. Samuel Clarke (the mother of James 
Freeman Clarke) received a broad domain hereabouts by inheritance, and 
on the brook Dr. Clarke built a mill, where he ground drugs, and made 
calomel, wherewith to heal the ailments of his neighbors. He also bleached 
wax, and manufactured other simples in use among the allopathic rustics 
of old-time Newton. Dr. Clarke's house was afterwards the home of 
Edwin F. Waters, of the Boston Daily Advertise}'. After Dr. Clarke's 
death, Rufus Brackett converted the mill into a morocco factory. 




The old farm recently occupied by the Rev. George S. Carleton, on 
Homer Street, was in more ancient times the homestead of Captain Henry 
King, a soldier of the Continental Army. After passing the pond. Homer 
Street traverses the wild edge of the cemetery, amid low woods, and curves 
gracefully among the low hills, past the massive stone embankment of 
A''alentine Street, and so on, winding along the hills, with wide vistas of 
rural landscapes opening over the Cold-Spring valley, and farms and 
meadows delighting the view. Tempting wood-paths diverge into the con- 
tiguous forests ; and away off on the left rises the spire of the Newton- 

Associates' Hall, Centre and Pelham Streets, Newton Centre. 

Highlands meeting-house, with the gray Baptist seminary crowning the 
heights still farther off. 

Crossing the woodland cloister of Chestnut Street, the continuation of 
Homer Street is called Fuller Street, and assumes a French Imperial 
width and dignity. On the corner stand the buildings of the Pine-Farm 
School ; and the road winds on, over hill and dale, with the pleasant ridge 
of Beacon Hill across the glen on the left, crowned with its Coast-Survey 
pole. Beyond the great Towne villa, high secluded among its sombre trees, 
the road descends to the level of the Cheesecake Brook, and soon reaches 
the Woodland- Park Hotel. 


Beacon Street curves away to the eastward, from Newton Centre, a 
broad, firm highway, winding between rocky and forest-covered knolls, and 
giving occasional broad views over the country to the southward. Where 
Grant Avenue breaks away to the north, the long green embankment of 
the Sudbury-River Aqueduct is seen, with the picturesque half-stone 
country-house of Bertrand E. Taylor, the well-known Boston architect. 
Higher up on the ridge is the new house of Charles Copeland, the artist, 
whose illustrations of " Marching through Georgia," and other national 
melodies, are of such high excellence. 
„ Farther along, on the north side of the street, above the low cliffs that 

beetle over the road, surrounded by forest-trees and picturesc|ue crags and 
3 all the native flowers of New England, stands the massive square colonial- 

•^ looking mansion of the Hon. Robert R. Bishop, sometime President of the 

Massachusetts Senate, and a prominent figure among the political leaders 
Ijl of the old Bay State. The ancient woodsmen's tracks have been utilized 

Ijij for driveways through the greenwood shade ; and the natural features of 

fv the place, glacial bowlders, huge protruding rocks, dells fragrant with wild 

p% flowers, and clumps of lordly trees, have been preserved with wise forestry. 

On this estate is the Indians' Oven, where a crag arches over the green- 
sward far enough to make a small grotto, in which half-a-dozen wayfarers 
might gain shelter. At the gateway, on the east side of the entrance to Mr. 
^ Bishop's grounds, and running thence along Beacon Street, rises a series of 

'', remarkable ledges of slate, in which the stratification is plainlv visible, with 

all the folds and plications and contortions which were made during the ages 
when our Mother Earth suffered agony from fire and water and internal 
,;. upheavals. These cliffs, bearing their silent witness, are draped with deli- 

»i^!j. cate festoons of trailing green, with the crimson sprays of barberries, and 

the velvety cushions of rare mosses, and crowned with tall and shadowy trees. 
Beyond the Bishop place, on the right, towers the graystone castle of 
the Dupee family, with its ivy-mantled porte-cocJicre. From this house one 
gains a broad view over the woods and^glens to the southward and east- 
It ward, and out to the ever-present Blue Hills of Milton. A few rods beyond, 
i\ Beacon Stree* crosses Hammond Street, near Dr. Slade's place, and begins 
to descend toward the Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. Off to the right, within a 
short distance, are the patrician estates of Chestnut Hill, the homes of the 
Lees, Lowells, Saltonstalls, and others. 

Turning backward to the village, in a charming vine-clad and embowered 
place at the corner of Centre and Gibbs Street, we may find the Baptist 
Home for Children of Missionaries, built in 1 88 1-82, and already one of 
the most successful institutions of its kind in the country. It has a salaried 
superintendent, and the affairs of the Home are carried forward with ad- 
mirable skill and care. 



The venerable mother-church of the city, " The First Congregational," 
rises over pleasant lawns and a charming environment of trees, at the 
corner of Centre and Homer Streets. Its dark Gothic walls harmonize 
with the forest-like surroundings, and the spire rises above the maples, 
pines, and elms like the topmost spray of some more ancient natural growth. 
Successive enlargements of the church, in the direction of breadth, have 
given it a low and almost rambling appearance. The interior is comfort- 
able, with good acoustic properties; and it may be many years ere the 
parish possesses a stone church and a debt. In writing of the old Cemetery 
on Centre Street we have spoken of the early history of this church, and 
have seen how the families in the southern part of the town strove against 
the parish, to secure the removal of the meeting-house, after sixty years of 
stability in that locality, to a place more convenient for them. This ques- 
tion of the site of the new meeting-house became of such importance that it 
was referred to the General Court of Massachusetts, whose committee jour- 
neyed to Newton, in 1 71 5, and chose the site now so occupied. Six years 
later, the town appropriated for the cost of building the Bills of Credit 
issued by the Province to defray the expenses of the disastrous Canada 
Expedition, when Sir William Phipps's fleet and army were beaten back 
from the mighty ramparts of Quebec. The old meeting-house was sold; 
and the new one, lighted by diamond panes of glass, and with seats around 
the wall for the boys, passed into service, in 1721. It was not so hospitable 
to strangers as its modern successor; for Cajjtain Edward Durant, a wealthy 
Bostonian who had moved out hei"e with his retinue of slaves, and paid 
^1,800 for a farm, was not allowed to build a pew. In those old days, the 
people were assigned to seats in three grades, — by rank or dignity, by 
parish-rates, and by age, but "not to degrade any." Many of the pew-rents 
were paid in Indian corn, and other products of the soil; for at tliat time 
money did not abound in Newton. 

Hither came the great evangelist, George Whitelield, in 1740, and 
preached before as large an audience as could assemble in the little 
church. Nor did all the Christian men of the town hold to his manner of 
doctrine; for many there were who objected to it as not becoming, while 
others made haste to avail themselves of the glad tidings of great joy that 
he brought to them, to the manifest enlargement and c[uickening of the 
church. Among these were two members of the oldest families of Newton, 
Jonathan H3fde and Nathan Ward, who became ordained preachers and 
gathered congregations of " New Lights," one in Brookline and the other 
in Newton, and were hard put upon witli persecution by their former 
brethren. The great evangelist met here with some such triumph as he 
found on Boston Common, where his audience consisted of 23.000 persons; 
and some such opposition as encountered him at Newbury, where he was 




stoned, and rose up boldly agaiiist it, crying: "I have a warrant from 
God to preach; my seal " (holding up the Bible) "is in my hand; and I 
stand in the King's highway." 

In the year 1758 the succession of the pastorate fell upon Jonas Merriam, 
the last minister to be settled by the entire town, who, after a tranquil rule 
of 22 years, passed quietly be3'ond the veil. During his incumbency Tate 
and Brady's version of the Psalms was added to the musical treasures of 

Newton Centre Methodist Episcopal Church, Centre Street. 

the church, and efficient choristers led in the new-fangled melodies. This 
period also witnessed the secession of the West Parish, and the formation 
of the First Baptist Church. In 1761 the ingenious John Rogers (a de- 
scendant of the famous martyr of Smithtield) made and presented to the 
town the clock that still adorns the church, after having ticked away the 
seconds for a century and a quarter, perched on the front of the gallery. 
In 176-]. it was voted: " That trees be set out to shade the Meeting-house, 
if any persons will be so generously minded to do it." In 1776, according 


to the decree of the authorities of Massachusetts, the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence was read aloud from the pulpit of the First Churcli in Newton, 
by the Rev. Mr. Merriam, and then recorded upon the town book by 
Abraham Fuller, the town clerk. As it is set forth in Increase N. Tarbox's 
poem : — 

" Just a century has departed 
Since those farmers, honest-hearted, 
In this ancient town of Newton 
Were in special session met, 
Summoned by the State's suggestion, 
Called to meet that mighty question, 
Whether they would bear the burdejs 
Of Old England's growing debt. 

" They were gathered, as was fitting. 
In their place of Sunday sitting ; 
For no house could be too holy 
For the work they had to do : 
And their pastor's prayer ascended,— 
Prayer where hope and fear were blended, — 
Asking God to guard and guide them. 
All their fearful journey through." 

Ten rods from the meeting-house stood the emblem and sign of authority 
of the Churcli Militant, in the form of a pair of stocks, wherein to clap such 
luckless wights as were guilty of misbehavior during divine service. One 
who had often eyed them with juvenile terror thus described them, in 
1876: "They were made of two pieces of white-oak timber, about eight 
feet long, clamped together with bar-iron at each end, through which holes 
were made, of various sizes, to fit human legs." From time to time, a 
committee of the church was chosen to see to the repairs of this bit of 
Inquisitorial machinery. 

The affairs of the church were sagely administered by the freemen of 
Newton, assembled in open town-meeting, and regulating all details of 
their spiritual democracy, from the calling of the minister to the least events 
of parish finance. In the deacon's seat stood an hour-glass; and it seemed 
but a cold and unedifying Sabbath service when this measure of time was 
not turned at least once during the sermon. From 1770 to 1790 the Psalms 
according to Tate and Brady were used ; and after that date Dr. Watts 's 
Hymns came into favor. The next minister after Mr. Merriam was Jona- 
than Homer, who ruled the parish from 1782 until 1839, during the last 
twelve years of which his failing energies were assisted by a colleague, the 
Rev. James Bates. This gentleman was dismissed, finally, in deference to 
the wounded feelings of Dr. Homer. The new meeting-house, erected in 
1805, resembled the old Dorchester church on Meeting-House Hill. There 
were the singers' seats, the groups of pews for the Newton-Female-Academy 



girls and Master Rice's boys, and tlie negroes' loencli ; and on tlie floor the 
pews of Kenriclcs and Cabots and Wards and Bracketts and Jacksons and 
Wiswalls and otlier local clans of good Christians. During the sweeping 
storm of the Unitarian defection, this church stood firm by orthodoxy, 
although Dr. Homer was suspected of irregular views as to the Atonement 
and the Trinity. The services here at the death of Washington were very 
im.pressive, every attendant wearing a strip of black crape on his left 

■w ' ii 



'^ ^ . bf M . « t'- ^-^:^ 'm 

ry if<mi,^f^y 

Mason School, Centre Street, Newton Centre. 

arm, while Dr. Homer officiated ; and below the pulpit were two bass- 
drums draped in black. One of the original hymns then sung was: — 

"Mourn, mourn, mourn, mourn, 
O Americans, mourn ! 
Washington's no more — 
Fair Liberty, in sables drest, 
With his lov'd name upon her urn, 
Washington — the scourge of tyrants past 
And heir of princes yet unborn, 
Round him her faithful arms shall bend." 

The church-goers of Newton had sought the sanctuary throughout 170 
years without the admonition of a church-bell, when, in 18 10, Dr. Chan- 
ning's Federal-Street Church, in Boston, presented them with the bell 
which they in turn had received from the Brattle-Street society in 1773. 
But the line of religious duties had grown so natural to the worshippers 


that they hardly needed its brazen admonitions. It is said that even the 
old horse of Deacon Elijah F. Woodward had in the course of many 
years become so familiar with the routine of Puritan devotion that, when 
he heard the plaintive notes of the Doxology, he was wont to leave the 
horse-sheds and move quietly around to the chapel-door, to be in his proper 
place to receive the venerable Deacon. 

Dr. Homer was accustomed to preach in cap and bands, and also in 
black cotton gloves, always much too long in the fingers, and gifted with 
a way of limply waving at the congregation, as the good dominie advanced 
toward the tenth and fifteenth heads of his long extemporaneous discourses. 
After a pastorate of over 57 years. Dr. Homer retired from the pulpit, in 

►|»l 1839? 'ii'^d remained as pastor emeritus for four years, at the end of which 

^■1 time came his funeral exercises, conducted by Dr. John Codman of Dor- 

chester, and attended by all the congregations of the town, they having 

jlP given up their own services for the purpose of paying the final honors to 

^ ,„, their territorial shepherd. 

« J- In the pastorate of William Bushnell, which covered the period from 

' 1842 to 1846, 31 members were allowed to go out to form the Eliot 

Church. The meeting-house had become rather cramped and uncomfort- 



^ ^ able, and many of the parishioners wanted to have a new one built, but 

J MB were resisted by the conservative members. These, however, found them- 

J Sj selves overborne by the pastor's celebrated sermon from Ezra vii. : 

Jwi "Blessed be the Lord God of our fathers, which hath put such a thing 

\ y»M as this into the king's heart, to beautify the house of the Lord which is in 

Jerusalem." All opposition ceased after this eloquent discourse, and in 
1847 the new meeting-house was dedicated. Yet the society had been so 
*i»jj: far weakened by wholesale dismissals to new parishes that it was unable to 

^ support its minister, and found itself obliged to let him depart. In 1847, 

\^ '' Daniel Little Furber became pastor of the First Church in Newton. The 

(ijMijiij organization was then so weak that some members proposed to unite it 

ljl2|ltl with the Eliot Church, and others wanted to move it to the Upper Falls. 

^|||, I But new life came with the new pastor and meeting-house, and the organi- 

zation throve mightily. During the first 30 years of Mr. Furber's ministry, 
the church received 448 members into its communion ; and, in the twenty 
years from 1856 to 1876, its benevolent contributions amounted to $45,000. 
The Rev. Theodore J. Holmes was installed in the pastorate October 24, 
1883, and Dr. Furber became pastor emeritus. The old church of 1805 
was remodelled and doubled in size in 1869-70, to meet the growing de- 
mands for pews. Up to the year 1880, the church had received 1,175 

The Sunday School was commenced in 1816, to study the Bible and the 
Assembly's Catechism, with Deacon Woodward as its head. Subsequently, 







the older scholars were carefully taught in tlie mysteries of "Watts on the 
Improvement of the Mind," and such as showed proficiency received 
Bibles as rewards of merit. Among other lessons learned was that of 
patriotism ; and, out of the band of young men who went from this church 
into the Secession War, six died on the field of honor. The Sunday-School 
movement grew into great proportions, and is now finely organized through- 
out the city. The Sunday-School Union of Newton was formed in 1838, to 
advance the cause, and to qualify the teachers for higher efficiency. The 
six schools originally composing it have grown to 25, with a membership 
of nearly 4,000, each school reporting to the Union at each cjuarterly meet- 
^« ing, and making annual contributions. 123 members entered the army 

^jl during the Secession War, and 19 of these died. Within a year or two, 

Smi the Congregational Club has been formed, to make a fraternal bond of 

union between the seven Congregational churches of Newton. 
^Il* Leaving the old church, we may stroll along Centre Street, to the north- 

^. ward, in the direction of Newton, and observe here and there a noteworthy 

A j_ feature of the scenery. This immediate region is one of the oldest-settled 

* ' parts of the city. Jonathan Hyde, a young Englishman, came to Newton 

^ ^ in 1647, and acquii"ed in this neighborhood an estate of several hundred 

, ^ acres, from which he gave for the public pse lands for a training-field and 

\ IfO a school site, mere fragments of his great farm, which was bounded on the 

,' J{* south by Crystal Lake (then known as WiswalFs Pond). Hyde was the 

J 1 most important of the early real-estate men, and got great gain in buying 

\ u and selling land in those old days. His mansion stood about 70 rods north 

\*:;-';\ of the Centre Meeting-house; and here he reared a good colonial family 

*' ■ of twenty-one children. 

Just north of the meeting-house, between three streets (Centre, Homer, 
and Grafton), is the triangular estate once part of Sergeant Jonathan 
Hyde's great domain, .about the middle of the seventeenth century. In 
Xjmxn 1736 this pleasant triangle was sold to Ephraim Fenno, a cordwainer, of 

JjiwiKJ Boston. Subsequently, it became the home of the Rev. Joseph Grafton, 

^||.J pastor of the First Baptist Church in Newton from 1788 to 1836, when 

he "was taken from his United People after an Unbroken Communion 
of 48|- years " — as the old grave-stone in the Centre-Street Burying- 
Ground avers. He was one of the original trustees of the Newton Theo- 
logical Institution, and President of the Missionary Society. He bore the 
reverent name of Father Grafton; and many are the quaint anecdotes pre- 
served about him. Once, at a public dinner, being annoyed by the swear- 
ing of a young man near him, he rose straightway, and exclaimed: "Mr. 
President, I move you that no person at the table have permission to utter 
a profane oath, except my friend, the Rev. Dr. Homer!" This jilayful 
allusion to the saintly old Congregationalist divine silenced for tliat day 




the ill-speaking youth. After preaching a missionary sermon, and just 
before the collection, he remarked : " And now let every gentleman feel in 
his pocket, and every lady in her purse, and see if there be not there a 
piece of money, as there was in the mouth of Peter's fish." On another 
similar occasion, he complained that there were many who seemed willing 
to cast their bread upon the waters, but they always wanted to have a 
string tied thereto, so as to draw it back. He combated the dancing-school, 
which had drawn away the young people from his parish singing-school, 
saying: "John the Baptist lost his head by dancing"; and when his 

Bertrand E. Taylor's Residence, B 

d Grant Avenue, 

venerable wife endeavored to mitigate this asperity by saying that in 
her youth she, too, had been a dancer, he gravely remarked : " Well, 
my dear, you won't do it again." The Rev. Dr. Sharp, of Boston, 
had arranged to preach for him, but was unable to come ; whereupon 
he rose up in the pulpit, and said : " In music, every note is either a 
sharp or a flat; and I am afraid you will have a flat to-day." 
Being called to mediate, in a troubled church, he was amazed to see 
one of the sisters get up to state the case ; and he lucidly struck at the 
heart of the controversy by saying : " Ah, I see how it is : the hens crow." 





He was wont to work in his fields or walk in his garden while rehearsing 
the sermon for the ensuing Sunday, with great affluence of expression and 
gesture. " I get many lessons in the field to be carried into the pulpit," 
he affirmed, making even his hand-toiling hours tributary to his greater 
work of the pastorate. Yet, with all his parochial dignity, he carefully 
avoided dogmatism on uncertain points ; and, when some of his people 
brought a group of knotty problems in eschatology for his solution, he 
playfully replied : "I cannot answer you as to these things; but ask some 
young theologian, and he will tell you all about them." 

During the War of 181 2, Father Grafton used to come out on the 
Common, when the local militia were on parade ; and, mounting a cannon- 
carriage, he would pour out such an intense and earnest prayer as to pro- 
foundly move the rustic soldiery, drawn up in a hollow scjuare around him. 

About the year 1840 Father Grafton's house was removed to Mill Street, 
where it was burnt two or three years later. In i860 the estate came 


2'j(| into the possession of the late George C. Rand, founder of the fa 

# m Boston printing establishment of the Rand Avery Company, which passed 

f ajl out of existence in 18S9; and a part of it is now occupied by the handsome 

modern estate of his son, Avery Lewis Rand, facing on Centre Street. 

Opposite the Rand estate, high on the terraced bank, is a venerable 
white house which has a notable history. The old Prentice farm, bought 
t ■^ by James and Thomas Prentice in 1657, and bequeathed to the Rev. John 

I'lfJ} Prentice of Lancaster, was bought in 1742 by Henry Gibbs, a wealthy 

' ''"J gentleman of Boston, who moved here to be near his brother-in-law, the 

saintly John Cotton. He built the picturesque old mansion-house which 
^ rj5- still adorns the wayside; and in its halls he exercised a generous hospi- 

*'»«^j[ tality towards the Provincial aristocracy, as became the grandson of Sir 

k, Robert Gibbs of Merrie England. When he died, he bequeathed the 

^^ , house to his widow, with the condition that it should never be made a 

VlQIlt tavern, and expressing a wish that it might become the home of some 

v»^3|,| gentleman of the dissenting faith, who might aid the minister of Newton. 

•]|l{ I In another clause he aimed a shot at the poor old Church of England, 

w^Jllj bequeathing a sum of money towards the support of preaching among the 

• ' Indians, provided that it should not be of the prelatical sort. For over 

twenty years his widow, Madame Gibbs, dwelt here, active in all charities, 
and furnishing free medicines to the poor people of Newton. This vener- 
able Lady Bountiful died in 1783, and left the estate to John Eddy, the 
husband of her daughter Ann. Afterwards the old mansion became the 
home of Mar.shall S. Rice, long time town clerk of Newton, who after the 
year 1827 set out the trees whose grateful shadows still console the wayfarer. 
The two huge maples in front were brought by liim in his chaise-box from 
New Ipswich, N.H., when but a foot high. Mr. Rice came to Newton ia 





1824, and opened a popular private school, through whose courses of study 
more than a thousand boys worked their arduous way. His life covered 
the long span between 1800 and 1879, for twenty-seven years of which he 
officiated as town clerk. 

One of his daughters married Alvah Hovey, the President of tlie Newton 

Theological Institution; and another became the wife of the Rev. C. H. 

Carpenter, one of the most successful of those who bore the Gospel to the 

Karens, in Burmah. A little way to the eastward, near Summer Street, 

stands the great Marshall S. Rice chestnut-tree, the area of whose shade is 

a hundred feet in diameter. 

CtJ A little to the north, nearly opposite the Speare estate, stood the 

fc,^ Newton Female Academy, founded in 1830, and opened in 183 1, its teacher 

5|jJ being Miss Leach, who received the munificent sum of $350 a year. The 

attendance from Newton and outside increased so rapidly that it was found 

^■1 necessary to build a boarding-house, wliere the day scholars also could get 

^* their dinners for ten cents each. Elbridge Hosmer, Deacon Ebenezer 

Woodward, the Rev. John B. Hague, and Deacon Bartholomew Wood were 

among the dominies here. 

The Rev. E. H. Barstow changed the institution into a boys' school, and 
^ conducted it for nine years, until i860, after which the academy disappeared; 

t JfB and its old home became a dwelling-house, which still remains on the same 

«'S5ll site, alongside the ruined cellar of its sister building. 

vS| In 1866 the boarding-house building was bought, for $10,000, for a Home 

I ^.,{J for Orphan and Destitute Girls, mainly petty criminals from twelve to 

sixteen years old, its matron being the celebrated war-nurse, Rebecca R. 
Pomroy. On Christmas of 1866 the institution was dedicated, and within 
less than two years one of its inmates set it on fire, so that it was reduced 
to ashes. In 1872 the work was abandoned as impracticable. 
r*»» The north corner of Grafton and Centre Streets is occupied by a broad 

kj*|'^ lawn, on which in old times stood the First-Parish parsonage, occupied suc- 

*i^' cessively by the Rev. Messrs. Smith, Bates, and Bushnell. This building 

»j?| ! and the larger mansion of Dr. Homer were removed across the broad fields 

to the westward, and may now be seen on a rural road that runs nearly par- 



allel to Centre Street from Mill Street to Grafton Street. The first house 
on Grafton Street, bounding one side of this corner lawn, is the home of 
Dean Huntington, of Boston University, a nephew of the celebrated Bisliop 
Huntington. Just beyond is the home of the Rev. Dr D. L. Furber, the 
pastor emeritus of the First Congregational Church. 

Near the corner of Grafton and Centre Streets stood the Homer estate, 
in the old days of great e.xtent and dignity, but long since passed away, 
its only memorial being two thorny acacias, which shaded the walk to Dr. 
Homer's front-door, and may now be seen midway between the Speare and 



Nickerson mansions. On the same site stood the more ancient house of the 
Rev. Jonas Merriam, fourth pastor of the parish, an amiable and quiet man, 
and slow of speech, whose chief efforts were for charity and peace. When 
he came to be buried, the town provided half a barrel of beer and half a 
cord of wood for the funeral. Jonas Merriam graduated from Harvard in 
1753, and settled here in 1758, where he died after a tranquil pastorate of 
over twenty-two years. His mother-in-law, Mrs. Fitch of Brookline, came 
to live with him, but did not bring with her that peace with which modern 
paragraphers fail to credit ladies in that position of lii^xct motherhood. 

Me!len Bray's Residence, Insti-tution Avenue, Newton Centre. 

One of their chief points of contention was a negro slave, who had borne 
in her native Congo-land the name of Loquassichub Um, and in her New- 
tonian existence was known as Pamelia. It was the pleasure of La Belle- 
Mere to beat and pummel this unfortunate maiden when she felt aggrieved 
at the general events of life; but tlie mild dominie highly disapproved of 
these unchristian chastisements, and at last, when on one occasion Pamelia 
was receiving an unusually severe drubbing, he bought her of her irate 
mistress for $100, and forthwith set her free. Her gratitude was so strong 
that she refused to leave the parsonage, and so there she dwelt until the 
minister died, manv vears later. 



Dr. }iomer was descended from an old maritime family of Boston, and 
graduated at Harvard in the class with Rufus King, James Freeman, Seth 
Payson, Eliphalet Porter, and Judge Dawes. He was an indefatigable 
student in Greek, Latin, and Hebrew, and the various versions of and 
commentaries on the Bible. He learned the Spanish language after he 
had passed his sixtieth year, and in the retirement of his rich and valuable 
library spent many happy years. There was many a long discussion in 
the old parsonage when his Unitarian friends, Dr. Pierce and Dr. James 
Freeman, endeavored to lead him into the new sweetness and light of 
» J liberalism or his orthodox brethren, John Codman and Joseph Grafton, with 

weightier arguments, held him and his parish fast to the old standards 
KmI of faith. 

I* Mrs. Homer exercised a continual and almost motherly- solicitude over 

j^^ her eccentric husband, who for years after her death used to speak of her 

«^ as "a very angel about the house." The parsonage was always open to 

('yi the poor and needy; and more than thirty homeless children were taken in 

^ f^ there, at different times, and fed and clothed until places could be found 

(^ for them. The pastor's heart was as tender and consecrated as St. John's. 

» He was even reported to have stopped his carriage on a hot summer day, 

• j_ and clambered painfully out, to remove from the roadway a toad, and 

• 101 convey him to a cool and shady place. 

' yn The estate of the Hon. Alden Speare, ex-mayor of Newton, and a prom- 

; inent official of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, is on the west 

; •< side of Centre Street, just beyond Grafton Street. Alden Speare came 

\ •■' down from Vermont to Boston in 1844, when nineteen years old, and began 

• ^'i>' his business career, which has been crowned with so much success and 
'"flf honor. In 1864 he moved to Newton, taking the old George S. Dexter 

/i.i,g,i homestead, on part of the Rev. Dr. Homers estate. He was mayor of 

•vMii* Newton in 1876-77. In the year 1884 he endowed with $40,000 the Emma- 

VO' Speare-Huntington Professorship of Liberal Arts in Boston University. 

jCI" The next large estate, with a French-roofed brown house, pertains to 

■!•< Thomas Nickerson, an old-time shipping merchant, sometime President of 

the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Y€ Railroad, one of the originators of the 
Mexican Central Railroad and its first president, and a prominent citizen of 
Newton. Opposite, the great cloister of Ward Street opens away under 
the maple-trees. Farther on, beyond a broad debatable ground, at the 
corner of Mill Street, is the high-gabled mansion of Arthur C. Walworfli, 
with its great /^r/^-^of//^'r^. Mr. Walworth received a scientific education 
in Paris, and is connected with the Walworth Manufacturing Company. 
He married a daughter of the late Hon. Gardner Colby, and has repre- 
sented Newton in the Massachusetts House of Representatives for two 
years, 1887 and 1888. 





^ ^ ^ 

\ ■f-^'-"^ 



In this vicinity, also, is the fine old estate of the Lorings, with its broad 
lawns and dignified gray house. Farther to the eastward the great Linder 
estate beautifies Cotton Street, which diverges at the old burying-ground. 
The beautiful avenue of Centre Street stretches away to the northward for 
over a mile to the Newton railway station. Some of its attractions are 
spoken of on preceding pages, which also describe the old burying-ground 
and the estates adjacent. 

Let us turn back to the village green, and make another excursion, along 
the quiet streets in the opposite direction. At the southwestern corner of the 
Common, where Beacon. Street runs off toward Waban and Newton Lower 
CI Falls, is the new house of worship of the Baptist Church, the mother-church 

^ of many others now flourishing throughout Middlesex and Norfolk. 

jTjJ The growth of the Baptist faith in Newton was slow, and amid many 

discouragements and persecutions. In 1729 Jonathan Willard, and in 
^gf 1749 Noah Parker, joined the little Baptist church in Boston, the singular 

*^ fact being that they were the chief men at the Lower Falls and Upper 

Falls, respectively. Four more Newtonians accepted the Baptist faith in 
1753; and from that time for over twenty years they made frequent and 
'V * unavailing petitions to be freed from pedobaptist parish taxes. But the 

'«« local church was not to be disestablished so easily, and added their Bap- 

i JfB tist corn and wood and tithes to its own fund with annual regularity. In 

t pi 1780 Elhanan Winchester, an eloquent preacher of the new faith, came 

*.,^ into Newton, and assembled a church, which before the end of the year 

1 ,,,l had 73 members. Not a long time ensued, however, before the zealous 

» ,,/i Winchester advanced to embrace the doctrine of universal salvation ; and 

r,..i. it became necessary to vote out of the church 15 of his followers into this 

,, > new heresy. The first meeting-house was built alongside Baptist l^ond, on 

land given by Noah Wiswall, and received its dedication in 1795. For 
r"*" many years it remained unplastered, with seats made of rough boards laid 

wj?.'.! across carpenters' '' horses," and with a pulpit of unplaned planks. Fifteen 

k.y,.|| years passed before the society could afford a stove, whose cost was J[^\\ 

\\s. \od. The salary of the first minister, Caleb Blood (1781-88), was £60 
a year and "the loose money," which was the euphemistic term given to 
the income from the contribution-boxes. It was recorded on the church- 
book that "the singing, in a general way, be carried on by reading a line 
at a time in the forenoon, and a verse at a time in the afternoon." Appar- 
ently, "the loose money" failed to produce large dividends; for, after a 
few years, Mr. Blood found himself unable to get a living, and so moved 
away, into the remote wilds of the Green Mountains, and was succeeded 
by the Rev. Joseph Grafton (i 788-1836), who remained as shepherd of a 
growing flock for nearly half a century, during which period 567 persons 
were added to the church. 




In the old meeting-house it was the custom for the families to spend 
their Sunday noon-hour in the great box-pews, spreading each their frugal 
luncheon on a chair in the middle of the pew, and discussing in the mean 
time the points of the morning sermon, or perhaps even topics of a less 
spiritual character. The venerable Father Grafton was wont to go from 
group to group, during these almost sacramental feasts, taking an apple 
here, and a piece of cake there, and so on until all had partaken, when he 
would say: " Come, friends, it is time to go to the prayer-meeting," and so 
led his little flock to new services of devotion and of peace. Father 
Grafton was relieved of his pastoral charge, at his wish, in 1835; and his 
successor was the Rev. Y. A. Willard (1835-38), who led his people to anew 
church, his last sermon in the old one being from the text: "If Thy pres- 
ence go not with me, carry us not up hence." The removal was made to 
bring the meeting-house into a place of greater convenience for the people 
near the Newton Theological Institution; and the positively grim simplicity 
of the new temple is indicated by its pastor's words: " In the erection of 
this house, we felt bound to study that plainness in the finish which is alike 
demanded by Christian frugality and good taste." The locality of the new 
church was indicated as "by the training field." After the two years 
of Mr. Willard's pastorate, the church remained without a settled minister 
until 1842, when the Rev. Samuel F. Smith took the vacant ofiice. and re- 
tained it 12 years. The Rev. Oakman S. Stearns succeeded him for an- 
other 12 years (1855-68); and his successor, the Rev. W. N. Clarke, 
remained from 1869 to 1880, and was in turn followed by Rev. Edward 
Braislin (1881-1886). The present pastor is the Rev. Lemuel C. Barnes, 
and the membership is about 400. In 1836 the society abandoned its old 
shrine (which is now a dwelling-house, nearly opposite Henry Paul's house, 
on Centre Street), and occupied a larger meeting-house. In 1856 and again 
in 1869 t'"*'^ structure was remodelled; and in 1886 it was moved away, to 
be replaced by a handsome church of Gloucester granite and Longmeadow 
red sandstone, for whose construction Gardner Colby left the munificent 
sum of $25,000, augmented later by large contributions from the Hon. Levi 
C. Wade and other parishioners. The edifice was designed by John Lyman 
Faxon, an architect wlio for years made a study of the best churches of 
Europe, and has applied many of their features here, including the rounded 
chancel, the triple arched doorways opening into a loggia, the delicate 
Byzantine carvings and frescos, in scroll and leaf work, the rich symbol- 
ism of Christian art, and the brilliant memorial windows. Even the gas- 
fixtures are reproductions of ancient Byzantine lamps ; and the Biblical 
allusions seen everywhere on arches and tilings are so unmistakable in 
their allusions that, if a \^enetian of the age of Dandolo or a burgher of 
mediaeval Avignon could enter these precincts, he would instantly recognize 



the use and purpose of the place. There are three rich memorial windows, 
to Gardner Colby (" The Resurrection"), Charles S. Butler ("The Ascen- 
sion"), and Father Grafton ("Paul preaching at Athens"); and the green 
damask upholstery and antique oak fittings of the interior make a rich and 
artistic effect. Another handsome building, of similar architecture and 
materials, projects from the back of the church at right angles, and contains 
the chapel and other parish rooms. The tower is at first square, and then 
octagonal, and adjoins the beautiful loggia on the front of the church. The 
seating accommodation of the church is adapted for seven hundred people, 
and the chapel will accommodate three hundred. The cost of the structure 
m\ was in the vicinity of $90,000. 

Beyond the new Baptist church are several pleasant little streets in the 
Ci«| vicinity of Crystal Lake, better known as " Baptist Pond," on one of which 

1*0 (Crescent Avenue) is the home of the Rev. Dr. Bradford K. Peirce, once a 

M^^ State senator and for many years editor of the Methodist paper, ZioiCs 

ft>if Herald. Here also dwells the Rev. Dr. William Butler, a retired mission- 

%ti ary, whose labors in India and Mexico highly advanced the cause of Christ. 

\ ^ On the same street dwelt the Rev. Dr. Edward Cooke, for many years Presi- 

(^ dent of Lawrence University in Wisconsin and Claflin University in South 

*. Carolina. He died in 1888. The estate of Joshua Loring, President of the 

* M. Blackstone National Bank, is on the same street. 

«'l^ The snug and cosey little Unitarian church, a little way south of the 

\W Common, with its rich storied windows, dates from the year 1880. and is 

K the spiritual home of a society formed in 1877, and ministered to. from 

the first, by the late Rev. Dr. Rufus Phineas Stebbins, and since his death 
(in 1885) by the Rev. Horace Leslie Wheeler, a graduate of Harvard in 
1881 and a young pastor of great promise. The church has about a hun- 
'*Tt dred members. Close to this site stood the old town pound, which, after 

^ign incarcerating countless vagrant and derelict cattle, was finally closed and 

•»i«r sold in the year 1848. In recognition of this important public institution, 

jO' the present Cypress Street in ancient days bore the name of Pound Lane. 

{»W' Crystal Lake, or Baptist Pond, now forms one of the chief natural orna- 

*i" ments of Newton, and covers an area of thirtv-three and a half shining 

M\ acres of clear and limpid spring water, happily free from weeds and vegeta- 

tion and aquatic plants. Its south bank is formed by the long railway 
embankment, which cuts off its lower bays ; while on the west is the bit of 
woodland traversed by Lake Avenue, and all through which are inscriptions 
signifying that land may be purchased here, on application to a certain 
well-known real-estate agent. Along the remaining shores, and notably on 
the north, are groups of pretty villas, with pleasant rural surroundings, and 
looking out on the cheerful bright water. Down this side extends a sub- 
stantial sea- (or pond-) wall, with a little esplanade ; and off-shore are the 


moorings of the Baptist-Pond navy, wliicli includes more tlian two-score 
boats, from the most perilous little craft with oars up to cat-boats and 
sloops that might safely make the runout to the Bermudas ^ — in tranquil 
weather. There are also boats here for public hire ; and in the one-mile 
circuit of the pond you may get a capital bit of exercise. On the Fourth of 
July there are prize scull-races here for boys and girls, tub-races, and other 
trials of skill and strength. At evening bonfires flame along the shores, 
and processions of illuminated boats move over the water, and every, coigne 
of vantage in the neighborhood has its crowd of delighted spectators. But 
let not the frivolous Bostonian think that he can wantonly disport himself 
on these Baptist shores ; for boldly inscribed tablets sternly warn him and 
his kind that " All persons committing the following offences will be prose- 
cuted according to law. Bathing without a bathing-suit, discharging fire- 
arms, profane swearing, disorderly conduct, disturbing the peace." i 

A poetic writer says that "Sailing or rowing out here, and looking up 
the height, the scene is German or Italian in its bold and romantic char- 
acter. The hues in the stone of the Institution chapel, and its architecture, 
embracing a heavy tower, give it, set upon the wooded hill, an air of age, 
and recall the castle sites on Como, or one of those still-inhabited religious 
habitations which rise upon the banks of the Danube." 

Nature provided a comfortable outlet for the pond on the east side, near 
the old Wiswall farmstead; but about two centuries ago certain enterpris- 
ing mill-owners dug a deep channel from its north side down to Smelt 
Brook, hoping thereby to augment the water-power on that busy little 
stream. Their schemes went all a-gley, however, and nought now remains 
of their hard work, except a nearly obliterated trench, near the Loring 

In 1871 Messrs. Rand, Hyde, Bishop, and six other gentlemen, forming 
the Newton Black-Bass Club, leased the pond from the Massachusetts 
Commissioners for Inland Fisheries for the term of twenty-five years, to be 
stocked with black bass from Plymouth, and protected by law against the 
casual hooks of the village youth. A hundred bass were put into these 
quiet waters, but they and their descendants wei'e so wary that they en- 
joyed all the sport, and their would-be captors went home divers times with 
light and empty baskets. In 1877, therefore, three thousand land-locked 
salmon were added to the finny population, quite literally, for the bass came 
forth, with great joy, and devoured them, every one. A year later, the 
clubmen brought a few score of white perch, and set them loose in the 
pond; and their prickly backs sufficed for defence against the monopolistic 
bass, so that they increased and multiplied greatly. 

In ancient times this Baptist sea bore the name of Wiswall's Pond, in 
remembrance of the first ruling elder of the church, who came here in the 






year 1654, and dwelt on the border of the pretty lakelet for nearly thirty 
years, until (in 1683) he was summoned to join the church above. A fair 
domain of a thousand acres " and a great pond '' was granted by the Gen- 
eral Court to John Haynes, Esq., as early as the year 1634. The next year 
he was chosen Governor of Massachusetts. In 1636 Haynes migrated to 
Connecticut, where he also served a year as Governor, and on his death in 
1654 the pond estate went to his heirs. 

Elder Thomas Wiswall was one of the first immigrants from England, 
and had been a town-officer in Dorchester before moving further afield to 
Newton. His house stood in a delightful situation, on the south shore of 
the pond, and was described in the inventory of his estate as: "lower 
lodging room — chamber over — fire room — chamber over — and the cellar." 
Here the good elder performed or prepared for his duties as assistant- 
pastor and catechist. And here, doubtless, he had many a bout with his 
valiant second wife, she that was born Isabel Barbage, of Great Packing- 
ton, in Warwickshire, and who, after his death, strove against his sons for 
her dowry. To quiet down the spirited vvidow, the magnates of the settle- 
ment, Prentice, Bond, and Trowbridge, assembled in committee, and finally 
got her under discipline, Prentice, the stern old trooper, compelling her to 
retract certain rash assertions, and then dryly counselling her "to set a 
watch before her mouth, and keep the door of her lips.'" One of the Elder's 
sons was Ichabod, who received an education at Plarvard and settled at 
Duxbury, and united in himself the sufficiently diverse offices of parish 
minister, astrologer, and agent, or ambassador, from the Plymouth colony 
to the Court of England. Another son was Captain Noah Wiswall, who 
fell in a long Sabbath-day battle against the Indians in New Hampshire, 
when his command was defeated and nearly annihilated. The grandson of 
this unfortunate hero, Captain Noah Wiswall, took dovv'n the old house, and 
in 1744 built on the same site the front part of the house which still stands 
here. Here was the first home of the Baptist faith in Newton; and in the 
Wiswall living-room the church received its effective organization. Often- 
times, of a summer's day, the adherents of this belief assembled under the 
great trees before the homestead, and listened to the deep doctrinal coun- 
sels of their elders, or the spiritual sermons of visiting pastors. At differ- 
ent times we see our Wiswall deputed by the town to carry out important 
public trusts, — to gather up the arms of the Indians; to treat with the 
authorities of Cambridge ; or to copy the ancient records. When the 
Newton minute-men marched off to the battle of Lexington, three of his 
sons and several of his sons-in-law were in the ranks, and the venerable 
captain, then seventy-six years old, started after them on foot, saying: "I 
want to see what the boys are doing." During the melee of the retreat, 
three of the King's soldiers came upon him, and he (piicklv told the two or 





three armed farmers near him to fire on the middle one, so as to be sure of 
a shot. The doomed red-coat fell in his tracks, and the others fled in panic, 
while the old captain, binding up his hand, through which a royalist mus- 
ket-ball had torn its way, went forward and took the gun of the dead 
regular, as a trophy of the da}-. 

When Dr. John King, a veteran of the Revolution, rode into Newton, to 
succeed to the practice of Dr. John Cotton, the people at Mitchell's Tavern 
recommended him to board at Captain Noah Wiswall's. But Miss Sarah 
Wisvvall, the captain's daughter, took great displeasure thereat, and ex- 
claimed: ''Everybody is sent to our house." Perhaps it was to get suffi- 

CJI cient opportunity to punish the intruder that she married him, and lived 

^ with him for thirty-seven years, until Death came to call her away, leaving 

gj2 fiv6 stout boys. The Kings dwelt in the old Dr.-Cotton house, on the site 

of the home of Deacon Gustavus Forbes ; and the doctor's son, Henry, was 

^■f one of the guards at the execution of Major Andre. 

*■•■ Deacon Luther Paul bought the old Wiswall place, and became a local 

magnate and selectman, and held here his rural court. It was he who set 
out the noble avenue of elms that extends from the Baptist church to the 

'V ice-houses, about the year 1830, to the subsequent joy of thousands who 

■ ^ have enjoyed their grateful shade. Some fragments of the ancient house 

t JfS are still preserved in the Paul mansion, which is nobly secluded under tall 

\ 01 elms, just south of the railway, on Centre Street. 

Vj-n At the north-west corner of the pond was the home of the younger 

* ,,fl Samuel Hyde, who bound himself that a rod-wide way "shall be free to 

bring hemp or flax to the pond, and sheep to washing, or such like neces- 
sary occasions to come to the pond." His successor in the house was 
Francis Blanden, a far-wandering and sporadic French-Canadian, in whose 
memory the road afterwards called Pond Street bore the name of Blanden's 
Lane for a full century. In still later days, Joseph White dwelt here. 

John C. Parker, the son of Samuel Parker, was brought up in the old 
farmhouse a quarter of a mile southeast of Baptist Pond. In 1809 he 


w^ left Newton, to return no more, becoming captain of an Indiaman, and set- 

tled at Hawaii, in the Sandwich Islands, in 181 5, where for fifty-three years 
he owned a vast grazing farm, of many thousand acres, exercising a baro- 
nial sway and a noble hospitality, and maintaining a Hawaian clergyman 
and chapel for the spiritual culture of his peojjle. And when he died, in 
1864, the chief dignitaries of the island kingdom assembled at his funeral. 

There has always been something congenial to letters in the aspect of 
this sylvan water, sequestered among the quiet highlands. It was in Jep- 
son's house, on the south, that Dr. Carl Siedhof long carried on his well- 
known Classical Institute, on the German system; and in later days there 
was a school kept here by J. W. Hunt and later by Jonathan Tenney, 



who had a girls' school here in 1866. In the basement of the old Baptist 
church, Moses Burbank wielded the master's ferule from 1848 to 1852; 
and one of the brightest of his pupils was William Francis Bartlett, the 
Bayard of our army during the Secession War. 

Among the handsome residences in the vicinity of Cr3'stal Lake, along 
and near the charming boulevard of Lake Avenue, is that of Stephen 
V. A. Hunter, treasurer of the Goodyear & McKay Welt-Sewing-Machine 
Company, whose home is at the corner of Lake Avenue and Crystal 
Street. Near Laurel Street is the home of Joseph W. Parker, head of the 
well-known clothing house of Boston. On Beacon Street, near Lake 
Avenue, stands the house of William E. Webster, connected with the 
great Boston dry-goods house of Joy, Langdon & Co. And on the same 
street near Centre Street is the pleasant home of Charles C. Barton, Esq., 
a prominent counsellor-at-law, very actively interested in the educational 
and other public affairs of Newton, and for many years a member of the 
School Board, of which he is at present the chairman. 

The Newton Theological Institution crowns the stately hill which rises 
to a height of over 300 feet, just south of Newton Centre, and its buildings 
and tall tower are landmarks visible for many miles throughout the neigh- 
boring countryside. It contains nearly 70 students, preparing for the 
Christian ministry ; and its faculty includes the Rev. Dr. Alvah Hovey 
(President), the Rev. Dr. Oakman S. Stearns, the Rev. John M. English, 
the Rev. Charles Rufus Brown, Rev. Ernest DeWitt Burton, Rev. Jesse 
B. Thomas, Samuel S. Curry, and Rev. James F. Morton (Librarian). 
The course of study covers three years, and includes Hebrew, Greek, 
Syriac, Aramaic, German, elocution, church history, philosophy, homiletics, 
and all departments of Christian theology. The large buildings known 
as Farwell Hall and Sturtevant Hall are occupied by rooms for students, 
comfortably furnished at the expense of the churches in and about Boston, 
and allotted to the young men (as is also the tuition) free of cost. There 
is a comfortable gymnasium on the grounds, and also a well-used reading- 
room. At stated hours throughout the day, the silvery bell of the chapel 
sends its melodious call over the plateau, and down the adjacent valleys, 
summoning the students to their lectures ; and the young Baptist prophets 
go trooping over the lawns, like members of some sober Western college 
De Propaganda Fide. Much intellectual ciuickening has resulted from 
the introduction of some twenty-five elective courses, in addition to the 
required and usual lines of study. 

The site of the seminary has been likened to Andover's plateau and 
elegant shades, or the delightful crests of Amherst. Dr. Hackett used to 
compare the western view to that from the Acropolis of Athens. On the 
horizon rise Monadnock and Wachusett, with many a town and village be- 



tween, the long valley towards the dome of Dedhani, the rolling Blue Hills 
of Milton, the garden-like suburbs of Boston, and the far-away blue sea. 
Hereabouts stood the homestead of Joseph Bartlett, over 200 years ago. 
Of his great-grandsons there were six who went out into the wilderness 
and colonized the site of the present beautiful village of Bethel, in the 
upper Androscoggin Valley. They made sugar, cleared the land, and 
planted corn, surrounded by friendly Indians, until the time (in 1 781) when 
wild savages from Canada made a destructive foray upon the little settle- 
ment, and carried away several of its people to their cold Northern fast- 
nesses, hard by the St. Lawrence. Another early settler near the seminary 
j(.| was John Cheney, who came hither as early as 1681, and became the first 

miller in Newton. 

gJ2 Nearly a hundred years ago, this hill was bought by John Peck, of 

Boston, who had been so fortunate as to marry a wealthy lady, and en- 

*jgl deavored to construct here a country-house after the old English manner, 

*'*■ with a spacious park and domain. The mansion was founded in 179S, with 

the intent of making the finest private house in this region ; and the present 

Institution Avenue was laid out, at great cost, and lined with trees; while 

' V great masses of rare flowers flamed from the sloping lawns. The money 

* «■ of the estate melted away in these costly outlays ; and, when the War of 

i JIB 181 2 broke out, and the price of wool rose to a fancy figure, Mr. Peck 

. BH bought 500 sheep, and pastured them along the slopes of his far-viewing 

hill. This speculation also failed, and the family lost its estate and disap- 

" peared in the distant West. The high-cupolaed house on the hill had been 

facetiously entitled "the Mill"; and the people of the plains below with 

trreat humor averred that at last it had ground a Peck. 

,^ a The Massachusetts Baptist Education Society was founded in 1814, and 

at an early date began to consider means to establish a divinity school; 

^^^ and in 1825. at a meeting in the First Baptist Church of Boston (then on 

"'JSj! Salem Street), the assembled clergy and laymen resolved "that it is ex- 

k,pjll pedient to establish a theological institution in the vicinity of Boston." As 

w a result, the Education Society purchased the Peck estate, a large dwelling- 

• ms 


house and 85 acres of land, for the sum of $4,250. The school was incor- 
porated in 1826, with the Rev. I rah Chase as Professor, to whom, later in 
the year, the Rev. Henry J. Ripley was added, as Professor of Biblical 
Literature and Pastoral Duties, having been brought up from the lowlands 
of Georgia. Not long after the school moved up here from its temporary 
quarters on Ward Street, Farwell Hall was erected, its expense being met, 
like that of the original purchase, by subscriptions. In 1832 the Rev. J. D. 
Knowles became Professor of Pastoral Duties; in 1835 the Rev. Barnas 
Sears was elected Professor of Christian Theology; and in 1839 the Rev. 
H. B. Hackett became President and Professor of Biblical Literature and 





When the Colby-Hall building received its dedication, on a lovely autumn 
day of 1866, the participants were the Rev. Doctors Samson, Hovey, Stow, 
Caswell, Hague. Smith, and other fathers of the Baptist Church ; and the 
President said, in his address, that "here, on this beautiful spot, prepared 
by the Architect of Nature for such a use, will flourish, through the ages, 
a 'school of the prophets.' acknowledging the Bible, and tlie Bible onlv, as 
the standard of Christian doctrine and duty." 

The father of the library, in a large sense, was the Rev. Professor Henry 

J. Ripley, who in his old age for nineteen years spent his life among these 

books, saying: "The Library is my idol now. If I can only see it increase 

**• in scope and authority, the crowning wish of my life will be secured." His 

M.M careful catalogues bear witness to his skill and accuracy ; and the long line 

CmS of books that issued from his pen equally attest his industry and faith. 

His Commentaries on the New-Testament books have been the help of 

5|jJ thousands. 

^, J On this classic hill we may see the venerable Irah Chase, pondering over 

*** .1 r 1 .. r A 1. ^ II 1- .1 , 11 T 1 1 1 1 1 . , ^ 

the foundation of Acadia College, or reading the tall old black-letter tomes 
of Irena;us and Origen, or outlining the plans of "The Christian Review"; 
or Horatio Balch Hackett, with his Thiers-like head and face, who had 
*• studied for many years in Europe, and was a member of the American 

•■ ^ Committee of Bible Revision, besides preparing a Chaldaic grammar, and 

•ff writing a dozen or so of other books; or Barnas Sears, D.D., LL.D., a 

J-Ht man of Massachusetts birth, and a graduate of Brown and of Newton. 

I v>« who studied also in Germany from 1833 to 1835, '^■^^ took a prominent 

J Y"^ part in the great Baptist movement there, himself administering the rite of 

l^fU baptism to many persons, including some of the German clergy. From 

•i,Jjl 1835 to 1847 he was a Professor in the Newton Theological Institution; 

from 1848 to 1855, Secretary and Executive Agent of the Massachusetts 
Board of Education (succeeding Horace Mann); from 1855 to 1867, Pres- 
KmJi ident of Brown University at Providence; and, from 1867 to 1880, agent 

*JM^ for the distribution of the George-Peabody Educational Fund in the South- 

Jjllj, ern States. His edition of " Roget's Thesaurus," his "Life of Luther," his 

*^mi articles in "The Bibliotheca Sacra" and "American Cyclopedia," and 

other literary monuments attest the iron diligence of this man of God. 

In a lonely grave on the Institution grounds was buried at midnight, May 
29, 1838, the body of Professor J. D. Knowles, who died of confluent small- 
pox, after serving for six years as a teacher here, and writing several v/ell- 
known books. 

Among the students of the Institution have been tlie following: — 
John Taylor Jones, D.D., for 18 years a missionary to Siam. 
Francis Mason, D.D., for 44 years a missionary to Burmah, translator of 
the Bible into Sgau Karen, and autlior of several books on Burmah. 






■Ji N^^ 



William G. Crocker, who died after preaching for 9 years to the Bassas, 
of Liberia. 

Joseph Goddard, for 16 years a missionary to China, and translator of 
the New Testament, etc., into the Chinese popular dialect. 

Josiah R. Goddard, son of the above-mentioned, and also a missionary 
to China. 

John W. Johnson, for 25 years a missionary at Hong Kong and Swatow. 
Benjamin C. Thomas, for twenty years a Christian laborer in Burmah, 
and author of many hymns in the Karen language. 
Isaac M. Wilmarth, missionary to France. 
»• Albert N. Arnold, D.D., missionary to Greece. 

m.m Nathan Brown, D.D., for over 20 years preaching in Assam, and later in 

S{S{ Japan. 

Edward A. Stevens, D.D., for 40 years on the Burman mission. 
5lfJ Edward O. Stevens, his son, also a bearer of light to Burmah. 

^, J Joseph G. Binney, D.D., President of Columbian College, and for 24 

years head of the Theological Seminary among the Karens. 
Durlin L. Brayton, for 40 years a hero in the mission-field. 
Lyman Jewett, D.D., the evangelist of the Teloogoos. 
*■ Arthur R. R. Crawley, for a quarter of a century laboring in Burmah. 

* ^ Joel S. Bacon, D.D., President of Columbian College. 

• 2 John S. Maginnis, D.D., of Rochester Theological Seminary. 
\v* David N. Sheldon, D.D., President of Waterville College. 

I v->« John L. Lincoln, LL.D., Professor of Latin at Brown L^niversity. 

J jj-J D. A. W. Smith, D.D., for 24 years a missionary in Burmah, and Presi- 

f |j^ dent of the Karen Theological Seminary at Rangoon. 

%!„* Basil Manly, D.D., President of Georgetown College, Kentucky. 

Artemas W. Sawyer, D.D., President of Acadia College. 

Samson Talbot, D.D., President of Denison University. 
hMJi Henry C. Robins, President of Colby University. 

•|«il Joseph Banvard, D.D., author and pastor. 

^Hf William Hague, D.D., pastor of many churches and writer of many 


Elias L. Magoon, D.D., one of our most prolific authors. 

George D. B. Pepper, D.D., President of Colby University. 

Galusha Anderson, President of Chicago University and later of Denison 

Elisha B. Andrews, D.D., President of Denison University. 

Seth J. Axtell, President of Leland University, Louisiana. 

Eli B. Smith, D.D., President of the New-Hampton School. 

Barnas Sears, D.D., President of this Institution and of Brown Uni- 




James Upham, D.D., President of New-Hampton Institute. 

Ezekiel G. Robinson, D.D., President of Brown University. 

George W. Samson, D.D., the Orientalist, President of Columbian Col- 

Martin B. Anderson, D.D., President of Rochester University. 

Henry G. Weston, D.D., President of Crozer Theological Seminary. 

Ebenezer Dodge, D.D., President of Madison University. 

Kendall Roberts, D.D., President of Kalamazoo College. 

Samuel L. Caldwell, D.D., President of Vassar College. 

Heman Lincoln, D.D., and many another leader in the American 
churches, and in the evangelization of Asia. 

Several acres of the original Peck estate have been laid out for building 
purposes, including the streets named for the first three professors, Chase, 
Ripley, and Knowles. 

In this pleasant region are numerous pretty houses. And among them 
is that owned and occupied by Mellen Bray, on Institution Avenue, near 
Chase Street. 

Station Street runs from the railway up over the shoulder of Institution 
Hill, past the green and velvety lawns of the theological school, and over 
a far-viewing crest, to the hamlet of Thompsonville, which straggles along 
the cross-roads a half-mile east of Newton Centre, and is partly occupied 
by German families, living in small and prosaic houses. This was the re- 
gion in which the New Lights appeared, in 1750, under the efforts of Jona- 
than Hyde. Thompson was a laboring man, who lived in these woods as 
a hermit for several years, and as a reward had his name attached to the 
region. The little cross-roads chapel was built by the First Baptist Church, 
as a mission station, in 1867, and is the scene of religious services every 
Sunday, when 30 or 40 persons are present. A quarterly collection is 
taken up in the parent church for its support. The Thompsonville region 
is rich in mica, milky quartz, crystals, and other interesting minerals; and 
in 1877 a deposit of silver was found near by, in the beautiful and romantic 
Hammond's-Pond Woods. Not far away, around Glen Avenue and Sta- 
tion Street, is the neighborhood long known as ydhnsonville, after Jerry 
Johnson, once a large property-owner here. 

There is a vast inspiration in the view from this eminence over the 
valley of the Charles, and tlie blue highlands of Canton and Milton, 
Stoughton and Sharon, the wide horizons beyond the Dedham dome and 
Highlandville spire, the country-side for hazy leagues dappled with golden 
grain and emerald meadows and dark-green forests. And just over the 
fine shoulders of Institution Hill from Newton Centre you may enter the 
beautiful and rural southern part of the city, which is more fully described 
in the chapter on Oak Hill. And it is hardly a half-hour's brisk walk, 




along the patrician Beacon Street, to the charming semi-English suburb of 
Chestnut Hill, with its plain and unpretending country-houses, each in its 
broad environment of park-like grounds. It will not take many years for 
the electric railways and other nineteenth-century devices of the West-End 
Railway Company to advance from Boston and Brookline along this line 
into Newton, and open wide new areas for development as homes. 
Until that day, this region shall remain, as it has been for centuries, 

" A land 
In which it seemed always afternoon." 


€i)estnut ^ill 




Chestnut Hill is approached from one of the handsomest little railway 
stations in the world, a gem of Richardson's architecture, worthily sur- 
rounded by beautiful landscape gardening. The structure is of light- 
colored granite, trimmed with brownstone; and its graceful ivy-draped 
arches and porte-cochere and chapel-like timber roof make a fitting portal 
for one of the most charming suburbs of Boston. For many years, this 

Chestnut-Hill Station, Boston & Albany Railroad. 

notable community was known as " The Essex Colony," since its chief 
families derived their origin from the noble old Massachusetts county of 
Essex, the Lees and the Saltonstalls coming from Salem, and the Lowells 
(like the Longfellows) being of Newbury origin. 

The grounds about the station were arranged to the best possible ad- 
vantage by Frederick Law Olmsted, the architect and chief engineer of 
the Central Park at New York, and show how much can be accomplished 


2 1 2 ir/A'G 'S HANDB O OK OF NE IVTON. 

by refined taste and judicious outlay, witliin a limited area. The building 
itself has the usual sturdy and massive character of Richardson's work, 
and appears as if it grew up out of the surrounding ground rather than 
that it was piled upon it. 

Close to the station a beautiful private driveway diverges to the right 
from Hammond Street, and ascends Chestnut Hill, passing through a long 
park of lawns and trees, which forms a delightful piece of landscape- 
gardening. On the left of this road is the Saltonstall mansion; and on the 
right is the dark-red house of Mr. SaltonstalFs son-in-law, Dr. George W. 
West, with its quaint diamond windows. 

The Saltonstalls are a very ancient and honorable family, of great dis- 
tinction both in the Old World and the New. Sir Richard Saltonstall was 
|p;3 Lord-Mayor of London in the year 1597; and his nephew. Sir Richard, one 

^ij of the original patentees of the Massachusetts Charter, came to New 

England with Winthrop in 1630. He founded the plantation at Watertown, 
jK across the river from Newton, and left two of his sons there, when he went 

*'jij back to England with his two daughters and his oldest son, Richard, a 

* A graduate of Emanuel College, Cambridge, who afterwards returned and set- 

*^ tied at Ipswich with his young wife (born Muriel Gufdon), and was such an 

, ardent champion of liberty that he warmly befriended Goffe and Whalley, 

, ** the regicide judges. He was also the first to oppose negro slavery in 

J]2 America; and, when a sea-captain brought in two slaves from Guinea, he 

(ll had him fined, and compelled to carry back the African captives to their 

JP own land. His son, Nathaniel Saltonstall, was appointed one of the special 

t y\ judges for the trial of the Salem witches, but refused to serve. 

i.f,} Judge Nathaniel's son, Gurdon, held the governorship of Connecticut 

(J^ from 1707 to 1724; and had a son, also named Gurdon, who was a general 

*»4 in the Continental Army. Thence came the Connecticut line of the family. 

The Massachusetts line passes down from Sir Richard by Richard of Ips- 
wich, Judge Nathaniel, Richard, and the fourth Richard, a scientific and 
jQjl practical farmer of Essex North, who held a judgeship in the Superior 

1^1 Court from 1736 to 1756. This gentleman's son, Richard, a heroic officer 

jUt in the French and Indian wars of 1756-60, when the War of the Revolution 

*^'Qf' broke out was unwilling to draw his sword against the flag under which he 

had fought in so many strenuous battles ; and, finding it equally impossible 
to join the Royalists against his American brethren, he went to England, 
where he died two years after the close of the war. His brother, Dr. 
Nathaniel Saltonstall, of Haverhill, became an ardent patriot, and served 
the cause of the new-born States with all his heart. His son, Leverett 
Saltonstall, LL.D., became a prominent lawyer and mayor of Salem, and 
Member of Congress from 1838 to 1843. The present Hon. Leverett Sal- 
tonstall is a son of the last-named; a graduate of Harvard in the class of 




1844 (and now one of its Board of Overseers); and a life-long friend of his 
classmates, William Morris Hunt, the great artist, Francis Parkman, the 
historian, Benjamin Apthorp Gould, the astronomer, and other famous men. 
He is one of the best of after-dinner speakers and raconteurs, a ruddy 
and vigorous gentleman of the old school, with a love for his pleasant 
library. One of his daughters married Dr. George W. West, the other 
Louis A. Shaw, Professor Agassiz's grandson. His oldest son, Richard 
Middlecott, who graduated from Harvard College in 1880, represents the 
eighth generation, in lineal descent, receiving a degree from this ancient 
University. The estate passed into the hands of Joseph Lee, of Salem, 
nearly half a century ago, being then of little value, a wind-swept pasture- 

at Waban-Hill Reservoir, Chestnut Hill 

field, in a thinly-populated region. The present 
Mr. Saltonstall was connected by marriage with 
the Lee famih', having married the grand-niece '* 

of Mr. Joseph Lee; and so, about the year 1855, both he and Francis L. 
Lee moved to this barren domain, and built houses. The otherwise bare 
and bleak ridge was adorned on its north slope with a grove of aged chest- 
nut-trees, and for this reason the new-comers named it Chestnut Hill. 
The beautiful trees that now enrich the fair hillsides with their lines and 
masses of foliage, evergreen and deciduous, were nearly all planted by 
Leverett Saltonstall, and the great size to which they have grown, and the 
incalculable increase in scenic value thus added to the estate, should 
encourage skilful tree-planting in many other places of our deforested 
New Eno:land. 


Here, since his retirement from the bar, Mr. Saltonstall has led the quiet 
Hfe of a country gentleman, devoted to agriculture and landscape-gardening, 
and cherishing and extending the liberal, scholarly, and democratic princi- 
ples of his ancestors. During the Cleveland administration, he served as 
Collector of the Port of Boston, the chief United-States office in New- 

The crest of the hill is occupied by the estate of Ralph H. White, the 
Boston dry-goods merchant. He pulled down the old house of Daniel Sar- 
gent Curtis, on this site, in 1886; and since then has erected a new and 
spacious mansion, after plans drawn by William Ralph Emerson, the chief 
» I outward features being an encircling veranda of great length, a massive 

porte-cochere, and many picturesque gables. The view from this locality 
Ci9 is of wondrous beauty, and includes much of Boston and its suburbs, with 

'* the Chestnut-Hill Reservoir as its chief feature, gleaming in the fair and 

■.^ garden-like foreground. Points in a score of towns and cities are visible 

k^ from this eminence, with the pale blue disks of Wachusett and Monadnock 

» y' in the distant west. The road tliat leads up to the house of the merchant- 

\ 'I? prince curves around and returns by Mr. George C. Lee's house to the 

(/J foliage-enarched aisles of Hammond Street. 

*-^^ Passing northward along Hammond Street from the station, the diversi- 

* up fied shrubbery of the Francis L. Lee estate (now occupied by Louis Agassiz 

J'rij .Shaw) is seen on the left, with the yellow front of Hon. Leverett Salton- 

stalTs house far back among the trees on the right. Colonel Lee was one 
of the best landscape-gardeners in America, famous for his love of natural 
effects and the delicacy of his combinations of tints and forms of shrubbery. 
Born to wealth, and a graduate of Harvard, he devoted himself to this pro- 
fession out of pure love, and left the impress of his exquisite taste on many 
park-like estates around Boston. He was a classmate at Harvard with 
^^ Judge Lowell and C. C. Perkins. He became commander of the 44th 

*•«". Massachusetts Infantry in the Carolina campaigns, and a zealous officer 

of the State in organizing and forwarding troops. He died in 1886. Col- 
onel Henry Lee, one of the prominent graduates of Harvard, and one of 
the well-known financiers of State Street, is his brother. The father of 
these brothers was Henry Lee, an eminent East-India merchant of Boston, 
who at one time stood as candidate for the Vice-Presidency of the LTnited 
States, on the free-trade platform, with John C. Calhouij at the head of the 
ticket. The domain contiguous to Mr. Shaw's pertains to Ernest Winsor; 
and nearly opposite stands the quaint little building erected for the local 
chapel and school-house which was given in 1861 by Thomas Lee to the 
families of Chestnut Hill, with the proviso that, if it ceased to be used for 
religious or educational purposes, it should be sold, and the proceeds de- 
voted to charitv. The pastors have l^een three Har\ard men of the elder 




classes, the Rev. Messrs. William A. Whitwell (1861-65), A. B. Muzzey, 
and John A. Buckingham. Some years ago, the Unitarian services were 
abandoned, the population of the region being too small to warrant their 
continuance. Charming concerts and other musical and literary entertain- 
ments are often held in the pretty school-house annexed thereto, under the 
patronage of the cultivated ladies of the neighborhood. 

The Episcopal Church of St. Andrew, sometime under the charge of the 
Rev. Arthur Wentworth Eaton, succeeded to the place once occupied by 
the Unitarians, and is now laboring to erect here a permanent parish, with 
dreams of a liandsome stone church amid the trees and ivies, at some dis- 

The Kingsbury House, Hammonj Street, Chestnut Hill. 

tant period. The present rector of St. Andrews is the Rev. Henry S. Nash, 
of the Episcopal Theological School, at Cambridge. 

Beyond the chapel, and higher up the hill, stands the brick mansion 
of George C. Lee (of the Union Safe-Deposit Vaults, of Boston), almost 
hidden by groups and skirmish-lines of handsome trees. The second house 
bevond the chapel, on the same side, was built in 1887 by Charles H. 
Burrage, on the site of the very ancient Pulsifer mansion, the birthplace 
of the late Colonel Royal M. Pulsifer, of the Boston Hefald. 

A little way beyond the Lee place, Kingsbury Street diverges to the left, 
with the great modern houses of two Boston lawyers, Morris Gray and 
Heman M. Burr, looking over the wide valley to the south. Mr. Burr was 
elected Mayor of Newton for 1889. The home of Colonel Isaac F. Kings- 


bury, for some years the popular and efficient city clerk of Newton, and a 
brave veteran of the Secession War, is on Hammond Street. 

Farther along on Hammond Street is the picturesque old Kingsbury 
house, a gray colonial building with huge chimneys and broad contiguous 
barns and a famous old elm in its yard. This was the homestead of John 
Parker, an English carpenter, w'ho, after living a few years at Hingham. 
came hither in 1650, and settled among the quiet forests and high hills of 
Newton. Part of the landed estate afterwards passed (in 1700) into the 
possession of the Hon. Ebenezer Stone. 

At the corner of Beacon and Hammond Streets is the large and hand- 

* jj some brick mansion of Dr. Daniel Denison Slade, richly draped with iv^-, 

and commanding a pleasant view down towards the Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. 

Ct# Dr. Slade was a classmate with Leverett Saltonstall, in the famous Harvard 

' ■ class of 1844, and has been professor and lecturer on zoology, at Harvard 

M.0 University. He is the President of the Newton Horticultural Societv. 

»^ When Dom Pedro II., the Emperor of Brazil, visited the United States 

• '' (in 1876), he made a visit to this family. The Slade mansion is kept open 

\ ^ all the year round, and is the seat of a delightful and refined hospitality. 

(/J^ which includes in its charmed circle many well-known families of the neigh- 

^^ boring metropolis. Longfellow and Tom Appleton and Dr. Holmes have 

* « also been entertained here. 

^tf On the opposite corner stands the old Hammond house, turning its back 

^P contemptuously upon the modern Beacon Street, and with its dark roof 

running down almost to the ground. It is still a farmhouse, environed 
with orchards and great barns, and looking out far down the sloping 
countryside to the dark w-oods that environ Hammond's Pond. Taking 
it for all in all, it is one of the most picturesque and interesting of old 
New-England homesteads. It was built in 1730, and is the only house 
^■B' in Newton illustrated in Whitefield's '• The Homes of our Forefathers.'' 


Hammond Street runs aw-ay across Beacon Street, and up through a 
miniature Pass of Thermopylae, where the road lies between sharp little 
cliffs of rock. This locality is known to the Chestnut-Hill people as " The 
Gap," and to old Newtonians as " Gibraltar."' On the right-hand side is 
the stone house formerly occupied by Charles Francis; and on the left is 
the home of J. Herbert Sawyer, the treasurer of a great manufacturing 
corporation in Boston. The farmhouse of the Sawyer estate, on Beacon 
Street, half a century or more ago was used as the district school-house, 
standing back on Hammond Street. Then the street winds away, past 
two or three pretty country-houses; curves under the shadow of long maple 
avenues : and comes out on Ward Street, close to the reser\-oir on Waban 
Hill. At the corner of Hammond Street and Ward Street is the charming 
countrv home of Albert D. S. Bell, a well-known Boston merchant. 



Near the end of Hammond Street is Waban Hill (sometimes also called 
Prospect Hill), rising to a height of 313 feet, and supporting on its side the 
smooth green embankments of the Newton reservoir. Higher up, the road 
reaches the grassy summit, from which is outspread a view of amazing 
grandeur, including Wachusett and Monadnock in the blue distance, with 
scores of less-familiar mountains of Massachusetts and New Hampshire, 
and the Prospect range across the valley, and Waltham, Watertown, Arling- 
ton Heights, Mount Auburn, Cambridge, and the great Memorial-Hall tower. 
Farther around extend the long brick vistas of Boston, with the conspicuous 
towers of Trinity and the Old South, and the glittering State-House dome ; 

Albert D. S. Bell's Residence, Hammond and Ward Streets, Chestnut Hi 

and beyond stretches the wide blue plain of the open sea, flecked with white 
sails. The Blue Hills close the magnificent panorama on the southeast; 
and the fair foreground is dotted with the villas and estates and villages of 
Newton. This view has been pronounced by travellers the finest in all the 
suburbs of Boston, so famous for their rich hill-top prospects of sea and 
cities and mountains. 

The venerable garrison-house that stood in this vicinity was taken down 
in 1821, after standing 170 years and sheltering seven generations of New- 
ton lads and lasses. It was built probably by John Ward, an English turner, 
who married Edward Jackson's daughter Hannah, and became the town's 
first representative to the General Court, the year after Sir Edmund Andros 



was overthrown. The old house descended to his son, Deacon Richard, 
and his grandson, Deacon Ephraim, his great-grandson, John, and his great- 
great-grandson, Samuel. 

South Street is a beautiful curving avenue, that wanders from Beacon 
Street off into Brighton, between Waban Hill and the Chestnut-Hill Reser- 
voir, commanding most charming views of the broad lawns on the left, 
and the Amos-Lawrence farm on the right. Early in the century this great 
domain passed into the hands of Deacon Thomas Hyde, and from him it 
went to Deacon Nathan Pettee. Afterwards, the estate was acquired for 
a small sum by Amos Lawrence, in the year 1864; and part of its meadow- 

£_ I land is now occupied by the western basin of the Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. 

The great tunnel of the Sudbury Water- Works penetrates the Chestnut- 

%^ Hill ridge from Newton Centre to the Reservoir, a distance of 4,635 feet, 

'" most of which is through hard conglomerate rock, where the bottom is cov- 

M.^ ered with a floor of concrete, and the rest is left as excavated. It took 

%■*! from September, 1873, to November, 1875, to cut this great tunnel, with 

* 3*^ several engines, drilling machines, and powerful explosives, air being driven 
\ ^ in by machinery, and the debris removed by mule-cars. 

K,f^ Just south of the railway, not far from the Chestnut-Hill station, and 

*.^ opening toward Hammond Street, stands the fine old homestead of Judge 

* jjD John Lowell, brother of Augustus Lowell, and for 20 years judge of the 
•■rt United-States District Court. Mrs. Lowell was a daughter of the Hon. 

* I* George B. Emerson, the eminent educator ; and her gracious hospitalities 
are as freely exercised Jiere as at the Lowells' sea-shore residence at Win- 
throp, or their great town-house on Commonwealth Avenue. The house 
now occupied by Judge Lowell was erected by one of the Hammonds in 
1773, and remained in that family for over eighty years, passing to the 
Lowells after 1850. 

^^ The Hammond's-Pond Woods are one of the most interesting and beau- 

*j*J| tiful forests in New England, rich in every variety of ferns and lichens, and 

abounding in rare plants and brilliant flowers. Rank and luxuriant lowland 
glades alternate with rocky hills, and everywhere the beauty of the trees 
arches over the scene. There is a delightful path a mile and a half long, 
leading south from Beacon Street, nearly opposite the Bishop estate, and 
traversing the entire forest ; and the same path may be found more readily 
where it crosses the railway, perhaps half a mile west of Chestnut-Hill 
station. Another (and still easier) mode of entrance is by an ancient and 
abandoned wood-road which turns to the nortn from Boylston Street, a few 
rods west of the Hammond's-Pond ice-houses. Amid this rich and pict- 
uresque woodland the Newton Natural-History Society, the Appalachian 
Mountain Club, and other lovers of nature have enjoyed their field-days, in 
the blue and fleecy days of summer. On one side is a broad and solemn 



amphitheatre, defended by walls of shattered cliffs and crags, carpeted with 
fragrant besoms, and studded with vast and stately hemlocks, whose mur- 
murous branches make a perpetual twilight beneath. Elsewhere there are 
walls of conglomerate rock, as tall and straight as castle-bastions, crowning 
the hill-tops, and menaced by storming-parties of trees, whose green banners 
have been planted in the crevices far up their mighty steeps. On the crest 
of one silent ridge is a marvellous rock formation, where cliffs a score of 
feet high surround three sides of a little grassy court, open on the fourth 
side to the long perspective of the forest, and entered by a narrow pass 
hardly a yard wide, and many feet long, leading between huge upright 
ledges. Through this portal, embroidered with delicate ferns and live- 
green mosses and gray lichens, the woodland wanderer enters the rock- 
walled chamber, fit audience-hall for Titania herself. Strolling down the 
grassy paths, — remnants of long-forgotten farm-roads, — one sees gorgeous 
orange and canary-colored fungi, delicate sprays of sassafras clambering 
above the shattered rocks, luxuriant ivies mantling the glacier-scarred 
ledges with living green, and magnificent ferns, now waving in broad sweeps 
of tropical luxuriance, and then nestling down among the bowlders in tiny 
sprays of the most exc^uisite grace and delicacy of outline. So broad and 
sequestered and unfrequented is this lovely forest that no sounds of pro- 
saic human life invade its cloisters, and nothing disturbs the saunterer's 
reflections but the low songs of the birds, or the scampering of an occa- 
sional gray sc[uirrel over the dry leaves. Instead of spending some hun- 
dreds of thousands of dollars for public parks, as the Newtonians occasion- 
ally try to compass, it would be wiser to publish, at the city's expense, a 
few little tracts setting forth the glories of her forests and hills, and telling 
how to find and recognize them. 

In old times this forest was known as the •■ Slate-Rock Woods," after the 
great pile of slate now visible near the railroad between Newton Centre 
and Chestnut Hill. It was also called " Coonville," on account of the game 
abounding in the vicinity. Otis Pettee writes : " Washington Street in 
Boston, in colonial times, extended out over the Neck to Roxbury and 
thence by a circuitous route to Brookline — then known as 'Punch Bowl'; 
and when the Worcester turnpike was built, it was simply an extension of 
old Washington Street. After Tremont Street was opened to Roxbury, 
that part of Washington Street towards and beyond Brookline lost its 
identity, and has since taken another name [Boylston Street]. I well re- 
member, when driving to Boston in my younger days, meeting hunters and 
trappers, with their guns and hounds, on their way to these woods for 

Deep in the woods, between Judge Lowell's house and the little German 
hamlet of Thompsonville, is Hammond's Pond, a lonely lakelet of twenty 


acres, where in old times the farmers' lads used to catch eels and pout, 
with occasionally a lively two-pound pickerel. The natural outlet of the 
pond flowed through the rivulet which traverses the western part of Brook- 
line, and thence along Bald-Pate Meadow, and down into the Charles River. 
But about forty years ago an artificial channel was made from the westerly 
shore, by which the overflow of the lakelet descends into Smelt Brook, and 
so wandfers off into the Charles, by Waltham. The pond has for more than 
two centuries borne the name of Thomas Hammond, one of the three 
wealthiest pioneers (the others having been John and Edward Jackson) of 
the twenty original settlers of Newton. He came here in 1650, from Hing- 
ham, where he had settled in 1637, and where his four children were born 
and baptized. The clan of Hammond is now a numerous and widely dis- 
%tm seminated one in Eastern Massachusetts. 

vli Another of the pioneers of this fair land was Vincent Druce, who in 

-^ 1650 bought a great expanse of woods with Thomas Hammond, and held 

k^ them in common with him until 1664, when they divided them, the line 

p'yJ running over the great hill. It was his son John who was mortally wounded 

^^ while Prentice's cavalry fought against King Philip. At Swansey, Vm- 

^/JJ cent's great-granddaughter Nancy was still alive as late as the year 1853. 

» Vincent Druce built the mansion since known as the Crafts house, on the 

Denny place, about the year 1695, and in its modernized and newly-painted 



».|rf| form it looks like some comfortable old village-inn, strayed away into these 

kP lovely rural uplands. Before King Philip's War this locality also became 

•'W the home of Thomas Greenwood, the weaver, and town clerk, who gave a 


son and a grandson to Harvard College and the ministry. 

While contemplating the groups of beautiful and costly homes, along the 
slopes of Chestnut Hill, one can scarcely realize that in the year 1800 there 
were but three houses in all Newton valued at above $1,000; and that the 
^u^ entire valuation of the 175 houses then in town was but $72,900. Up to 

fcwdi the year 1850, nearly all the Chestnut-Hill region was occupied by the 

jwl market-gardens of Kingsbury, Hammond, Woodward, and the Stones. The 

*0 roads were narrow grassy lanes, bordered by barberry and burdock bushes, 

"^ and other wild plants, and always wrapped in an atmosphere of peace and 

W. tranquillity. Then several patrician families from Boston moved into the 

neighborhood, and established a delightful and refined social life amid these 
scenes so highly favored by nature. More recently, however, several of the 
chief families have migrated into Boston every winter, to their town-houses 
on the Back Bay, leaving the younger branches of their clans to remain 
here through the inclement season. During the delicious days of spring 
and early summer and autumn, lawn-tennis parties are all the vogue; and 
Hammond street is lively with dog-carts and village-carts and the heavily- 
rumbling family carriages. 




The southern part of the city of Newton, covering perhaps four square 
miles, is by nature the fairest of all her districts, and the most abundant 
in the varied charms of hill and glen, upland and meadow, long and placid 
river-reaches, and high-arched forests. Its comparative remoteness from 
the railways has retarded the inflowing of population, the cause of the 
erection of such great villages elsewhere in Newton ; and the inhabitants 
are mainly devoted to agriculture, as in the old days of the Stuart dy- 
nasty. The infrequent roads that wind picturesquely over and around the 
hills lead by low and broad-based old farmhouses, with their clusters of 
weather-stained barns, overarched by trees of venerable age and glorious and 
majestic size. Here are gnarled and bent orchards, looking as ancient as 
the olive-trees around Jerusalem ; broad fields smiling with abundant crops; 
and grassy pasture-lands, slanting toward the sun, and bounded by pictur- 
esque walls of field-stone. It is a land of brooding peace, in which it seems 
always afternoon; and the roar of the great metropolis of New England, 
within a long cannon-shot, is as unheard and unrealized as if it were as far 
away as Bombay or Buenos Ayres. And for two hundred and fifty years 
past, nothing but the Gospel of Peace has been known here, and generation 
after generation of industrious yeomen has tilled the fields without alarm. 

The chief features of the natural scenery are Oak Hill, which rises to a 
height of 296 feet, and is crowned by the Bigelow villa ; and, not far away, 
the shaggy Bald Pate, whose heavy crowning forests make a chevelure 
which belies its title. This noble eminence reaches an altitude of 318 feet, 
and is the highest of the many hills of Newton. Pleasant forest-paths con- 
nect the two highlands, skirting ancient farms and lonely upland pastures, 
and leading past vistas finer than thoss of any metropolitan park. One of 
the loveliest views in this (or any other) region is that gained from Dudley 
Street, a little way south of Boylston Street, whence one looks out and down 
upon the heavy forests of Bald Pate, the long slopes of Oak Hill, and over 
the far blue distances to the dreamland plains of Norfolk County, the Ital- 
ian dome over Dedham, and the noble outlines of the Milton hills. 

Old Goody Davis lived in this sequestered and pastoral region until her 
death, in 1752, at the age of 117 years. She had 3 husbands, 9 children, 45 


grandchildren, 200 great-grandchildren, and above 800 great-great-grand- 
children before she died. This noble mother in Israel cultivated with her 
own hands the sterile acres of her little farm, as skilful with the scythe as 
the hoe, and was often seen, after her hundredth year, at work in the fields. 
Later, she was supported by the town, retaining her faculties until she had 
passed 115 years, and living through the reigns of Charles I., Oliver Crom- 
well, Charles II., James II., William and Mary, Queen Anne, George I., 
and George II. Governor Dudley visited her little farmhouse, in 1750; 
and Governor Belcher had a portrait painted of her, which is now owned 
bv the Massachusetts Historical Society. " From her great age, the face 
^\ is wrinkled and rugged; the features are strongly delineated, the eyes blue 

and smiling, the lips full and rosy, the forehead honest and open ; and a 
^5 white, plain cap surrounds the head, face, and chin, which gives a death- 

like look to the picture, as though it had been taken from some living being 
•i^ who had already entered the valley of the shadow of death." 

** The Oak-Hill country is a region beloved of the sunshine, amid whose 

» ' perfumed quietude flourish the feathery blooms of the golden-rod, constella- 

' " tions of white and purple asters, pungent yellow blossoms of tansy, the 

\V bearded purple balls of burdock, gray-green pods of milkweed, the golden 

* «« rosettes of mullein, catnip and motherwort and spikenard, sage and thyme 

\ yS and mayweed, and all the glorious company of New England's floral regalia. 

S'^ Along the brooks bright elecampane blooms, and floating lilies star the still 

- - waters ; and even the lean upland pastures are enriched by the pale-blue 

pennyroyal blossoms, and fair marigolds, and fragrant junipers. On every 
side appear 

" The long, green meadows, wet with dew, 
The daisies springing white and new, 
to«u The scent of fresh life in the air. 

The flying birds adrift in song." 

fc"2t Here and there, by the quiet roadsides, are gray old barns, with their 

by^i great lofts crammed with hay, close under the mossy roofs. The ancient 

w trees, coeval with the Georgian era, make rich masses of shade over the 

f,^r clustered farm-buildings, and dreamy amber lights rest upon the broad 

stretches of field and forest. And the orchards bring to the springtime 

their wealth of perfumed blossoms, and to the Indian Summer its largess 

of golden and crimson fruitage. 

On the quiet Bald-Pate Meadow, where his father-in-law, Edward Jack- 
son, had bequeathed him a hundred acres of land, Thomas Prentice made 
his home, back in the seventeenth century, and brought up a family of 
sturdy and valiant sons. Another of the pioneers was Captain Jeremiah 
Wiswall, son of the famous Noah Wiswall, who settled here in 1750, and 
had a great family. This valiant yeoman was a captain of minute-men at 



3 m 

S. 2 



Lexington and at Dorchester Heights, but escaped the angry bullets of our 
British brethren, waiting on earth until the year 1809, when he passed away, 
at the venerable age of ^\. Hither also came the Longleys and Murdocks 
and Woodwards, and other broad-shouldered farmers, compelling the soil 
to produce them abundance. 

The pioneer of the Stone family in this region was John, son of the Hon. 
Ebenezer Stone, who bought a part of the Rev-. Nathan Ward's farm, and 
built a house here in 1724, which thirty years later passed to his son Dea- 
con and Captain Jonas Stone, who lived until 1804. His son Ebenezer 
inherited the mansion, and bequeathed it to his son Samuel, who lived until 
£.J| i?49- The Stone neighborhood was along Dedham Street, about a mile 

from Newton Highlands, across the valley, and not far from the Wade 
Pj2 chateau; and one or two of their quaint old farmhouses may be seen there 

to this day. 
■jfl The great house of this region pertains to the Hon. Levi C. Wade, who 

** has subdued a broad domain of rocky ridge and hillside, and erected a 

large country-house, with great chimneys and gables. The estate covers 
over 200 acres, and is called Homewood. 
^V Mr. Wade graduated at Yale College, and taught school in Newton while 

*■«« fitting himself for the profession of the law. He entered practice in Bos- 

\flt ton in 1873, and in 1877, with Hon. J. O. A. Brackett, now Lieutenant-Gov- 

5'^ ernor of Massachusetts, formed the law tirm of Wade & Brackett. Mr. 

«iM« Wade represented Newton in the General Court for four successive years, 

1 .,« and in 1879 was Speaker of the House of Representatives. Refusing a 

• ,.4 re-election, he has ever since devoted himself to railway law and manage- 

ment. He was one of the four original projectors and owners of what is 
\ now included in the property of the Mexican Central Railway Company ; 

and is President and General Counsel of that Company, having held those 
^^ offices for the past five years. He is also associated with President John 

S. Farlow in the directory of the Cincinnati, Sandusky & Cleveland Rail- 


w^ Not far distant from the Wade place, on the noble crest of Oak Hill, 

stands the new mansion of Dr. Henry J. Bigelow, commanding from its 
generous verandas a prospect of idyllic beauty, extending from the high 
Blue Hills of Milton around over the Dedham meadows and the valley of 
the upper Charles, and including many a famous movmtain-peak in the far 
west, Monadnock and Wachusett and all their famous company. 

Near the southern base of Oak Hill is the little Oak-Hill school-house, 
the successor of the one founded in the year 1701, nearly a generation 
before the birth of (jeorge Washington. From this locality it is about 
a mile to Kenrick's Bridge ; 2 to West Roxbury. 4 to Dedham, Brookline, 
or Jamaica Plain, 6 to Hyde Park or Readville, and 7^ to Boston. 



A country lane leading off Uedham Street to the southward, near the 
Oak-Hill school, enters the baronial domain of Holbrook Hall, the manor 
of William S. Appleton, of Boston. This estate covers 340 acres, bounded 
for a long distance by the Charles River, and beautifully diversified with 
wide lawns, sequestered glens, and bits of forest. The house is a .spacious 
Gothic building, on a broad and sunny upland, with park-like surroundino-s 
of great symmetry and grace. Mr. Appleton is a half-brother of the late 
Thomas Gold Appleton, the wit and author ; and a brother-in-law of Henrv 
Wadsworth Longfellow. He has resided in Europe for some years past. 

Oak Hill School, Dedham Street. 

The celebrated Oak-Hill Stock Farm of E. D. Wiggin on Dedham Street, 
a mile and a quarter from Newton Centre, is modelled after the famous 
institutions of this kind in the Blue-Grass region of Kentucky, with pad- 
docks and a half-mile trotting-track, and separate places for stallions and 
brood-mares, colts, and fillies. Some very celebrated racing-horses have 
been brought up here, including tlie well-known mahogany-colored stallion, 
Charley Wilkes. In this pastoral region, between W^inchester Street and 
Dedham Street, and south of the brook, is the long ridge formerly known 
as Winchester Hill, from a farmer who dwelt hard by. 


This pastoral region should be the field of operations of the Jersey Stock 
Club, whose membership includes many of the foremost Newton men. 
But wherever the scene of its victories may be, the goodfellowship and 
fraternity of this association cannot be excelled, even among professedly 
social clubs. 

The road to the westward crosses into Needham by Kenrick's Bridge, 
one of the oldest pontifical works in Newton until i886, when the ravening 
river swept it away. A new bridge of stone was erected in its place. 

The Tuckerman estate, near the river, north of Nahanton Street, was 

formerly the home of the father of the Rev. George H. Hepworth, whose 

m\ mother was organist of the f^irst Baptist Church in 1841-42. Amid these 

pleasant fields passed the boyhood of that famous Unitarian divine and 

Ci9 author, so long pastor of the Church of the Unity, in Boston, and the 

'» Church of the Messiah, in New York. Some years ago the Roman-Catho- 

M.0 lie church acquired this estate, and a broad domain of rocky hills between 

mI Winchester and Nahanton .Streets and the river, with the intention (yet 

• ?' unfulfilled) of founding a school in these salubrious solitudes. The subse- 

\^ quent erection of the theological seminary at Brighton renders it unlikely 

X,f^ that this tract will be put into use by the Church authorities. The two 

» ^ famous trees near the bridge are among the oldest in settled New England. 

Ian ^ — 



We have taken our confiding traveller on a long and arduous journey 
i;|3 "through the Newtons " (as the phrase goes), from where we found him at 

in Newton station, looking blankly out on Centre Street, to where we abandon 

•»t# him, in the last stages of exhaustion, down among the lonely woods of 

C^r Needham. And to comfort him, withal, let us leave two final sentiments 

pertinent to the subject, one of them being drawn from the ancient Creek, 
and another fi-om the English of the classic period. 

It has often been said. Wuk Napoli e poi 7>iori, "See Naples and then 
V0l die" — as if after that crowning pleasure life could have nothing more 

ki0 worth living for. But Naples was only the Greek Nca, "new," Polls, 

3|IK " town," or, in fact, the New town, or Newton, of the Mediterranean. And 

V0i since we cannot all go beyond the Pillars of Hercules, some must be 

content to see their Naples in the vernacular, in Newton of the Massachu- 
setts. Nor need they then die, but live in great content. 

As to our Englishman, we shall not insist too strongly upon his evident 
meaning, or attempt to demonstrate what at this length of time may not be 
demonstrable. Look, therefore, upon these lines by Alexander Pope, and 
judge for yourselves : — 

" Nature and Nature's laws lay Iiid in niglit, 
God said ' Let Newton be' — and all was light." 

llvfotrbjortfjg Boston Jj'trmg. 


The most noted house in its line in this country. 

Macullar, Parker, & Com- 
pany's name must always be 
included in a list of eminent 
Boston firms, for their great 
clothing and piece-goods estab- 
lishment at No. 400 Washington 
Street is one of the most note- 
worthy examples of progressive 
and creditable industry to be 
found in any city in America. 
It is only a little less than forty 
years ago that the business was 
started m a very small way ; and 
yet to-day the firm give employ- 
ment constantly the year round 
to upwards of 600 hands, men 
and women, in one of the neatest 
manufacturing establishments m 
the world, — one, too, in which 
all reasonable provision is made 
for the comfort and health of 
all the employes. The magnifi- 
cent and commodious building 
fronts on two streets, — on 
Washington at Nos. 398 and 
400, and on Hawley at No, 8r. 
a view on the street. Only by passing from one end to the other on all the 
many floors can the visitor form a correct impression of its magnitude and 
attractiveness. The floor surface alone amounts to 80,000 square feet, 
including the space occupied for the engines, boilers, pumps, ventilating 
apparatus, and carpenter's and machinist's shops. The building is used 
solely for the manufacturing and retailing of clothing for men, youths, and 
boys, and the importing and jobbing of piece-goods. The clothing made is 
sold at retail only by this firm, and in cut, style, trimmings, finish, and goods 

— zzitZLiiinpj 



Macullar, Parker, & Company's Entrance. 

No adequate idea of its size can be had from 


Nos, 393 and 400 Washinglon Street- 

r.-inks equal to that made by the leading merchant-tailors. No person is likely 
ever to enter into this establishment without being able to find a proper fit in 
thoroughly trustworthy clothing; and every one who patronizes this firm 
knows that the " one-price " system is positively invariable under all cir- 
cumstances. It is 
the constant aim 
of M A c u L I. A R , 
Parker, & Com- 
pany to furnish 
the best and most 
satisfactory gar- 
ments that can be 
furnished for the 
amount charged 
for them. 1 1 i s 
an inviolable rule 
of the house to 
satisfy a person, 
or else not to take 
his patronage. 
No false or mis- 
leading statement 
i n any particular 
is ever allowed to 
be made. People 
who visit or pat- 
ronize tliis firm are 
never importuned 
to make purchases, 
nor is any one ever 
inveigled mto buv- 
ing things that are 
not wanted ; the 
constant aim being 
to find out what the 
people want, and 
to supply them 
accordingly. The 

Hawley Street Front of Macu lar Parker Sc Company 

custom department of Macullar, Parker, & Company constitutes the 
largest merchant-tailoring establishment, and the department for the import- 
ing and jobbing of woollens and other piece-goods also forms the foremost 
house in its line, in New England. 





Their Sumptuous New Branch House. 

Messrs. Springer Brothers, who are recognized as the foremost 
fashionable cloak makers of America, have recently opened an entirely 
new establishment at the corner of Washington and Bedford Streets. It is 
called a branch house ; but this so-called " branch " is a whole establishment 
in itself, and while it is small in comparison with the other great places of 
the Springer Brothers, it is nevertheless a very large place, consuming 
almost three whole buildings. This establishment is not a branch in the 

sense of an agency, but it 
has been opened by the 
Springer Brothers to show 
some of the choice goods for 
which they are so famous 
throughout this countrv. 
The three buildings have 
been remodelled throughout, 
both inside and outside, and 
form one of the handsom- 
est places of business to be 
found anvwhere in this coun- 
try or in Europe, and have 
already become one of the 
noted sights of Boston. The 
furnishings, the decorations, 
the arrangement, and the 
conveniences are all de- 
signed and executed in the 
best taste. 

The main establishment 

Springer, Brothers' Cloak Bazaar, Washingtor^ cor. Bedford. of the Springer Brothers is 

the conspicuous block five stories high, built of sandstone, fronting on 
three thoroughfares, Essex and Chauncy Streets, and Harrison Avenue, — 
the site of the former home of Wendell Phillips. The factory buildings 
are on Green Street, near Bowdoin Square. The firm in busy seasons give 
employment to nearly one thousand operatives. Besides the establishment 
in Boston, they have also a wholesale house in San Francisco and purchas- 
ing agencies in London, Paris, and Berlin. They manufacture every variety 
of outer garments for ladies, misses, and children, and their goods are unsur- 
passed by those of any manufacturers in the world; and the trade ever}-- 
where look to Springer Brothers of Boston for the introduction of the most 
stylish and most acceptable garments in their line. 


The Leading Agency in New England. 

John C. Paige is the leading fire-insurance agent in New England, doing 
the largest business, and representing the greatest amount of capital. More- 
over, his ofifices, occupying the entire building at No. 20 Kilby Street, are 
unsurpassed for their elegance, convenience, and arrangeriient. Seventeen 
years ago Mr. Paige was recognized by the profession throughout this 
country as a skilful adjuster of fire-losses, and as an experienced general 
agent. Duties incident to the Great Fire of 1872 brought him to Boston, 
where he subsequently decided to establish a local insurance-agency in con- 
nection with his - 
general agency _- ' " 
business ; and to- 
day, by reason of 
h i s great ability, 
varied experience, 
extreme popularity, 
and indomitable 
energy, he has 
placed himself in 
the foremost rank 
of the underwriters 
in the United 
States. The com- 
panies he repre- 
sents are the 
" Imperial Fire of 
London, Eng.," 
" City of London 

Fire of London, ^ -^^yl' 

Hartford, Conn.," — ^^ 
"Fire Association J°^" <^ ^"2- 1 ^^ b. id ng 20 Kdby street 

of Philadelphia,"'' " Mechanics Fire of Philadelphia,"' and the " Niagara Fire 
of New York." The gross assets of these companies amount to almost fifty 
million dollars, and the losses they have paid amount to an enormous sum. 
This agency's business extends throughout the United States ; for Mr. Paige 
is the American resident manager for the City of London Fire, and the 
Imperial Fire, two great London companies. In the Boston office are about 
one hundred male and female employees. John C. Paige personally is one of 
those genial, whole-souled men with whom it is always a pleasure to do busi- 
ness. " Nothing mean about him," never was more fitly applied to any man ; 
and this characteristic is evidenced by his every action in public and private life. 


48, 50, 52, and 54 Union Street, Boston, 
Manufacturers of the Celebrated Hub Stoves, Ranges, and Furnaces. 

The Anthony Steel Plate Furnace has had a large sale in Newton, and is 
indorsed by our patrons as being the highest development of Sanitary Heating. 
Below we show two Newton residences heated by this Furnace: — 


Residence of J. H. Sawyer, Chestnut Hill, Newton. Mass. Andrews ii Jaques, Arihilects, liosion. 
Heated by two Anthony Furnaces. 

Mr. Sawyer's testimonial is as follows: — 

Messrs. Smith & Anthony Stove Co. 

Gents, — The two Anthony Furnaces for my house at Chestnut Hill, Newton, have proved very 
satisfactory; and the experience I have had with them so far has been all that I could wish. At pres- 
ent I am running but one furnace, which gives ample heat, reserving the two for the coldest weather. 
I selected the furnaces on their merits, and have had no reason to regret the choice. 

Yours truly, 



Residence of .f. R. Prescott, Linwood Park, Newtunvillc, Mass. 
Heated by one Anthony Steel Plate Furnace. 







Joel GoMtliwalt & Go. 

163 to 169 Wasliing;ton Street, 


Shoiv . a . large . stock . for . fijie . furnishing. 

Established 1857. 

F. G. Barnes & Son, 

Real Estate, Mortgage, and Insurance Brokers, 

I 27 State Street, Boston. 

( Brackett Block, Newton. 




f^ ^-p V ^ i\/A VV L^i^ 1 O APPRECIATED. 

Thev are odd, seldom duplicated, and always admired. 





SETS, etc., in Large Variety at 



D. P. ILSLEY & Co., - No. 4H Washington Street, Boston. 
The most magnificent and best stocked fur and ladies' hat establishment in America. 



Cooked, Boned, and 
Truffled Dishes. 



Charlotte Russe, 

Jelly, etc. 

Silver, China, and 


Also, EXPERI- 
and Attentive 
Waiters Furnished. 

and other Parties. 




^/^ ^ 


SPilLfifTOI ____ 

PvvH'fc^C?''*?o1lKAl/D ^ MACHINE 

Vor^^S-fic ' Ecclesiastical- awd Aonumental- 
'DEco{^AfioM5iNEncAUSfic*(WAX) ^ Oil and 
DistEnPER. (yvAfnK) Colors- * « 


DEcoreoTiOMS -p ♦ Pesi<;m§ amu EsfmATE^ Fui^mished 




The Partelow Riverside Boat-house at Riverside, on the Charles (River). 

The Largest and most Complete Boat and Canoe Livery in New England. 

Boats, Canoes, and Steam Launches can be rented by the hour or day. 

Take cars for Riverside Station, B. & A. R.R. 

H. V. PARTELOW & CO., Proprietors, - - Auburndale, Mass. 


Manufacturing Boat, Canoe, and Steam Launch Builders, 

Oars, Paddles, etc. Adirondack Boats, etc. 

Warerooms, 424 ATLANTIC AVE., BOSTON. Factory at AUBURNDALE, MASS. 



WARD 7, 

Having made many additions to my former stock, by the purchase of New Horses and Carriages, 
I am better prepared than ever to furnish the Best Horses and Carriages for Business and Pleasure 
Driving. Carriages may always be found in waiting at the Newton Depot on the arrival of all trains. 
Parties called for at their residence to take trains. We have the best facilities for BOARDING 
HORSES. Having a large BRICK STABLE, the risk by fire is lessened on the loss of Horses 
or Stock. Best of care given. None but competent men employed. 



Caskets, Coffins, and everything suitable for the business kept on hand. This branch of the business 
will be under the supervision of Wm. H. Phillips, who has had an experience of Twenty-nine years in 
Newton, and wlio will attend to all calls personally. All orders by Telephone or otherwise promptly 
attended to, Day or Night. 



Engraving made direct from a photograph by the 



Send drawing or photograph for estimate. 


Boston Safe Deposit and Trust Co., 

87 Milk Street, Post-office Square, 

Assumes the care of Invested Property and Collection of Incomes. Accepts 
Trusts created by will or otherwise. Allows Interest on Deposits. 

Acts as Transfer Agent for Railroad and other Corporations. 

Certificates of Stock registered at small expense. 

Eents Safes in its vaults at from $10 to $150 a year, according to size. 

Receives Bonds and other Securities and Valuables for Safe Keeping. 

CAPITAL, $600,030. 

SURPLUS, $400,000 

FREDERICK M. STONE, President. FREDERIC W. LINCOLN, \' ice-President. 


Secretary and Manager of Safe Deposit Treasurer. 

# rt Department. 

tf^ SOLOMON LINCOLN, Solicitor. 



Ig ._^ 



t% . 337 ^^yiM/ 337 

wj Paul Askenasy & Co. 





No. 337 Washington Street, - - Boston. 

We make a specialty of fine Custom Shirts. 
Our laundry work is done daintily and promptly. 

Our stock includes a complete line of gentlemen's furnishings- 


yi/^ ^anufactui'ei;^ o| /- .^^ „ ^ 

MOSES KING, President. CAPITAL, $250,000. 



T he series of kings handbooks 

for all of the larger American cities, it has been the invariable jDolicy to 
produce for each city a book in which all residents will take pride, and all 
visitors find pleasure 



many containing upwards of 300 specially engraved views, showing all the 
important features of the respective cities. The books necessarily vary in 
size, each containing from 60 to 500 pages, exquisitely printed on super- 
fine calendered paper, and bound in beautiful and substantial cloth and 
gilt covers 


will be found accurate, readable, and handsome. Every one of these books 
is revised, enlarged, and improved in the successive editions 


A re always obtainable at any bookstore , .... 

and at all the leading news-stands and prominent hotels. They may also 

be obtained direct from the publishers 

The price is uniformly one dollar, in cloth binding. 

For . a . complete . list . of . ''King's . Handbooks" . send .for . catalogue. 




i8 and 20 School Street, - Boston, Mass., 






•;• Established 1838. 





f^ ISm-^*^ 5elepl?09e, 2833. 


{Jljlil MANNER. 

ba^ Among the books we have electrotyped in 1887 are: — 


*"* For E. P. Dutton & Co., For Lee & Shepard. For Estes & Lauriat. 

JjM New York. 

Electrotyped in 1888: — 


For Estes & Lauriat. For Lee & Shepard. For Russell Pub. Co. 



165 Devonshire and 26 Arch Streets, - - Boston. 

^:^^ Please send for estimates. 


Established __ #%.nTir ,^*i*f*V"Ql^ ^- '^- f^OGERS, 

1873. •ri AY 11 /Al fcfc^i^C J 1 A K r^ Proprietor- 



^~^ AND 








Send for Catalogue a7id mention '■•King's Ifajidhook of A^eiuton."' 





Winter St. 




Winter St. 








75 Boylston Street, Boston, cor. Park Square. 

Noyes, Cobb & Co.^ 

(Formerly at 127 Tremont St.) 



t .Nil 



r.n iiic